Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study
- Part 1 -

Prof RK Narendra Singh *

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

The religion of a society is a cultural system of behaviors and practices that relate humanity to an order of existence. Since immemorial the religions have been taking place a significant role towards the human civilization. At the same time the growth's trend of various religion affinities changes dramatically but initially, not much attention is deliberated seriously.

During 1980s, demographers realized the repercussion of religious imbalance in the world. It causes imbalance population growth, composition and structure that hamper equilibrium condition of natural demographic phenomenon. Now and then every country or state, even society has very much concern about this manmade menace of religious imbalance as it become a serious demographic catastrophe.

Craft-resist domination (minority crafts to dominate majority while majority resists it) is rolled out in the sense that the minority religion community tries to craft or boost their folks, in the name of religion, to dominate the majority in terms of either enhancing population or proselytizing religions or both while majority community resists or tries to keep status quo. Eventually a conflict situation is created among the people of diverse religions.

It is really a dangerous form of demographic terrorism . The situation is not exception in Manipur. It makes demographic transition in terms of its composition, distribution and structure. For instance, the Hinduism is reducing faster and eventually Hindu is no more majority religious group in Manipur after 2011. Christianity is growing faster and now Christian becomes the majority religious community in the state. Islam maintains the third rank in terms of its population.

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

There is a significantly different religion wise growth pattern among the districts as well as between hill and valley areas. Such drastic demographic transition causes social disorder and chaos that becomes difficult to maintain peace and harmony amongst the people in the state

Religion profile: After the induction of seven districts recently, now the state has sixteen districts in all but their proper demarcation is not yet finalized. Thus interpretation is made here based on the erstwhile nine districts, out of which five are segregated as hills while remaining four, the valley districts.

According to Census of India: 2011, there were 15 religions/sects/beliefs/persuasions in Manipur under Specific Religious Community.

They were
Kabir Panthi,
Lingayat/Veer Shaiva,
Sanatan Dharma,
Shakta, and

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

Besides, in the same census year, there were 35 such religions/sects/beliefs/persuasions under 'Other religions and persuasions' in Manipur.

They were
Animist, Apo Rangang, Bahai/Bahais, Chang Naga, Chimprai,
Dongi, Doni Polo/Sidonyi Polo, Haokip, Heraka, Jews/Judaism,
Kaman/Miju Mishmi/ Kaman Mishmi/Miju, Karbi/Mikir,
Khadia/Kharia, Khasi, Kheduala, Marangboro,
Maring, Miri/Mishing, Mizo, Muria, Naga,
Non-Christians, Pagan, Parsi/Zoroastrian, Rang,
Rangang, Rongmei, Rongrang/Tangsa Rongrang,
Sanamahi, Songsarek, Tadvi, Tangsa Tikhak/Tikhak,

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

Traditional Religion, Tribal Religion and Yumasam.

Out of the 2855794 people in Manipur (Census 2011) there were 1181876 (41.39%) Hindus, 239836 (8.40%) Muslims, 1179043 (41.29%) Christians, 1527 (.05%) Sikhs, 7084 (.25%) Buddhists, 1692 (.06%) Jains, 233767 (8.19%) Other religions and 10969 (.38%) Religion not stated. In 1951, the respected percentages were 60.13, 6.44, 11.84, .01, .01, .03, 21.55 and no report for Religion not stated.

Now in 2011, Hindu and Christian had the highest religion composition in the state with a same percentage of around 41% each which was followed by Muslim and Other Religions & Persuasions with around 8% each; and remaining religions viz., Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, and Religion note stated had less than 1% each population composition in the state.

Out of the six Indian major religion groups and others two groups 6 Other religions and persuasions, and Religion not stated - only two religious communities viz., Hindu and Christian occupied more than 80% while the remaining less than 20% occupied by the others minorities communities out of which Muslim shared around 8%.

Hindu and Christian communities almost equally shared in 2011, but this rendezvous happen as, during the last 60 years, Hindu population composition declined from 60.13% to 41.39%, and other religions from 21.55% to 8.19% as against Christian population composition increased at a faster rate from 11.84% to 41.29% and Muslim from 6.44% to 8.40%. The gap of population composition between Hindu and Christian was narrowing faster as it was 48.29% in 1951 and only 0.10% in 2011.

The Christian community could definitely leftovers its counterpart the Hindu community after 2011. The state had registered a dramatic decline of population growth with decadal growth rate of 17.94% (2001) as against 29.29% (1991) and thereafter witnessed a population spurt of 31.8% in 2011 which was running quite above the national figure of 17.64% (2011).

The unusual figures observed at 2001 and 2011were the upshots of excluding population of three sub-divisions of Senapati district viz., Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul in the census, 2001.

A much fluctuated decadal growth rates was observed among the minority religious communities and it was because of their less population compositions which might be affected due to few thousand in-migrant or out-migrant of their communities from one census year to another.

However, when one looks at three major religion groups, the Hindu and the Christian had more or less declining growth rate since 1951 to 2001 (Hindus had negative growth in 2001 i.e., - 5.91%) while Muslim maintained a slightly stagnant trend. There after the Christian's population spurt was witnessed (59.85%) followed by the Muslim (25.61%) and the Hindu (18.56%) in 2011.

Nonetheless, a great variation of growth rates at each census year was persisted over the religion groups. For instance; the Christian had decadal growth rates of 122.3% in 1951 while the Hindu and the Muslim had 38.52% and 30.62% respectively.

Abrupt decline of Christian's decadal growth rates from 1991 to 2001 and again spurts at 2011were due to the non-inclusion of population of three sub-divisions of Senapati district viz., Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul in the Census, 2001. In any case, it is confirm that growth rate of Christian community is faster than its counterpart Hindu and Muslim communities; and again Muslim has faster than that of Hindu.

Overall decadal growth rate (%) from 2001 to 2011 for valley was 15.72% as against 61.87% for hill. It is further worthwhile to mention that the decadal growth rate for all the religion groups except Muslim and Buddhist were found growing faster in hill than that of valley. Even the Hindu population was significantly growing faster in hill than valley. In contrast, Sikh, Jain and Other religion groups had negative decadal growth rate in valley.

To be contnued...

* Prof RK Narendra Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The author is a Professor & Head of Biostatistics, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Lamphelpat, Imphal (Manipur)
This article was webcasted on 25 April, 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Pakhangba Cheng-hongba #1 : Gallery
  • Better Selfie with Smarter Technology
  • Repeal AFSPA enacted on 22 May 1958
  • Cry of a Dying River - 77 :: Poem
  • Biodiversity : Why humanity should care ?
  • Research Officer at Amethyst Research
  • The Terrace Open Mic - II : Report
  • NPF exposed in public domain : NDPP
  • End of the largest democratic exercise
  • Stop faking and face the facts
  • Future Hindu Culture of Meitei is magificient
  • International Day of Biodiversity 2019
  • The Trunk that life of a Soldier moves on
  • MCS/MPS through lottery ? :: WJ
  • Job Vacancies at Leima Traders
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • 'Double standard' politics of NPF :: NDPP
  • Exit polls : Not the final verdict
  • Poll result prediction
  • Mary storms into semis
  • Glory Days of Manipur in the 18th Century
  • Alternate Rationality: Its Possibility : Book
  • Does burning of school reflect larger malady
  • RIST Talk 39 : Year of Periodic Table
  • Manipur : A woman's world
  • Paramedical courses as career options
  • Revoke suspension for NPF Office Bearers
  • Class X results : Best in 10 years
  • The wrath of Mother Nature
  • Poumai Purul Paoki Fest : Gallery
  • AEgi KoHcY :: Seireng
  • The Tamna Tamna Video: Critical Analysis
  • 'NDPP's child like attitude for meddling'
  • Rejoinder to NDPP by NPF President
  • Amazing beauty benefits of coconut oil
  • Urge Nagaland govt to review security
  • Pull out threat from the NPF
  • Myanmar launches ops on NE militants
  • Myanmar jails 24 from Assam, Manipur
  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • HSLC Toppers share thoughts, aspirations
  • CFP on 'Photoacoustics' at IEEE TENCON
  • Arrival of Fall Armyworm in Manipur
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #4
  • No Escape from Real World :: Poem
  • Civil & Structural Engineer at R-Square
  • Architectural Designer at R-Square DCS
  • 'NPF Manipur is directionless leadership'
  • HSLC :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC :: Subject Topper
  • HSLC :: Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC :: Full Roll No Listing
  • HSLC :: Compartmental
  • Dairies of 2 Tours in Naga Hills : Book
  • Kohima Press Club (KPC) elects new team
  • Manipur : The unsung fashion capital
  • Brain Stimulation for Parkinson disease
  • 2nd Foundation Day of NDPP
  • Changing face of the North East
  • 129th Birth Anniversary of Ho Chi Minh
  • Understanding performance of Govt school
  • Amazing Folk-tales of Koireng Tribe
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 76 :: Poem
  • Plastic Pollution & its effect
  • Significance of Nurses Week celebration
  • Legal Assistance to Prisoners' Family
  • Talk on 'Alliance - Biblical Perspective'
  • Shorthand/Stenography Typing Course
  • Fissures with a coalition partner
  • 4 plus 4 is always equal to 8
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament : Gallery
  • Socio-cultural significance of Gudui-Ngai
  • Diesel auto vs Traffic control :: Artwork
  • Future of Moreh: Development partnership..
  • An alarming stay in a hotel
  • Naga Students Delhi Admission help Desk
  • Need to focus on the average students too
  • The politics of rumours
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #4 : Gallery
  • Chinsuanlam, Apakpi :: eMing
  • ELVEEGO : Top 10 Promising Companies
  • Myanmar Refugee Problem : Report
  • Mother :: Poem
  • Minerva Punjab FC to conduct trials
  • Represent the people, not only party
  • When vegetables slowly poison us?
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Dear Mother :: Poem
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #3
  • Why are Govt schools lagging behind ?
  • Career option in Veterinary Science
  • Saluting Mothers of the world
  • Will Sharmila have a Third Life ?
  • NE for efforts to address illegal influx
  • Rs 10 coins not acceptable in Manipur!
  • Agri Fair @ CAU #2 : Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #2 : Gallery
  • AMWJU new terms 2019-2021
  • Run for Raisina Hill
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Mother's Day
  • Aspiration in Medical Career
  • MPSC : Wallowing in dirt
  • Why the 1st Bird Sanctuary in Thinungei
  • Purnima Moirangthem : 5th in Commerce
  • Respect for a mother
  • Academic excellence is not everything
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #6
  • A Dwarfish Whole :: Poem
  • Takayasu Arteritis treated at SKY Hospital
  • Mercury rise: Is it common men fault
  • Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang Photos
  • Had not there been ILPS agitation ? : Story
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #2
  • BJP for NE Community Campaign in Delhi
  • Serou dam-Atypical structure in Chakpi river
  • Benefits of automation in medical laboratory
  • Civil Servant from Matupi hospitalized...
  • Madness on the roads of Imphal
  • Root of peoples' anger to doctors
  • Jiribam Bazaar :: 360 Panorama View
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 75 :: Poem
  • What Yoga is & is not ?
  • Rio at General Conference of NSF
  • Make right choice in selecting your campus
  • Suspension Order for 19 NPF Members
  • Festival of marks and more marks
  • worry on condition of Govt Schools
  • Thailand Princess @Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Kadigampou, Akeng :: eMing
  • Ningombam Tampha :: 3rd in ISC Exam
  • Our Grammy goes to Thangmeiso Shinglai
  • Call for application from youths
  • Life is not about how far you hang on
  • NERIST admission notice : PG & PhD
  • Seminar at MU : Material Engineering
  • Class XII : Looking beyond Imphal
  • Understanding Consumers' rights
  • HSE : Candidates securing Highest Marks
  • HSE 2019 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Commerce Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Science
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Arts
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Commerce
  • HSE 2019 : Result Abstract
  • HSE 2019 : District Wise
  • Solid waste management in Imphal
  • Naga Ancestral Freedom Movement
  • My franchise for Mom's Primary
  • Bamboo based industries in Manipur
  • Is sugar ageing you
  • Competition among schools
  • Will modification help in solving traffic chaos
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • MANFETE 2019 at MU :: Gallery
  • What is Change ?
  • The integrity of Manipur
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #1
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #5
  • Understand kids with developmental delay
  • Meet with Fortis Hospital, Delhi
  • Understanding idea of NE
  • Mr. Edn Min, please act like Manish of Delhi
  • Ibudhou Oknarel & Khudithibi
  • May Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Facts & fakes of poll prediction
  • Sketches & Notes of Summertime :: Poem
  • The other Face of 'May -Day'
  • Check-up for new born- Split Spine Defect
  • Retaining Walls & Flooding in Moirang
  • Gearing up for counting day
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #2
  • Andro Girls won Doon Cup :: Gallery
  • Rajbans Huidrom : Topper CBSE XII
  • Nongdol Leima- Dance Drama #1:: Gallery
  • Human Trafficking to SE Asia via NE
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #2 :: Gallery
  • M Diana: National Women Social Award
  • Handloom show : Robert Naorem & Soma
  • Urmila Shagolsem: Miss India 2019 Finalist
  • Thang Ta @Sangai Fest #5 :: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #4
  • Yaoshang Halankar #2 :: Gallery
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Anglo-Manipur war from military point of view
  • Yubi Lakpi :: Gallery
  • Peeshumlei : Book Release :: Gallery
  • Significance of festival: Nanu-Ngai
  • Onetwo Okram - Singer #1 :: eRang
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #1 :: Gallery
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Romita Yumnam : Mrs India Queen
  • Meekap Thokpa Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Shivaratri Shopping List #2 : Gallery
  • Tributes to PLA killed #2 : Gallery
  • A talk with Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang
  • LS : Voting for Inner : Gallery
  • Ibendhou Kounu Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #2: Gallery
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #3: Gallery
  • Mittong Khunou: The Battle Honour of INA
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019