TODAY -

E-Pao! Essay - Moving away from home

Moving away from home

By: UA Shimray *

"Economic unfreedom can breed social unfreedom, just as social or political unfreedom can also foster economic unfreedom."
Amartya Sen, (2000), Development As Freedom. New Delhi: OUP.

Recently, I read Jacob Shaiza's article entitled, "The Mumbai dreams" in The Sangai Express [Internet version: dated 14th September 2006].

The article began with the unpleasant phrase:
"Everything that glitters in Mumbai is not gold."
The author cautions cohort of Tangkhul Naga girl (not men folk) about the "vulnerability" and "life and beauty" of the Indian Metros...
"The Mumbai dreams is creating waves and visibly everything appears to be going well as hundreds of our girls are finding ready employment with hundreds lining up to be there at the earliest opportunity.

The fairer sex of our backward society choosing Mumbai as their job hunting destination is curiously worth giving a glimpse with a new perspective with Tangkhul girls of Ukhrul district as a case story."

The article interrogates on women's vulnerable logic (not men). In contrary men become sedentary as the statement goes: "The streets in Ukhrul town is almost empty of any eligible girls and the glamour has faded to a frustrating extent.

The boys are left high and dry and for them Sunday glamour is no longer worth waiting."

The author "partially and unjustly" depicts the vulnerable logic without considering women's "ability" to take care of her conscience. I partially do agree with the article but my problem is "unjust" presentation on vulnerability aspect, underestimate tone and not bearing in mind of one's "ability and capability."

Underestimate statement like: "Girls of our society with no employment scope migrating to Mumbai and other metros is nothing usual.

The only hitch is the danger of being carried away with wrong imitation and false show of lifestyle. Immoral imitations are the most vulnerable social lifestyle that one will care to venture at her own risk." Moral is different issue and its individual agenda.

Jacob conclude as: "But since the focus is on the vulnerable fairer sex of our society migrating to big metros it is to be sharply pointed out that it has its own pitfalls. In such hi-fy places one can be her best friend and her worst enemy."

Is Migration (Education and Employment) really vulnerable...?

In Imphal, a couple of seminars are organised regarding the students' migration. Dr TS Gangte [retired Director of Education (University)] rightly points out: "The root cause of the students' migration is mainly due to absence of a proper academic system, unstable law and order situation and lack of basic infrastructure in educational institutions."

Not only absence of a proper academic system, but a frequent call of bandhs, strikes, blockade and cease-work is also affecting academic calendar as well as educational environment.

In conceptualising migration there are certain factors associated with the decision to migrate. Firstly, factors associated with the area of origin; in second, factors associated with the area of destination and third is personal factors. People move across the political borders because of various reasons like economic gain, education and employment.

As propounded that migration is said to be selective of occupation as well as education. Education and employment related migration has become more prominent with improvement of transport and communication and globalisation.

Undoubtedly, education is a major migration facilitating factor. From areas where the number of young educated persons is in excess supply, they tend to move to areas where there is demand for their services.

The decades 1990 and 2000 witnessed tremendous flow of people coming from the North Eastern region particularly indigenous communities from Nagaland, Mizoram, Arunachal, Meghalaya and Manipur to Indian Metropolitan cities like Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta.

The reasons are mainly related to education and employment guided by certain motivated factors. Also, envisioning of getting better "opportunities, choices, facilities and achievements." Indian's Metros offer wide range of opportunities from quality higher education, employment and economic activities.

In realm of education and employment, the question of opportunities, choices, facilities and achievements is crucial enough. Today, the State failed to provide adequate infrastructural support [education and employment] for the youth.

In fact such situation compels the youth to migrate in search of opportunities, choices and facilities. Through education, they acquired "ability" and capable to be "independence." Also, equipped with "competence" in decision-making.

These youth are not "lazy-educated-person" but they stand by themselves and earned for living. So the question is working in Metros is a kind of "indecent" and blame as vulnerable... If the vulnerable logic goes then sedentary lazy-educated unemployed would be considered as good citizen of the moral society.

No one wants to live elsewhere, places or society. Everyone wants to live his or her native soil.

Life in Metro is hard. Often share small room, travel good distance, feels social isolation and earn peanuts. Inspite of all these odd circumstances, this youth struggle and even manage to send remittances to their parents.

Hitherto, there are inevitable situation like abuse, tendency to indulge negativism, frustration and depression so on. All these are environmental social circumstances and are not only happen in Metros alone but everywhere where human dwelt. As I said, when there is acquired "ability and capability," then why worry about vulnerable aspects.

Remarks

The current socio-political turmoil in Manipur is "indirectly" contributed by the high growth of unemployed population particularly youth, HIV/AIDS and poor delivery system. This social problem also bears "positive-correlation" with the aspect of individual laziness [looking for easy money], non-creative and non-utilisation of one's capability in a constructive manner.

Today, many youth are moving way from home ["outsourcing"] and look for the opportunities in the Metros.

In Manipur case, the decision to migrate is mostly associated with the problem related to the area of origin with "Little Choice, Little Opportunity and inadequate Infra-structural-Support."

The plight of the higher education and employment in Manipur is really disquieting. Getting employment is somewhat becoming a "distant dream."

Indeed, the issue of educated-unemployed youth is causing serious human resources crises and disturbing features.




UA Shimray wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on December 23rd, 2006


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • The Vanishing Meitei Tribe
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Building career in defence & strategic study
  • Why example of model code of conduct ?
  • Ownership of responsibility
  • Will pressure mount on key players in NE
  • How to save your foot after an accident
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Project Associate @ CSE, Assam Univ
  • Understanding schizophrenia
  • Advancement in Multi Objective Optimization
  • When will women in voter list increase ?
  • Making 2 plus 2 is equal to 5
  • Changing face of drug menace
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • 25 yrs since Atal Vajpayee visit to RIMS
  • 4 Lakhs donated to support (L) Maipak Family
  • Clarification: Guwahati Meet on Humanitarian
  • Start UPSC prep after 12th for success
  • Tips to avoid melting makeup in summer
  • Giving a big solid push to ST demand
  • Time to come clean
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: 1 occasion, 2 narratives #3
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #2 : Gallery
  • A year of hostilities
  • Licypriya Kangujam to travel to Italy
  • Declining moral standards in public life
  • Healthy democracy with independent media
  • Why endangered species matter to us
  • Significant Guwahati meeting : 1st visible step
  • The Pallel story
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #2 : Gallery
  • Ukhrul: Climate change grip on water supply
  • Commemoration of World Eld's Deer Day
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • Dance of democracy, a miracle in making !
  • Learn to look 10/20/30 years hence
  • The zero FIR, zero lesson
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #1: Gallery
  • MOU signed: MTI-HUB & KIIT-TBI & SAbF
  • Lament of the Mourning Choir :: Poem
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Wabagai
  • RSS-BJP fracas
  • Trials for Canoe Slalom World Cup
  • Poser from a villager says it all Kamjong
  • The cover-up effort
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #2
  • Manipuri women in the arena of politics
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Assam
  • Aimee Baruah at red carpet of Cannes
  • National Defence Academy Exam 2024
  • How digital media changed communications
  • Manipur stands scandalised
  • All eyes on UP battle
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #32: Download
  • Riots to a shrine- Ram Mandir of Ayodhya
  • Handle with care. F.R.I.E.N.D.S inside!
  • The Power of Poppy - 31 :: Poem
  • Celebrate the journey !
  • Career counselling : A life guidance tool
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Conspiracy, thy name is Kuki !
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Thounaojam
  • Ket Meth New Album "Ghost Stories"
  • World Hypertension Day
  • International Day of Families
  • Let the rule of law prevail
  • When donation becomes obligatory demand
  • Tourism of Manipur through Gastronomy
  • Beyond Eternity :: Poem
  • Patriarch subjugation on women
  • Celebrate Manipuri Cinema shine at Cannes
  • Training on cultivation of various mushroom
  • Transformative impact of Ayurveda & Yoga
  • War for over a year : Delhi is answerable
  • The logic behind illogical chargesheet
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Regarding Human Rights Situation in Manipur
  • World Hypertension Day 2024
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #3
  • Disinformation campaign touba thengnarey
  • Deeply mourn the demise of Oja Biren Lamba
  • Water Mimosa for sustainable development
  • Publicity drives of educational institutions
  • ED's revolutionary move!!!
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #2: Gallery
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • AISSE 2024 Exam Result- RKM Imphal
  • Gold, new world currency !
  • Milk for hair and skin
  • Of illegal immigrants & the larger picture
  • The missive from Kamjong
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • Sezo Ringa- Debut Music Video "Revival"
  • Journalism - A thrilling career #2
  • After Class XII where? The eternal question
  • Entry of Arvind Kejriwal
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #1
  • Our nurses, our future: Power of care
  • Screenplay Writing course concluded
  • Workshop on IP & Patent Filing held
  • Let there be less Politics in Sports
  • Sam Pitroda is absolutely white
  • Motherhood: Soul & spirit of family & society
  • Time has come to criminalise ecocide
  • Meiteis, a disappearing community in Manipur
  • World Bamboo Congress @Taiwan : Gallery
  • Ima Manipur should smile more
  • 2nd National Lok Adalat at High Court
  • The Power of Poppy - 30 :: Poem
  • Army impact on Tamphasana Wushu odyssey
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #1 : Gallery
  • "Dynamic library service" :: Book Rvw
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Artificial Intelligence & Environment
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #2
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #4
  • Delhi's stand after 1 year of clash
  • A new type of terrorism
  • Scientist of Manipur: Waikhom Vishwanath
  • SRF, JRF, RA @ Assam University
  • The Bleeding River :: Poem
  • Executive Meeting of WMC Assam Unit
  • Journalism - A thrilling career #1
  • Raising the call to replace Minister
  • A storm in a political teacup
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @ Chinga : Gallery
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Empowering hill communities via U-Mangra
  • African Swine Fever
  • Free Training on Mushroom at Nagamapal
  • Harshit Dhingaun recieves award from Korea
  • Look for ways to restore normalcy
  • The danger of last kicks of a dying horse
  • Preserving Thang-Ta traditions
  • Resolving ST issue by democratic process
  • Top 5 songs to awaken your inner patriot
  • Project Assistant @ Manipur University
  • Leishemba Sanajaoba conferred Doctorate
  • Double tragedy: No time for red-tapism
  • A Youtuber called Dhruv
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • 174th Anniv Maharaj Narasingh #2 : Gallery
  • Challenges in Healthcare in rural Manipur
  • A salute to leadership quality of PM Modi
  • Career in press for freedom of expression
  • One day after devastating hailstorm
  • Understanding the suffering of others
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #1
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #3
  • Election gossip & rumours
  • 'Melodic Minds' Tour in Guwahati
  • Leaving a trail of destruction
  • Political see-saw
  • A brand-new Scientific discovery
  • In memoriam of the happiness we shared !
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #5
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Sekmaijin
  • Oh Motherland :: Poem
  • Animal life should be treated with dignity
  • '365 Days of Chin-Kuki Aggression' : Gallery
  • Renaissance of politics in our youth
  • TB & tobacco co-epidemics in Indonesia
  • The Power of Poppy - 29 :: Poem
  • Advanced Charging Infrastructure in NE
  • Lessons learnt in the last one year
  • True colour of politics
  • World Heritage Day @ MU : Gallery
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Kakwa
  • Joint Combing Operations in Jiribam
  • Reboot PSUs for jobs: Task for new Govt
  • Ayurvedic remedies to keep healthy eyes
  • May 3, 2023 to May 3, 2024
  • One year of crisis, and what next ?
  • Scientist of Manipur: Nongmaithem Rajmuhon
  • Whither social justice & work for women?
  • Taiwan to enhancing economic ties with India
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #2
  • Athoubasingi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Privilege trap of While Male Meitei
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #4
  • 'Chizami Model' working in Gujarat ?
  • Racing towards the one year mark
  • On misattribution & falsifying history
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing #15 :: Book
  • May Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • 12th World Bamboo Congress at Taiwan
  • Complex dance of democracy in Manipur
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Pangaltabi
  • Integrated Farming Systems for farmers #1
  • Showing ugly face of muscle power
  • Spare the rod, spoil the monster
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #31: Download
  • Socio-Historical analysis on Ethnic Conflict
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Langmeidong
  • Ngangbam Dipapati- Gold @European Cup
  • Crop/animal for higher productivity in NE #3
  • Fresh surge in violence
  • The real culprit
  • National Science Teacher workshop
  • Livelihood Disaster in Mapithel Region
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laishram Ladu Singh
  • Imphal Ring Road Project to Transform
  • Lok Sabha polls in Manipur #2 : Gallery
  • The Happiness Code : Download
  • NH-2 Bridge bombed @Sapermeina : Gallery
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #1 : Gallery
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Workshop @ NSU Manipur : Gallery
  • 174th Anniv Maharaj Narasingh #1 : Gallery
  • Lok Sabha polls in Manipur #1 : Gallery
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laitonjam Warjeet
  • Community seed bank @Umathel : Gallery
  • Athoubasingi Numit #1 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #1 : Gallery
  • Kenedy Khuman (Singer) : Gallery
  • Students @ Class X Exam : Gallery
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD