TODAY -

Pest invasion, a new challenge for farmers in hill areas
Source: Hueiyen News Service / Sobhapati Samom

Imphal, November 30 2013 : Pests and Plant disease management has become the major challenges of farmers in Manipur particularly in the hill districts.

The frequent outbreak of plant diseases in the wake of insect invasion, unavailability of adequate water source and subsequent economic value of certain agricultural crops, forced the villagers to take up other cereal and oilseed crops cultivation instead of paddy in the Khambi village, about 130 km from Imphal under Phungyar sub-division in Manipur's Ukhrul district.

"Considering the economic value of the crops in the present day markets and of course the plant diseases, most of us cultivate maize, banana and bene seeds in our fields", says 52 year old Weapon Malue of Khambi village.

"However, we've planted paddy in a limited area with extra labour," he added.

After taking retirement from active service more than a decade back, Weapon used to cultivate maize, banana and bene seeds on his cultivable land measuring around 5 hectares besides taking up poultry and piggery to feed a family of eight including his 6 children.

"But the frequent insect attacks at our farms since the last three years has created a new threat to our farming activities while we're trying to manage a sustainable livelihood", he felt.

Interestingly, like Weapon, more than 100 out of the total 130 village households followed similar cultivation pattern in view of the insect invasion and changing rain pattern, etc.

Sharing a similar sentiment, Solei Luiram of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, a farm science centre in Ukhrul district, said that unavailability of water and pest management are the new challenges of the cultivators.

"Only few of them out of around 100-130 households in a Ukhrul village(Khambi) retains paddy cultivation while the remaining focuses on other crops", the KVK scientist pointed out.

The new development has created an alarming situation where farmers are encouraged to use more pesticides or insecticides to control the pest and new diseases in the field.

"Thus, there are chances of vanishing the culture of producing organic agriculture products in the days to come," he added.

Well experienced Tangkhul couple Wilson Shongvah(46) and Leiyaphi Shongvah(45) of Khamasom village, 110 km from Imphal in Ukhrul district, have also been facing similar situation this time, forcing them to cultivate peas, grams and cabbages, etc, in half of their paddy field measuring around 3 hectare.

As a result they had a hard time to support the education of their four children as they managed to get only about 700 kgs of paddy against the previous record of more than 2500 kgs.

Not only the farmers in Ukhrul district, their counterparts in the remaining four hill districts Chandel, Churachandpur, Senapati and Tamenglong have also expressed their desire to draw the attention of the concerned authority to overcome the pest and water management challenges to enhance their farming activities.

On the other hand, the 6-member family of Amazon Ranamei (38) and Lily Ranamei (35) of Mayangkhang village, 54 km north of Imphal in Senapati district complained of excess water in the fields due to unpredicted rain this year.

Monsoon is said to be sustained by cloud formation over a warm Bay of Bengal which eventually blows northwards and precipitate over the region.

But there are instances wherein the warmer Indian Ocean kills clouds prematurely leading to unpredicted rainfall.

Manipur had witnessed drought like situation in June 2009 and again in July last year the months during which heaviest rainfall is usually the norm.

Surprisingly the average annual rainfall recorded in 2012(1156 mm) was much lower than this year's 1242 mm (till November 2013), as per Meteorological Office in Imphal records.

"The wet season (in May this year) has affected the growth of almost all the vegetables plants in the fields," says Lily, who cultivates Broccoli, Brinjal, cabbage, pea, ginger and ground nuts besides paddy at her tiny farmland measuring 1.5 hectares.

"Otherwise, we could have had a good harvest this time," she added.

Similarly, SK David (48) of Mayangkhang village who had a multi-cropping field besides poultry and piggery and Luini (60) and her husband Peter Maram(70) of Maram Khunou village both in Senapati district had also faced a similar situation in their respective farmland in hills.

But the villagers of Makuilongdi village, about 100 km north of Imphal in Senapati district have a different story.

Almost all the 250 households of the village never cultivates paddy since the last three decades as their fields are not suitable for the paddy but good for cultivating Cabbage, Potato and Pea.

So the Zeme tribe inhabited village, which becomes one of the largest producers of the above mention items in northern Manipur, buys rice/paddy every season for their consumption after selling their products.

"We've been supplying cabbage for consumption of Senapati district and beyond," says Chairman Lungronang of Makuilongdi village.

"Our village produces more than 200 truckloads of cabbage and about 100 truckloads of potato and pea in a season." Most of the farmers need new technology to deal with such challenges as the climate change is happening across the globe.

"In fact, we've requested the ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research)team to investigate into it (the insect invasion)", says Project Manager Tychicus Vashum of North East Region Community Resources Management Project (NERCORMP), Ukhrul.

"On the other hand, we've been initiating irrigation and land development besides taking all out effort (since last 13 years) to reduce jhum for the development of permanent farming sites,"Vashum said.

Horticulture scientist Dr Subhra Saikat Roy of ICAR Imphal when contacted in this regard, suggested for regular seed treatment with fungicides, use of bio pesticides or neem(organic) products.

If situation demands, the farmers should have judicious use of chemicals, he added.

"We've even identified some of the climate resilient crops for the region," he disclosed.

With the NERCORMP intervention programmes, now more than 100 hectares of permanent farming areas could be visible in 12 villages in north and east Ukhrul, according to NERCORMP functionary.

Besides, Tusom khullen under Chingai sub-division Rice, Kasom Khullen, Kamjong and Phungyar have named as Rice, Banana and Orange belts in the district.

For the records, Manipur's agriculture is confined to only about 10 percent of the total geographical area and the net agricultural area being 2.34 lakh hectares.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Anti-Repression Day @ MDU #2 : Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023-2024 : Timeline
  • Gossiping: Safety valve of social pressure
  • Gritty Filmmaker RK Kripa no more
  • Internal stigma is out of shadow at AIDS 2024
  • Climate preview at COP 29
  • 9th Brahmaputra Film Fest invite entry
  • Current existence of the people
  • Is US ready for first female President ?
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #11
  • SoO pact towards disintegration of Manipur
  • Logical curriculum is the need of the hour
  • Prodigal Ambani shaadi
  • Marks Vs Skills in today's world
  • Taking ST demand to the Assembly
  • Good intention, bad action
  • My daily prayer to Modi Bhagwan
  • Voting & Development : A new strategy
  • More infection-prevention options but...
  • "ST status for Meetei" at Sekmaijin
  • Job Openings at SAS Skills, Imphal
  • The Power of Poppy - 40 :: Poem
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #3 : Gallery
  • Compassion, empathy can restore peace
  • Totomsana Nongshaba to be inaugurated
  • Putting people first means following Gandhi
  • Assessment of cage culture on Maphou
  • Hotspots of trouble in North East India
  • Seeking a date with PM Modi
  • Puja Khedkar case: Opening the can of worm
  • Re-Interpretation of Subika Art of Manipur
  • International Day of Yoga #2 : Gallery
  • India refugee policy: Rohingyas Vs Chin-Kuki
  • Haats (Weekly Markets) of Guwahati
  • Shillong gears up to host Durand Cup
  • Lip care during Monsoon
  • Gaikhangam in his elements, again
  • The death of a Chiru man
  • Anti-Repression Day @ MDU #1 : Gallery
  • You are wrong, but it's okay
  • Growing call for 100-100-100 to end AIDS
  • Pelvis as the body's emotional junk drawer!
  • World Youth Skills Day & our environment
  • Insanity at its worst
  • 55 kms per day on Imphal-Jiri stretch
  • Justice Kotiswar: First among equals
  • Kang Chingba @Govindajee #2 : Gallery
  • Introducing Thang-Ta in school curriculum
  • N Kotiswar - Judge Supreme Court of India
  • Meitei Professors' Invention Patent [Upd]
  • Boeing crisis hits India, air fares to shoot up
  • Scholarship: Rs 4 crore for civil service
  • Out on the streets against extortions
  • Mandate against party-hopping
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #10
  • Bamboo Bio-toilets at Champu Kangpok
  • Decarbonisation for human survival
  • Book Release to promote physical education
  • "ST status for Meetei" @ Langmeidong
  • Condemns the Killing of CRPF Jawan
  • Rahul Ji, let us talk solution
  • Targeting Central security personnel
  • The monster outgrowing its creator
  • Aftermath of Imphal Flooding #2 : Gallery
  • World Plastic Surgery Day 2024
  • A new front of 'power politics' in Nagaland
  • 2nd Meghalaya Pineapple Fest at Delhi
  • Super 20 batch for UPSC 2025 announced
  • Why is PM not meeting Manipur leaders ?
  • Justice to displaced people
  • Imphal Art College Exhibition #1 : Gallery
  • Scholarship for Johnstone Hr Sec given
  • Will #PutPeopleFirst drive HIV response?
  • Open Letter to Amit Shah, Home Minister
  • The Power of Poppy - 39 :: Poem
  • World Population Day 2024
  • Beating of the Retreat #3 : Gallery
  • Liar's lair :: Poem
  • The Richest Man in Imphal
  • Gamcha, the Assamese Scarf
  • Meghalaya Govt launches OTT platform
  • Comprehensive Coverage in NE Telecom
  • Battered and tattered roads
  • Let there be transparency
  • Kanglei Thokpa @ Sagol Kangjei : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2024 #3: Gallery
  • Historic Premiere: 'Chilli Chicken' at Manipur
  • Effective Unified Command for Resolution
  • Music & Quiz: Drug Abuse amongst youth
  • Visionless and headless DMU
  • When is the right time & situation for PM visit
  • Descent of Radha-Krishna #37: Download
  • Inspirations from Scientists of Manipur: Book
  • Manipur crisis: Treat the disease, not symptom
  • 133rd Durand Cup Trophies Flags Off
  • NEET droppers vs freshers
  • Death : Only future to look at ?
  • Mental health of displaced people
  • Aftermath of Imphal Flooding #1 : Gallery
  • When was the last time we smiled ?
  • Appeal to Stop Unbearable Monetary Demand
  • 'Oppenheimer' links with Supreme Science
  • 'Preventing from holding a press conference'
  • Travel tips during Monsoon
  • Look at it via ground reality
  • Making the 'Balak Buddhi' wiser
  • Kang Chingba @Govindajee #1 : Gallery
  • Release Ebo Mili & Stop large dams in ArP
  • Rainforests are the lungs of Earth
  • Education suffering from political interference
  • Inflated bill main vote plank, law dont cut graft
  • From the Lok Sabha to Manipur
  • Third visit of Rahul
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #9
  • International Day of Yoga #1 : Gallery
  • Lord Jagannatha's processional chariot fest
  • World Zoonoses Day 2024
  • PM 'bola' in Parliament
  • Acknowledging the stand of UNC
  • Embracing tree plantation as a new trend
  • 17th N Tombi Equestrian C'ships #2 : Gallery
  • The spirit & the creed of the Olympics
  • Kang Chingba (Rath Yatra) : Book
  • 'Economic blockade: Rumors baseless'
  • The Power of Poppy - 38 :: Poem
  • Balancing children's academic performance
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #2 : Gallery
  • Covid, Ngari, Yu and Loktak
  • Rural people struggling with network problem
  • English certificate courses for BA student
  • 6th July is International Day of Cooperatives
  • Clogging the waterways with plastics
  • Diverting public attention from core issues
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #2 : Gallery
  • Gateway of Assam
  • Integrating GIS & EWS for flood management
  • The Dopamine overdose
  • Free workshop on civil service exams
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the silence
  • Imphal flooded (again) [Jul 3] #1 : Gallery
  • Embracing 'Sharra - Kashar-ot'
  • Drug abuse & illicit trafficking in Manipur
  • Nudity being served to increase followers
  • Record high temperature
  • Bangladesh FM Hasan Mahmud's Riyadh visit
  • Indigenous call for NRC
  • Come home to the electorates
  • Meiteis must unite for survival
  • Flood advisories issued
  • State & District Control Rooms
  • Green Hydrogen for a clean environment
  • Need for an Emergency
  • Monsoons beauty
  • Calling out the indifference of Delhi
  • Questioning the silence with a roar
  • Birth Centenary of Jananeta Irabat, 1996 : #8
  • Problem & prospect of floriculture in Manipur
  • WomenLeaders India Fellowship 2024-25
  • Naga Peace Talks and Narasimha Rao
  • Arunachal Minister visits Oil Palm @Godavari
  • Clear cut stand from the Nagas
  • Crisis resolution in 100-day plan ?
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur: A battleground of imperial geopolitics
  • Wangkhem Suresh @ Higher Defence Course
  • Shoppers Stop's 1st Store in Dimapur
  • Stop razing rail station, divert 25k Cr to Signal
  • Has Imphal completely lost the plot ?
  • Time to take responsibility
  • Tarpon chaklen katpa @ Andro #3 : Gallery
  • July Calendar for Year 2024 : Tools
  • Letter to Prime Minister of India
  • International Day of Parliamentarism
  • Skill Development Course at Lumshnong
  • The Power of Poppy - 37 :: Poem
  • Radio E-pao: Manipuri Film OST (130+ song)
  • Manipur Kanba Khongchat #1 : Gallery
  • Rally @ Jiribam [June 26] : Gallery
  • Panthoibi Phijol Hongba @Mandalay : Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Ema Panthoibi Phijol Hongba at Mandalay
  • Ibudhou Cheng Hongba #1 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #3 : Gallery
  • Aid to relief camps @ Jiribam : Gallery
  • Bike Rally - Sekmai to Kangla : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #2 : Gallery
  • Scientist of Manipur: Laishram Shanta
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #3 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel flood- May 30 #1 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #2 : Gallery
  • Imphal valley districts flooded #1 : Gallery
  • HSLC (Class X) 2024 : Full Result
  • HSLC 2024 : Important Info & Grading System
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2024 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC 2024 : Comparative Statement
  • Scientist of Manipur: Jayanta Manoharmayum
  • Scientist of Manipur: Amom Ruhikanta
  • Preserving Thang-Ta :: Rare Photos
  • Malemnganbi Laishram : Science Topper
  • Thokchom Sheityajit : Arts Topper
  • Aiena Naorem : Commerce Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Science Topper
  • HSE 2024 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : District Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2024 : Candidates with Highest Marks
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Science Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Arts Full Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024: Commerce Result
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Arts Topper
  • Hr Secondary Exam 2024 : Commerce Topper
  • Nupi Landa Thaunaphabishing : Full Book
  • A ferocious hailstorm @Imphal : Gallery
  • Scientists of Manipur : Ngangkham Nimai
  • GHOST of PEACE :: Download Booklet
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD