TODAY -

ILMDG's approach to preserve Ariba Pala

Rajmani Ayekpam *

 'Nupa Pala' - Nat Sankirtan Wallpaper  'Nupa Pala' - Nat Sankirtan Wallpaper :: Pix - Banti Phurailatpam



Manipur is proud of its rich cultural heritage. Culture cannot be separated from the life of a Manipuri. Since earliest time culture developed every stages of history. Lai Haraoba and Nata Sankirtana are the best picturesque of Manipuri culture. Moreover, highly spiritual value of Nata Sankirtana is known by world. So, UNESCO recognized Sankirtana as intangible heritage.

However, little number of people know Ariba Pala (Bangadesh Pala) was the root of Manipuri Sankirtana or Nata Sankirtana. On the other hand, many such rare or archaic cultural heritages have been vanishing day by day due to modern day flood of pop culture. Ariba Pala Pung (Bangadesh Pala) is one of the rarest art forms which is struggling for its survival.

So, Ibudhou Loyalakpa Manipuri Dance Group, Yumnam Khunou, organized a 3-day workshop cum production of Ariba Pala Pung (Bangadesh) under the financial support of Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India to promote and for the preservation of this rare art form.

The closing function cum presentation of performance was held on the 23rd of September, 2020 at 1.30 p.m. at the Public Hall, Yumnam Khunou Mamang Leikai.

The dignitaries of the closing ceremony were Smt. Oinam Sana Devi, Ward Member, Yumnam Khunou Mamang Leikai as chief guest, Shri Maisnam Ibochoubi Singh, Ariba Pala Esei Khonpangba, Shree Shree Govindaji Temple Board, Imphal as president and Shri Ningthoujam Iboton Singh, retired Vice-Prncipal, Public Theatre, Nambol Phoijing as guest of honour.

The main performers of the performance ie
Ariba Pala Pung were Sapam Joy Singh (Pung Yeiba, Makok Chatpa),
Yanglem Keirungba Singh (Pung Yeiba, Tung Enba),
Ngangom Sanayaima Singh (Esei Hanba),
Yumnam Umakanta Singh (Eshei Dhuhar) while
Khangembam Homensana Singh,
Ngangom Nabakesho Singh,
Yumnam Ratan Singh and
Laishram Jatra Singh
participated as Palas.

They were trained under the supervision of Shri Ngangom Sanayaima Singh, Ariba Pala Esei Hanba of Shree Shree Govindaji Temple Board, Imphal, Manipur.

Back to the history, it is on record that Kirtana singing possibly from Bengal, entered this land as early as 15th century AD during the reign of king Kiyamba (1467-1508 AD). This tradition took its roots on the artistic soil of Manipur and flowered in distinctive rhythms and movements in due course.

The fifteenth century Kirtana offered to Lord Vishnu was housed in a small temple which still exists in the district of Bishnupur, Manipur. But, during the reign of great Manipuri King Garibiniwaz (1703-1743) who adopted Ramandi Cult of Hindu religion, a school of Kirtana singing under the name and style of Bangadesh Pala or Ariba Pala (old Sankirtana Pala) became popular and is still preserved and practiced at the Govindaji Temple and some other areas of Manipur. Now, it is almost a dying art form as most of the Sankirtana.

Rajarshi Bhagyachandra (1764-1780) introduced a new style of Kirtana singing known as Nata Sankirtana which found supreme expression during the reign of King Chandrakirti (1850-1886) when 64 rasas (chousatti Rasa) where presented for the first time in 64 sessions spreading over 32 days with Padavali materials collected from places as far as Nabadwip, Vrindavan and in which the King and his nobles took part.

The Manipuri musicians singing Kirtana is called Nata, a classical term in Sanskrit-meaning the person who knows the four abhinayas and different types of Natya, gets himself merged in the rasa which he is trying to portray and who appears physically on the stage, a dancer with songs on the lips.

As a matter of fact, Manipuri Nata Sankirtana represents an extension of Lila Kirtana of Thakur Narottam Das (16th century AD) of Bengal, with the application of the pure types of Alapa, Raha, Tala etc. and with Goma-Chandrika portraying the glories of Shri Krishna Chaitanya to serve a prologue (Mangla-Charan) to each Sankirtana performance.

The Nata Sankirtana end inevitably with Nitya Pada, a few lines in praise of Nityainanda after traversing a long way for about four homes of Raga singing mixed with Samcharas punctuated by talas, Duital Rajmel and Ektal (Tanchap and Menkup) in a series, giving also a highly stylized movements of singer and Pung (drummer) players (called Cholom) which are executed at appropriated places.

The Padavalis of various Vaishnava poets in old Bengali, Maithaili and Brajaboli including the compositions of great ojas of Manipur (now mostly in translations or new compositions) provide the musical text. More than 30 tals are still in use in Nata Sankirtana. The appreciative audience weep and lie prostrate before the musicians in the Mandali, as a sign of deep satisfaction.

There are other types of Bengali Kirtana singing like Manoharshi, Dhop Pala and even the classical style of Dhurpada singing, entering the valley, during the last 200 years, which are being appropriated, amended and accepted by the singers and approved by the people as their own.

The Bengali Kirtana was reborn, so to say, on the artistic soil of Manipur and has been changed almost beyond recognition. It has absorbed the cholom and rhythms of the traditional Manipuri music and represents a complicated sadhana of the Manipuri Vaishnavas.

Now-a-days, Nata Sankirtana plays the role of Ariba Pala (Bangadesh Pala), the most important of ancient Pala. Such kind of unique art form (Bangadesh Pala) is still associated with the worship of Lord Govindaji during Astakaal. But now, such art form cannot be seen commonly except during such worship of Govindaji at royal palace. It is almost faced extinction.

In this juncture, the three day workshop-cum-production of such dying art form is too short to get its objectives. However, enthusiastic artistes of Ibudhou Loyalakpa Manipuri Dance Group presented the performance at its best level. We should remember the performance of such archaic art form like Ariba Pala (Bangadesh Pala) is not a pop music.

So, modern day youths of this day are not interested at such kind of performance. But, such archaic art forms are the mother of our great cultural heritage .




* Rajmani Ayekpam wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on December 20 , 2020.




* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • ADC polls: Democracy at grassroots level
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • The making of a tourist spot
  • Life & culture in North East India :: Book Rvw
  • Republic Day at Manipur Legal Services
  • National Flag Hoisting at RGU, Arunachal
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Gaan-Ngai, traditional festival of Kabui
  • Get vaccine shot but dont throw away mask
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Mysterious dreams :: Poem
  • Inclusiveness of women in sports is key
  • Supports Farmers' Republic Day Parade
  • Living with border disputes
  • Constructing optimistic theory
  • Food items @ Waithou Keithel #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • The idea of Netaji, Manipur & the INA
  • Narcotic Drugs disposal @Lamlai #2 : Gallery
  • Prize Distribution Ceremony at MitSna
  • The land of jewels :: Poem
  • The business of growing poppy
  • Prison Diary of Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba
  • Manipur Hockey Website launched : Gallery
  • The reality of life :: Poem
  • Mathematics in our lives
  • Girl Child : Marching towards a new horizon
  • Herbal beauty tips
  • A thought on the Nation's Republic Day
  • Saving Manipuri pony & polo
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Aton Yaiphengba, Hekim: eMing
  • What does civility require.. just principle
  • Nine Hills, One Valley : Special Film award
  • Bhuban cave: Holy place of TRC people #2
  • Let's get sneakered - Art & Music event
  • 50 years of existence as a State
  • A New World : Post COVID-19
  • Statehood Day Celebration 2021 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Questions over commissioning Mapithel Dam
  • Gender equality and human rights
  • Manipur first among NE in Innovation Index
  • Becoming mommy - Yes or No ?
  • Student Induction Program at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Uniform academic session
  • Bedlam beginning
  • Grandfather of Uipo Language- Mosel Khaling
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Lt Col Rajeev Bakshi : The Tiger of Tipaimukh
  • Cleanliness Program at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Racism at its worst
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #3
  • Ultimatum from UNC
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #14
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Municipal Council, Kakching Khunou
  • Disaster :: Poem
  • Signs of cervical cancer
  • Training Programme on Mushroom Cultivation
  • JCILPS for more teeth to ILPS
  • Wildfire in Dzuko, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • IM says it's "deeply committed" to solution
  • Making of a General :: Book Review
  • Jesus, markets, state, & silenced dialogue
  • Logistics as career option
  • 'Solution expected anytime soon'
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Bhuban cave: Holy place of TRC people #1
  • Police Guest House CCpur : Gallery
  • Know-how for using herbicides in rice
  • Too much too good ?
  • Roll up the sleeves for Covid shot
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Empowering women through sports
  • Dzuko 'the Nagmani'
  • 3rd foundation day- National Sport University
  • Research & Publication Ethics Workshop
  • Living Legends of Manipur : Wall Calendar
  • Cong existence felt, will it survive?
  • Day light Thabal Chongba #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • School Fagathanshi @Leimapokpam: Gallery
  • The voice inside me :: Poem
  • Let's embrace youths self esteem
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #2
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Menace on the roads of Imphal
  • Hill Valley bondage strengthened
  • Narcotic Drugs disposal @Lamlai #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Shachi Gurumayum honoured overseas Indian
  • Enthusiasm of LFCA's children
  • Energy Conservation Material Management
  • Commandant 12th Bn NDRF called on CM
  • Water education for sustainability
  • Postpone Public Hearing on Gender Policy
  • Students at the forefront
  • Fuelling the anger
  • COVID Vaccine arrived @ Airport : Gallery
  • Major (Dr) Laishram Jyotin, Ashoka Chakra
  • Mushroom training program at Langmeidong
  • 5 years of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
  • Drugs ki lansu amani
  • 3rd State Level Jump Rope Championship
  • Vaccine and low count of infection
  • Human fails to learn lessons from Corona
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #13
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • National Youth Day at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Face it all together: threat of pandemics
  • Majuli - India's only river island district
  • More of a question when, not should
  • Tungjoy re-visited
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID Vaccination Meeting with PM: Gallery
  • Fruits & Vegetables grown in North East #2
  • 18th BIG Call : Biotechnology Grant
  • Trade hate for love : Blissful 2021
  • Jump Rope (Judges & Referees) Exam
  • Connecting via Jiri
  • Dhanamanjuri University & its Identity Crisis
  • INA's Honour at the Battle of Imphal
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Ima Keithel @ Kanglatongbi/Sekmai : Gallery
  • Aromatic Oil Extraction training at Huishu
  • Tulihal - Our sweet old local airport
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #1
  • Training on Mushroom at Nagamapal
  • The call for new normal still stands
  • 187 Death Anniv- Maharaj Gambhir : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Biocontrol of Parthenium for biodiversity #2
  • A message from mother nature :: Poem
  • New year resolution & complication
  • NEP-2020 : A new Landscape in Education
  • Wildfire in Dzuko, Senapati #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Satyamala : Most Fortunate Manipuri Princess
  • Transforming economy of the kingdom of God
  • Events and celebration as career
  • How to protect your lips in winter
  • Poppy plantation & drug trafficking
  • We Continue To Strive Forward
  • Press Club Foundation Day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Bereavement : Grief Reaction
  • Emergency Response System : Gallery
  • This world :: Poem
  • Bitter truth
  • Re-opening and rethinking border trade
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 # 12
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Fruits & Vegetables grown in North East #1
  • Life goes on !
  • Naga Rapper Macnivil - New Music Video
  • Awareness Prog with Women Commission
  • Farm Acts need of the hour
  • Imphal on eve of New Year 2021 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Cold Storage @ Bishnupur Bazar : Gallery
  • Pronoia - The sociological antidote to corona
  • New Year 2021 :: Poem
  • Careers opportunity in Fashion Industry
  • Economic growth: A mirage so far
  • The law of Habit
  • Zeilad Lake in Tamenglong #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Biocontrol of Parthenium for biodiversity #1
  • Child Nutrition and their future
  • Guilt free self love - Not a sin!
  • 'Anguish over wild fire at Dziikou Valley'
  • Another message for another year
  • Lamphelpat: Victim of unplanned urbanisation
  • Politics and the War Against Drug
  • Ibudhou Marongkhong Haraoba #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • Linguistic Society of America 2020 to Manipur
  • Time for Modi-Shah duo to ink the final pact
  • Vanishing Lamphelpat calls for conservation
  • New Community Centre at Ningthoukhong
  • Disturbed Area status: An unwelcome gift
  • Paona Independence League of Burma #3
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Presentation of Tourism in Manipur : Gallery
  • Manipur's super cops
  • The passing moment- clock of life :: Poem
  • Executive Committee of 2021-22 YMC
  • Take care of your hands this winter
  • RK Bhubonsana : Profile- Literature Awardee
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Prayers to honourable Home Minister
  • Book Release of Cheerom Meihoubarol
  • Chronicling activity of Veterans in Manipur #2
  • Biswajit Basu as Director (Projects), NHPC
  • Imphal on eve of New Year 2021 #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #6: Gallery
  • Bidding Goodbye 2020 with a toast of Corona
  • Let us not down NK Sanajaoba's Spirit
  • Dr Konika Khuraijam- SDP Achievers Award
  • One Day Adventure Programme at Lamdan
  • On stepping into a brand New Year
  • Welcome 2021: Will it be another happy days
  • Romita Yumnam is Mrs Jhansi 2020 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Mrs Romita Yumnam crowned Mrs Jhansi 2020
  • Year's End - 2020 :: Poem
  • Bye - Bye 2020 :: Poem
  • Maya Kuki in top 25 in Mrs Universe 2020
  • 2020: Decisive for the BJP in Manipur
  • The other side of Amit Shah & Manipuri talent
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #11
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • The cry of a disgruntled citizen
  • KVRSS Annual Research Awards 2020-21
  • Manage to reduce it
  • Life is a matter of choices
  • Painting Competition : Right to Information
  • New virus strain: The world is worried
  • Mayang Imphal Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • January Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Shanti Thokchom #43 : Trip to Grand Canyon
  • 2020 as the 'Year of Science'
  • Sampurna Raas Leela at Guwahati
  • Significant 2 hours delay in leaving lmphal
  • Biren will be Chief Ministerial candidate
  • Amit Shah @Imphal [Dec 27] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Organic cultivation of tomato
  • Xmas during pandemic - a time to reflect
  • Reviews of Loktak Downstream Project
  • Amit Shah: Man behind ILP in Manipur
  • S Lonphai, Henglep Sub-div, CCpur : Gallery
  • Works of Haobam Paban Kumar #2 : Gallery
  • Pukhrambam Narjit : Asangbi Sanagi Medal
  • Paona Independence League of Burma #2
  • Khamba Thoibi Jagoi at JNMDA #1: Gallery
  • Cherry Blossom at Mao #1: Gallery
  • Festive mood in CCpur for Xmas: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Thanga #2: Gallery
  • State level Nupi Lan Day : Gallery
  • Sory Wahengbam - Actress Gallery :: eRang
  • COVID patient cast vote @Wangoi : Gallery
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS