In The Name of Democracy

Mosa Sangtam *

"……With great Difficulty, I have brought this CARAVAN where it is seen today.Let the CARAVAN march ON and further ON despite the hurdles, pitfalls and difficulties that may come in its way. If my people, my lieutenants are not able to take the CARAVAN ahead, they should leave it where it is seen today, but in no circumstances they should allow the CARAVAN to go back."
~ Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

At the dawn of India's independence, Indian Political Leaders unanimously decided to adopt democratic form of Government and thus, India afterward became a Democratic Republic of India. Democracy is undoubtedly the best form of Government as in comparison with the rest. Today, majority of the Countries has adopted this form and also those countries which are practicing other forms are slowly and gradually developing and progressing towards adopting a Democratic form of Government.

It is absolutely pertinent to understand that no single form of Government is free from the hands of its own but it largely depends on the rulers of that country whatsoever. Cleisthenes, considered as the father of Democracy from Ancient Greece had a peculiar idea about the people and their rulers and the state.

The peculiarity of his thought was formulation of the idea of equality before law which thereby replacing heredity based mechanism or system of a state to merit based in the areas of appointment of Government Servants or Policy makers, therefore, ultimately gives and provides maximum power to the people rather than the Government.

The question is, what makes Democracy the best form of Government among the worst? The very nature and essence of democracy is free from prejudice and it praises human Rights at its peak. Democracy talks about freedom of a man in framing the policy of a state (directly or indirectly), existing and living irrespective of his social, economic, political background as a 'born free' human being.

Whatever may the ruling Government of a particular country enforces law or restrictions to its members and foreigners their policy must remain unaltered with the fundamental principles of Democracy. Countries of the world have successfully adopted Democratic form of Government but the question as to whether the policy makers or the rulers of a Democratic Country abide by its principles or not? remains unanswered. Democracy has been used as a legal weapon by Political Leaders to justify their rule.

India has been considered to be the largest democratic country in the world. Besides, huge number of voters; what are the other elements that make India a Democratic Country? In 2014 General Election the BJP led by its Chief Narendra Modi won by overwhelming majority (282 seats) and again, in 2019 General Election with 303 seats securing their position in Indian Political arena as a Single largest party in the country. This was a historical moment for BJP and the people to have won with such overwhelming majority next to INC.

However, it seems that theynow have become unstoppable, as a matter of fact, anything and everything they propose (bill or ordinance) in the Parliament eventually promulgates. Naturally, it gave birth to the very concept of tyranny of the majority. Hence the question arises as to whether the government function for the nation or for a majority? Or whether their very idea of nation comes from the majoritarian spectrum?Questions need to be asked.

Ironically, democracy seems to have been used as a destroyer to democracy itself in India. In past few months, the people of Kashmir, the people of India and the rest of world had witnessed the abrogation of Article 370 by virtue of article 370(3). Degradation of State of Kashmir into union territory and shutting down of internet services, educational institutions, government offices, 24ื7 curfew by armed forces, curbing of freedom of press, freedom of speech and expression, restrictions in transportation etc.

Therefore infringed upon the basic fundamental rights of the citizens, this is not democracy that I understand, this is certainly not a democracy that Dr. Ambedkar imagined. Freedom of speech and expression, freedom of press and media remains safe haven for those who supports the ruling Government whereas, anyone who dares to critically examine the policies of the Government; and its political and social allies faces consequences as in the case of Aatish Taseer, a novelist and journalist whose OCI (overseas Citizens of India) was revoked by the Indian Government some days after he had written an article (India's divider in chief) for TIME that was critical to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Gauri Lankesh an Indian Journalist was murder a week after she wrote against RSS and BJP, Dr M M Kalburgi, Dr. Narendra Dabholkar, Dr Govind Pansare were killed just because they wrote against Fascist Hindutva Politics and advocated 'Constitutionalism'. This was not only the murder of innocent people but Democracy too. The transformation of Hinduism to Hindutva for political gains is not in the very best interest of this nation which believes in secular principle of governance, administration and socio-political life where human values and justice is given priority not a religion.

Democracy in India is slowly and gradually taking its shape as 'THEOCRACY'. The Nexus between Politics and Religion becoming more and more visible with the coming of Hindu Nationalist group in Indian Politics. Granting of citizenship status to an alien is also not free from religious political bias; the CAA of 2019 is a sturdy and mighty example of religious politics. "Educate, agitate and organize" was the final words of advice to the younger generation and students by Dr B R Ambedkar.

His message was clear, he wanted the students to be educated enough to reclaim their lost rights, he wanted them to understand the social evils, suppressions, exploitation, and subjugation of the masses on grounds of religious, political, economic or any kind of discrimination meted by the 'system'-social, religious and political. To organize and agitate against injustice and to fight for Justice at individual as well as mass level.

However, at ground reality, students, scholars, illiterate and literate who protest against the policies of Government which is their Constitutional Right under Art. 19 of the Constitution of India, who stands up for Justice, who stand to ask questions to their own elected representatives sitting in the ivory tower of power are not spared, Students are brutally beaten and protesters are being killed in day light by the 'Force' (Ref. News reports from Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi, Assam).

As a student of Political Science I understand that a 'constructive dissent' is a 'constitutional right' essential to the survival of the democracy. Members of Parliament, Members of Legislative Assembly, Members of Legislative Council, Cabinet Ministers, State Cabinet Ministers, Civil Service System, Police Administration, Defence Forces of India, Central Banking System and every other man, woman and institution-right from peon to Chief Secretary, from Village Guard, Village Administration, Dobashi, Gaonbura to the Chief Minister, From Chief Minister to the Prime Minister and the President, From Civil Judge Junior Division to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court- each and every man and woman who is directly or indirectly involve in running the state machinery is completely, fully, absolutely, unconditionally, by law of the land is answerable and accountable to the Constitution of India and finally to THE PEOPLE OF INDIA.

The current developments which surfaced on the occasion of passing of Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 are nothing but direct threats to the survival of principles of democracy. Democracy doesn't work on its own, we (THE PEOPLE) are supposed to work for it, unless we participate, democracy will soon die a natural death. It is the fundamental duty of every intellectual, scholar, student, artist, writer and every thinking human being to participate in the struggle for Justice, struggle for constitutional rights, struggle for equality, struggle for fraternity, and to create a free and just society.

Dr. Ambedkar's Constitution has given us the greatest gift of 'Constitutional Democracy', let us cherish it, let it not get destroyed in the hands of the people who on record defined democracy through religious spectrum with fascistundercurrents ( Fascism is a political philosophy characterized by authoritarian views and a strong central government — and no tolerance for opposing opinions. Fascist traces to the Italian word fascio, meaning "group, bundle." Under fascist rule, the emphasis is on the group — the nation — with few individual rights).

After so much of efforts and struggle Dr. Ambedkar brought the CARAVAN of Justice where we see it today. At present, we are living in a very complicated time. Our brain is getting fatten up with false propaganda by paid media, our thinking capacity has been taken away by the system that injected a slow poison of 'materialism' in our veins, we have become so much selfish that we are content with ourselves, tribe, family & children, we have become slaves of money, power and pleasure, we have forgotten to react, our educated class which supposed to show the correct direction to the society is in deep slumber.

We Nagas have been introduced to 'Materialism' before we were introduced to the 'Wisdom'. Moreover, we are shown false dreams of economic prosperity whereas in reality farmers are committing suicides, Dalits and Tribals are brought under the shadow of fear-insecurity and white caller corporate workers are losing their jobs all over India. With passing of Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 our future has been brought under grave threat.

We are told to believe in the dreams sold out to us by the 'Merchants of the Dreams'. Should We? I don't know about the others, but I set my stand open and clear. No matter what political party is ruling this nation, they all should be made answerable and accountable through Constitutional means and modes. The CARAVAN of justice should not be allowed to go back. I register my dissenting opinion against the way this glorious nation of Christ, Buddha, Asoka, Ambedkar and Gandhi is being currently ruled.

In this dark time Democracy must be protected. Voice of commonest of the common must be heard. We do not need 'Ram Rajya', we need Bharat of Emperor Asoka The Great where the principles of Justice, Equality, Liberty and Fraternity will prevail, where welfare of common man will be given priority over religion, whererights and wishes of 'THE PEOPLE' will beguarded, respected and honoured.

Kuknalim ! Jai Bharat !

* Mosa Sangtam wrote this article for Imphal Times
The writer is a student at Tetso College, 4th Semester, B.A. (Political Sci. Hons), Dimapur
This article was webcasted on January 02, 2020 .

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Chingda Satpi Engellei #4 :: eRang
  • 28th Imphal Book Fair #2 : Gallery
  • Aseismic Building Design
  • Loving Death :: Poem
  • The benefits of CAA
  • Go natural with home made scrub
  • Looking at the journey from 1972
  • The Great Security Circus
  • Hentak - Indigenous Food Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Tribute Rock Concert for (L) Hegin #1 : Gallery
  • Markila, Shanghman, Charoibi : eMing
  • AMWJU amends code of conduct- Jan 22 2020
  • Lalkansung - Natl Child Award for Achievement
  • Where Vultures Dare :: Poem
  • 'BJP Nagaland President got his facts wrong'
  • Decide within four weeks message from SC
  • The Statehood Day
  • Landscape of Purul, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • Naga Peace Process, Far from being close
  • Of bibliophile & Imphal Book Fair 2020
  • Constitutional protections to specific groups #2
  • Marketing & Sales at R-Square Design
  • Driver & Director's Assistant @ R-Square
  • Marketing & Research Officer @ Amethyst
  • Heart Camp at IGAR South, Mantripukhri
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Pragjyoti International Dance Festival
  • Mentality of those who man Khudengthabi
  • When you fail to control the L & O ..
  • Gaan-Ngai at Kakhulong #1 : Gallery
  • Children Adventure Sports Camp #2 : Gallery
  • Adventure Tourism in Manipur
  • Special Police Unit for NE in Delhi
  • Niagara Falls with Devaz
  • Project Coordinator @ MaolKeki Foundation
  • Reducing air pollution : Impact & prevention
  • Right time for Assam Rifles to Go Back
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Interesting pact between KNO & NNPGs
  • Nation & Unintegrated part now bridged
  • Conservation initiatives of Hornbills #1
  • Day 3 : Sangai Fest #4 : Gallery
  • Reminiscence of legendary aerobiologist
  • A get-together to banish the boredom
  • Hear us oh God :: Poem
  • Resolutions on Naga Political Issue & CAA
  • Stop land allotment of Yaithibi Loukol
  • Wildfire at lower ridge of Shirui Kashong
  • Statehood Women's Polo : Gallery
  • Adversity of Diversity: Chow-Momo Indian
  • Harvard team with CM : Gallery
  • Workshop: Typesetting with Latex @ MU
  • The great cosmic discovery - VII
  • NPF opposed Citizenship Amendment Act
  • Of the highway brave hearts
  • 28th Imphal Book Fair #1 : Gallery
  • Winter Relief Program @Patsoi: Gallery
  • Who are Indigenous People of Manipur #7
  • 2019: Ministry of Development (DoNER)
  • Consultative meeting on Meetei ST demand
  • Beauty benefits of meditation
  • Environment conservation & mankind..
  • Of our Responsibility and our Rights
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai @Chingkham Kabui Khul: Gallery
  • Condolence on demise of Mahima Khan
  • Coping with anxiety before laboratory test
  • The lonely Moon :: Poem
  • Natl Conference on chemicals sciences
  • Constitutional protections to specific groups #1
  • KASHISH, Indian LGBTQ short films
  • Drugs & manufacturing: Who are the kingpins?
  • Indigenous People must defend environment
  • Cultural @ Shirui Lily Fest #4 : Gallery
  • Children Adventure Sports Camp #1 : Gallery
  • Day 3 : Sangai Fest #3 : Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-20 : News Timeline
  • Khangminashi VI, talk series : Food research
  • Can people of NE blame Centre alone for CAA
  • The City of Darkness :: Poem
  • Time for Nagas to build the future: Rio
  • Checking the statements of UG outfits
  • Restoring to the status of People's CM
  • Ibudhou Thangjing, Moirang :: 360 ø View
  • Phamsak collaboration in indigenous ambience
  • Why this relaxation of 12 yrs unless..
  • Being a chow-momo Indian; the fun side!
  • Monika Ingudam - Amb for India Volunteers
  • Petition to CM to dispose contract teachers
  • Call to curb favouritism and nepotism
  • For a better world - to our world leaders
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Ramji Kabui Khul : Gallery
  • Niti Aayog must stop plan to privatise health
  • For the future :: Poem
  • Career in Fashion Communication
  • Jobs at LMP Technology, Canchipur
  • Too many festivals in a year observation
  • What ails Chief Minister gi Haksel gi Tengbang
  • Thong Nambonbi broke apart: Gallery
  • Who are Indigenous People of Manipur #6
  • Fit India Khelo India
  • The Car Washed Shampoo :: Poem
  • Economic development : Special focus on hills
  • Climate change : Biggest challenge in 2020s
  • MAYA trainer at MAAC Imphal center
  • How about the Salt Lake Manipur Bhavan?
  • Fashion Show @ Sangai Fest #1: Gallery
  • Youth and Nation
  • Lyrics of Departing Year :: Poem
  • Forgotten elixir for youths of Manipur
  • Banknotes for sale
  • ADBU - 'Engaged University of the Year'
  • Traffic chaos - a serious problem
  • 'Nongju Ahing' :: eRang Classic Photos
  • Day 1 : Sangai Fest #5 : Gallery
  • City lights :: Poem
  • How China impacts security dynamics in NE
  • Rhythms & Aromas of NE at Ukhrul
  • Lipstick mistakes to avoid
  • Giving a fresh push to the Lim debate?
  • Thong Nambonbi is a part of our history
  • Shumang Leela Ningtham Kumhei: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Maharaj Gambhir Singh : Gallery
  • Go develop the Hills : A live case study
  • A canal to augment Imphal City, a must !
  • The present health of Loktak Lake
  • Meiraba- 3rd in Badminton World Federation
  • After effects of CAA in North East
  • Film Policy - awaiting action
  • Arambai Langba @Kangjeibung : Gallery
  • JNIMS - Untold story #2
  • CAA is a threat to indigenous communities
  • Ukhrul auditions for Rhythms & Aromas of NE
  • A Wintry Number :: Poem
  • Career in fashion industry
  • Suspension Order issued by NPF to Kenye
  • Web Developer / Trainee at Lamjing IT
  • Cabinet approves NE Gas Pipeline Grid
  • Claiming hands in attack at JNU
  • The changing concept of patriotism
  • IM on integration, Pan Naga Hoho & others
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai :: e-Pao Flash Presentation
  • Gaan-Ngai :: Read all about it
  • Asylum for select migrants.. madness ?
  • Who are Indigenous People of Manipur #5
  • Irom Roshan to exhibit humanoid robot IVALA
  • NPF Statement on CAA 2019
  • Time to focus on examinations
  • The taste of Indian democracy
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #3: Gallery
  • Press Club Foundation Day: Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • Post-mortem of New Year Celebration
  • Shillong audition for Rhythm & Aromas of NE
  • Army Arrived at Lunch
  • Cocktail of CAB, CAA, NRC & NPR
  • A treatise on mind #3
  • Menamparampil for Journalism Award
  • Govt committed to protect indigenous people
  • Cabinet increase pension for retired journalist
  • Hiyangthau :: Funga Wari
  • Official Release of AMAND Calendar 2020
  • Happening and good cheer as career
  • Voices of the Stars :: Poem
  • Yaikhomba: Selected National Bravery Award
  • War against the English language
  • BJP : In Delhi & Manipur: Twain does not meet
  • Licypriya- Top 100 Child Prodigy: Gallery
  • A Critique of the Manipur ILP Guidelines
  • Licypriya- 100 Child Prodigies : Report
  • Critique of ILP Guidelines (Meiteilon)
  • Architectural Designer at R-Square
  • AutoCad Drafsman at R-Square
  • Crops production & Award for Manipur !
  • New Year picnic @Singda Dam : Gallery
  • Kairembikhok Women opted carpentry
  • RIST Talk -42 @MU : Mimicking nature
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Project Engineer at R-Square
  • Site Manager at R-Square
  • Research Officer at Amethyst
  • Jobs @ Birla Emporiums, Khurai
  • Assam looking at bygone years
  • Krishi Karman Award for Manipur !
  • Khusbu Sorokhaibam : Glass Painting
  • Who are Indigenous People of Manipur #4
  • CC Meet 2019 : Fixture (Semis & Final)
  • JNIMS - Untold story #1
  • About Failed 'Real Madrid' & Climate Change!
  • Manipur : Krishi Karman Award for foodgrain
  • Year end review: Department of Atomic Energy
  • Disturbed area status & improved law & order
  • The choice is yours Mr. Chief Minister
  • Dec 30 : Sangai Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Marriage rituals of Tais #2
  • Recovering compensation from CAA agitators
  • In The Name of Democracy
  • A treatise on mind #2
  • Nightingales in Winter :: Poem
  • Social Service at Ibudhou Thangjing campus
  • Manipur start issue of ILP permits
  • 386 arrested in 282 drug related cases : 2019
  • NIA files chargesheet in AR ambush case
  • 'Marketing' on New Year 2020 eve: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #6: Gallery
  • Meetei Today launches new website
  • Manipur : As I grew up in #3
  • Bye - Bye 2019 :: Poem
  • Stands in solidarity with the Workers
  • Peace or Pandora's Box in 2020 ?
  • X-Mas @Ukhrul, @Kpi #2 : Gallery
  • January Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Normal age forgetfulness vs Dementia
  • Who was afraid of NK Sanajaoba ?
  • Bidding farewell with a new hope
  • Hogenakkal - India's Niagara
  • Degrading environment vs activities
  • State of economy in the dark times
  • Understanding the lives of Trans community
  • New species: Trichodesma Kumareum
  • The Spear is born for the Zulu
  • Water Pollution: Causes & Effects
  • Year End Review 2019, Dept of Youth Affairs
  • Bridging disconnect & delving deeper
  • X-Mas @Ukhrul, @Kpi #1 : Gallery
  • Day 3 : Sangai Fest #2 : Gallery
  • State of our state
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #2: Gallery
  • Destination NE @ Vanarasi #5: Gallery
  • Mister Manipur 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • Day 1 : Sangai Fest #4 : Gallery
  • Piulong Valley, Tamenglong #1: Gallery
  • Aerial- Imp to Tamenglong: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Nupi Lan Ningsing Lamjel #2: Gallery
  • Nupi Lan Day (State): Gallery
  • Brahmacharimayum Mahendra : Silpbhusan
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View