TODAY -

Thanga Karang :: An inside story of Keibul Lamjao National park

Rahul Ashem *

 A Panoramic 360 view of Thanga Karang
A Panoramic 360 view of Thanga Karang - To view it in full, click here



Thanga is around 50 km from Imphal. The one and only National Park "Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP)" is close by to Thanga. Thanga is the buffer zone of Keibul Lamjao. The people residing here depends their livelihoods mostly on the park area. Loktak, the largest fresh water lake in the North Eastern region is only a few metres away from the keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP).

Different kinds of fishes are found here, but the most wanted species for the Manipuri people "Sareng" is not included. Thanga people believed that the loss of Sareng from the Loktak is mainly due to the construction of Ithai Barrage Dam. Ungamel channel has disturbed and make vulnerable the Loktak Wetland Ecosystem (LWE). The natural process of river tributaries and wetland sustaining the environment integrity and diverse species of Manipur is completely disturbed after the barrage.

Likewise, Pengba, Ngakijou, Ngaton,Ngahei, Ngakra, Ngamu,Ukabi, Khajin and other colors of water fauna are come to an end from this saline less lake. Some of the common species still survives are Silver Crap, Grass Crap, Rohu, Kandala, Ngakha, Ngabemma, Ngaprum, Ngaril, Phabounga etc. Spirogyras (Charang), Yaipal, Eshing kambong, Komprek, Loklei, Pullei, Heikak, Yelli, Kolamni, Thanjing are the plant species adding to the water ecosystem of Loktak Lake. The other vegetation with rooted floating plants comprises Thambal, Tharo etc.

In another sense, Thanga is one of the important tourist centre of Manipur and the most favorite spot for the attraction is the "Thanga Karang ", an Island surrounded by Loktak on all sides. The Island itself is like a small peak covered by thick forest at one time but completely changes to human settlements. There are 300/400 house hold people living inside the Island.

Fishing is the common form of trade for the living. They make their living by fishing, earn by fishing and occupation by fishing. The work is done with the help of locally made boat or heenao, one boat, one person style, basically made from the tree species of tairen, ucham or uningthou, and this is the only connecting linkage with the outside world.

The Island are now volatile, encroachers are eating into the environment, pushing disturbance and animal (Indian rock python, Stump tail macaque, Marbled cat, Golden cat and mainly Sangai at one time) out of its territory. If there was 10 family living within the Island area 30 years back, it has grown into 40 separate families and so on. The government proposal for creating buffer areas gives forest department greater control over land, irrespective of whether they are used for agriculture or other farm purposes.

The mandate was to identify areas that are ecologically sensitive and broadly suggest a regional development strategy to examine the current experience of some of the ecologically sensitive areas. People's participation is vital to achieving environment and people friendly environment.

As per the guidelines, buffer zones are the areas which lie in the periphery of core areas, also known as the critical animal habitats where animal breeding takes place and are meant to be kept free of any disturbance, including tourism. The buffer zones constitute the fringe areas of animal reserves up to a distance of 10 km. (This is meant only for tiger and other critically endangered species including the sangai)

The Island has phumdi's blanket covered on all sides not only make the Island beautiful but also give a shine to the people of Thanga Karang. The term "Phumdi " is a locally use word by Manipuri's, are vast morasses of floating organic matters and main ingredients for forming are Phragmites karka (tou), Singut ( no scientific name given), Saccharum munja (kohinum), Saccharum latifolia (ishing kabong), Alpinia allughas ( pubi), Saccharum procerum ( singnang). Inspite the above mention, Sangai preferred to have Zizania latifolia, Saccharum atifolium, Erianthus capllepedium and Learsia hexandra.

Sangai, the State animal of Manipur like to live in phumdis and spent most of the time there in phumdi. Out of the three species of Rucervus family, Sangai is the only one opted to the floating national park of Manipur, the other two animal are Swamp Deer of Madhya Pradesh and Himalayan Terai and Hangal of Kashmir valley. The Sangai is under the wildlife protection act of 1972 and is in the critically endangered category of the IUCN Red Data and Appendix 1 of CITES. The numbers of population in the entire park area show sign of decline, according to the latest census report.

A major possible cause indicates the highest level of eutrophication in the Loktak Lake and the clearance of Phumdi process, which is unfriendly to the environment. Other issues like Sangai- Human conflict, poaching, traps and electroculation are quite common. The central government has providing assistance to state governments for improving of habitat to augment food and water availability to reduce movement of animals from the forests to the habitation, encouraging state governments for creation of a network of protected areas and wildlife corridors for conservation of wildlife.

Providing technical and financial support for development of necessary infrastructure and support facilities for immobilization of problematic animals through transquilisation, their translocation to the rescue centre or release back to the natural habitats. Measurable steps is just a far away, animals are dying, theory is on the rock and practically, it is like a tell tale story.

The union cabinet has already approved the promulgation of a law that bring into effect a buffer zone in the 5 km radius around the Jarawa tribal settlement in Andaman and Nicobar islands. The law provides for tough penal provisions to deter unauthorized entry, photography, videography, hunting, use of alcohol, inflammable material or biological germs or over advertisements to attract tourist in the buffer zone. Any violation can attract a prison sentence of 3-7 years and a fine up to 10,000.

Save Loktak, Save Sangai, and Save Keibul Lamjao National Park: Green economy is a better option

Check list for the given Fishes, Plants, Trees and Animal species-

  • Sareng- Wallago attu
  • Pengba- Osteobrama belangeri
  • Ngakijou- Lepidocephalus guntea
  • Khajing- Macrobrachium dayanum
  • Silver carp- Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
  • Grass carp- Ctenonopharyngo don idella
  • Rohu Labeo rohita
  • Kandala- No
  • Ngakra- Clarias batrachus
  • Ngamu- Channa orientalis
  • Ngakha- No
  • Ngabemma- Colisa fasciatus
  • Ngaprum- Monopterus albus
  • Ngaril- Anguilla bengalensis
  • Phabounga- puntius sophore
  • Ngahei- Eutropiichthys vacha
  • Ukabi- Anabas testudineus
  • Charang- Spirogyra species
  • Yaipal- Cucurma augutifolia
  • Loklei- Hedychium coronarium
  • Pullei- Alpinia nigra
  • Eshing kambong- Zizania latifolia
  • Komprek- Oenanthe javanica
  • Kolamni- Ipomea aquatica
  • Tairen- Cedrela toona
  • Ucham- Artocarpus chaplasha
  • Uningthou- Phoebe lanceolata
  • Sangai- Rucervus eldi eldi
  • Swamp Deer- Cervus duvaucelii
  • Hangal- Cervus elaphus hanglu
I would like to thanks Jayanta Pukhrambam, Brajamani Wairokpam, Ranjita Arambam, Sanjita Oinam for helping and guiding me to write the article in proper form.


* Rahul Ashem wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is wildlife conservationist and he can be reached at benthhook(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on September 15, 2012.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Sangai Day 10: Closing #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 10: Crowd scene :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Will Thailand lead in antimicrobial resistance
  • Webninar @NEHU : India-Japan Relations
  • Keeping up with time :: Poem
  • World AIDS Day 2022 at Tamenglong
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Doctor-Govt stalemate, public in peril
  • Progress of the Naga peace talk
  • Sangai Day 9: Dancing Drummers :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Aimol Dance :: Gallery
  • December Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • A flight of the Hornbill
  • Working with children as career
  • Stable situation essential for attracting tourist
  • Selling Manipur to outside world
  • Sangai Day 8: Shumang Leela :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Kom Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Innocence :: Poem
  • Foreign Secy's Myanmar visit ... Naga peace
  • Cancellation of residential proof certs
  • Derelict teachers threat to govt schools
  • Many questions, but no answers
  • Sangai Day 8: Food Stall #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 7: Vaiphei Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 1st & 2nd session of 12th Manipur Assembly
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #3
  • IFFI means to upscale to Manipuri Cinema
  • Continuous bid to save endangered ponies
  • Arguments over ST : Meiteis are indigenes
  • Sangai Day 6: Elowe: Dzuko Valley :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 5: Khunung Eshei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Alligator weed: Indigenous fodder resource
  • Two lives :: Poem
  • People don't actually care !!
  • The beauty in tea
  • Healthy response to Sangai Fest
  • Lessons from Japanese fans at WC
  • Sangai Day 5: Fashion parade :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Thangal Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Masterclasses add value to 53rd IFFI at Goa
  • 7th Charuangc 2022 : Rongmei of Delhi-NCR
  • Miss India from Manipur
  • Startup Innovation Conclave 1.0
  • National Constitution Day at Lilong
  • Sangai Day 4: 3 Types Of Drums :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Chothe Dance :: Gallery
  • Involuntary Displacement in Manipur
  • Forgotten feature Film comes alive at IFFI
  • Will we protect medicines that protect us
  • God gives us our daily bread...
  • NPF consultative meeting at Zunheboto
  • Lapses in education laid bare by student
  • Adding a new flavour to War on Drugs
  • Sangai Day 3: Polo International :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tangkhul Dance :: Gallery
  • 1st L. Keivom Memorial Day
  • Eina Khankhiba Natte : Movie Review
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Eight Meet of Astronomers concluded at MU
  • 'Manipuri films projecting Manipuri culture'
  • Condemn govts of Assam & Meghalaya
  • Corruption-free Manipur resolve under scrutiny
  • Asia at the World Cup
  • Sangai Day 2: Khutpak Chatkoi #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tarao Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Screening of Manipuri films at IFFI
  • Nagaland Govt has no economic policy: NPF
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #2
  • Reinvent Northeast - Dimapur launched
  • Uneasy calm in northeast as border rows rage
  • FIFAWC and Sangai Festival : Splendid recipe
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Pune :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Ningol Chakouba organized at Pune
  • Free mega health camp at Nagamapal
  • Outlaw glyphosate and its derivatives
  • Creators Meet of Tripura at Agartala
  • No respite from drug and tobacco threats
  • Manipur: Fountainhead of drugs ?
  • Sangai Day 1: Laihui Folk Music #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 1: Opening ceremony :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Copa Manipur at Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • South Asia's film market features Manipur
  • ST Demand: Decided by merits; not by poll
  • Ecotoxicology- needed to save living beings
  • 'Look East policy into Act East Policy'
  • Tourism promotional fest litmus test for state
  • Sangai & Pony, the twin face of Manipur
  • Tarpon Chaklen Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Activities List
  • The Dream Kangleipak :: Book Review
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 53rd IFFI featuring Manipuri Cinema kicks off
  • World Toilet Day 2022
  • Pulicat Lagoon, Flamingos' haven
  • Amid substance abuse, thrust on open gym
  • FIFA World Cup 2022
  • 1st CM's Sagol Kangjei C'ship :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Sangai Fest as a way to Look East Policy
  • 1st Chief Minister's Sagol Kangjei C'ship
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #1
  • For PM Modi, G20 has come at the right time
  • Rock band Arogya releases latest single
  • Community Ningol Chakouba #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Out of the heart comes the issues of life
  • NE Startup Showcase @ Manipur Tech Hub
  • Immortal Gallows :: Poem
  • Workshop on Amrita Meditation at RGU ArP
  • Skin Pigmentation in Winter
  • Influx issue headache for all indigenes
  • Wanted: Visionary leaders :: Follies of past
  • The changing idioms of Manipuri theatre
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • DFC Shillong launched with Model workshop
  • Antimicrobial resistance... to reverse progress
  • 2nd North East Olympic Games closes
  • Unending quota system & National excellence
  • Solar energy can help India achieve net-zero
  • Sangai Festival as launch pad for tourism
  • All eyes on Qatar
  • Manipur Journalist Awards #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Delegates for IFFI, Goa
  • Intellectual Class- First Line of Defense
  • Who are ST in true spirit of Constitution
  • Journalism is a public good ...
  • Vaccine transported through Drones in ArP
  • Mass tree felling depreciates existence...
  • ST demand : Let Delhi have the say
  • 5th Kwatha Festival #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • This Eleventh Edition of Sangai Festival
  • The garden of Kew #2
  • NE International Fashion Week 2022
  • Housing system for sow & piglets
  • Doctors grieving relentlessly, Govt silent
  • Law catching up after 21 years
  • Leima Jagoi @ Nongshaba #1 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Technology innovation Hub
  • North East BJP Karyakartas Sammelan
  • Supreme Court call for revisit of reservation
  • Rural Immersion Camp at West Kameng
  • World Diabetes Day 2022
  • Undeserving PDS rice beneficiaries
  • Leaving the doors wide open
  • On author, research & publication #3
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • MSAD : newly elected executives for 2022-23
  • 'Trust deficit' in Naga talks
  • Professor Bimola : A Life Fully Lived
  • Love's Twist :: Poem
  • Rani Gaidinliu Training Camp concluded
  • Job for all promise as unemployed rises
  • Presenting Manipur to the world
  • Manipur Fashion Extravaganza #3 :: Gallery
  • Seminar on Role of Women in Sports : Report
  • The great Asian Highway : Tokyo to Istanbul
  • Seminar : Reconstruction of Education
  • 4th National Lok Adalat for the year, 2022
  • Rishi Sunak .. is a pucca English Burra sahib
  • Ningol Chakkouba : Gift presents :: Gallery
  • Conference on Metallomics @ Manipur Univ
  • An awakening sprout in darkness :: Poem
  • Narration from a man who chase mountains
  • Jobs @ JCRE skill solutions, Thangmeiband
  • Masterclass on Social Photography kicks off
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Probe into PMGSY project blot on graft-free
  • Opinion poll & quest for ST status
  • MANITEX @ Nilakuthi #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Consultation: Indigenous Rights in Manipur
  • Aphababu Oiragadi, Shokloidaba Oiragadi
  • Office Assistant @Horizon Studio, Gurgaon
  • Howrah Bridge- A bridge without nuts & bolts!
  • Pollution affects beauty
  • EV boost plan after failure of diesel-auto
  • Raining drugs and drug peddlers
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Golden Jubilee Manipuri Cinema at IFFI Goa
  • Legal Services Day Ceremony
  • Art of stopping bandhs & blockades
  • Seminar on Role of Women in Sports
  • No time for debate, but action
  • Taking ST campaign to Ministers' doors
  • Camping @Shirui Lily Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Aku Zeliang : Young Talent of the Year Award
  • 'Soul search' a must for media
  • Safe and sustainable tourism
  • Preserving environment as a Career Choice
  • Manipur in UN's drug cartel map...
  • Manipur on the tourism map ?
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Application: AgriEntrepreneur across Manipur
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Program & Venues
  • Ningol Chakouba at Bengaluru
  • Nightingale Award: 3 nurses from Manipur
  • Uneasy over ambiguous inter-district boundary
  • Prescription from Dr Sapam Ranjan
  • Linthoi Chanambam- Judo Player :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Will global family planning meet galvanise govt
  • Prohibition law vis-a-vis Manipur
  • Soil: Earth's skin is the environment cleaner
  • The future of students
  • Low conviction diluting object of POCSO
  • Shortage of teachers dating back to 2012
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Hari-Uthang Kang Chingba :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • The garden of Kew
  • Objectionable content have to be answered
  • Rising Sun Water Festival at Umiam Lake
  • Busting fake news a big challenge
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #2 :: Gallery
  • Kut Festival @ Churachandpur : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural Program #2 : Gallery
  • Kangpat Khullen Primary School :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #2 :: Gallery
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #1 :: Gallery
  • Okram Kumar : Archaeological researcher
  • Mera Houchongba @ Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Olympians & National awardees of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #4: Gallery
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download