Who will be Outer Manipur MP ?
Kaun Banega Outer Manipur MP ?

T Haokip *

Voting for 1st Phase of Lok Sabha 2009 (Outer) :: April 15 2009
Voting for 1st Phase of Lok Sabha 2009 (Outer) :: April 15 2009

Manipur has 3 representatives in the Indian Parliament. Two are elected for the Lower House -Lok Sabha and one is nominated for the Upper House – Rajya Sabha.

The two Parliamentary Constituencies are Inner Manipur and Outer Manipur. The Outer Manipur constituency is reserved for Scheduled tribe candidates. The Inner Manipur Parliamentary Constituency has 32 Legislative Assembly seats. Outer Parliamentary Constituency is also composed of six Assembly segments of Thoubal district namely – (1) Heirok, (2) Wangjing Tentha, (3) Khangabok, (4) Wabgai, ( 5) Kakching, (6) Hiyanglam, (7) Sugnoo, and (8) Jiribam subdivision of Imphal East district, besides the Scheduled Tribe Assembly segments spread across Tamenglong, Chandel, Ukhrul, Senapati and Churachandpur districts.

The unique feature of the Outer Parliamentary seat is that the voters comprise of three main ethnic groups Viz. the Nagas, Kukis and the Meiteis.

The Outer Manipur seat having approximately 8.5 lakhs voters out of which the Meitei voters from the 8 Assembly segments in the valley constitute 1.8 lakhs (who can cast their votes but cannot contest ) invariably play a major role in deciding the outcome of the poll.

A brief look at the past successful candidates from 1952 to 2009 will reveal that the Nagas and Kukis have equal share of representation. The elected members in the past are :

(1) R. Keishing (Naga)- 1952 S.P. (2) R. Suisa (Naga) –1957, INC; (3) R. Keishing, (Naga)–1961, Ind.; (4) Paokai Haokip (Kuki)- 1967, Ind; (5) Paokai Haokip(Kuki)- 1971, INC; (6) Y Shaiza(Naga)- 1977, INC; (7) N. Gouzagin (Kuki) – 1980, INC ; (8) M. Kamson ( Naga) –1984,INC; (9) M. Kamson (Naga) 1989, INC; (10) M. Kamson (Naga) 1991, (11) M. Kamson (Naga) 1996 - INC ; (12) : Miss K Gangte (Kuki)-1998, CPI ; (13) H. Haokip (Kuki)- 1999, NCP; (14) M. Charenamei (Naga)-2004, Ind.; (15) T. Baite (Kuki) -2009, INC .

In 2009 there were 9 (nine) candidates, Thangso Baite of Congress, D. Loli Adanee of BJP, LB Sona of NCP, M Jamkhongam Haokip of RJD, Thangkhogin of Lok Jan Shakti, sitting MP Mani Charenamei of People's Democratic Alliance, Independent Lamlalmoi Gangte besides two ladies–– Valley Rose Hungyo and Rose Mangshi Haokip (both independent candidates) fought for the Outer Parliamentary seat.

The outcome of the last poll held in 2009 shows Thangso Baite secured 3,44,517 votes compared to 2,24,719 votes cast for Mani Charenamei. Mr. Baite won by a margin 1,19,798 votes . The other candidates are BJP's D Loli Adanee (93,052), NCP's LB Sona (79,849).

The BJP's Manipur unit has announced the name of Prof Gangmumei Kamei, former Manipur Higher Education Minister as its candidate for the Outer Manipur Lok Sabha seat.

AITC Chief Mamata Banerjee, has announced that Kim Gangte will be the candidate for the Outer Manipur Parliamentary Lok Sabha Election 2104 .

Former minister C Doungel will be NCP's candidate for Outer Manipur Parliamentary Constituency in the coming election to the 2014 Lok Sabha Election.

Reliable sources say that Mani Charenamei is hobnobbing with the NSCN Supremo at Hebron Camp for securing NPF ticket and Loli Adani may opt for MPP, CPI or MSPC.

The emerging battle line appears to be a contest amongst former Lok Sabha MP Mani Charenamei, former minister C Doungel, ex-MP Kim Gangte, former Lok Sabha poll candidate Loli Adani, former minister Prof Gangmumei Kamei and sitting Congress MP Thangso Baite for the Manipur Outer Parliamentary seat in the 2014 Lok Sabha polls and the victor will be the last man standing.

Main issues that will impact the Outer Manipur Parliamentary Election 2014 are Manipur Territorial Integration and Disintegration, District Re-organization boundary, Demand for separate State, Sadar Hills District demand, Pan Naga Movement, Pan Kuki-Chin-Mizo (ZoRO ) movement, the SoO talk with the Kuki militants and the ongoing Indo-Naga Political Dialogue with the demand for an Interim Alternative Arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur.

Political alignment and voting pattern will depend on how political parties take up the above agenda and arrive at the best compromise.

Latest development and rumor afloat is that NPF will not put up its candidate but give all out support to the BJP candidate Prof Gangmumei Kamei which indicates that all Naga votes will pool together in the BJP basket.

It may be recalled that the BJP Government under A. Vajpayee had initiated the Indo-Naga Political Dialogue and the Nagas with great expectation are looking forward to resumption of the dialogue which has been kept in cold storage for the past many years.

BJP is also expected to make sizeable gain amongst the Meitei voters in the valley segments who are otherwise averse to NPF. Speculation is also afloat that some sections of the Kuki voters in Chandel and Sadar Hills will go along with the BJP if negotiation leads to an acceptable deal.

The Zomi (ZRA) groups in Churachandpur who are not in favor of a Kuki candidate may also switch allegiance to the BJP.

In the present political context the Congress is not likely to field any Naga candidate for the 2014 Lok Sabha election especially after the poll alliance between the NPF and the BJP. The incumbent MP Mr. Thangso Baite is most likely to contest on the Congress ticket as there are no alternative from the Kuki community who will compete for the Congress ticket.

He has been maintaining a cool low profile and has not done anything adverse to the party's interest. Reliable sources say that former Education Minister Mr Thaisii, former MLA Jangamlung Panmei, present Churachandpur ADC Chairman Langkhanpao Guite, Ngachonmi Ch and Vungaihlun Tonsing daughter of present Minister Phungzathang Tonsing are all vying for the Congress ticket.

The biggest threat to the Congress is the BJP at the Centre and the NPF in the State so far as the coming Lok Sabha Election is concern.

Poll analysis shows that Mr. C. Doungel (NCP) and Mrs. Kim Gangte (Trinamol) who are both Kukis will cut out a large chunk of Kuki votes which will have negative impact on Thangso Baite's vote bank.

The Trinamol and NCP will also slice out a sizeable chunk of Meitei vote from the 8 valley Assembly segments which in the last Lok Sabha poll went in favour of the Congress. Therefore, if Kuki votes in the hill constituencies and that of Meitei votes in the valley Assembly segments get split, the Congress and incumbent MP Thangso Baite's chance of retaining the Outer Manipur seat is extremely doubtful.

This speculation gets strengthened all that more as all along there was widening rift between Thangso Baite and the various social organizations such as the Kuki State Demand Committee (KSDC), All Tribal Students' Union Manipur, Sadar Hills District Demand Committee, the Kuki Students' Organization (KSO) and many more.

His relationship with the two principal Kuki outfits – KNO and UPF is anybody's guess. Rumor is afloat that Shri Thangso Baite's close link with the Zomi Organization group will affect his relationship with the Thadou Kuki speaking community which may have far reaching consequence in the coming Lok Sabha poll. However, in politics there can never be permanent friend and permanent foe.

In today's electoral poll money plays extremely crucial and major role. If the Congress can strike a good deal with the SoO groups, and Shri Thangso Baite arrives at an understanding with Mr. C. Doungel (NCP) and Kim Gangte (Trinamol Congress) there is every chance of the incumbent M.P. retaining his present seat.

The most crucial issue that must not be ignored or lost sight of is that there is going to be a neck to neck fight between the BJP( NDA ) and the Congress ( UPA ) at the Centre. It was during the BJP regime that the Indo-Naga Political Dialogue has taken birth and assumed significance.

The Naga leaders expecting the return of BJP(NDA) to power and if that happens and Prof. G. Kamei gets elected on BJP ticket in Outer Manipur seat there is every possibility of the Indo-Naga political dialogue resuming with new vigor and spirit. The NDA government will also give greater importance to the idea of implementing an Alternative Arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur as a sign of thanks-giving in return for their support.

Therefore, the preservation of Manipur Territorial integrity and the integration of Naga inhabited districts of Manipur with Nagaland will be the core issue. The demand for a separate state by the Kukis will impact the Meitei–Kuki relationship and may have wide ramification in the coming Parliamentary election. The Congress High Command at the Centre will have to study and make calculative assessment of the number games base on the factual position and ground realities. Perhaps money power alone or mere complacency base on the grand success in the last Assembly poll may not be enough to bring victory for the Congress in this vital 2014 Lok Sabha election.

* T Haokip wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is a former, IRS officer, Commissioner of Customs & Excise (Retd) and can be contacted at thaokip52(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on October 28, 2013.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • How Irawat became a Marxist revolutionary
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • October Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Licypriya urges everyone to plant a tree
  • A roadblock to NEP 2020: Rote learning
  • Second online Lok Adalat of Manipur held
  • What lesson has Covid-19 taught us ?
  • Being the junior partner in Govt
  • Attracting tourists: few pointers..
  • Manipur Art Fest 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Mushroom cultivation @Singjamei : Gallery
  • Ownership of mineral rights : A case study
  • My idea of justice
  • NPF Legislature meets with NEDA Convener
  • How to use glycerine on the face
  • Mantra of trace, test and treat
  • Criminalization of politics
  • Irrelevance of 66 MW Loktak Downstream HEP
  • Thangol adu maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Inauguration of Destination NE 2020 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Programme on Irabot's Death Anniversary
  • RIST Popular Talk -45 : Quantum chaos
  • Salad days :: Poem
  • NPP : Adopt the wait & watch strategy
  • Last Day : Sangai Festival 2019 #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Irabot, one & only leader of oppressed mass
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Mavopam, Daikho, Rangnamei: eMing
  • World Tourism Day 2020
  • Belated Happy Birthday
  • In Unison with Divinity :: Poem
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #3
  • We do not stop playing because we grow old
  • Naga Talent Scouting Contest
  • 'Nagaland financial published is deceptive'
  • Politics of drop and induct Ministers
  • Playing a risky game
  • Swearing in @ Rajbhavan [24 Sep] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya - Parliament to pass Climate Law
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #2
  • Petition to PM by farmers of Ningombam
  • Low ease of doing business in Manipur
  • My idea of justice
  • Offensive against party hopping
  • Politics is more than a game of numbers
  • RK Bikramjit (Flutist & Composer) : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #4: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #1
  • Nurturing young minds amidst lockdown
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • A hot test in a Darjeeling lodge
  • Number games before reshuffle
  • Preserving biodiversity amidst uncertainty
  • Barak: Our economic & ecological security
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Loan Distribution- Street Vendors : Gallery
  • Imposing fresh curbs, need of the hour
  • Youthful Years :: Poem
  • International Day of Peace 2020
  • 3rd Poshan Maah: Drive against malnutrition
  • New advisory for COVID-19 positive patients
  • Peace: an elusive concept
  • Foundation Day- Journalist Union #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Irabot Day & practice of volunteerism
  • Morung Dialogue: To Freedom: A Human Story
  • Mushroom Growth of Social media Influencer
  • Observance of Kuki Black Day Sahnit Ni 2020
  • Nagaland Lokayukta investigation into Dy CM
  • Spirit of Art 164-1 (A)
  • Significance of September 19
  • Nongin, the State bird of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Financial Assistance for Journalist Phase-1
  • National Education Policy - Review #5
  • Condemn Moreh Police on Child Rapist case
  • Music video chronicling true naga spirit
  • What is trademark ?
  • Below par recovery rate
  • World Bamboo Day 2020 : A Report
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Pukning Pothasang #LetsTalkAboutDementia
  • 7th Khangminashi Lecture: Nanotechnology
  • Cancellation- Hyderabad Univ entrance exam
  • Condemnation on rape of 3-1/2 year girl
  • Calling social entrepreneurs from NE for UNDP
  • The Bright Lights :: Poem
  • Ensure health care service during COVID
  • Shirui Village, Shirui Hill, Ukhrul : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Life moves on
  • JRF (on Chakhao) @ICAR, NEH Meghalaya
  • Fruit face packs
  • BA/BSc Exam at Lilong Haoreibi College
  • Fingering of Ladakh
  • Shadow of Greater Lim or Nagalim
  • Calls for change in election campaign
  • Tongjei Maril 1942: Bridle Path to Motor Road
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Khutheibam Abdur Rahman- Poet & Activist
  • Manipur StartUp Conclave 2020 : Gallery
  • Karmayogi Mission for reforms in civil services
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Foundation Day- Journalist Union #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • The thirst for reopening schools
  • Vale of Tears: Untold stories of violence : Rvw
  • Career option in Ethical Hacking
  • Monkey justice
  • Tribal Ministry for seamless implementation
  • Disturbing daily spike & total figure
  • Rani Phi design on 'Doctor in 2020' :: Gallery
  • Aquapreneurship & present Fishery status
  • Discussion: Crime Against Women in Manipur
  • World Ozone Day 2020
  • National Education Policy - Review #4
  • Sole meaning of life is to serve humanity
  • Covid-19 accentuates the job crisis
  • BJP versus Cong versus NPP
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji: Actress #2 : eRang
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Cultivating the common ground : FNR
  • Reimagining Immunity & Immune System
  • Happy Engineers' Day
  • My Teacher - I Salute Thee ! :: Poem
  • Today a reader, tomorrow a leader !
  • Discussion : Myanmar's 2020 Election
  • Daily spike of 90 thousand plus
  • Buning Meadow / Piulong Valley #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Discovery of a novel biopolymer
  • Mrs. Laldinpuii : Success Stories from NE
  • Remembering our heroic martyrs
  • Alternative to online teaching during COVID
  • Teenage skin care
  • Tree Planatation at Chandel
  • Final pact sans NSCN (IM)? Uneasy peace
  • The cry for Justice! Kuki Black Day
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Flood-like situation @Thangmeiband :: Gallery
  • Khumang : e-Conference on 'Science & Tech'
  • National Education Policy - Review #3
  • Demand for a DNA Testing Machine Lab
  • Lilong Haoreibi College resumed functioning
  • A song of appreciation :: Poem
  • COVID-19 & after: Need for change in plans
  • On the Flag that was hoisted at Kangla
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Ambulance to Chief Medical Officer : Gallery
  • Highway projects in Manipur & agriculture
  • Keeping an eye on 'Eye health'
  • Academic Year Online for Assam DB Univ
  • Need to go in for more after RAT
  • By-election; play a fair game
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA, Imphal :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Southeast Asia: Strategic for Competition
  • Memory of Pranab Babu
  • Gandhi, self-help, khadi & Atmanirbhar Bharat
  • The reality we live today :: Poem
  • NEET & JEE: Balance betn student & health
  • 21 years of reaching out to the readers
  • Non Positive
  • Agri Fair at CAU Iroisemba #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Suicide: Chasing death
  • Women rights-based access to contraceptives
  • Delimitation & limitation of valley minorities
  • Understanding CET
  • Himalaya Diwas at IBSD, Takyelpat
  • Noting post Covid complications
  • Rechecking hospital's modus operandi
  • Azad Hind: Its Forgotten Govt & the Army
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • MPSC 2016: Social media mob injustice
  • Manipur women weave success in pandemic
  • FEGOCTA to resume academic activities
  • Live one day at a time :: Poem
  • Should animal be given same right as human
  • Countdown to by polls
  • Tungjoi Glory Day (Senapati) #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Skill Development Prog by CM: Gallery
  • National Education Policy - Review #2
  • Hope : The reason we keep living !
  • International Literacy Day 2020
  • Beauty benefits of rice water
  • Targeting young girls : Minds of retards
  • Should trading Frog amount to smuggling
  • Rendezvous with RK Bikramjit (Flutist)
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Reminiscence of coming & journey : Book Rvw
  • And I sleep for the hunger of you : Poem
  • MPSC propose re-examination is not justified
  • Increasing local transmission
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga story in Indigenous People movement #2
  • Revoke Agreement on 66 MW Loktak Project
  • My homage to Pranab Mukherjee
  • Eventide :: Poem
  • Protest against gangrape of a minor
  • Condemnation against the gang rape
  • Heat of the Internet
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Loans to vendors [Aug 25] : Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang : A social reformer #3
  • National Education Policy - Review #1
  • Menstruation needs to be discussed openly
  • Serious internet jokes & reflections
  • Climbing number of cases, deaths
  • Akhunba Takhellei #2 : Film scene :: eRang
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga story in Indigenous People movement #1
  • Tribal Resource Conservation Ethics
  • Vilification of MCSCCE selected candidates
  • Grand Chef Manipur at Luwangshangbam
  • Monument of friendship :: Poem
  • How will the Naga CSOs respond ?
  • Irritating season
  • Yaoshang Halankar #3 : Gallery
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to dead by living
  • Legal awareness on 'Right to Food' at Lamlai
  • First E/online Lok Adalat held
  • Teacher for JEE Main & tutorials
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Landscape to Dzukou Valley #5 : Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang : A social reformer #1
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #1 : Gallery
  • Moirangthem Mani : Kalabhusan (Thang-Ta)
  • 13 August @BT Park #2 : Gallery
  • Patriots' Day @ Kangla #2 : Gallery
  • 16th Death anniv of Chittaranjan : Gallery
  • Manipur Independence Day [14 Aug]: Gallery
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • Hentak :: An indigenous Manipuri food
  • HSE Toppers - Commerce stream : Gallery
  • HSE Toppers - Science stream : Gallery
  • HSE Toppers - Arts stream : Gallery