TODAY -

State specific crop/animal species for higher productivity in NE
- Part 5 -

Angad Prasad / Indira Sarangthem / Daya Ram *



EXTENSION STRATEGIES TO CREATE AWARENESS AND ADOTPION OF JOB AVENUE AMONG THE RURAL YOUTH

As elaborated above, we should emphasize upon the various ways and means to attract rural youth for their adoption and making them as most remunerative avenue to their livelihood taking into consideration the only two major agricultural and animal husbandry entities having much demand in the north eastern region:

Ø Use of print & electronic media for periodic awareness:

The farmers’ welfare activities, publications, seasonal agricultural information and other facilities being served to the farmers should be disseminated in time. \If possible, a date should be fixed to upload those information on the website of the University and college concerned. Such information should be brought in farmers’ notice through radio, TV and local daily.

In case of inputs – seeds, breeds of poultry and cattle, pigs and fish seeds, if farmers are informed with full details along with their benefit, definitely they will come to take. Thus, the adoption of new technology will be multiplied within a short span of time.

Ø Seeking cooperation between all land-based departments: The major activities of extension service is borne by the state land based departments, whereas University has to work as front-line guide, therefore, a congenial rapport between all such departments is necessary for providing the desired benefit to the farmers and rural youth.

The Central Agricultural University, Imphal has constituted an Extension Education Council, in which, major departments of the seven states of the north eastern region falling under the jurisdiction of the University are members.

In addition, two farmers’ representatives/social workers are also members. The University conducts annual meetings where all members should take part so that facilities and extension services for the farmers would be known which in turn help the states for executing the extension services to the farmers.

In the same fashion, all constituent colleges have College Extension Education Committee, where all land-based department of the State, farmers’ representatives/social workers are members; Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) have Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) consisting of all heads of the land-based departments, representatives of the district concerned are members.

They must represent in the meeting usually convened once a year. Such cooperation will help in quick delivery of information, services required and further improvement in the system of extension education of the University.

Ø Emphasis on demonstration: Among the different means of educating the farmers, demonstration has the most important place. By seeing the result, process or method, people get accurate knowledge as well as evidence of the benefit of technology demonstrated. It helps them to a great extent to adopt.

The concept of Front Line demonstration being conducted by agricultural universities and KVKs has come to support this philosophy. If concerned land-based departments are informed and their cooperation/participation is also seen, technology transfer gets momentum.

Ø Organization of vocational training: With the help of state land-based departments and gram panchayats, needing, desirous and educated unemployed rural youth should be selected and after their need assessment, they can be trained in specific rural vocations or for growing any cash crop as mentioned above at Vocational Training Centres established in each state of the University.

For specialized training in fisheries, College of Fisheries, CAU, Agartala has been strengthened as a centre of excellence, where youth can be trained in aquaculture, fish breeding, prawn culture and fish processing and preservation. The farmers and youth of the region may be guided to get technical advice/training at KVKs established in each district.

This is also a fact that training facilities cannot be provided in mass, therefore, some youth having leading capacity may be trained, who may be used as local trained resources for providing training and guidance to other fellow farmers/youth.

Likewise, College of Veterinary Sciences & A.H. Situated at Aizawl (Mizoram), Jalukie (Nagaland) and College of Agril. Engg. & PHT, Gangtok may train the farmers and rural youth for animal rearing, dairy management and food processing etc. The trained youth may start their own enterprise and get a handsome income.

Ø Participatory mode for selection of needy rural youth:

For making Atma Nirbhar Bharat, utmost care has to be taken for selecting rural youth and providing them appropriate training. Usually, names and lists of candidates are asked by training institutions and without assessing their background and interest, formality of training is completed, which leads to wastage of money and time.

If selection of rural youth is done in participatory mode involving state departments, local bodies, training institutions and candidates, real and right youth are selected. Selection of candidates should be free from any bias.

Ø Regular technological back-up: This is a very important point to see critically the self-employed candidates who have been trained and started their own business. If such young persons are visited regularly by a team of experts, service providing agencies and training institutions, they are encouraged and sustained in their enterprise. During the visit, technical advice is given to improve the on-going business or enterprise.

Ø Networking of trained youth and follow-up action: Gull address, contact details, qualification, name of occupation etc about a candidate being trained at any training institution should be recorded properly. Such a type of follow-up activity should be done periodically.

This information should be shared with the concerned state department so that he/she can be supervised to avoid the business drop out. Unfortunately, most of the training institutions are overloaded and due to lack of intra and inter-organizational cooperation, this follow up is not properly done which needs to be improved for the welfare of the rural youth.

Ø Promotion of SHGs and Cooperative marketing: It is the urgent need of the rural area. Self Help Groups eradicate the barrier of finance and resource poor rural youth can avail loan to establish any agri business of their choice. Production of agri-based items is important but the regular supply on high rate is more important.

If a proper market is made available to the entrepreneur, he gets assurance for the disposal of his produce and thus, his income can be sustained. Since, the north eastern region is a comparatively backward area, provision of cooperative marketing may boost the pace of rural economy.

Ø Organization of progressive farms/entrepreneur/institution visit: Some of the progressive farmers in this region are doing excellent work and through agri-business and by adopting farm activities, they are gaining lakhs of rupees.

In Manipur, Mr. Devkanta Singh, a national awardee and black scented rice grower is the best example. Exposure visits of rural youth willing to adopt black scented rice can be trained and they can be shown the farm of progressive farmers. It will infuse a sense of confidence among the youth and adoption of economic activity will be increased.

Ø Introduction of awards and incentives: Giving away prizes and awards to successful entrepreneurs acts as the most effective means to encourage the youth who are self-employed. This also becomes a source of interest creation among the fellow young persons to initiate such a source of livelihood.

For this purpose, ICAR and the State Department of Agriculture usually provide awards to selected agri-entrepreneurs/farmers at national and state level every year.

Concluded ...

For further details contact: -
Public Relations& Media Management Cell,
CAU, Imphal.
Email: [email protected]


* Angad Prasad / Indira Sarangthem / Daya Ram wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writers are with
College of Agriculture,
Central Agricultural University,
Imphal-795004
This article was webcasted on May 05 2024.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • 2nd Annual Art Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Chilli Chicken: Film Spotlighting NE in B'lore
  • Committee of Narcotics Anonymous - Imphal
  • The Power of Meditation
  • Oceans as a career choice
  • Getting more and more audacious
  • A test of leadership
  • Education Fair @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Gifting two seats to Cong
  • Voters empowered democracy
  • Postcards from Meghalaya premieres
  • Milk : Essential nutrient for a healthy body
  • Failing in competitive exam not end of world
  • Delhi : A mere spectator
  • Abandoning Jiribam
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #5
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Mainstream in Shoes of Alternative
  • Protect the medicines that protect us
  • Lets take action for our land & our future
  • Democracy and independent media
  • Agenda at work to shut Western Gate
  • Keeping Manipur on the boil
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #34: Download
  • The Enigmatic Journey of 'Laikhutshangbi'
  • Individual and the Social
  • An Ardent Appeal to All Concerns
  • Condemnation of Attack & Govt Inaction
  • The Power of Poppy - 34 :: Poem
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Alien fishes spotted in Manipur's rivers
  • Training on mushroom at Langthabal
  • Digital avatars or deepfakes ?
  • 7th June is the World Food Safety Day
  • How to prepare for UPSC after 10th ?
  • The Jiri violence
  • Beginning of a new vote culture ?
  • Bimol Akoijam (Cong) wins Inner PC : Gallery
  • BJP, NPF & other NDA pay heavy price
  • Nature is one of greatest blessings of God
  • Plantation drive in Tripura, Assam & Manipur
  • Summer beauty
  • Environment conservation & over-exploitation
  • Is Modi cut out for leading a coalition ?
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #2: Gallery
  • Scholarship for Johnstone Hr Sec students
  • 1st foundation day of Interfaith Forum
  • World Environment Day: Our land, our future
  • Indonesia stronger anti-tobacco measures
  • Navigating a fragile Myanmar: India's policy
  • New breed entering electoral politics
  • The road to formation of new govt
  • International Dance Day #1 : Gallery
  • Matchbox marketing mantra
  • Stop harming nature :: Poem
  • Saving for oneself & the Nation
  • Model United Nations (MUN) conducted
  • Tobacco: Threat to health & environment
  • Candidate from ruling party biting the dust
  • The verdict
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #4
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Navigating Remal amidst Manipur conflict
  • We are #GenerationRestoration
  • Intl Day of Innocent Children Victims
  • Apparel Industry Skills & Innovation CoE
  • What's in a cyclone's name ?
  • Ongoing clash, the floods, the losses
  • Exit poll predictions
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #33: Download
  • Evading flood & rethinking urbanization
  • Manipur Flood: Health Advisory
  • Onus on civil bodies to ensure NNPG unity
  • Rats also cause flood
  • Benefits of JEE Main mock tests
  • People have spoken, now the results
  • The fury of Remal
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • The flood in our Stars
  • The Power of Poppy - 33 :: Poem
  • 'Group of people misrepresented themselves'
  • EV industry and career options
  • Scientist of Manipur: Chandrakant Aribam
  • Candy flavoured traps to hook next Gen
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #2
  • Tobacco affects health & environment too
  • Jio extend validity for Customer in Manipur
  • Students must learn about AI irrespective
  • As vote count day approaches : Floods
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Flooded : Sacrifice of Yairipok's Maiden
  • World No Tobacco Day 2024
  • Chandam Rishikanta wins NPC Nat'l C'ship
  • Flood: Helpline numbers for emergency
  • Battling body odour ?
  • Floods : Not entirely natural phenomena
  • PM Modi's purpose
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Flood: Control Rooms & Helpline numbers
  • Economic impact of ongoing conflict
  • Army Recruitment Rally for Manipur
  • Cut deficit, boom likely
  • Are Gods angry ? Wake up call for Manipur
  • Beating of the Retreat #2 : Gallery
  • We did Overcome: Mayhem of Month of May
  • Training on mushroom at Potshagbam
  • Famous female Mathematicians in India
  • Disinformation campaign thengnare
  • Human trafficking puts humanity to shame
  • Sky opens up in all its fury
  • Licypriya meets Italy PM & Pope Francis
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Combined Defence Services Exam 2024
  • Good show in Class X exams
  • Downplaying the crisis
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #3
  • Reviving Lamphelpat : Conservation : Gallery
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #1
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hojai
  • The Power of Poppy - 32 :: Poem
  • Insights from CUET-UG Counselling
  • International Day for Biological Diversity
  • Unseen force at work: Time to unravel it
  • Sheikh Hasina's revelation
  • The Vanishing Meitei Tribe
  • Building career in defence & strategic study
  • Why example of model code of conduct ?
  • Ownership of responsibility
  • Will pressure mount on key players in NE
  • How to save your foot after an accident
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Project Associate @ CSE, Assam Univ
  • Understanding schizophrenia
  • Advancement in Multi Objective Optimization
  • When will women in voter list increase ?
  • Making 2 plus 2 is equal to 5
  • Changing face of drug menace
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • 25 yrs since Atal Vajpayee visit to RIMS
  • 4 Lakhs donated to support (L) Maipak Family
  • Clarification: Guwahati Meet on Humanitarian
  • Start UPSC prep after 12th for success
  • Tips to avoid melting makeup in summer
  • Giving a big solid push to ST demand
  • Time to come clean
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: 1 occasion, 2 narratives #3
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #2 : Gallery
  • A year of hostilities
  • Licypriya Kangujam to travel to Italy
  • Declining moral standards in public life
  • Healthy democracy with independent media
  • Why endangered species matter to us
  • Significant Guwahati meeting : 1st visible step
  • The Pallel story
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #2 : Gallery
  • Ukhrul: Climate change grip on water supply
  • Commemoration of World Eld's Deer Day
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • Dance of democracy, a miracle in making !
  • Learn to look 10/20/30 years hence
  • The zero FIR, zero lesson
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #1: Gallery
  • MOU signed: MTI-HUB & KIIT-TBI & SAbF
  • Lament of the Mourning Choir :: Poem
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Wabagai
  • RSS-BJP fracas
  • Trials for Canoe Slalom World Cup
  • Poser from a villager says it all Kamjong
  • The cover-up effort
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #2
  • Manipuri women in the arena of politics
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Assam
  • Aimee Baruah at red carpet of Cannes
  • National Defence Academy Exam 2024
  • How digital media changed communications
  • Manipur stands scandalised
  • All eyes on UP battle
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #32: Download
  • Riots to a shrine- Ram Mandir of Ayodhya
  • Handle with care. F.R.I.E.N.D.S inside!
  • The Power of Poppy - 31 :: Poem
  • Celebrate the journey !
  • Career counselling : A life guidance tool
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Conspiracy, thy name is Kuki !
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Thounaojam
  • Ket Meth New Album "Ghost Stories"
  • World Hypertension Day
  • International Day of Families
  • Let the rule of law prevail
  • When donation becomes obligatory demand
  • Tourism of Manipur through Gastronomy
  • Beyond Eternity :: Poem
  • Patriarch subjugation on women
  • Celebrate Manipuri Cinema shine at Cannes
  • Training on cultivation of various mushroom
  • Transformative impact of Ayurveda & Yoga
  • War for over a year : Delhi is answerable
  • The logic behind illogical chargesheet
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Regarding Human Rights Situation in Manipur
  • World Hypertension Day 2024
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #3
  • Disinformation campaign touba thengnarey
  • Deeply mourn the demise of Oja Biren Lamba
  • Water Mimosa for sustainable development
  • Publicity drives of educational institutions
  • ED's revolutionary move!!!
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #2: Gallery
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • AISSE 2024 Exam Result- RKM Imphal
  • Gold, new world currency !
  • Milk for hair and skin
  • Of illegal immigrants & the larger picture
  • The missive from Kamjong
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • World Bamboo Congress @Taiwan : Gallery
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #1 : Gallery
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @ Chinga : Gallery
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • '365 Days of Chin-Kuki Aggression' : Gallery
  • Athoubasingi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • National Science Teacher workshop
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laishram Ladu Singh
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laitonjam Warjeet
  • Community seed bank @Umathel : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • Kenedy Khuman (Singer) : Gallery
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD