TODAY -

E-Pao! Opinion - Naga Peace talks: 'Little hopes'

Naga Peace talks: 'Little hopes'

By: UA Shimray *


In the post-colonialism, India has followed two pronged policy for territorial integration, that is, use of armed might (coercion) and negotiation. For instance, Kashmir issue was discussed under the shadow of gun whereas Naga political issue intermittent with "Point Agreements," "Accord" and "Ceasefire and Talks."

First round of Naga peace talks was initiated in 1960s under the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and also Mrs. Indira Gandhi period. However, the outcome was a major failure. In fact, the failure of 1975’s "Shillong Accord" politically divides the Naga society.

Discontentment to the Accord spread the germ of sectional rivalry and political split, leading to the formation of underground movement called National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN). Further, the NSCN experienced a major setback in 1980s with the split of two faction viz., Isak-Muivah (IM) group and Kaplang (K) group. In spite of all political divides and personal differences, Naga political movement sustains because of historical truth.

The present Naga ceasefire and peace talks between the Government of India and National Socialist Council of Nagaland (lim) (IM) is conditioned by the following terms: "unconditional talk," "highest political level" and venue outside India. The 31st July mark significant day for both the Indian Government and NSCN (IM).

This is an official date of the Naga ceasefire vis-à-vis extension of ceasefire. Nine years of peace process registered the third innings of political change in New Delhi from National Front Government to NDA and now Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Government. During BJP-led NDA regime, Naga peace process was virtually taken controlled by the bureaucrats and giving "important role" to the Indian Government’s emissary.

No doubt, Nagas are having peace dialogue with the Government of India. But the question is who run the Government. It is the political party. Yesterday, it was NDA, now UPA. The change of guard in New Delhi may alter the track of peace process.

Historically, Naga issue is close to the Congress party starting right from Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Rajesh Pilot et al. However, Congress party did not do much in resolving the much-protracted Naga problem. Many Congress leaders are out of touch with the Nagas vis-à-vis Naga leaders also distanced the Congress Party in the last seven years.

With installation of UPA in New Delhi made a little "adjustment" in the Naga peace process by inserting Minister of State Oscar Fernandes. Under the leadership of Oscar, the two groups have met several times. Although, detail of the discussions have been kept well-guarded secret. Yet, it is obvious that the crucial agenda Naga integration (all Naga areas) must have raised.

The contesting speculation is how the present Congress-led coalition Government would perceive on Naga problem. Today’s coalition form of Government is virtually based on the "political compromise" and programmes. Hence, in such situation the Naga issue needs a "political consensus" in order to arrive certain understanding. And political consensus is no easy task to achieve.

Talks and hopes

The introduction of electoral process based on ballot box in the Naga Hills created two "power centre"- the traditional institution and the peoples’ representative. In spite of several elections and elected Government, yet there is no any substantial political intervention on Naga issue. Unfortunately, the electoral process and "money power" steadily eroded the traditional institution and social structure.

As an alternative, Naga civil society initiated social consolidation process and has created significant platform to redress the peace process. Several rallies, workshop and seminars were organised to strengthen the movement. Such project aims to generate greater opinion and discourse.

Present demand of integration "Naga Homeland" under the aegis of Naga Hoho (Naga apex organisation) is overwhelmly acknowledge in Naga society. In this process, Naga civil society organisations draws the strength from the people and traditional institution and seem to have achieved something that state has failed to in all these years.

The political struggle should not be one-sided track but adopt multiple approaches appropriating present Naga social system, economic parameters and political paradigm. The "Collective Leadership" of the NSCN (IM) should acknowledge the perception of Naga civil societies vis-à-vis capitalise the intervention of church organisations, politicians, intellectuals and bureaucrats. Undermining certain section of society and forum could create unpreceden-ted misunderstanding.

Recently, Naga public openly evaluates the basic responsibility of NSCN (IM) and its cadres’ activities. There is an instance, where they directly involves and interferes on local issues. And also taking control of developmental activities, supplies and contract works (which later translate it as extortion).

Worst to come is active "partisan participation" in General Election of Manipur and Nagaland. Sometimes, such interference diverts the core issue and capitalises the non-issue becoming main agenda of discourse. In other words, the core issue is subdue and justified by the "periphery activities" indulged by the underground. The Naga political struggle is not a commodity meant for business but legitimate political issue that every Naga citizen has the right of ownership.

Today, Naga peace process becomes sensitive because of the "reactive attitude" of the neighbouring communities. There is strong reaction particularly vocal by Meitei community in regard to the demand of Naga integration. The so-called 18th June "uprising" in the Imphal valley left bad scar in ethnic co-existence in Manipur state. The Meitei community is strongly asserting on upholding the political territory of Manipur.

