TODAY -

E-Pao! Essays - Remote Sensing and GIS - Application in Manipur

Remote Sensing and GIS - Application in Manipur
Applications In The Development Activities Of Manipur

By: Dr. Leishangthem Surjit Singh *



In a state like Manipur, where there are more hilly areas than plains and where there is the disadvantage of travel from one place to another to take up some development programme or to make an environmental survey, Remote Sensing has helped tremendously. Therefore, by taking the advantages of Remote Sensing, many developmental progresses can be made by the various government departments of Manipur.

In a less developed state like Manipur, remote Sensing centre will give much benefit. A layman may not know what remote sensing is? In simple terms, it is identifying the objects at a place where we can not reach, without going at that place. For example, we can easily know whether there are trees growing or human beings settled at a place beyond many ranges of hills with the help of remote sensing.

Till now, with help of remote sensing, we have been able to know about the various natural resources on the earth’s surface.

In this modern age, with the advantages of remote sensing, there will be much more progress. To set an example, in the forest department, we can easily identify the place where trees are growing, where there is no growth and where we can grow trees and crops.

In the field of agriculture too, we can know the crops grown at a particular place or which crops would be more suitable for growing at the place.

To dig a canal, to make new roads at a suitable place, to identify water resources or to select a place for digging tube-well, all there can be easily done through remote sensing.

Regarding how remote sensing works: - it is with the help of powerful cameras or sensors take photos of the surface of the earth and the required information can be taken from those photos. These cameras or sensors take the help of airplanes, balloons, helicopters or satellites as their platform. Nowadays, we have got sensors which can take a clear picture of very small objects, say about an area of 1 square meter.

Information technology, which we very often talk about, is also mainly the work of remote sensing. In our state also, in many government department, there is huge number of computer, it these computers are lacking information’s then, it won’t be wrong to say that those computers are simply typewriters.

If a planner or a decision maker is to plan about a certain place, he needs to know first the location, socio-economic conditions, means of transport and the required amenities (non-spatial data). He can easily plan about it on his computer screen sitting in his room with the help of remote sensing and GIS.

Taking an example, if a proposal is made to sanction loan / grant-in aid for planting trees in a far away hill district, it can be easily verified whether the place is available or not, without going at that place. This will reduce security problem and save time. Not only this, if a dispensary is to be set up in a hill district, informations regarding the available place for the dispensary, the population of the very area and the common disease that prevail in that place can be easily gathered using remote sensing and GIS.

Therefore, the planners and the head of departments will benefit much from remote sensing, which gives many advantages in every field. For this purpose, a database creation project named Natural resources information system has been taken up by Manipur Remote Sensing Applications Centre under the Department of Space Govt. of India in collaboration with North Eastern Space Applications Centre, Shillong (NSAC). The aim of this project is to have a visual discussion between the decision makers or planners and the farmers at the field to increase the products and to make progress in other development works.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has established a state Remote Sensing Centre in every state of India. Every Center has been supplied with a V-SAT. With the help of the V-SAT, a state-wise programme for all the states of India is conducted. The conducted programme is telecast live on the T.V., with the help of this V-SAT.

In that live programme, we can ask questions. For example, a farmer watching that programme can ask which crop would be more suitable to grow in his field, to yield better products. The resource person on the T.V. screen will ask the name and address of the farmer and then, his field will be shown on the screen, ei., the condition of the soil, area, availability of water, climate condition etc. and after discussing the above factors, he will advice the farmer to grow crops suitable in that place.

Not only this, the concerned department will also get the opportunity to ask questions regarding their progress. Here, we need to recall back by whom and for what purpose, Remote Sensing Technology has been brought into a sub-continent like India. In the early 1960, Sir Vikram Sarabhai, father of space science and Remote Sensing in India had set up this process in India. Regarding why and for what purpose, it is because the population of India kept on increasing and the measures to increase the productivity could not be seen.

It became necessary to find a way of how to use the cultivable land it, area of a place which was not used before for any purpose. Way to find out? To transform into a place of high productivity, but since the country is a large one, to make a survey was not an easy thing. At last, taking photos of the whole surface of the sub-continent was the only option.

Thus, the advantages of remote sensing came to be common. So, till now, the work of Sir Vikram Sarabhai is still remembered by the Remote Sensing Community. With the help of his technology, we can also monitor the various natural disasters. For example, the areas affected by flood, the damages caused by it and the losses it has made can be calculated and the required compensation / relief can be given.

By comparing the flooded areas with the satellite photo of the place before the flood and from the observations made by the concerned scientists, the damages can be easily found out. By estimating the loss or damages from a helicopter, we cannot know the exact loss. Besides, now we have using powerful sensors that, the forest department can even count how many trees are planted at which place and when and how many tress are growing.

In our state also, before, there were only two computers and two scientists in the Remote Sensing Centre, but now the number of computers with powerful software have increased.

There are also five scientists according to their five fields.
They are:-
(i) Soil and Agriculture.
(ii) Land use and Human Settlement.
(iii) Environment and Ecology.
(iv) Water Resource, and
(v) Geosciences.

Regarding roadways, landslide prone areas can be detected and more over in hilly regions, new roads can be constructed places apart from the landslide prone areas.

In this case, a research and development project entitled, "Landslide Hazard Zonation" from Imphal to Mao has been undertaken by the Centre under the department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India.

Not only this, students, research scholars, environmentalists, local NGOs, etc. have been contributing various required datas and informations to the Remote Sensing Centre.




Dr. Leishangthem Surjit Singh (Junior Scientist – MARSAC) is contributing for the first time to e-pao.net.
He can be reached at [email protected]

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #3
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Reviving Lamphelpat : Conservation : Gallery
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #1
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hojai
  • The Power of Poppy - 32 :: Poem
  • Insights from CUET-UG Counselling
  • International Day for Biological Diversity
  • Unseen force at work: Time to unravel it
  • Sheikh Hasina's revelation
  • The Vanishing Meitei Tribe
  • Building career in defence & strategic study
  • Why example of model code of conduct ?
  • Ownership of responsibility
  • Will pressure mount on key players in NE
  • How to save your foot after an accident
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Project Associate @ CSE, Assam Univ
  • Understanding schizophrenia
  • Advancement in Multi Objective Optimization
  • When will women in voter list increase ?
  • Making 2 plus 2 is equal to 5
  • Changing face of drug menace
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • 25 yrs since Atal Vajpayee visit to RIMS
  • 4 Lakhs donated to support (L) Maipak Family
  • Clarification: Guwahati Meet on Humanitarian
  • Start UPSC prep after 12th for success
  • Tips to avoid melting makeup in summer
  • Giving a big solid push to ST demand
  • Time to come clean
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: 1 occasion, 2 narratives #3
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #2 : Gallery
  • A year of hostilities
  • Licypriya Kangujam to travel to Italy
  • Declining moral standards in public life
  • Healthy democracy with independent media
  • Why endangered species matter to us
  • Significant Guwahati meeting : 1st visible step
  • The Pallel story
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #2 : Gallery
  • Ukhrul: Climate change grip on water supply
  • Commemoration of World Eld's Deer Day
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • Dance of democracy, a miracle in making !
  • Learn to look 10/20/30 years hence
  • The zero FIR, zero lesson
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #1: Gallery
  • MOU signed: MTI-HUB & KIIT-TBI & SAbF
  • Lament of the Mourning Choir :: Poem
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Wabagai
  • RSS-BJP fracas
  • Trials for Canoe Slalom World Cup
  • Poser from a villager says it all Kamjong
  • The cover-up effort
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #2
  • Manipuri women in the arena of politics
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Assam
  • Aimee Baruah at red carpet of Cannes
  • National Defence Academy Exam 2024
  • How digital media changed communications
  • Manipur stands scandalised
  • All eyes on UP battle
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #32: Download
  • Riots to a shrine- Ram Mandir of Ayodhya
  • Handle with care. F.R.I.E.N.D.S inside!
  • The Power of Poppy - 31 :: Poem
  • Celebrate the journey !
  • Career counselling : A life guidance tool
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Conspiracy, thy name is Kuki !
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Thounaojam
  • Ket Meth New Album "Ghost Stories"
  • World Hypertension Day
  • International Day of Families
  • Let the rule of law prevail
  • When donation becomes obligatory demand
  • Tourism of Manipur through Gastronomy
  • Beyond Eternity :: Poem
  • Patriarch subjugation on women
  • Celebrate Manipuri Cinema shine at Cannes
  • Training on cultivation of various mushroom
  • Transformative impact of Ayurveda & Yoga
  • War for over a year : Delhi is answerable
  • The logic behind illogical chargesheet
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Regarding Human Rights Situation in Manipur
  • World Hypertension Day 2024
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #3
  • Disinformation campaign touba thengnarey
  • Deeply mourn the demise of Oja Biren Lamba
  • Water Mimosa for sustainable development
  • Publicity drives of educational institutions
  • ED's revolutionary move!!!
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #2: Gallery
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • AISSE 2024 Exam Result- RKM Imphal
  • Gold, new world currency !
  • Milk for hair and skin
  • Of illegal immigrants & the larger picture
  • The missive from Kamjong
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • Sezo Ringa- Debut Music Video "Revival"
  • Journalism - A thrilling career #2
  • After Class XII where? The eternal question
  • Entry of Arvind Kejriwal
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #1
  • Our nurses, our future: Power of care
  • Screenplay Writing course concluded
  • Workshop on IP & Patent Filing held
  • Let there be less Politics in Sports
  • Sam Pitroda is absolutely white
  • Motherhood: Soul & spirit of family & society
  • Time has come to criminalise ecocide
  • Meiteis, a disappearing community in Manipur
  • World Bamboo Congress @Taiwan : Gallery
  • Ima Manipur should smile more
  • 2nd National Lok Adalat at High Court
  • The Power of Poppy - 30 :: Poem
  • Army impact on Tamphasana Wushu odyssey
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #1 : Gallery
  • "Dynamic library service" :: Book Rvw
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Artificial Intelligence & Environment
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #2
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #4
  • Delhi's stand after 1 year of clash
  • A new type of terrorism
  • Scientist of Manipur: Waikhom Vishwanath
  • SRF, JRF, RA @ Assam University
  • The Bleeding River :: Poem
  • Executive Meeting of WMC Assam Unit
  • Journalism - A thrilling career #1
  • Raising the call to replace Minister
  • A storm in a political teacup
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @ Chinga : Gallery
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Empowering hill communities via U-Mangra
  • African Swine Fever
  • Free Training on Mushroom at Nagamapal
  • Harshit Dhingaun recieves award from Korea
  • Look for ways to restore normalcy
  • The danger of last kicks of a dying horse
  • Preserving Thang-Ta traditions
  • Resolving ST issue by democratic process
  • Top 5 songs to awaken your inner patriot
  • Project Assistant @ Manipur University
  • Leishemba Sanajaoba conferred Doctorate
  • Double tragedy: No time for red-tapism
  • A Youtuber called Dhruv
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • 174th Anniv Maharaj Narasingh #2 : Gallery
  • Challenges in Healthcare in rural Manipur
  • A salute to leadership quality of PM Modi
  • Career in press for freedom of expression
  • One day after devastating hailstorm
  • Understanding the suffering of others
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #1
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #3
  • Election gossip & rumours
  • 'Melodic Minds' Tour in Guwahati
  • Leaving a trail of destruction
  • Political see-saw
  • A brand-new Scientific discovery
  • In memoriam of the happiness we shared !
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #5
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Sekmaijin
  • Oh Motherland :: Poem
  • Animal life should be treated with dignity
  • '365 Days of Chin-Kuki Aggression' : Gallery
  • Renaissance of politics in our youth
  • TB & tobacco co-epidemics in Indonesia
  • The Power of Poppy - 29 :: Poem
  • Advanced Charging Infrastructure in NE
  • Lessons learnt in the last one year
  • True colour of politics
  • World Heritage Day @ MU : Gallery
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Kakwa
  • Joint Combing Operations in Jiribam
  • Reboot PSUs for jobs: Task for new Govt
  • Ayurvedic remedies to keep healthy eyes
  • May 3, 2023 to May 3, 2024
  • One year of crisis, and what next ?
  • Scientist of Manipur: Nongmaithem Rajmuhon
  • Whither social justice & work for women?
  • Taiwan to enhancing economic ties with India
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #2
  • Athoubasingi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Privilege trap of While Male Meitei
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #4
  • 'Chizami Model' working in Gujarat ?
  • Racing towards the one year mark
  • On misattribution & falsifying history
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing #15 :: Book
  • May Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • 12th World Bamboo Congress at Taiwan
  • Complex dance of democracy in Manipur
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Pangaltabi
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #1
  • Showing ugly face of muscle power
  • Spare the rod, spoil the monster
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #31: Download
  • Socio-Historical analysis on Ethnic Conflict
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Langmeidong
  • Ngangbam Dipapati- Gold @European Cup
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #3
  • Fresh surge in violence
  • The real culprit
  • National Science Teacher workshop
  • Livelihood Disaster in Mapithel Region
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laishram Ladu Singh
  • Imphal Ring Road Project to Transform
  • Lok Sabha polls in Manipur #2 : Gallery
  • The Happiness Code : Download
  • NH-2 Bridge bombed @Sapermeina : Gallery
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #1 : Gallery
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Workshop @ NSU Manipur : Gallery
  • 174th Anniv Maharaj Narasingh #1 : Gallery
  • Lok Sabha polls in Manipur #1 : Gallery
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laitonjam Warjeet
  • Community seed bank @Umathel : Gallery
  • Athoubasingi Numit #1 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #1 : Gallery
  • Kenedy Khuman (Singer) : Gallery
  • Students @ Class X Exam : Gallery
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD