TODAY -

State specific crop/animal species for higher productivity in NE
- Part 1 -

Angad Prasad / Indira Sarangthem / Daya Ram *



The North Eastern Hill (NEH) Region of India is located between 21.50 to 29.50 North latitude and 85.50 to 97.50 East longitudes. Flanked by hills and with the mighty Brahmaputra river slashing a central path between its north and south, the North East is bounded by the States of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura with Assam comprising the heart.

Arunachal Pradesh lies to its north and Sikkim a little away in the North West bordering China and Bhutan. Bangladesh and Myanmar lie to its southwest and east hill States of India having a total geographical area of 5.63% of the country (approximately 1, 83,813 km2) with a population of 1.13% to be supported on its natural resources.

The NE States are quite different and peculiar in nature due to their distinct topography (highly rugged steep mountains and hills to rolling topography of plateau region) terrain comprising mountainous region, hills and plateaus interspersed with valley lands in the foot hills, extreme climatic charac- teristics that results in above 11000 mm of average annual rainfall in Cherrapunjee and Mowsynram ranges.

Inaccessibility and remoteness of the places, dense forest cover and poor and underdeveloped infrastructure system are characteristics of the entire NEH region of India.

The entire NEH region is agriculturally diversified and nearly all crops, vegetables, fruits, spices, flowers and medicinal crops are grown. In case of animal husbandry, the region has its uniqueness over the country. Dairy animals, sheep and goats are reared similar to other parts of the country but, there are some very unique animals found and reared in this region.

Among these, Mithun in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh, Pony in Manipur and Yak in Sikkim are special. If critical observation is done, we can find that each State of the NEH region has very unique and profitable crops/fishes/flowers/animals.

In Manipur, black scented rice, fish (Pengba), Cashew nut and Pigs in Meghalaya, Anthurium, Lilium and Pigs in Mizoram, Naga chilli and Mithun in Nagaland; Khasi mandarin and Ginger in Arunachal Pradesh, Pineapple and fish farming in Tripura; and large cardamom and orchid flower in the State of Sikkim.

Besides, silk worm rearing and turmeric cultivation in Assam are two prioritized agriculturally products which can be taken and youth can be trained in these selected products for their production and marketing and thereby, having a very sustainable platform for their livelihood.

At present, the Central Agricultural University, Imphal has established one Vocational Training Centre (VTC) in each of the jurisdiction States–Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Aru-nachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Tripura, except Nagaland where establishment is under pipeline.

In addition, College of Agricultural Engineering & Post Harvest Technology, Ranipool, Sikkim has excellent facility for training in food processing and packaging. Krishi Vigyan Kendras of the region have a team of Subject Matter Specialists as well as facility for training.

Like other parts of the country, the problem of unemployment in this region is increasing at a faster rate which is becoming a challenge for the Government to provide employment to the people for improvement of living standard of this region.

Further, Government has launched so many schemes for the benefit of the people but the pace of development is not satisfactory. In this article, the authors have tried to highlight the two most important agricultural/animal husbandry/fish producers which have ample potential for creation of job or Employment Avenue in and around their home places.

1. MANIPUR

1.1 Black Aromatic Rice (Chak-hao): Black aromatic rice locally named as Chak-hao is well known for its attractive colour and aromatic flavour and consi- dered as one of the richest sources of anthocyanin, vitamins, minerals, fibre, proteins and many other nutrients.

The uniqueness of the black aromatic rice of Manipur is its present aroma coupled with stickiness which is not common in other black rice grown in other parts of the world. Having realised the inherent unique properties, a good scope for commercial cultivation and value addition of its products for a profitable agri business have already been envisioned with its gaining importance and demands from around the globe.

It is considered to be a rice variety with a higher vitamin and mineral content than both white and brown rice. Black aromatic rice owes its colour due to powerful natural black colouring pigments called anthocyanin’s which boast an impressive antioxidant activity adding to the health benefits of this rice variety. In addition to being a good source of vitamins E, fibre and protein, black rice is shown to reduce inflammation levels in the body.

According to researches done so far, black rice consumption contributes to the prevention and management of ailments such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, Alzhei- mer’s disease, hypertension, high cholesterol levels, arthritis, allergies, aging signs and even cancer.

It contains total crude protein (12.15%), total carbohydrate (72.43%), amylose (8.27%), fat (4.80%), ash (1.57%) and crude fibre (0.71%). In addition, important minerals like, calcium, magnesium, manganese, copper, cobalt and iron are also found in abundant quantity.

Chak-hao is consumed mainly after being cooked as rice or kheer. Some of the value added products that can be prepared are powder, suji (flour), syrup, chocolate, beer, wine, cake, bred, flattened rice, paratha, laddoo, other sweetened food and cosmetic items.

Chak-hao rice extracts could be a potential source of anti-oxidative phyto-chemicals and useful ingredient for nutraceuticals or functional food products and natural colorants rather than the toxic synthetics.

In the State of Manipur, 2000 ha. of area under Chak-hao (Black Aromatic Rice) has been fully certified under standards laid down and administered in India by APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) ie, National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) under MOVCDNER (Mission Organic Value Chain Develop- ment for North Eastern Regions) Phase-1 and another 1000 ha is under process.

Two varieties viz., Chak-hao ‘Amubi’ and Chak-hao ‘Poireiton’ which are quite popular in the State are being cultivated organically. On an average, a farmer can produce 50-60 q/h black aromatic rice (35-40 q hulled rice). Presently, hulled and much cleaned black aromatic rice is being sold @ Rs. 120/- per kg and day-by-day, its demand at national and global level is being increased.

1.2 Fisheries:

Another very important farm produce in the State of Manipur is one of the unique fishes ie, Pengba, a very popular medium carp fish species of Manipur (locally called as Belangiriputi also, belonging to Family-Cyprinidae and declared as the State Fish of Manipur) having a special taste.

This fish grows very well in the composite culture and feeds on different food items available in the pond system including algae and detritus vegetation as well as supplementary fish feed (preferably floating fish feed) alike Rohu/Grass carp and grows almost a Kilogram in a year time.

In Manipur, it is most costly fish and during festive time in October- November, it is sold at a premium price of more than Rs. 800/kg for celebrating Ningol Chakkouba (a religious festival of Meitei community). If pond is managed properly, 10-15 q/h Pengba fish can be obtained.

To be continued...

For further details contact: -
Public Relations& Media Management Cell,
CAU, Imphal.
Email: [email protected]


* Angad Prasad / Indira Sarangthem / Daya Ram wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writers are with
College of Agriculture,
Central Agricultural University,
Imphal-795004
This article was webcasted on April 25 2024.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • 2nd Annual Art Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Chilli Chicken: Film Spotlighting NE in B'lore
  • Committee of Narcotics Anonymous - Imphal
  • The Power of Meditation
  • Oceans as a career choice
  • Getting more and more audacious
  • A test of leadership
  • Education Fair @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Gifting two seats to Cong
  • Voters empowered democracy
  • Postcards from Meghalaya premieres
  • Milk : Essential nutrient for a healthy body
  • Failing in competitive exam not end of world
  • Delhi : A mere spectator
  • Abandoning Jiribam
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #5
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Mainstream in Shoes of Alternative
  • Protect the medicines that protect us
  • Lets take action for our land & our future
  • Democracy and independent media
  • Agenda at work to shut Western Gate
  • Keeping Manipur on the boil
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #34: Download
  • The Enigmatic Journey of 'Laikhutshangbi'
  • Individual and the Social
  • An Ardent Appeal to All Concerns
  • Condemnation of Attack & Govt Inaction
  • The Power of Poppy - 34 :: Poem
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Alien fishes spotted in Manipur's rivers
  • Training on mushroom at Langthabal
  • Digital avatars or deepfakes ?
  • 7th June is the World Food Safety Day
  • How to prepare for UPSC after 10th ?
  • The Jiri violence
  • Beginning of a new vote culture ?
  • Bimol Akoijam (Cong) wins Inner PC : Gallery
  • BJP, NPF & other NDA pay heavy price
  • Nature is one of greatest blessings of God
  • Plantation drive in Tripura, Assam & Manipur
  • Summer beauty
  • Environment conservation & over-exploitation
  • Is Modi cut out for leading a coalition ?
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #2: Gallery
  • Scholarship for Johnstone Hr Sec students
  • 1st foundation day of Interfaith Forum
  • World Environment Day: Our land, our future
  • Indonesia stronger anti-tobacco measures
  • Navigating a fragile Myanmar: India's policy
  • New breed entering electoral politics
  • The road to formation of new govt
  • International Dance Day #1 : Gallery
  • Matchbox marketing mantra
  • Stop harming nature :: Poem
  • Saving for oneself & the Nation
  • Model United Nations (MUN) conducted
  • Tobacco: Threat to health & environment
  • Candidate from ruling party biting the dust
  • The verdict
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #4
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Navigating Remal amidst Manipur conflict
  • We are #GenerationRestoration
  • Intl Day of Innocent Children Victims
  • Apparel Industry Skills & Innovation CoE
  • What's in a cyclone's name ?
  • Ongoing clash, the floods, the losses
  • Exit poll predictions
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #33: Download
  • Evading flood & rethinking urbanization
  • Manipur Flood: Health Advisory
  • Onus on civil bodies to ensure NNPG unity
  • Rats also cause flood
  • Benefits of JEE Main mock tests
  • People have spoken, now the results
  • The fury of Remal
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • The flood in our Stars
  • The Power of Poppy - 33 :: Poem
  • 'Group of people misrepresented themselves'
  • EV industry and career options
  • Scientist of Manipur: Chandrakant Aribam
  • Candy flavoured traps to hook next Gen
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #2
  • Tobacco affects health & environment too
  • Jio extend validity for Customer in Manipur
  • Students must learn about AI irrespective
  • As vote count day approaches : Floods
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Flooded : Sacrifice of Yairipok's Maiden
  • World No Tobacco Day 2024
  • Chandam Rishikanta wins NPC Nat'l C'ship
  • Flood: Helpline numbers for emergency
  • Battling body odour ?
  • Floods : Not entirely natural phenomena
  • PM Modi's purpose
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Flood: Control Rooms & Helpline numbers
  • Economic impact of ongoing conflict
  • Army Recruitment Rally for Manipur
  • Cut deficit, boom likely
  • Are Gods angry ? Wake up call for Manipur
  • Beating of the Retreat #2 : Gallery
  • We did Overcome: Mayhem of Month of May
  • Training on mushroom at Potshagbam
  • Famous female Mathematicians in India
  • Disinformation campaign thengnare
  • Human trafficking puts humanity to shame
  • Sky opens up in all its fury
  • Licypriya meets Italy PM & Pope Francis
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Combined Defence Services Exam 2024
  • Good show in Class X exams
  • Downplaying the crisis
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #3
  • Reviving Lamphelpat : Conservation : Gallery
  • Commemorate Naga Plesbicite Day 1951 #1
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hojai
  • The Power of Poppy - 32 :: Poem
  • Insights from CUET-UG Counselling
  • International Day for Biological Diversity
  • Unseen force at work: Time to unravel it
  • Sheikh Hasina's revelation
  • The Vanishing Meitei Tribe
  • Building career in defence & strategic study
  • Why example of model code of conduct ?
  • Ownership of responsibility
  • Will pressure mount on key players in NE
  • How to save your foot after an accident
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Education Fair @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Project Associate @ CSE, Assam Univ
  • Understanding schizophrenia
  • Advancement in Multi Objective Optimization
  • When will women in voter list increase ?
  • Making 2 plus 2 is equal to 5
  • Changing face of drug menace
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • 25 yrs since Atal Vajpayee visit to RIMS
  • 4 Lakhs donated to support (L) Maipak Family
  • Clarification: Guwahati Meet on Humanitarian
  • Start UPSC prep after 12th for success
  • Tips to avoid melting makeup in summer
  • Giving a big solid push to ST demand
  • Time to come clean
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: 1 occasion, 2 narratives #3
  • Khongjom Day @Khebaching #2 : Gallery
  • A year of hostilities
  • Licypriya Kangujam to travel to Italy
  • Declining moral standards in public life
  • Healthy democracy with independent media
  • Why endangered species matter to us
  • Significant Guwahati meeting : 1st visible step
  • The Pallel story
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #2 : Gallery
  • Ukhrul: Climate change grip on water supply
  • Commemoration of World Eld's Deer Day
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Hiyanglam
  • Dance of democracy, a miracle in making !
  • Learn to look 10/20/30 years hence
  • The zero FIR, zero lesson
  • 'Ishanou' Selection @ Cannes #1: Gallery
  • MOU signed: MTI-HUB & KIIT-TBI & SAbF
  • Lament of the Mourning Choir :: Poem
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Wabagai
  • RSS-BJP fracas
  • Trials for Canoe Slalom World Cup
  • Poser from a villager says it all Kamjong
  • The cover-up effort
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #2
  • Manipuri women in the arena of politics
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Assam
  • Aimee Baruah at red carpet of Cannes
  • National Defence Academy Exam 2024
  • How digital media changed communications
  • Manipur stands scandalised
  • All eyes on UP battle
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #32: Download
  • Riots to a shrine- Ram Mandir of Ayodhya
  • Handle with care. F.R.I.E.N.D.S inside!
  • The Power of Poppy - 31 :: Poem
  • Celebrate the journey !
  • Career counselling : A life guidance tool
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Conspiracy, thy name is Kuki !
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Thounaojam
  • Ket Meth New Album "Ghost Stories"
  • World Hypertension Day
  • International Day of Families
  • Let the rule of law prevail
  • When donation becomes obligatory demand
  • Tourism of Manipur through Gastronomy
  • Beyond Eternity :: Poem
  • Patriarch subjugation on women
  • Celebrate Manipuri Cinema shine at Cannes
  • Training on cultivation of various mushroom
  • Transformative impact of Ayurveda & Yoga
  • War for over a year : Delhi is answerable
  • The logic behind illogical chargesheet
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Regarding Human Rights Situation in Manipur
  • World Hypertension Day 2024
  • Article 355 of Constitution of India #3
  • Disinformation campaign touba thengnarey
  • Deeply mourn the demise of Oja Biren Lamba
  • Water Mimosa for sustainable development
  • Publicity drives of educational institutions
  • ED's revolutionary move!!!
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #2: Gallery
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • AISSE 2024 Exam Result- RKM Imphal
  • Gold, new world currency !
  • Milk for hair and skin
  • Of illegal immigrants & the larger picture
  • The missive from Kamjong
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • World Bamboo Congress @Taiwan : Gallery
  • Aftermath of ferocious hailstorm #1 : Gallery
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @ Chinga : Gallery
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • '365 Days of Chin-Kuki Aggression' : Gallery
  • Athoubasingi Numit #2 : Gallery
  • National Science Teacher workshop
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laishram Ladu Singh
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Children Camp @JNMDA Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Laitonjam Warjeet
  • Community seed bank @Umathel : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • Kenedy Khuman (Singer) : Gallery
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD