TODAY -

Land Commission Essential for Improving Ethnic Relations and Development in Manipur
- Part 2 -

L B Singh *



Views of Meiteis.

(a) The Meiteis, Nagas and Old Kukis are the indigenous people of the State; and the ancestors of the Meiteis initially settled in the hill districts of Manipur. Therefore, the Meiteis should also have land rights in the hill districts of Manipur.

(b) Section 158 of the Act restricted the transfer of land from ST to non-ST. However, a large number of Nagas and Kukis continue to acquire land and settle in the valley.

(c) Some tribes pooled their resources and purchased unproductive paddy fields or other lands in the valley and established new tribal villages. People in the valley are facing extreme difficulties due to the scarcity of land; and are resorting to the construction of houses on the wetlands and paddy fields.

(d) Traditionally, the villagers from the valley used to collect firewood, grass reeds, thatched roof materials, mushrooms, eatable plant leaves, fruits, nuts etc. from the nearby hills. Special facilities are given to the STs to bring up their socio-economic standard to the same level, but it does not give them the right to deprive the means of existence of the other communities.

(e) The claim for exclusive rights to 90% of the geographical area of the State with less than 40% of the population without any concern of the requirement of other communities is not justified. In addition Meiteis also fulfilled all the criteria for inclusion in the list of ST.

(f) The tribal villages in the valley preserve their culture, tradition and identity. Therefore, Meitei settlements in the hill districts will not affect the culture and the identity of the tribes.

(g) The New Kuki tribes were driven out of Burma (Myanmar) and came to Manipur after 1830 AD. The Maharajas of Manipur gave them shelter and provided land to them; and now they also claim Meiteis have no land rights in the hill districts.

New Land Use Policy (NLUP).

The destruction of the dense forest, environmental degradation, soil erosion; and the poverty and the hardship faced by the farmers engaged in Jhum cultivation prompted the Government of Mizoram to conceive the New Land Use Policy (NLUP) in 1984.

In Manipur, soil erosion mainly due to shifting cultivation caused an estimated soil loss of 50 lakh cubic meters per annum and the area under dense forest reduced from 1.37 million hectares in 1975 to 0.65 million hectares in 2002-03 due to various activities. The Government of Manipur promulgated the New Land Use Policy (NLUP) of Manipur 2014 with the objective of inclusive development through effective land resource development and livelihood of the people.

It was strongly opposed by the United Naga Council (UNC) and stated that "The tribal population in Mizoram is 100% and so the legal implications of the policy are universal. In Manipur, tribal constitute 41% of the population but own 90% of the land. Hence, the policy will dilute their land rights" [6] . The Kuki Inpi also expressed that by bringing in this policy the Government is harping on forced acquisition of land using carrot and sticks policy and claimed that these policies were all in contravention with their cultural and traditional set up.

It is cleared from the statement of the UNC that the tribals are against the policy of the State Government mainly because of their desire to keep 90% of the land area of the State. An impartial, independent Land Commission can examine implication of NLUP to the tribals of Manipur and any delay in constituting the commission would adversely affect the development activities and the environment.

Autonomous District Council (ADC) and Inclusion in the Sixth Schedule.

The Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act was passed by the Parliament in 1971; and amended by the State in 2000, 2006 and 2008. The ADCs of Manipur don't have the legislative and judicial powers like the councils under the Sixth Schedule. The ADCs are not authorized to raise resources on its own. No separate budget has been allotted to the ADC and completely dependent on the State Government for their survival.

The Hill Area Committee (HAC) of Manipur passed a resolution in 1974 recommending the replacement of the District Council by the Sixth Schedule and re-affirmed its resolution in 1983, 1990 and 2002. The State cabinet recommended to the Central Government in 1991, 1992 and 2001. The Government of India (GoI) has notified the Manipur State Government to furnish details of the "local adjustments" and "amendments" required for inclusion in the Sixth Schedule.

Local adjustments and amendments are essential for the survival and the preservation of cultural identities all the ethnic groups in Manipur; and it would be impossible if 90% of the geographical areas of the State are placed under the administrative control of the Sixth Schedule without any local adjustments.

It would be naïve to expect that the tribals would accept any "local adjustments" and "amendments" recommended by the State Government in view of the claim for the entire hill districts. In order to resolve highly intricate, important and urgent issue, it would be prudent for an impartial Land Commission to examine the "local adjustments" and "amendments" for inclusion in the Sixth Schedule.

Inclusion of Meitei/Meetei in the ST List.

Though most of the Meitei converted to Hinduism about 300 years back, every house of the Meiteis still has a Sanamahi in the South West corner for worshipping Lainingthou. Every Meitei including the Hindus still preserve their age old Animism rituals like Thou Touba, Umang Lai, Lamkonba Lai, Sageigi Apokpa, Lai Harouba etc.

Meitei is the only indigenous people in the North East India not included in the list of ST. It was ST according to the census records of 1881, 1901 and 1931. However, from the Gazette of 1951 onwards, the Metei has been removed from the ST list without the approval of the Minister of Tribal Affairs, GoI [7].

The inclusion of a community as ST is an ongoing process and the essential characteristics, laid down by the Lokur Committee to be identified as ST are indications of primitive traits; distinctive culture; shyness of contact with the community at large; geographical isolation and backwardness [8].

The extension of Inner Line Permit (ILP) in December 2019 for the protection of cultural identities and socio-economic conditions of the people of Manipur has raised the hope for the inclusion of Meiteis and Panghals in the list of ST. However, some tribal organizations and student bodies oppose the demand.

Even after the inclusion of the Meiteis and the Paghals in the list of ST, it would be difficult for them to get land in the villages of hill districts as the customary law prohibited the tribal from selling land to people of the other villages. Therefore, it would be in the interest of peace and prosperity of all the ethnic communities to arrive at a consensus and constitute an independent Land Commission to examine the legitimate land rights of the all the ethnic groups.

Land Record.

In the absence of a clear land ownership rights, there are no credit facilities available to the potential entrepreneurs. There are hardly any viable gainful economic activities among the tribal population. Improved agricultural productivity is not possible because the majority of the tribal population still sticks to the economically unsound shifting cultivation practice [9] .

The land record is essential for obtaining financial assistance from the banks for various economic activities like improving the agricultural methods, converting the Jhum plot to WRC or terrace farming, fishery, poultry farm, starting of small scale industries, business etc. However, the tribals are resisting the survey of the land in the hill districts because of the fear of alienation of land and are keen to keep 90% of the geographical area of Manipur by adopting various means.

Only an independent Land Commission, including experts from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs of the GoI can determine the legitimate land rights of the tribals and eliminate the fear of land alienation.

To Whom the Land Belong?

In the past, there was no proper land record in the hill areas of Manipur. For this reason we do not have accurate information on land use and ownership among the people. Though there have been some studies on the subject, so far there is no comprehensive account of the tribal land use and land ownership pattern of the state. As a result, there are divided opinions as who really own the land [10].

A large numbers of tribals do not acknowledge that the hill districts were under the Maharaja of Manipur. However, the fact is that the tribals are availing the facilities of the ST under the Constitution of India due to the merger agreement signed by Maharaja Budha Chandra. In 1905, the boundary papers of the tribal villages were issued by the Political Agent, J Shakespeare in the name of the Maharaja of Manipur which indicated that the land belonged to the State.

The normal procedure of setting up villages in the hill districts with the permission of the Maharaja or the British also confirmed that the land belonged to the State. The villages which were set up without any permission may not be aware of the procedure or didn't want to make any effort for it.

Since, the permission had been given by the State to set up the village, the villagers are now the owners of all the land occupied by the villages and the land under various methods of cultivation, including the forest. On the other hand, all the vacant lands not occupied by the villages and not the property of anyone should be the property of the State Government. However, the tribals claim that all the land belongs to them and there is no vacant or Khas land in the hill districts.

Therefore, it would be prudent for an independent Land Commission to examine in totality the State Government land; and the land occupied and required by the STs in the hill districts for sustaining traditional means of livelihood.

Allotment of Land to the Actual Tiller and the Model Village.

The Net Areas under cultivation in the valley and the hill districts in 2017-18 were 112,870 and 113,310 hectares respectively. However, the Gross Areas and the yield in the valley were more than that of the hill districts due to multiple cropping, soil conditions, better methods of cultivation etc. Therefore, homestead land, woodland and all the land under various types of cultivations including Jhum plots and a large part of the unclassified forest are mostly essential for sustaining traditional means of livelihood of the tribals.

If the State Government gives the special incentive of individual allotment of the land under cultivation to the actual tiller without charging the premium amount for the possession of vacant land as they have been in occupation for a number of generations; it would improve the quality of life of the tribals and they would be eligible for the bank loan for converting Jhum plot to WRC or terrace farming or other economic activities. Minimum land revenue should be charged as the Rampaos of Kabui Nagas and the Kuki Chiefs charge only one and five tins of paddy respectively, for one Jhum plot in a year; and the Jhum cultivation plot is free for the villagers in the case of Tangkhul Nagas.

Since the Nagas enjoy the right of inheritance, occupancy and individuals have land tenures; and the Kabui Nagas have the fixed tenants of Jhum plots, it would be possible to allot the land to the individual tiller except for the community land. The community land may be allotted as recommended by the Land Commission.

The Rampaos are carrying out the duties of the elder of the clan for the sake of prestige and respect but not for personal profit. Some of them may volunteer to give the ownership of the land to the Laopaos or fixed tenants for the welfare of their clan. The Kuki Chiefs protested against the Manipur Hill Areas (Acquisition of Chiefs's Right) Act 1967; however, a few of them may also volunteer to give the ownership of the land to their respective villagers, if the Government is prepared to allocate the land without the payment of the premium amount.

The Kuki Chiefs and the Rampaos may not be the legitimate owner of the land, but they have been facilitating the livelihood of the villagers for many years and therefore, are more than a mere custodian of the village or clan land. An independent Land Commission may decide the compensation amount and modes of payment to the Kuki Chiefs, Rampaos or intermediaries.

If any Naga village, Kuki Chief or Rampao volunteers for the above scheme, the village may be developed as a Model Village. The State Government should take all the necessary proactive measures for the success of the model village and improvement of quality of life of the villagers at any cost so as to inspire the other villages to emulate.

National Policy for Schedule Tribe (Draft).

The number of tribes included the list of ST increased from 550 in 1951 to 705 in 2011, and among them 75 tribes are identified as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG). In Manipur 33 tribes are included in the list of STs and only Maram Naga is identified as PVTG. However, none of the STs in Manipur is included in the six primitive tribes of India.

The "Sentinelese" of the Sentinel Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (A & N Is) is the only tribe in India living in total isolation in their own way. The other tribes in the A&N Is. like the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Shompen live with limited contact with outsiders. However, the STs in Manipur have been exposed to the mission education for more than 100 years. Many of them have become doctors, engineers, IAS & IPS officers etc. and experts in various fields. They have settled not only in many parts of India, but also around the world.

The National Policy for Schedule Tribe (Draft) has come a long way from the isolation policy of the British towards the tribals and the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's "five principles". The policy seeks to bring Schedule Tribe into the mainstream of the society through a multi prong approach for their all round development without disturbing their distinct culture.

Gender equality and participation of the women is very important for the development of any society. It is time for the tribals of Manipur to critically examine the benefit for the continuation of the traditional system of administration based on the isolation policy of the British rule and consider working for the all round inclusive development to join the mainstream as envisaged in the National Policy for ST (draft).

Preservation of Cultural Identity.

Many writers commented that in Manipur, every small ethnic group wants to protect and preserve its identity at all cost. The Sikhs, Marathis, Bengalis, Tamils, Telegus etc. are settled all over India but all these communities have a state viz. Punjab, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh etc. where their cultural identities are preserved. Similarly, every ethnic group, however small, wishes for a place where their respective unique cultural identities are preserved.

The Bengal, Eastern Frontier Regulation1873 or Inner Line Permit (ILP) system was extended to Manipur by the order of the President of India on 11 December 2019. It was a historic step for preserving the cultural identities of the people of the State and it was possible due to the sacrifice of many individuals.

It is an acknowledgement by the GoI that the cultural identities and socio-economic condition of the people of Manipur including Meiteis are required to be protected like the tribes of Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh. The MLR & LR Act 1960 may be reviewed by an independent Land Commission with an aim to facilitate preservation of the unique cultural identities of all the ethnic groups and tribes in Manipur.

Conclusion.

Considering the above factors, it is critically essential to constitute an independent Land Commission headed by a retired Supreme/High Court judge with experts in the various fields such as tribal land rights and lifestyle, various methods of cultivation, environment and forest, planning, members of all ethnic communities of Manipur etc.

The commission should examine the existing land holding systems of the various ethnic groups, the MLR & LR Act 1960 and various Amendments, laws related to the use of forest, the existing land problems, various methods of cultivations etc. and recommend measures for improving the livelihood, quality of life, relations between the various ethnic groups including the following:

(a) Amendment to the MLR & LR Act 1960 to fulfil the aspirations of all the ethnic groups; and to facilitate preservation of the unique culture of all the tribes and communities.

(b) The land area, including forest area required in the hill districts for the long term sustenance of livelihood and prosperity of the STs. The process of the survey of land, preparation of land record, allotment of land to the actual tiller, the land ceiling etc.

(c) The "local adjustments" and "amendments" required for inclusion in the Sixth Schedule, laws relating to the use of forest by all the ethnic groups, measures to be initiated for improvement in the methods of cultivation and timeline for the gradual phasing out of the Jhum cultivation. The modality for working out the compensation to be paid to the Chiefs, Rampaos, intermediary or any other person.

(d) The Government land in the hill districts occupied by the existing infrastructures, offices, hospitals, schools, various types of forest, wildlife sanctuary etc. and the land required for the future expansion of the above infrastructures.

(e) Vacant Government land available in the hill districts for allotment to the other non- STs indigenous people of the State for setting up residential areas, industries, commercial areas, cooperative farming, private educational institutes and health facilities, hospitality industry, tourism etc. Any other vacant land, including non-arable and barren areas in the hill districts which can be used by the non-ST indigenous people for the above facilities.

Once all the ethnic communities get the land as per their legitimate right, the relation between them would gradually improve and would promote peace and prosperity in the State. The tribals would have the individual land documents and eligible for bank loans; and get freedom from money lenders.

It would empower the STs to think without the fear of land alienation about accelerating development, gender equality, selecting the best form of self-governance at the village level, traditional or the modern democracy at the grass root level, the Sixth Schedule or the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996 or PESA etc. The development works in the hill districts can also be expedited, if the Government land is available in the hill districts.

References:

6. UNC slams Manipur's land use policy, TOI, Gauwahati News, 06 July 2014.
7. Meitei Demand for ST. Imphal Times 12 March 19, Pocking nose….by Sanjenbam Jugeshwar Singh https://www. imphaltimes.com.
8. P 27 Statistical Profile of ST in India 2013, Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
9. John S. Shilshi-2007, Poverty, Development and Conflict among the Manipur Tribals by https://www. Asthabharati.org.
10. Prof. Lal Dena -2014, To whom the land belong? Land autonomy in the hill areas of Manipur, https://www.virthli.in.


Concluded


* L B Singh wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer is a Retired Captain, NM, Indian Navy and can be contacted at bimollaishram(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on July 06, 2020.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Addressing the Zeliangrong question
  • COVID-19 Status 10 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Ramkashing, Sinneihoi, Aton: eMing
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Women plug food supply gap during lockdown
  • NGO Studies (MAINS) program in South Korea
  • Initiate inquiry for Hospital refusal
  • Love in the Hard Times :: Poem
  • From cluster to local transmission
  • Negative remarks on positive activities
  • MK PB Singh, 1st CM & Mizo agitation
  • COVID-19 Status 9 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Azolla: An organic farmer's friend
  • Corona Came Calling... :: Poem
  • Manipur gi sakkhangbidraba yelhoumee
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Thousand questions to life but.. one answer
  • Time to take all into confidence
  • Yaoshang Thabal Chongba #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 8 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Impact of Covid-19 on mobile phone users
  • International Day of Indigenous Peoples
  • A call against systematic inequalities
  • August Diary :: Poem
  • A tale of Friendships Unlocked !
  • A Nuclear Free Future
  • Stay positive on Northeast plan
  • Is MSPDCL taking advantage of COVID-19
  • Folk Dance @Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 7 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Written obituary :: Poem
  • Truth unearth by COVID-19 pandemic
  • Clarification from SKY Hospital
  • COVID-19: Orders - 7 Aug: Govt of Manipur
  • Children's psychology & lockdown intervention
  • No confidence & godfather
  • Death in childbirth in the 21st century !
  • Need for a suitable pandemic model
  • Phuba Khuman in Senapati dist #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 6 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Thoubalphobia- Malemnganbi's Child Delivery
  • Why not establish veterinary college, Manipur
  • India-Myanmar Convergence :: Webinar
  • National Education Policy : A New Horizon
  • Wanted : Total figure of local transmission
  • Lets appreciates the thousands heroes
  • Become an Amateur Astronomer
  • COVID-19 Status 5 August: Govt of Manipur
  • BIG 17th call : Biotech Ignition Grant
  • Maya Kuki- 3 titles at IAWA India 2020
  • 2020 :: Poem
  • What is Intellectual Property Right (IPR)?
  • Art of running a coalition Govt
  • Traditional Raas Dance #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 4 August: Govt of Manipur
  • 2 from Manipur clear Civil Services Exam
  • Education Policy: Prospects & Way Forward
  • Appeal to stop Chromite mining
  • Agri-enterprises for Atmanirbhar North-East
  • Changes to make-up during COVID-19
  • Time to act sensibly
  • Barricading or brainstorming?
  • Tarao Laimanai, Chandel #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 3 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Ravi's take on China factor in NE Insurgency
  • Opportunities in post COVID days
  • Shifting of drug supply trend in Manipur
  • Hope in COVID Era !! :: Poem
  • Press Communique from NPF [3 Aug]
  • Stand on ST demand
  • Culturals @ Sangai Fest 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 2 August: Govt of Manipur
  • Misinterpretation of Naga Political Settlement
  • Home returnees, unemployment & ILPS
  • NEP to adversely affect future of North-east
  • Conflicts of laws on Child Marriage & POSCO
  • His Stoic Endurance :: Poem
  • 'Declare relatives working in Naga movement'
  • Rise from July 1 to August 1
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • COVID-19 Status 1 August: Govt of Manipur
  • CCC @ Khongnangkhong [Aug 1]: Gallery
  • Where are the men in family planning ?
  • Asymptomatic & Rapid Antigen Testing
  • Cosmic Lover :: Poem
  • Incremental benefit of cleaning Nambul River
  • Why only 5 Kg of rice to cardholders?
  • Imphal View from Nongmai Ching #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Id-Ul-Azha celebrated by Meitei Pangal
  • COVID-19 & its detection strategy
  • Physical Education & Sports @ MU
  • Naming the COVID vaccine
  • Withdraw MoUs signed for mining
  • More deaths, more concern
  • Ailing Nambul River recovering
  • Dr TS Gangte: Pioneer of higher education
  • COVID-19 Status 30 July : Govt of Manipur
  • August Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Hand sanitizer @Kakching [Jul 29]: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-20 : News Timeline
  • Orders / Memo on 30 July : Govt of Manipur
  • National Education Policy 2020
  • A Golden Jubilee Reunion :: Poem
  • Employment options in Insurance Industry
  • The Political life of the State
  • Recording death tally at four
  • Hentak :: An indigenous Manipuri food
  • COVID-19 Status 29 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Enforcement of COVID-19 Guidelines
  • My Love :: Poem
  • LPG management and supply
  • International Faculty Development Program
  • High-end Forensic Geology in crime scenes
  • Covid-19: Impact in Manipur :: Photos/News..
  • Manipur on the map of COVID death
  • Checking corruption: greatest joke of the year
  • Imphal during lockdown [26 July] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Plantation is no less a serious business
  • COVID-19 : Impact on mobility of women
  • Appeal to stop Mining in Ukhrul, Kamjong..
  • Making sense of lockdown
  • Non-Discrimination in combating COVID-19
  • Zeiladjang @ Makuai, Tamenglong : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Chassad & the Question of Justice
  • Online Training program for Police Officer
  • Proposal of Online Education: Its impact
  • The walls of Roman Londinium
  • Reminiscence of coming :: Book Review
  • Seeking to set house in order
  • The dawn of a new-normalcy
  • Imphal during lockdown [26 July] #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Delimitation amasung yelhoumee Meetei..
  • Investigative Journalism training conducted
  • Gas Balloons :: Poem
  • Career in insurance: Jobs for millions
  • Meet model teacher helping students
  • Understanding total figure of 2212
  • Manipur Art Fest 2019 #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 July : Govt of Manipur
  • PM calls for Vocal for Local to Manipur
  • Makhol_ Discussing Arts E2 with Astad Deboo
  • Society :: Poem
  • IQs & EQs of politicians
  • Living with COVID 19
  • 'Blood donors should be welcome'
  • Bracing for the worst
  • Princess & Political Agent launch #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Virus Fabrics Spray by Kakchingtambam Kiran
  • Tales from a conflict zone :: Poem
  • Why Manipur senior IPS officer shot himself
  • Anti Defection Law: Big Debate
  • COVID-19 vaccine : So near and yet so far
  • Central observers here after trip to Delhi
  • The limitation on Free Speech
  • Impact of COVID-19 on transgender
  • COVID-19 Status 23 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Love Story of Tonu Laijing Lembi
  • 29th NAMA Virtual Convention 2020
  • Understanding disasters & disaster mgmt #2
  • Seeking NHRC to intervent in Akhil Gogoi case
  • Impacts of COVID-19 on agriculture : Paper
  • Lockdown & opening doors to outsiders
  • In search of the elusive leader
  • Anti-Repression Day #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Race Apart ? :: Poem
  • Of political instability, COVID & war on drug
  • Preventing skin damage due to face masks
  • Issues raised by NPF Legislature Wing
  • Webninar : How to develop skills in writings
  • Nonsensical rush for fuel
  • When the virus starts attacking
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #3
  • COVID-19 Status 21 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Negatives turning positive, catastrophe in wait?
  • Environmental change : Uttarakhand : Rvw
  • Empathy Campaign at Imphal Airport
  • Rejoinder by Dr. Liezietsu [21 Jul]
  • Responsible conduct- Jiribam to Thoubal
  • BJP may be in trouble..
  • The Princess & Political Agent launch : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Governor & Maharani launch Binodini's Book
  • Mount Koubru: Its dying glory, & way forward
  • Govt expenditures on education in Manipur
  • 2nd Online Career counseling in IT
  • The last of the oaks :: Poem
  • Rising cases of infection
  • Manipur today is living on mercy of Delhi
  • HSE Toppers - Commerce stream : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #3: Gallery
  • Loktak Lake: A gem perishing front of our eye
  • Man behind 'Save Nambul'
  • X-rays and applications
  • COVID-19 pandemic & existential crisis
  • Training programme on mushroom cultivation
  • Best result in last three years
  • HSE Toppers - Science stream : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Understanding disasters & disaster mgmt #1
  • Salam Sangita : NE Women Success Stories
  • Subconscious Mind in COVID Era :: Poem
  • In quest of leadership
  • 4 BJP Ministers' visit to Delhi
  • HSE Toppers - Arts stream : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Between hospitals and hope
  • War on drugs: A losing battle in Manipur
  • Rays of the Setting Sun :: Poem
  • What actually LOP meant & intended : NPF
  • Rejoinder by Dr. Shurhozelie Liezietsu
  • Posers over Delhi trip
  • The face of justice
  • Class XII Result : Highest Marks
  • Class XII Result : Science Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Arts Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Commerce Toppers
  • Class XII Result : District PC
  • Class XII Result : Science
  • Class XII Result : Arts
  • Class XII Result : Commerce
  • COVID-19 Status 16 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Training programme on mushroom : Gallery
  • Diplomacy in Power & Leadership
  • PPE distributed to Community Health Centre
  • Think population studies as career
  • Intensify agitations as Govt fails to act
  • The Jiribam and Thoubal experience
  • Discovery of Thangjing hill range waterfall
  • Anti-Repression Day #1 : Gallery
  • Accelerating rights of women, post-COVID
  • Heritage Park @ Sangai Festival : Gallery
  • EEVFAM Foundation day : Gallery
  • Mining MoUs & Concerns in Manipur
  • Licypriya low-cost 'Face Shields' : Gallery
  • Airlifting of organic Pineapples : Gallery
  • 9th Manipuri Film Awards (MANIFA) Result
  • Yaoshang Halankar @BijoyGovinda #2: Gallery
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #2
  • Barak waterfall @ Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • Kanglen Aarti katpa #2 : Gallery
  • Eikhoigi Puwarini Nambul Turel #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #1
  • Takhelchangbam Kunjabihari : Wari Liba
  • I Rise :: Film Scenes : eRang
  • Class X (HSLC) Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Merit List
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Result Sheet
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Subject Toppers
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Statistics Abstract
  • Motsillaba Mingsel :: eRang Photos
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • SPONSORED ADS