In the region, ethnic relationship is uneasy at the moment. Therefore to minimise the ethno-political tension, political negotiation is necessary among the various ethnic groups. Recent NSCN’s statement of desires to consult other communities is very important political stand.

One can remember that the Naga ceasefire "without territorial limits" opened the Pandora’s box in the region. Hitherto, "territorial politics" is recent intervention but now this has play significant role in the Naga peace process.

Indeed, the old map which the British had introduced for the first time has become a major bone of contention between the different ethnic groups.

Therefore, it is imperative that the talks continue and the rational role of the civil society organisations both within and outside the Naga society is crucial.


UA Shimray wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on July 20th, 2006

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Police Day Marathon #2: Gallery
  • Kayada Ningthijaba Eseino :: Review
  • Stop religious encroachment of Kangla
  • Cry of a Dying River - 50 :: Poem
  • The barricade cordoning CMO
  • October 31 rally : Manipur is a reality !
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #2 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-19 : Gallery
  • Tribes, Castes & Development :: Book
  • Durga Puja celebration in Manipur
  • Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
  • Life did put me into darkness :: Poem
  • Matrimonial sites: Dangerous proposals
  • Absentee in history
  • Of KTC and demand of UMLA
  • Pari Imom (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Chunglenyanba, Awa Leima :: eMing
  • Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947 #1
  • 7th anniversary of PCRM
  • Funding TB response is smart investment
  • The Broken Stone:: Poem
  • 15 Ceremonial Horses handed to Myanmar
  • Needs for realizing the truth
  • Time to put education on track
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #1 : Gallery
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #2
  • Finance knowledge to make better decision
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Bunglawn Remembers Dr Kalam's Visit
  • No baab tree :: Poem
  • Official website of Sangai Photo Festival
  • Beauty care with natural ingredients
  • Deportation of Rohingya against intl law
  • Noting efforts to put MU on track
  • MU: Teachers/students released : Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #3 : Gallery
  • Ithai Barrage Impact on Environment
  • Rural development as career option
  • Put the kibosh on ochlocracy
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in women
  • India International Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Marketing Assistant @ PiCiDi, Canchipur
  • 'Ram Madhav is wrongly briefed' : NPF
  • Uniforms for school teacher: What purpose?
  • Marangwon at @Mt Khorung #3 : Gallery
  • Police Day Marathon #1: Gallery
  • I call it life :: Poem
  • International day for Disaster reduction
  • Contested territorial demands in Manipur
  • WhatsApp & mobile usage study results
  • Physics Programme in Nowgong College
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [15 October]
  • Stop bluffing Nagas
  • The state of the states
  • Gearing up for Oct 31 rally
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #4
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #2: Gallery
  • X-Jam -Extreme Sports & Music festival
  • Urban Local Govt in Mizoram :: Book
  • 3 perspectives in context of present Manipur
  • Figures in the Shadows :: Poem
  • To UNC, Zomi Council, Hmar Inpui on ST
  • HC acted in good faith for MU
  • Jarnail Singh @ MU : Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba #3 : Gallery
  • The undeniable subtlety of Atingkok
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #1
  • Let me shower moonlight :: Poem
  • On allegations issued by NPF : NDPP
  • Challenges to the digital dreams
  • Eyes now on K Yugindro
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #3: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #2 : Gallery
  • Meetei Tribe wont grab land of Hill Tribes
  • Making a tangible difference
  • Contradicted journey of IPC Section 377
  • Free open defecation & open pee
  • Act East & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Vacancies at Multimind Software
  • Waiting for "Sorry"
  • Out Yugindro in Jarnail Singh
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #1 : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural evening : Gallery
  • Management Convergence at Mizoram Univ
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Cry of a Dying River - 49 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is free from compulsion...
  • 7th AGM / Cultural evening of AMAND, Pune
  • Forsaken farmers - food for thought
  • Second police raid at MU
  • NESO opposes Indo-Nepal Treaty in NE
  • British Council, NEC sign MoU
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #1: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #1 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-1919
  • University :: Poem
  • Remembering class boycott 2009-2010
  • Hair stylist as career option #2
  • Training of Trainers on Gender Justice
  • Manipur University fresh violence by police
  • MU Crisis- admissions and omissions
  • Issues besetting State before LS polls
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba #2 : Gallery
  • Sizo Festival @Saikot : Gallery
  • Opening of Moreh-Tamu Border Gate
  • Forest Cover of Nagaland :: Book Review
  • Ingocha Chingtham: Cycling from Mumbai ..
  • Blood Transfusion service- future in Manipur
  • IT Enabled Employment Generating Course
  • NDPP condemns statement of NPF
  • Beyond the reality
  • Need for MUTA to approach Court
  • Kang Tournament @Kongba #2: Gallery
  • Elangbam Sonamani : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Celebrating the rights of wildlife- Are we
  • The sky's gone wonderful :: Poem
  • Communal Harmony and Integration
  • Opportunity for India in Indo-Pacific Region
  • To be a good man
  • Education : Why no private players here ?
  • Tarpon Sonba : Gallery
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • MN Singh promoted as IG of CBI felicitated
  • Loktak from different perspectives #2
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • The Journey of Happiness :: Poem
  • A personal discourse of Manipuri people
  • Improper use of loud speakers in Manipur
  • Art Exhibition @Art College #3: Gallery
  • Sudip Kongbrailatpam -recording engineer
  • Dismantled 9th times & safer in 10th times
  • Remembering Irawat: Are we following ..
  • State Level Archery Championship 2018
  • Stop religious encroachment at Kangla
  • Navratri (festival) make up
  • khongjang changsinnaba sem sarey : ST
  • MU crisis: Emerging questions
  • Lining up five days blockade
  • Dhol Chollom @Sangai Fest: Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #2
  • Maroi napakpi in Manipuri dishes
  • National Integration Tour Team
  • Cry of a Dying River - 48 :: Poem
  • Ending antimicobial resistance to #endTB
  • Condoles death of Pu Kaikhokam Kipgen
  • Rejoinder to NDPP (5th Oct) : NPF
  • Responsibility required - not restriction
  • After Thuingaleng Muivah who ?
  • Paddy dry up due to deficit rainfall
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #2: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram : RAW in WAR Award
  • Agribusiness & Carbon Management : Book
  • Is Gandhi (ian) relevant today ?
  • Guidelines for Hostels for Children
  • ATM based frauds : Router compromise
  • 'Rio's announcement as just mockery'
  • Training Program on Mushroom Cultivation
  • 'Chadong' - the victim of development
  • Poles apart : Pandey and Singh
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #2
  • Why has Egg become Danger for Manipur?
  • Speech by Atif Anik on Irabot Day 2018
  • Wounded tree :: Poem
  • Hair stylist as career option
  • Synopsis of Sizo Festival 2018
  • Traffic regulation still a Flop show
  • In the evening of his life : Th Muivah
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba : Gallery
  • World Bamboo Day #2: Gallery
  • Where have all the lights gone ?
  • Mahatma and non-violence
  • Detention of students/professors of MU
  • Gandhi Jayenti at Itanagar
  • IBSD cleans Imphal City
  • MU: Abide by wisdom of Sr citizens
  • Power of humility
  • Ghost of Pandey : Four teachers suspended
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #1: Gallery
  • October Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Looking at Loktak from perspectives #1
  • Morning - a Haiku :: Poem
  • R&V Art House curates 'Land of Polo'
  • Show for football fans at NEUFC Fan Park
  • Indigenous People: Stand against Fascist
  • Clarification on Tamei Residential School
  • Organic Farming Tour to Sikkim
  • System error- or is this real democracy
  • Autonomy for Naga- Stakeholders on board
  • Th. Muivah hospitalized
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Floral Tribute #1: Gallery
  • Choidev Chongba @Kang Fest : Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #1
  • The day after Sahnit-Ni
  • Cry of a Dying River - 47 :: Poem
  • Observation of World Alzheimer's Day
  • Benefits of almond oil for the hair
  • NEUFC Fan to host musical performances
  • ..but Irabot may still shed tears in heaven
  • Heikru Hidongba #2 : Gallery
  • Lamyanba Hijam Irabot :: Read all about
  • Tingmila Doungel : Manipuri Boxer
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to dead by living
  • Manipur: Past & Present (Vol.2) :: Book
  • Genesis of Naga-Kuki clash in early nineties
  • 9th Children's Cultural Meet 2018
  • Parakram Diwas : 2nd Anniversary
  • International Visitors Leadership Program
  • He calls state Govt as unrecognized..
  • Tough stand of Govt noted
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #3
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #2 :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Oja Nandiram with 'In Memoriam'
  • The resurgence of Hijam Irabot
  • Love for post of MU vice-chancellor
  • Condemns arrests of MU student/teachers
  • Spot Enquiry by MCPCR Team
  • Seriousness with sincerity matters
  • 48 hours bandh on, then what ?
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #1 :: Gallery
  • Hijam Irabot - Our 'Icon of Revolution'
  • Food preparation among Zeliangrong
  • Is it the final countdown to #endTB?
  • Let's give time a chance :: Poem
  • If Buddhism Is Not A Religion Or Philosophy
  • Using false identity to mislead
  • In response to CM's appeal
  • CM's call against bandh
  • MU: Hunger Strike[25 Sep] :: Gallery
  • Irabot's letter to Assembly :: 18 Oct 1948
  • Ringui Village, Ukhrul :: Gallery: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Tuilha Kol waterfall #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS