TODAY -

Review of the book : Water Mimosa for sustainable development in south east Asia

BN Pande *



I have critically gone through the book entitled “Water Mimosa for Sustainable Development In Eastern South and South East Asia”: Authored By: Professor Dr NI Singh and Romesh Sagolshemcha Detailed review as under:

Section -1: The present book entitled “Water Mimosa for Sustainable Development in Eastern South and South East Asia” N2 Fixation by root Nodule bacteria of Neptunia & its cultivation, Pest Management; Health Benefits & Income generation is the outcome of above noted research scheme and the PhD. thesis of the junior author.

The plant grows wild and is cultivated as a vegetable throughout South East Asia particularly in Indo China and Thailand.

Latest information on Water Mimosa for sustainable Development of Eastern South and South East Asia were incorporated from research papers like –
1) Inter cropping of Rice and Water Mimosa can fix and transfer N2 to Rice By: Z Hei et al. in 2022.
2) Improve Yield and grain quality while reducing N fertilizer Application by: : Z Hei et al. in 2022.
3) Rice Intercropping with Water Mimosa (Neptunia oleracia. Lour) can facilitate Soil N utilization and alleviate Apparent N lossby ( Z Hei and H Xiang, et al 2021.)
4) Mix Cropping of Rice and Water Mimosa (Neptunia oleracia. Laur.) Increases photosynthesis efficiency, yield, grain quality and soil availability nutrients.

This is despite creating income and employment for a significant number of Peri-urban households, in many cases recycling and treating urban waste water, while also producing a green and nutrition. Food stuff which is consumed on daily basis by millions of urban dwellers in the cities of that area.

For the benefits of health of Water Mimosa authors have included latest work carried out by various researchers like as is mentioned in Chapter 4-1: Isolation of the Phenolic 2 Compounds from Neptunia olaracea followed by their bioactivity evaluations and quantitative analysis. For economic benefits and uses of Water Mimosa authors reviewed using voluminous current literature.

Senior author along with his Jr. Researcher undertook a detailed survey of the Eastern South Asia, including North east India Southeast Asia along with the geography, climate persistence and occurrence of Water Mimosa.

Most of Southeast Asia have climate being Tropical - hot and humid all the year round with heavy rainfall. Majority of Southeast Asia has a wet and dry season caused by seasonal shifts in winds or monsoon season. Neptunia prostrate (Lam) Baill. Common name Water Mimosa of the family Legu-minoceae is an aquatic, perennial herb with long floating stem which grows actively during rainy season.

Root nodule symbiotic association was studied and analyzed in detail by authors. The nodules were isolated, identified and its effects on water mimosa plant were evaluated.

The effects of different concentrations of chemical and organic source N source on the symbiotic association between Rhizobium legumi- nosarum MTTC 10096 –Neptunia prostrata (Lam) Bail, plant biomass production, Nitrogen accumu- lation, etc., were investigated by the authors .

The optimum chemical fertilizer and organic manure doses for sustainable production of Neptunia prostrata were determined. Insect pests and fungal pathogens of Nep-tunia prostrata were isolated and identified. Integrated pest management methods for the pathogenic fungi associated with Neptunia prostrata was devised with aqueous extract of certain phyto extract and certain chemical fungicides.

Authors gave in brief the outcome of their work which is as follows: Preservation and propagation methods through stem cutting and through seed were practiced for mass production of plantlets for long term measure. Preservation through seed was preferred.

Section -2: Covers N2 fixation by root nodule Bacteria of Water Mimosa and its Root Nodule Symbiosis. Potential Strain of Nitrogen Fixing bacteria found in Water Mimosa for possible Atmosphere N2 Fixation, besides Influence of urea and farmyard manure compost as N source on symbiotic association between Rhizobium and Water Mimosa.

Section -3: envisages cultivation of Water Mimosa and its Paste Management: Authors proposed conventional method for Water Mimosa cultivation with valuation and Improvement using certain Biotechnological aspects i.e. Perpetuation of Water

Mimosa and cultivation methods like:1. A bundle of young healthy i.e.2to 3 plantlets Water Mimosa transmitted into the soil around 2 m away from each other. The soil attached to the bottom part was pressed down to prevent uprooting. Water was then pumped in to the field to a depth of 20 – 3o m allowing top portion of stems to float on the water surface as in Plate- VII.

2. In parallel way the seedlings were fixed which were set up as transplanting rows.These rows were located at a suitable height to the water surface in order to keep the stem of the plant remains floating (Plate –VII).

3. The seedling plants of Water Mimosa were then transplanted using a raft made of Bamboo poles having an height of at least 2-5 meter length and space between two poles in a row should be 1 to 1.5 m (Plate- VII) .

As shown in Table 3.1 and 3.2 application and Management of chemical fertilizers increase in the application of high concentration of fertilizer resulted decrease in plant growth and plant biomass production, whereas increase of farmyard compost application slight increase in growth. In general, farmyard compost showed encouraging results than chemical in terms of yield performance of Water Mimosa.

The insect paste of Neptunia prostrata (Lam) Bill. Viz., Spodoptera litura, Eurema hecabe etc. were identified by the authors during this investigation. Two fungal pathogens of Water Mimosa like Fusa-rium oxysporum and Alter- naria alternata were isolated. Biological control of fungal diseases of Nep-tunia prostrate were evaluated by using phyto extracts of nine medicinal plants that exhibited varied inhibition rates on the fungal pathogen.

The highest percentage of growth inhibition rate of Fusarium oxysporum var. aurantianum was observed by authors from the phyto extracts of Allium tuberosum followed by Tamarindus indica and Vitex trifoloia respectively.

Allium tuberosum showed maximum anti-fungal activityagainst Alte- rnaria alternata followed by Zingiber officiale and Tamarindus indica respectively. Authors have worked on the aspect like Carben-dazim 50%W.P exhibited even at the lowest concen-tration the best result against Fusarium oxis-porium showing 100% growth inhibition. By making use of Mancozeb 75% W.P. at 0.1% concentration exhibited 100% growth inhibition.

Section 4: Authors covered “Health Benefits of Water Mimosa under this section. Authors isolated Phenolic compounds from Water Mimosa by employing column chromatography and Thin Layer Chromatography.

The comprehensive findings from this study were reported by the authors are: It is a source of Herbal medicine of ethno pharmacological importance like: Gastritis and Medicine, Constipation, Hepatoprotective activity.

Analgesic activity, Antmicrobial activity, Cultural significance etc. Section 5: Authors have included in this section – Income generation by the cultivation of Water Mimosa. In this chapter, applied CBA (Cost Benefit Analysis).

CBA for Water Mimosa verses Paddy cultivation and stated that National and International importance of criteria for including to the RAMSAR convention by the Indian Government. CBA for paddy cultivation (Area 0.46 acre)

The Cost Benefit Analysis of Water Mimosa cultivation with paddy cultivation in the same acre revealed that more income could be generated from Water Mimosa cultivation than paddy cultivation. Authors have suggested that the farmers could start Water Mimosa cultivation in their unused cultivable lands in order to generate sustainable income.

Section 6: Senior author categorically devoted this section VI for Water Mimosa –Past and Present.

Of NGO’s marginal and program farmers of the target areas in all 219 volunteers got training on the technology for mass propogation of Water Mimosa as vegetables for sustainable income genera-tion by the weaker section of Ithai Barrage flood prone area in Manipur (India). Four Training cum Demonstration programs were conducted for the representative.


* BN Pande wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The Reviewer is Ex. Professor and Head, Environment Science, Dr BAM Univ, Chh Sambhajinagar [MS].
This article was webcasted on May 16 2024.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • 2nd Annual Art Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Chilli Chicken: Film Spotlighting NE in B'lore
  • Committee of Narcotics Anonymous - Imphal
  • The Power of Meditation
  • Oceans as a career choice
  • Getting more and more audacious
  • A test of leadership
  • Education Fair @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Gifting two seats to Cong
  • Voters empowered democracy
  • Postcards from Meghalaya premieres
  • Milk : Essential nutrient for a healthy body
  • Failing in competitive exam not end of world
  • Delhi : A mere spectator
  • Abandoning Jiribam
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #5
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Mainstream in Shoes of Alternative
  • Protect the medicines that protect us
  • Lets take action for our land & our future
  • Democracy and independent media
  • Agenda at work to shut Western Gate
  • Keeping Manipur on the boil
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #34: Download
  • The Enigmatic Journey of 'Laikhutshangbi'
  • Individual and the Social
  • An Ardent Appeal to All Concerns
  • Condemnation of Attack & Govt Inaction
  • The Power of Poppy - 34 :: Poem
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Alien fishes spotted in Manipur's rivers
  • Training on mushroom at Langthabal
  • Digital avatars or deepfakes ?
  • 7th June is the World Food Safety Day
  • How to prepare for UPSC after 10th ?
  • The Jiri violence
  • Beginning of a new vote culture ?
  • Bimol Akoijam (Cong) wins Inner PC : Gallery
  • BJP, NPF & other NDA pay heavy price
  • Nature is one of greatest blessings of God
  • Plantation drive in Tripura, Assam & Manipur
  • Summer beauty
  • Environment conservation & over-exploitation
  • Is Modi cut out for leading a coalition ?
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #2: Gallery
  • Scholarship for Johnstone Hr Sec students
  • 1st foundation day of Interfaith Forum
  • World Environment Day: Our land, our future
  • Indonesia stronger anti-tobacco measures
  • Navigating a fragile Myanmar: India's policy
  • New breed entering electoral politics
  • The road to formation of new govt
  • International Dance Day #1 : Gallery
  • Matchbox marketing mantra
  • Stop harming nature :: Poem
  • Saving for oneself & the Nation
  • Model United Nations (MUN) conducted
  • Tobacco: Threat to health & environment
  • Candidate from ruling party biting the dust
  • The verdict
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #4
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Navigating Remal amidst Manipur conflict
  • We are #GenerationRestoration
  • Intl Day of Innocent Children Victims
  • Apparel Industry Skills & Innovation CoE
  • What's in a cyclone's name ?
  • Ongoing clash, the floods, the losses
  • Exit poll predictions
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #33: Download
  • Evading flood & rethinking urbanization
  • Manipur Flood: Health Advisory
  • Onus on civil bodies to ensure NNPG unity
  • Rats also cause flood
  • Benefits of JEE Main mock tests
  • People have spoken, now the results
  • The fury of Remal
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • The flood in our Stars
  • The Power of Poppy - 33 :: Poem
  • 'Group of people misrepresented themselves'
  • EV industry and career options
  • Scientist of Manipur: Chandrakant Aribam
  • Candy flavoured traps to hook next Gen
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #2
  • Tobacco affects health & environment too
  • Jio extend validity for Customer in Manipur
  • Students must learn about AI irrespective
  • As vote count day approaches : Floods
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Flooded : Sacrifice of Yairipok's Maiden
  • World No Tobacco Day 2024
  • Chandam Rishikanta wins NPC Nat'l C'ship
  • Flood: Helpline numbers for emergency
  • Battling body odour ?
  • Floods : Not entirely natural phenomena
  • PM Modi's purpose
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Flood: Control Rooms & Helpline numbers
  • Economic impact of ongoing conflict
  • Army Recruitment Rally for Manipur
  • Cut deficit, boom likely
  • Are Gods angry ? Wake up call for Manipur
  • Beating of the Retreat #2 : Gallery
  • We did Overcome: Mayhem of Month of May
  • Training on mushroom at Potshagbam
  • Famous female Mathematicians in India
  • Disinformation campaign thengnare
  • Human trafficking puts humanity to shame
  • Sky opens up in all its fury
  • Licypriya meets Italy PM & Pope Francis
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Combined Defence Services Exam 2024
  • Good show in Class X exams
  • Downplaying the crisis
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #3
  • Reviving Lamphelpat : Conservation : Gallery
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #1
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hojai
  • The Power of Poppy - 32 :: Poem
  • Insights from CUET-UG Counselling
  • International Day for Biological Diversity
  • Unseen force at work: Time to unravel it
  • Sheikh Hasina's revelation
  • The Vanishing Meitei Tribe
  • Building career in defence & strategic study
  • Why example of model code of conduct ?
  • Ownership of responsibility
  • Will pressure mount on key players in NE
  • How to save your foot after an accident
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Project Associate @ CSE, Assam Univ
  • Understanding schizophrenia
  • Advancement in Multi Objective Optimization
  • When will women in voter list increase ?
  • Making 2 plus 2 is equal to 5
  • Changing face of drug menace
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • 25 yrs since Atal Vajpayee visit to RIMS
  • 4 Lakhs donated to support (L) Maipak Family
  • Clarification: Guwahati Meet on Humanitarian
  • Start UPSC prep after 12th for success
  • Tips to avoid melting makeup in summer
  • Giving a big solid push to ST demand
  • Time to come clean
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: 1 occasion, 2 narratives #3
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #2 : Gallery
  • A year of hostilities
  • Licypriya Kangujam to travel to Italy
  • Declining moral standards in public life
  • Healthy democracy with independent media
  • Why endangered species matter to us
  • Significant Guwahati meeting : 1st visible step
  • The Pallel story
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #2 : Gallery
  • Ukhrul: Climate change grip on water supply
  • Commemoration of World Eld's Deer Day
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • Dance of democracy, a miracle in making !
  • Learn to look 10/20/30 years hence
  • The zero FIR, zero lesson
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #1: Gallery
  • MOU signed: MTI-HUB & KIIT-TBI & SAbF
  • Lament of the Mourning Choir :: Poem
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Wabagai
  • RSS-BJP fracas
  • Trials for Canoe Slalom World Cup
  • Poser from a villager says it all Kamjong
  • The cover-up effort
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #2
  • Manipuri women in the arena of politics
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Assam
  • Aimee Baruah at red carpet of Cannes
  • National Defence Academy Exam 2024
  • How digital media changed communications
  • Manipur stands scandalised
  • All eyes on UP battle
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #32: Download
  • Riots to a shrine- Ram Mandir of Ayodhya
  • Handle with care. F.R.I.E.N.D.S inside!
  • The Power of Poppy - 31 :: Poem
  • Celebrate the journey !
  • Career counselling : A life guidance tool
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Conspiracy, thy name is Kuki !
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Thounaojam
  • Ket Meth New Album "Ghost Stories"
  • World Hypertension Day
  • International Day of Families
  • Let the rule of law prevail
  • When donation becomes obligatory demand
  • Tourism of Manipur through Gastronomy
  • Beyond Eternity :: Poem
  • Patriarch subjugation on women
  • Celebrate Manipuri Cinema shine at Cannes
  • Training on cultivation of various mushroom
  • Transformative impact of Ayurveda & Yoga
  • War for over a year : Delhi is answerable
  • The logic behind illogical chargesheet
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Regarding Human Rights Situation in Manipur
  • World Hypertension Day 2024
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #3
  • Disinformation campaign touba thengnarey
  • Deeply mourn the demise of Oja Biren Lamba
  • Water Mimosa for sustainable development
  • Publicity drives of educational institutions
  • ED's revolutionary move!!!
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #2: Gallery
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • AISSE 2024 Exam Result- RKM Imphal
  • Gold, new world currency !
  • Milk for hair and skin
  • Of illegal immigrants & the larger picture
  • The missive from Kamjong
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • World Bamboo Congress @Taiwan : Gallery
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #1 : Gallery
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @ Chinga : Gallery
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • '365 Days of Chin-Kuki Aggression' : Gallery
  • Athoubasingi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • National Science Teacher workshop
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laishram Ladu Singh
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laitonjam Warjeet
  • Community seed bank @Umathel : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • Kenedy Khuman (Singer) : Gallery
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD