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E-Pao! Essay - The Unceasing Oozing Nagas Blood and Tears

The Unceasing Oozing Nagas Blood and Tears

By: R.B. Thohe Pou *



Abstract: This article tries to highlight how the Nagas blood and tears were oozing from Pre-British period till today. The Nagas history shows the proof that in different era of the Naga history; the Nagas shed their bloods and tears for different accounts, which is still continuing in fratricidal game of NSCN.

In retrospection of the Naga history - we learnt that precious Nagas bloods were oozing like the perennial springs in Nagalim. Why the precious bloods were flowing on the ground from the pre-British era till today? Oh! Nagas Blood! When will you cease oozing your precious blood?

The Nagas first shed their blood from the hand of the foreigners during the Ahom King invasion in Naga Hills. Now Seven Hundred and Seventy Seven Years ( 7 7 7 ) had past after the Ahom King encountered the Nagas but the fresh bloods and tears continue to flow even today. The entire land seems look reddish due to your bloods. Let the peace, love and forgiveness reign your motherland. Ponder once again - let your heart reign with love and forgiveness. Forgetting the past mistake is equally good as forgiving the present mistake.

Introspection of the past Naga history from headhunting era till today - there is unceasing oozing bloods and tears in Naga Hills. However the oozing blood and tears in different era have different accounts. The earlier bloods shedding and tears were totally different from the present fratricidal bloods shedding and tears.

Once the Nagas believed that headhunting show the manhood. They practiced headhunting to bring fertility to their land and bumper crop, to raise their social status and marry a beautiful lady. However hatred, fear, insecurity reigned in those days even though it assumed to be glorious in those days. Many men, women and children were killed in those days but the Nagas thought it shows only manhood through headhunting.

As the headhunter chopped off the victim head - the helpless victim's blood flowed on the ground crying for help. It was also during the headhunting period that the Ahom King invaded the Naga Hills in 1228 AD and killed many Nagas in fierce resistance by the Nagas.

It was in the year 1832 that British first penetrated to Naga Hills and encountering and defending the Nagas land - many Naga warriors were killed. The British finally infiltrated and dominated in Naga Hills after the battle of Khonoma - even though they did not dominated the entire Naga Hills. The Nagas blood continued to flow from headhunting era to British period, which is still afresh in the mind of our centenarians.

After the British period in Naga Hills - the Indian Army came to dominate in Naga Hills and many Nagas were killed, tortured, raped, harassed, burnt innumerous properties, which brought tears in entire Naga Hills. The Nagas blood that oozed in encountering the Indian Armed forces is still fresh in the mind of all the Nagas.

During the Naga National Council (NNC) struggle for sovereignty - under the leadership of A. Z. Phizo - the famous Naga Plebiscite was conducted in Many 1951. According to Sema, the armed violence, murder, arson, looting, and kidnapping, had become quite common and wide spread in 1954. So some of the leaders did not want the Phizo's violent ways and resigned from NNC in 1955.

Thus the first ideological crush in Naga Political leaders commenced and formed two groups as Moderate and Extremist group. Those who were in disinclination of violent ways of struggle in Naga National Movement were T. Shakhrie, J. B. Jasokie, T.N.Angami and Dr. Imkongliba among others. On January 18, 1956, T.Sakhrie (former General secretary of NNC who resigned from NNC) was assassinated for anti-NNC activities and others who openly against the movement also assassinated. For the first time in the history of the Nagas National movement - the first blood was shed and tears fell due to ideological discrepancies.

The Shillong Accord on November 11, 1975 was one of the greatest blows to the Naga National Movement. The Shillong Accord (SC) can be better called as the "Evolution of Problem Accord" (ENPA) in Naga National Movement since the bigger problem emerged after this Accord. This is the second ideological problem occurred with the Naga Nationalist leaders. The difference in ideology amongst the Naga National Movement leaders is the main reason that led to Shillong Accord but it was without the consent from the Naga civil society.

The NNC leaders tried to contact A.Z. Phizo, then President of the NNC to condemn the Shillong Accord. However they could not restore the damage image of the NNC even after five years of Shillong Accord. Eventually, under the leadership of Isak Chisu as Chairman, S.S. Khaplang as Vice President and Thuingaleng Muivah as General secretary - formed a new organization known as "National Socialist of Council Nagaland (NSCN) on January 31, 1980. However this organization did not last long for a decade without splitting into two groups.

On 30th April 1988 morning, the NSCN Headquarter at Hangsen was full of smoke and bloods with loud guns and bombs noises echoing the entire Hills. The whole Hill Ranges felt the echoing noises of guns and bombs and the wild animals tremble with fear; the wounded people longing for water screamed and cried silently in their hearts. The bloods that flowed like the Red Sea will never returned again; the tears and sweats that oozed out from their bodies are going to be remembered as the most disastrous event in Naga History. The unsuspected NSCN Vice President S.S. Khaplang accompanied with his men killed over 200 persons (men, women and children and many other officers.)

In the history of Naga National Movement - this is the third time the ideological discrepancies and mistrust occurred and mass fratricidal took place. However Isak and Muivah were escaped and later formed their group as NSCN-IM, under the leadership of Isak Swu as Chairman and Th. Muivah as General Secretary. The other group led by Khaplang as Chairman and Dalley Mongro as General secretary formed the group known as NSCN-K. After the ideological crush or differences with the Naga National leaders in 1988 - the struggle between the difference ideologies continue till today without any sign of accepting other philosophy and ideology.

Why there is unceasing oozing Nagas blood and tears? Once there was headhunting because our forefathers did not know our God creator. The British colonial reign ended since 1947 and the Indian Armed Force is now cease-fire with the NSCN. But the precious bloods, tears and sweats are still flowing in Nagalim like a perennial river. What do you gain in fratricide?

When our forefather killed their brothers (Nagas) during headhunting - it revealed the manhood. When our fathers or brothers were killed in encountering the British or Indian Armies - it showed their patriotism. But today when our brothers and sisters practice fratricidal - it reveals your unforgiveness, thirst of power, jealousy and hatred, faithless in God, ideological discrepancies.

The oozing Nagas blood and tears due to fratricidal is nothing but only the barbarous act. If we view from the Christians' perspective - fratricide is nothing but adding more problems, sins and bloods in the reddish bloody-land. The present rat racing of NSCN-IM and K to subdue and emulate one another shows not improvement in their relationship regardless of the Nagas Civil Society with great effort to bring under reconciliation table.

If both the NSCN groups continue in rat racing - some day one group may surrender in course of time. However, fratricidal in rat racing will cost innumerous lost of human lives, which cannot be paid back in term of money and any goods that is available on this earth and later it may remorse for what they are doing now. Let not another great disastrous event of mass fratricide happens again in Naga History. Human life is short. Let's take every opportunity to make peace with our fellow Nagas and bring the honorable solution in our lifetime in our Indo-Naga Peace Talks.

The present fratricidal and trying to capture each other camp may only degrade their own prestige and curtail the people solidarity in their National Movement. Therefore the best solution for both the groups may be coming to the reconciliation table, which is invited and prepared by the Naga Civil Society. The Naga Civil Society loves you and invites both of you to come and dine together. As Father was very happy as the Prodigal son returned home - the Naga Civil Society would be very happy like that of prodigal son's father when both the NSCN-IM and K comes to reconciliation table to reunite.

Let the Naga Civil Society give solidarity in your struggle for the cause of the Nagas sovereignty as you come and reunite. As long as there is fratricidal occurring in Nagalim - there cannot be peace and love in our community; we cannot expect peace when firing of guns and killing continue to reign in our land. Keeping peace by force cannot be called as true peace and we the Nagas want the true peace with love without fratricide in our land. The present cease-fire with the Indian government from both the groups and Peace Talks would not improve much and receive mass support unless the fratricidal is cease and emerge into one group.

Nagas! Let not your blood bleed and tears fall again for the cause of revenge, ideological crush, thirst of power, jealousy of others and in rat racing to dominate others. Instead shed your blood, tears and sweat in doing good to bring development, peace and love in Nagalim.

Let your tears be wiped out by your brothers and sisters who killed your loved ones with love and embrace each others in welcoming to make reconciliation to restore peace in Nagalim. Let not your loved ones use again their blood-stained hands and tears as soup as it falls in their plates.

Today all the Nagas from teenage to centenarians want peace, love and reconciliation in Naga Hills. Let reconciliation be there forgiving each others and your loved one - the centenarians may die in peace hoping to get sovereignty even if they die today. If not they will fist their hands (According to Poumai Naga, if our parents or elders fist their hands in their dying bed it reveals their curse to their children or any one whom they want to pass their curse) in their dying beds and curse your fratricidal practice and there will be no peace forever in Nagalim.

As the Headhunting ceased, British domination end and Indian government in cease-fire with the NSCN - let the fratricidal practice also end forgiving and forgetting the past mistrust, ideology discrepancies and hatred.

Let the love of God of Jesus reign in our land as the Nagaland is for Christ.

KUKNALIM


* R.B. Thohe Pou, a Ph.D. Research Scholar, contributes regularly to e-pao.net
He can be contacted at thohepou@rediffmail.com
This article was webcasted on 14th May 2006.


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