TODAY -

Facts generally the peoples of Kangleipak do not know
Discovery Of Kangleipak

Wangkhemcha Chingtamlen *



(i) The Kangleipak Forefathers have lived in Kangleipak in Imphal Valley for about 20,000 years B.P. :

Lithology of Imphal Kangla



Source : Proceedings of the National Conference on Luminescence and its application (NCLA-209) sponsored by (1) Luminescence society of India, (2) Indian Association for cultivation of science, (3) Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute.

(ii) The Indo-European or Indo-Aryans (Indian Hindus) have lived on Indian soil for about less than 5000 years B.P.

(a) "They spread west and south and east, and one branch of them the Aryans, crossed the Caucasus Mountains into Northern Mesopotamia by 2200 B.C. whence some of their tribes after wandering spread over several centuries in Irag, Iran and the North Western Frontier of India, India finally come into at period not earlier than 1500 B.C. probably nearer 1200 B.C. than 1500".

Page 11 of KARITA-JANA KRTI by Suniti Kumar Chatterji "They brought with them their own culture and religion" Mr. Suniti Kumar Chatterji says (b) "So, when the Indus Valley civilization was discovered all scholars where Puzzled. They could not term the civilization as Aryans since they already established the theory that Aryans enterd India not earlier than 1500" . "Over and above sir John Marshal declared that Mohenjo-Daro was not Aryan and very likely was Dravidian or Pre-Aryan" page 20, 375, the Aryan Hoax by a Paramest Choudhury (1995).

(c) The same matter is discussed on Pages 24, 25, of "An Advance History of Indian" by R.C. Majundar M.A. Ph. Etc. (1963). He said, in the mainland of India scene, the growth of strong political kindoms is only since 600 B.C. specially in the eastern India (Page 55).

(d) V.D. Mahajan, writer and historian says in his book, Ancient India (Page 2) that the Aryan Kings were still in West Asia in their ways to India in 1435 B.C. (Page 850).

(e) In a very recent book "The Founders of Indus Valley Civilization and their Later History" by Dr. Naval Viyogi (2003) says 1.
At page 134 : "1. That from about 1769 B.C. the Aryans began appearing in western Asia",

2. On the same page "The above data would lead us to the conclusion, that the Rigvada is later than 1400 B.C. or that the Aryans of Western Asia were less cultured or less advanced in the science of Language than the early Aryans of India though they were in fact the later migrants"

3. at page 123 "A. Harappa culture (Mature Phase) 2500-1900 B.C." according to e-14 Radio Carbon Laboratory fo the University of Pensyl Vania in 1965 A.D.

From these written evidences about Hindu Aryans on the Indian soil, we are compelled to come to the conclusion, that the present Indians are living with the Mangoloid peoples of Asia for about 4000 (four thousands, years only as neighbours, and that the Indian Aryans are more civilized and cultured than the west Asian Aryans, because of their nearness to Asia Mangoloid peoples.

(iii) Singli Pefan, Singli Pafal 108, Kangla Pafalli 108, Kangla Laipham 108, Pakhangpa Pafan :
Singli Pafan, Singli Pafal 108, Kangla Pafali 108, Kangla Laipham 108 are written very clearly in the Kanglei scripture called Wakoklon Heelel thilel Salai Ama-Ilon Pukok Puya. The writer will show some quotations from the Puya:

1. "Talang Ipung Loinapa Apakpa Masana Oipa Mihun | Sam | Tu | Khucinna Chingpa Singli Pafan 108| Mihun 84|Tangsamli 27|Thapung 10 ki Ifa Imenpham | Thonglon 9 | Pankhei8 |Ilam7 |Kayatki ka 6 makhoisung Ipung Loinapa Apakpaka Loinalipa Masenne | Atuki Malamna Singli Pafan Koupane ||"
Please see under t Eeyek in the Puya.

2. "Kayat 11 | Amati Singli Pafa 108 ki Luchingpa Pafanli 10 Ne | Khonglam 9 Ne | Pankhei 8 ne | Ilam 7 ne|"
Please see under e Eeyek in the Puya.

3. "Asum Touna Sitapa Mapuki Huksang Filep Oilapa |
Kangla Pafalli 108 Pu Khutolli |
Kapsing | Khutup | Lamsing |
Thana mapali 7 Makta Kanglaki Laifam 108 Maki Matik Mayai Pumnamak |
Fafalli ki Kayat Phileppu Takpikhiya 11011
"

The three quotations are from the Puya mentioned above.

The first quotation says MIhun (Pulse) Sam (Hair), Tu, Singli Pafan 108, Mihun 84 etc. are all in the Body of the Ipung Loinapa Apakpa (The ultimate God Father) Therefore it is called Singli Pafan. Singli in the Kanglei Meetei Dialect, is the Nerve in English.

In the Second Quotation also, the same thing is meant.

In the 3rd quotation, the Puya says that the present Imphal Kangla Laiphamlel, Kangla Pafalli 108, Kangla Laipham 108 etc. are the Mapuki Haksang Filep (God's Body Figure). Pafan, Pafalli etc are all Rooted in the Puya, Kanglei scripture conceptually in the Kanglei society and Kanglei ancient culture. Pafan, Pafalli, Singli Pafan etc. have no slightest meaning, implication of Serpent, Snake, Snake Figure etc. in the Kanglei Cultural History of Kangleipak.

4. Now we will turn to the origin of Pafan or Pakhangba Pafan or very kind of Pafan associated with a figure of snake (so called Lairel in Kanglei Hindu society).

a) Please see the serpent and ourboros originated from Europe.

serpent and ourboros originated from Europe



The above two Xerox prove categorically the origin any kind of fafan connected with any serpent, snake etc. are Europe Origin, Further Mr. Suniti Kr. Chatterji says that the Indo-Aryans brought their own culture and religion from Europe

(b) Please see 2 xerox of snake worship in India from the book, snake worship in India by G. Ravindran Nair.

snake worship in India



The two Xerox above, from the book, snake worship in India by an Indian, Prove Categorically snake worships are prevalent in India, Past and Present.

c) Snake worship in Manipur by the Hindus, Please see now :

Snake worship in Manipur by the Hindus



The above three Xerox are from the works of Mr. Hijam Ibobi as seen in the Xerox. Generally the people have seen the Kangla Pakhangba Pafan in the Pakhangba Temple in Kangla. These are Manipuri Hindu Brand of Pafan in Kangleipak (Manipur) since 18th Century C.E.

The 3rd Xerox is from the book, Meiting-ngu Lainingthou Paikhomba, by Ning-ngomba Manijao. This is Manipuri Hindu Brand of PakhangbaPafan in the Hindu Times.

The following lines are written in the book.

Snake worship in Manipur by the Hindus



The humble writer has shown 3 sets of snake figures (snake forms) above. The first set grouped together 5 snake forms connected with Traditions and belief in ancient Europe or Middle East. The people believed them in the forms of "The coiled snake with its tail in the mouth" are immortal and they called it 'Ourobors' some times.

The world knows very well that Ouroboros and snake forms with a coiled snake with its tail in the mouth are originated in the M.E. and Europe. The second set grouped together 3 xerox from the book, snake worship in India by G. Ravindran Nair, showing temples of snake worship in India, Past and Present.

The Hindu Indians or Indo-Aryan Hindus entered Indian boundary some times in 1200 yrs B.C. after several countries in Europe and Middle East. They also brought their own culture and religion.

The 3rd set shows 3 forms of snakes connected with worship etc. in Kangleipak (Manipur) in the Hindu days since 18th century C.E.

From these undeniable written evidence, the humble writer concludes that the snake worship in Manipur in any form or figure whether they call it 'Anji' or 'Pakhangba Pafan' or any name, the Hindu Kings brought them and imposed upon us when they became kings since 18th century C.E.

Please see also what James Johnstone says in his book, Manipur and the Naga Hills "It is greatest mistake to connect them with snake worshippers, 'Nag Bungsees' of India. Neither Nagas or Manipuries, or any tribes on the eastern frontier, are addicted to this worship, or have any traditions connected with it and any snake, cobra (Nag) or otherwise, would receive small mercy at their hands."
Page 33 of the book.

The written evidences against snake worship in Kangleipak (Manipur) are overwhelm, snake worship was brought by the Hindus in the 18th century C.E. to Kangleipak (Manipur)


* Wangkhemcha Chingtamlen wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at chingtamlen(at)gmail(dot)com or at www.paochelkangleipak.net
This article was posted on October 20, 2013.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Yoga Day: Celebrating Your Health
  • Chak-hao - black gold of Manipur
  • In response to the culture of shaming
  • 3rd Documentor Imphal
  • 4th International Day of Yoga by AR
  • Appeals for Resolution of MU Crisis
  • Recommendation to control Flood damages
  • International Yoga Day at Loktak PS
  • After Flood : Introspection about the future
  • MUSU & JAC : Hot issues before the Govt
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #2
  • General Thangal Eco Park : Gallery
  • Letter to President on Crisis at MU
  • Precision medicine & life sciences
  • Black topping-can ground leveling be behind
  • Condemns security force intrusion in MU
  • Developer wanted at LMP, Konjeng Leikai
  • AR gears up for International Yoga Day
  • NPF rejoinder to NDPP : 20 June
  • Rejoinder by Dr. Shurhozelie : 20 June
  • For a little bit more
  • Deadline of 5 days time set : MU crisis
  • Garlic Festival @Ukhrul #4 :: Gallery
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #3 : Gallery
  • Inungshi, Gaichanglungliu :: eMing
  • Taking 'Hau' Music to Rest of World
  • Kakching bags cleanest city in NE Award
  • JRF (Junior Research Fellow) at IBSD
  • Oxfam India launches emergency response
  • VC, MU - Resign immediately :: MUTA
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Translation of ancient Manipur texts begin
  • Pre Yoga Capsule organized
  • NDPP Rejoinder on 19 June
  • NPF Youth Wing Rejoinder on 19 June
  • Favouring digital govt : still a Virtual dream
  • June 18 Anniv : Consult all stakeholders
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Binota Thokchom at BRICS Young Scientist
  • The Merger of Manipur
  • Improving school management in Manipur
  • Pros & cons of screening tests
  • NPF Rejoinder on 18th June
  • Nagaland CM statement on Aboi ambush
  • June 18 significance: Still living on prayer
  • Need to identify one's strength
  • 18 Immortal Souls Remembered : Flash
  • The Great June Uprising : Read all about it
  • The Pitfalls of Identity Politics
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • All his sons :: Poem
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Eid bring cheer in flood hit areas
  • Willong Khullen, Maram #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Defending the environmental defenders
  • Delusion in self - cause of worry
  • Road to Russia: FIFA World Cup
  • It must be love :: Poem
  • 'Future of Naga people is bleak'
  • Give a miss call to Amnesty
  • 'Naga area' bandh on June 18
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Id-Ul-Fitr Festival
  • Letter to PM Modi on Naga Talks
  • Greetings on Eid-Ul-Fitr
  • Rejoinder to NPF statement
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland Chief Minister
  • Flood relief continue on 3rd day
  • India-Vietnam Youth Dialogue 2018
  • MU debacle: Why would it be left unnoticed
  • Spirit of World Cup : Brazil to Russia
  • NEC to come under Home Ministry
  • Manipur NGO hosts summit on LGBTQ
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Women Struggle in Self-Determination
  • 14 June- World Blood Donor Day
  • Naga Integration not possible- NPF react
  • Naga Integration is not possible- CM Rio
  • Relief work in flood affected areas
  • A day which keeps our spirit alive
  • Ranked 320 in the country : MU
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #5
  • Be alert: It's admission time
  • Yin and Yang
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • Temp accommodation for Aligarh students
  • Wrath of Mother Nature: Why challenge..
  • 60 pc is no longer first class : 95 pc
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Sanamahi Laihui & Sanamahi Laining
  • Kuhi- Essential plant for Nungbi pottery
  • Climate justice is integral to development
  • The bridge :: Poem
  • Lt S Vijaya Devi felicitated
  • Then : Indifferent :: Now : Hyper sensitive
  • Phumdigi Tantha : Dance Drama : Gallery
  • Grief at Xavier Rutsa's demise
  • Modi's India: A descend into Ochlocracy
  • The Philippine Experience
  • Cry of a Dying River #33 :: Poem
  • Community Iftar at Moijing, Cachar
  • Candle Light at DU over Assam lynching
  • Demand replacement of Manipur Univ VC
  • The Tragedy of Higher education
  • Unacceptable points spelt out
  • Teinem Luira Phanit @Ukhrul #3: Gallery
  • RPL-PMKVY trainees @Hojai : Gallery
  • Manipur Sports University in UP ?
  • Coloniality of the Postcolonial
  • Yellow leaves in the autumn :: Poem
  • Prof N Irabanta-distinguished academician
  • Leadership matters
  • Artificial turf for budding talents
  • 2 municipal bodies in NE awarded
  • Who is Arambam Somorendra ?
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #3 : Gallery
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #2
  • Grass root challenge- Education in hills
  • Earth does not belong to us...
  • Sita Mata as test-tube baby
  • What happen to VIP Culture Mr. CM
  • Merchants of education
  • Laitonjam Rajnikanta : Profile
  • A blessing to see :: Poem
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #4
  • Difference between Hinduism & Hindutva
  • How to choose the perfect fragrance
  • Iftaar party at Lilong
  • Bitter truth of Manipuri society
  • MU, NSU, IGNTU : Students at the centre
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #1 : eRang
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #2 : Gallery
  • Pony : A Cavalry Horse Par Excellence #2
  • Issues that keep Manipur burning
  • Cry of a Dying River - 32 :: Poem
  • CM & AR interaction with villagers
  • Certification of PMKVY trainees of Hojai
  • Christian appeals for Peace in Shillong
  • How safe are our women?
  • Riders put up by JAC for talk
  • Khangkhui Cave in Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Pluralism, Democracy & Ethnic Relation #2
  • Irom Sharmila meets with Mehbooba Mufti
  • JRF @ Mizoram University (Biotechnology)
  • Tobacco and heart disease
  • Understanding SOWA - RIGPA #2
  • Campaign "to End Child Sexual Abuse"
  • Implementation of 7th Pay
  • Indigenous street vendor sing gi wafam
  • The crumbling Manipur University
  • Kang Tournament @ Yaiskul : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #1
  • A rainy night :: Poem
  • HSLC Exam is the start! What next?
  • 1528 cases of fake encounter
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #1
  • Handloom Weaver @Bishnupur : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #2 : Gallery
  • Hinduism in Manipur : Political Perspective
  • All the World and his Wife :: Poem
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Women in CCpur turn to self-help groups
  • Purul Paoki Wrestling : Gallery
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #1 : Gallery
  • Khangminashi IV (Lecture) : Report
  • Seminar at MU - Hinduism in Manipur'
  • Evolution of The Meetei State
  • Heartbreak at Ukhrul: Unfolding Shirock
  • State Level Khurpui-Lam Festival: Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • School Girls Basketball #2 : Gallery
  • Where is Manipur....???
  • 'Manipur' in Google maps : Gallery
  • The Killing Fields - 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Mama Poktabi :: Funga Wari
  • Veterans Football Tournament #2 : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Sougrakpam Vijaya makes history sailing...
  • Arunachali unfurled Salai Taret at Mt Everest
  • Panthoiba: 2nd Rank- class XII, Uttarkhand
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA Day : Gallery
  • HSLC 208 Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • HSLC 2018 :: Toppers Listing
  • HSLC 2018 :: Check Result
  • HSLC :: Statistical/Subject Topper
  • HSLC 2018 :: External
  • Poumai Purul Hiimai Paoki #2 : Gallery
  • Kakching Garden :: 360 Panorama View
  • Folk Dance Festival #5 : Gallery
  • Aerial view from Chingmeirong : Gallery
  • Curtain Raising- Sangai Fest 2017: Gallery
  • Lainingthou Lai Lam thopka #2 : Gallery
  • Re-visiting Khangkhui caves in Ukhrul
  • Gardening @Ema Keithel #2: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #2: Gallery
  • Pakhangba Cheng Hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Steelheart @ Shirock , Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • A. Halim Chowdhury: A Profile
  • Class XII Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Class XII Result : Science Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Arts Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Commerce Toppers
  • HSE Result 2018 : District Wise
  • HSE Result 2018 : Highest Marks
  • HSE Result 2018 : Science Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Arts Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Commerce Stream
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS