TODAY -

Policies and the implementation gap!
(Assessing the need for policy implementation support)

Janghaolun Haokip *



At least more than half of the estimated 1.40 billion population (2022) of our country will be of the opinion that our country is failing and needs a serious revamp.

In fact, data shows that India ranks 125/195 in life expectancy, 94/107 in the Global Hunger Index, 145/191 in the Education Index, 131/189 on the Human Development Index, 145/189 in per capita GDP, and 42/47 in employment rate, all of which are prepared by popular organisations. Subsequently, our Health system is falling apart, our education system is failing, and our economy is at a point low.

It is undeniable that there are critical failures in our policies that are inimical to growth and prosperity as a country. Firstly, there is the problem of high taxation, which many consider as indirect looting of the public. Fuel prices are at their record highest with petrol at 120 and diesel at 105.65 in Andhra Pradesh, when in 2013, petrol and diesel prices were only 63 and 49 respectively (avg.).

In addition, even basic necessities are affected by the unchecked rise in prices such as the price of LPG and the higher taxation on medicines. Secondly, there is the problem of primary issues of the government.

There are many who criticise the building of the Statue of Unity at 3000 crores or the Central Vista Project at 13,450 crores when the country is reeling under poverty and the trauma of the Covid-19 pandemic. There are other problems such as the attempt to saffronise the country and religious and cultural intolerance that the country needs to make amends with.

However, despite these facts, there are also policies of the government that could bring significant changes to the country if properly implemented.

For instance, in the education sector, as per Educational Statistics at Glance (2013-2014), a data report by the Statistics Division, Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, there are over 1,186,570 Government and Government aided schools and 786 institutions for Higher Studies.

Moreover, the total expenditure on education (revised estimate, 2013-2014) is 441629.04 crores, with an estimated yearly expenditure (in rupees) of 4610 for a primary student, 5386 for upper primary, 7459 for secondary, 12619 for higher secondary, 13478 for graduates, 15999 for post-graduates and above, and 15997 for Diplomas per student. Subsequent rough data estimation shows that there is one government school for every 250 children in the country.

While the Education sector is said to be far lacking behind with the literacy rate standing at 74.04 per cent (2021), the approximate data assessment however shows that we have enough institutions, if not many, to properly furnish education in the country. As a result, one could therefore notice that the failure in quality education is largely due to problems with the implementation of the educational policies and not the policies themselves.

Unfortunately, this is higher in rural areas as compared to urban areas. While government schools and colleges in cities and towns, more or less, function well, it is poles apart in rural areas where government schools only function in record papers. This may also be one reason why the number of private institutions is rocketing, especially in rural areas and small towns with unregulated fees adding to the burden of school-going children's parents.

Further, government Health Centres including Hospitals are an issue to deliberate. There are not many Health Centres (PHCs/CHCs/DHs) that are functioning properly. In a recent case in the state of Manipur, a retired footballer died due to the absence of doctors and proper medical facilities in a nearby Health Centre.

Such could be the case for a thousand more people who had lost their lives because of the lack of doctors and proper medical facilities. A key question is: is it because of the lack of doctors or the gap in proper implementation? Moreover, it is common that most doctors employed in government hospitals establish their own private clinics or hospitals, eventually failing to look after their roles and responsibilities as government employees.

Likewise, there are a number of schemes and projects in almost all departments under the government for poverty upliftment and social security and prosperity. Notable is the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), the world's largest health insurance scheme fully financed by the government, and provides a cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year. In addition, the popular PM-KISHAN is also another commendable policy of the government for the poor farmers of the country. However, whether these policies and programmes reach and serve the needy and the poor is a question to ponder.

For these reasons, it is evident that the disparity between policies and their actual development is because of the wide implementation gap that exists between them. If the implementation gap could be bridged, it is promising that so much potential can be reached. Therefore, the entirety of these issues calls for policy implementation support that will work as an agency to oversee the proper implementation of policies and programs.

This support body will have various responsibilities such as tracking policies from their formulation to execution, establishing transparency and accountability of the implementing body or organisation, monitoring the performance and assessment of progress on policies so implemented. An initiative as such could significantly check corrupt practices that are rampant, especially within government agencies, and also boost the efficiency of policy execution.

If done so, there could be a significant overturn in the country's run towards socio-economic and political progress. Therefore, it is now the nick of time to initiate policy implementation support so that the hard thought and groundbreaking policies do not rot in vain. Nevertheless, it is not to be concluded that India already has all the policies it needs -and it can always achieve higher.


* Janghaolun Haokip wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be reached at janghaolunhaokip(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on April 20 2022 .



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • ILP Check point at Jiri : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The untold story, lest it be forgotten
  • Assistance to victims of Assam Flood
  • A glimpse of 'Yangna Paikhredako Punshi'
  • Market innovations in developing country
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Anti-drug day expose state pathetic situation
  • The wedge amongst the Nagas
  • Coming of Manipur University in 1980
  • COVID-19 Status 26 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Laitonjam Lanchenba: Best Swimmer
  • Our capital Imphal - the city of sanity
  • Workshop : ND & PS Act, 1985
  • Mara Prabhu - Lord of the trees
  • Essence of international anti-drug day
  • July 1 : Taking the fight to plastic
  • Miss Shirui Lily 2022 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Flesh Trade : Connection between Goa & NE
  • Importance of Soil Testing & Management
  • ST status Vs Classical language for Meetei
  • Life, faith and belief
  • MANISFA General Secretary appointed
  • Flood Watch : 23rd June #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Community led in ensuring HIV treatment
  • Approach to ideology & development
  • Solar Energy solution for healthcare facility
  • Yoga for health, beauty and immunity
  • Innovation Prize Launched for Designers
  • Knotty higher education sector
  • Classical language status and ST demand
  • Flood Watch : 23rd June #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Birds and Bees Talk launched 3rd phase
  • Luck matters, Rio's first entry into cabinet...
  • Need to deal with dumping of waste materials
  • Training on mushroom at Nagamapal
  • 1961 as base year: Take it or leave it
  • 10 years too late : JCILPS
  • Phamnaiba Jagoi @ Thangjing : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Women's cleanliness enjoys equal rights...
  • Life in some hill villages
  • The MCI Restoration II
  • 'BRO Cafes' on 75 border roads
  • Protest over boundary row headache for Govt
  • Issues on the indigenous question
  • Drug Menace In Manipur : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 June : Govt of Manipur
  • ST tag for Meiteis - A perspective!
  • Manipur State Welfare : Politics 1-0 Citizens
  • International Yoga Day at Assam Rifles
  • International Yoga Day at IBSD Imphal
  • International Yoga Day at NSU Imphal
  • Manipur Lokyukta: Fighting against corruption
  • Vision to distribute local rice under NFSA...
  • Taking the fight to the drug menace
  • Landslides - Imphal-Jiri [Jun 17] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Thangjing in folklore of Koireng tribe
  • Health Workshop on Diabetes at Pune
  • Everyone is a thief :: Poem
  • E- barton for CM & Governor
  • Intensive cultivation of vegetables
  • High time to encourage e-vehicle operators
  • Scripting success story with Rs 500
  • Leima Jagoi by Transgender #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 June : Govt of Manipur
  • June 19 2022 : Father's Day message
  • Nine Hills One Valley : Ottawa Film Fest
  • Shirui Lily Festival or mud festival ?
  • Yoga for Women organised
  • Flight link to Mandalay dream come true
  • Action of Govt needs to be backed
  • 21st Great June Uprising #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The Great June 18 Uprising :: News Timeline
  • Revive environmentalism in Meetei ethos
  • COVID-19 Status 17 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Elephant army of Lord Guruvayurappan
  • Who will be next at Rashtrapati Bhawan
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • Freedom movement against British #2
  • Inequity and health security
  • Donating blood is an act of solidarity
  • Unregulated deposit schemes & BUDS Act
  • Extension of entry age : Agnipath
  • Citizens feeding on adulterated food items
  • Of food safety and street vendors
  • Pooja Elangbam, IAS, 81st ranker in AICS
  • COVID-19 Status 16 June : Govt of Manipur
  • NE Model @Delhi Kids Fest : Gallery
  • Manipur Rajkunja
  • Effective Legal Aid to Women Prisoner
  • How to avoid cracked heel during hot summer
  • Aid to artisan must to promote local product
  • Education for whom ?
  • Kabui Dance @Nongshaba Haraoba : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 June : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Let's Talk About It' : music album
  • Significance of World Environment Day
  • The MCI Restoration
  • North East CSR Award 2022
  • Prolonged sitting or standing spoils your leg
  • State fast-tracking towards drug making hub
  • 'Progression' from smuggling to manufacturing
  • Bonny Elangbam : Longest distance covered
  • COVID-19 Status 14 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Interaction with Makakmayum Hosni Mubarak
  • India to become $5 trillion economy
  • Exploring traditional medicines of NE
  • Freefall of the kids after COVID-19
  • Honour the tax payers, expose defaulters
  • NE needs more than 'unprecedented'
  • Miss Shirui Lily 2022 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Water management in paddy cultivation
  • PM Modi hails Nagaland Gaon Burahs
  • Blight of Nature :: Poem
  • Moreh as Las Vegas
  • NHIDCL's reputation at stake
  • Drugs, poppy & 'alternatives'
  • Thaopai Shithaine of Poumai #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Jadonang Park, Tamenglong :: Gallery
  • Freedom movement against British #1
  • Multi-Tasking Staff at Leima Traders
  • Toning down rhetoric that hurts religion
  • Shirui Lily fest brings to fore plastic menace
  • Conservation of pony & grazing fields
  • Kakwa Lairembi Haraoba #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The unheeded cry of children in labour
  • Why present distribution of urea fails?
  • World Day Against Child Labour 2022
  • Sunrise on the Civil Aviation Horizon
  • Arambam Samarendra Ningshingba :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 June : Govt of Manipur
  • NE Ex-Super Model at Delhi Kids Fest
  • What Diphu has, Dimapur & Kohima don't
  • Towards Manipur Budget 2022-23 ...
  • NE Social & Behaviour Change inaugurated
  • Fighting corruption remains an uphill task
  • Environment needs more than tree plantation
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #3
  • COVID-19 Status 09 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Degree Certificate for Survival #2
  • Value chain management of Umorok
  • Pulses for Nutrition Security in Manipur
  • Keeping your skin oil free during summer
  • Demand for impartial probe into IMC scam
  • Politics of isolating the NSCN (IM)
  • Raas @Manipur Rajbari, W Bengal :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 June : Govt of Manipur
  • A rare book on Birds of Manipur
  • Condemns bomb blast in Manipur
  • Market Innovations made America great #2
  • Jal Jeevan Mission : PHED Manipur
  • Disturbing data on lifestyle diseases in state
  • Tough talk against drug menace
  • Trekking to Shirui Peak, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Take a leaf from sunderban if you're serious
  • Testimony of brother Ninghor Mahongnao
  • Local leaders unitedly push for One Health
  • Letters from the Republic of Dust #2
  • Soil testing for better crop production
  • Despicable threat to school
  • Outrage at Little Flower School
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lam Thokpa #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 June : Govt of Manipur
  • India-Taiwan Global Bamboo Tech Forum
  • Condemns bomb attack at LFS
  • RSS chief sounds logical
  • Career options in Environmental Science
  • We reap what we sow
  • NRC in focus as keyboard warriors spar...
  • Coming together of COCOMI, UNC
  • HSE Result 2022 : Statistiscal Abstract
  • HSE Result 2022 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE Result 2022 : District-Wise Pass %
  • HSE Result 2022 :Science Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Arts Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Commerce Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE Result 2022 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE Result 2022 : Commerce Stream Result
  • COVID-19 Status 05 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Nagaland: Is it fair to blame Indrajit Gupta ?
  • 4th Plenary Session of WMC at Sugnu
  • World Environment Day at Tamenglong
  • World Environment Day at Lilong
  • World Environment Day at Haraorou
  • Musing :: Poem
  • Yet another World Environment Day observed
  • Mounting pressure for solution
  • Padmashree Award Moirangthem Muktamani
  • COVID-19 Status 04 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Congested road at Shirui Village :: Gallery
  • Degree Certificate for Survival #1
  • Admission for National Sports University
  • World Environment Day at Imphal
  • Include Meeteis in the ST list
  • Inhumane act of De-addiction centres
  • UK band Monuments @ShiRock #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 June : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Provocation' charges arrests on social media
  • Gerinda Loitongbam: Natl Women Award
  • Timeless Memories :: Poem
  • Ket Meth releases music video Trauma'
  • 8 years of Modi Govt: More hits than misses
  • Bad example commanders
  • Posers parents may raise within
  • Miss Shirui Lily 2022 #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Letters from the Republic of Dust #1
  • Workshop on Food Processing at Lilong
  • 1st June is the Global Day of Parents
  • 'Developing human resource in Manipur'
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
  • 'Yoga for personality development' orgd
  • Row over boundary fencing project
  • Brain storming session of the Congress
  • Lunghar (Imp-Kohima / Jessami) #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Delphi Oinam : Topper at Nagaland HSLC
  • Teaching at Churachandpur Govt College
  • Jadonang Park at Tamenglong renovated
  • Quality seed production of rice (HYV)
  • Audiobook for NEET aspirants launched
  • Naga issue: From bush war to shadow boxing
  • Tenants in Nagaland tag on the NSCN (IM)
  • Wakhom Leikai Lairembi Haraoba #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Pageant winners showcase Robert's collection
  • MIFF to pay homage to Irom Maipak
  • Awareness on Legal rights of women prisoner
  • Election petitions galore in Manipur
  • Training program on mushroom at Nagamapal
  • Must expedite process for border projects
  • Wanted : A far sighted leader
  • Naga Indigenous Wrestling :: Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • UK band Monuments @ShiRock #1 :: Gallery
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lam Thokpa #2 :: Gallery
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #2
  • Licypriya speech at East Timor :: Gallery
  • On 200th Anniversary of MK Binodini Devi
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #2: Gallery
  • Harvesting Fest of Tarao #4 :: Gallery
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta Golapati :: Gallery
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download