Manipur State integrity : The importance of Tribal languages to strengthen it
- Part 4 -

Ragongning Gangmei *


1. Article 350-A

It seems, Manipur State Government is not aware of the Article 350-A of the Constitution of India

2. Printing of school textbooks of tribal languages:

There is no fund in the State Budget of Education Department, BOSEM and COHSEM for printing of school textbook of tribal languages in Manipur.

School textbooks are printed and distributed privately by the literatrure societies of the respective language groups with the meager financial assistance from the TRI.

3. Staff appointment exclusively for tribal languages:

The State Government of Manipur does not appoint any staff for tribal languages - neither in the Education Department nor in BOSEM and COHSEM. There is no arrangement at all.

4. Annual Financial Grant to the Literature Societies of tribal languages:

Manipur State Government does not give financial assistance to the Literature Societies of tribal language groups in the State to meet the costs of mainte rancesar.c concjct'.ng Aorxsnops, trainings, awareness campaigns, etc.

5. Teacher appointment for tribal languages:

As of now, there is no plan of the State government for appointment of teachers for tribal languages. Just for name sake, some language teachers were appointed by the State Government but none of them are utilised for teaching tribal languages nor given training for teaching in tribal languages.

6. Directorate of Language Planning and Implementation:

There is an empty Directorate of Language Planning and Implementation estab lished by the State Government some 3/4 years back. So far nothing is seen to have been done or achieved.

If one wishes to see the whole Manipur, he or she should have a look of all the indigenous ethnic communities of Manipur. They are - (I just want to repeat them again)

(1) Aimol, (2) Anal, (3) Angami, (4) Chiru, (5) Chothe, (6) Gangte, (7) Hmar, (8) Inpui, (9) Koireng, (10) Kom, (11) Kharam, (12) Lamkang, (13) Liangmai, (14) Mao, (15) Maram, (16) Maring, (17) Mate, (18) Meitei, (19) Meitei Pangal, (20) Mizo, (21) Monsang, (22) Moyon, (23) Nepali, (24) Paite, (25) Paumai, (26) Purum, (27) Ralte, (28) Ruangmei, (29) Sahte, (30) Sema, (31) Simte, (32) Tangkhul, (33) Tarao (34) Thadou-Kuki, (35) Thangal, (36) Vaiphei, (37) Zeme, (38) Zou.

The beauty of Manipur is made with them like a beautiful garden of variety of flowers. They are the mosaic of Manipur integrity. These ethnic groups of people have their own district languages which are the matters of heart and emotion of these ethnic communities. The State Government of Manipur is not taking care of them. Their voices are neglected by the State Government. They are not given heard. So these people are frustrated group of people in Manipur. They had submitted several memoranda and representations to the State Government.

Even they have published books, pamphlets, tracts, etc. on the attitude of the State Government towards tribal languages in Manipur. To mention a book popularly read by everyone is (State Apathy of Tribal Languages in Manipur" which was published by the Council of Tribal Languages and Literature Societies, Manipur. It was an attempt to highlight the issues of tribal languages in Manipur and intended to draw the attention of the State Government, elected people representatives, political communities, scholar community, elites and common people of the State.

Is the State administration genuinely interested in Manipur State integrity? If the answer is 'Yes', then they have to do homeworks, Homeworks within ourselves, Not at the territory fence. Territory fence is safeguard in tack by the above communities.

We have to commit ourselves to work hard in this direction.

For Language-touch, it does not acquire millions of rupees. It needs only 2 or 3 crores to be earmarked in the State Budget - an amount as small as the cost of a culvert or of a village community hall. But it can bring amazing changes in the State (Manipur), especially in consolidating emotional integrity of the State.

Discover the joy of sowing the seed of unity of the old languages of Manipur and experience the miracle of reaping the harvest of unity in the State (Manipur).

(i) The above information about neighbouring States are collected from our own sources. The Manipur State Government may collect the information from the respective State Governments to ascertain how the Article 350-A is implemented and how the tribal languages are promoted in our neighbouring States.


* Ragongning Gangmei wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on October 10, 2015.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Shopping: Sajibu Nongma Panba #2: Gallery
  • District Demand 2011-2018 :: Timeline
  • Jobs @SAIRAM at Langjing Achouba
  • Launch of Cafe 8 : Child Trafficking
  • NPF condemns violence in the State
  • AR celebrates 183rd Raising Day
  • Good governance : Proposal & practice
  • 7th Pay: Avoidable cease work strike
  • Enakta Leiringei (Film) #2 :: eRang
  • Mangchinkhup, Bondangpou :: eMing
  • Stall @Science Congress, MU #2: Gallery
  • Legal Awareness Workshop for Women
  • Jobs @Aayukshetram in Trivandrum
  • World Water Day 2018
  • A Homage to Stephen Hawking :: Poem
  • Is SoO serving its purpose ?
  • Nambul water : No longer safe
  • Yubi Lakpi @Yaoshang #1: Gallery
  • Cheirao Chingkaba @Singjamei : Gallery
  • Intl Day to End Racial Discrimination
  • Listen :: Poem
  • Burglary: security emergency in Lamka
  • Career options in printing press #2
  • Vitamin C: Antioxidant in your anti-ageing
  • Clarification regarding NIA summon
  • Issues of education should be priority
  • Why outside after Class XII ?
  • NSCN-IM asks Centre for 'clarity'
  • Teinem Luira Phanit @Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • PM Narendra Modi @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Candle Light for Pravish @Delhi: Gallery
  • RTE taunts Kamuching: Mapithel Dam
  • Please dont become slave to any holy book
  • Pravish's Parents meet HM Rajnath Singh
  • Assam Rifles celebrates Cheiraoba
  • Job requirements @SKY Hospital
  • Nursing opportunity across Europe
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Education: addressing the core issue
  • Call to amend the Army Act
  • MoUs inked to boost tourism in NE
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chingkaba #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sports @Kakwa: Gallery
  • Human right intimidated by SF: Amnesty Intl
  • Bikers rally to spread awareness on Cancer
  • TB survivor resolves to make TB-free ..
  • State Level World Kidney Day
  • Course in Comparative Literature at NEHU
  • Candle Light at DU for Pravish Chanam
  • PS issue stands as litmus test for CM
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #1 : Gallery
  • Premier League coaches train : Gallery
  • Culturals @ Republic Day #3 : Gallery
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #4
  • Radhakumar's Atoppa Sansar Amada #2
  • Prevention of cruelty to trees
  • Premier League coach train NE participant
  • GoI may sign agreement without NSCN(K)
  • Manipur celebrates New Year with gaiety
  • Zeliang denies involvement in terror funding
  • Shopping: Sajibu Nongma Panba #1: Gallery
  • Stall @Science Congress, MU #1: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba (Meitei New Year)
  • Saving Nambul: Convergence of view
  • Job @ PR Enterprises, Khurai
  • National Institute for Locomotor Disabilities
  • Seminar on 'Conflicts in South Asia'
  • Luck matters; but not always
  • On completing one year in office
  • Spectacle distribution at Loktak Station
  • DGAR visits Manipur on his farewell visit
  • PM at Science Congress @MU #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Water & color #3: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • A tribute to Stephen Hawking
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #3
  • Effect of a Sleepless Night :: Peom
  • Psychology at MIT School of Vedic Sciences
  • So near yet so far
  • Naga CSOs walking with JCILPS
  • Vegetables grown @Thanga #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Fancy Dress Contest: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khagempalli #2: Gallery
  • Truth of Life :: Poem
  • Celebration of womanhood
  • HQ IGAR (S) celebrates 15th Raising Day
  • Jet Airways for more flights for NE
  • Publicity doing good, Garbage filth continue
  • Other issue overriding education: Class XII
  • Wortam: The Rising Young Mashangva
  • Eidi Ethantani by Eyoom :: Review
  • OMCT : UA on harassment of Ranjeeta
  • Mass destruction of opium poppy cultivation
  • Career options in printing press
  • IBSD launches hi-tech facility for farmers
  • Bangalore Yaoshang - Cheiraoba Thabal
  • Quality over quantity
  • What will the PM have to say ?
  • Zeliang gets fresh summon from NIA
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni @Longmai (TML) #4 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Water & color #2: Gallery
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #2
  • BJP led Govt, not flunk in first year
  • Demand handing of Pravish case to CBI
  • PDA Govt claims false credit: NPF
  • Feminism & Path to Women's Liberation
  • Word of caution from Ibobi: BJP to listen
  • Yaoshang Cooking Contest #2 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #4 : Gallery
  • Radhakumar's Atoppa Sansar Amada #1
  • Nigol :: Poem
  • List of Portfolios : Nagaland Govt
  • Clarify: Report of Zeliang summoned by NIA
  • Academic Programs offered by PHFI
  • Cong speaks: Changes expected in future
  • One year under the BJP: Significant but..
  • Students @ Class X Exam #2 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khongman: Gallery
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #1
  • Cry Of A Dying River...21 :: Peom
  • Manipur-Nagaland border disputes
  • Not a word on beauty on Women's Day
  • Women Religious Tour reaches New Delhi
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #3 : Gallery
  • Chirom Indira- Nari Puraskar Award: Gallery
  • Human Rights Defender intimidated by Army
  • Rooftop Solar Power Plants: Gallery
  • Home stay for nature tourism in Manipur
  • Moodle: A learning management system
  • You can't stop small newspapers ...
  • BJP show in NE State: The backroom boys
  • Moldhin Chan: A Thado-Kuki Folktale #2
  • Yaoshang Nakatheng Chatpa #2 : Gallery
  • Mapithel Dam, Thoubal River & Tumukhong
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #2 : Gallery
  • Time for "Nokphade" to go global
  • Campaign on International Women's Day
  • War between Left & Right has begun
  • Poppy plantation, destruction & missing link
  • Yaoshang Halankar #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Water & color #1: Gallery
  • Harassment of Ranjeeta (HRA) by Army
  • Women's positions need to change
  • The Weeds :: Poem
  • We now know gold was created in space
  • Issues of women's rights should be priority
  • Protection of paddy land Act
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Bor-keina race @Yaoshang Fest : Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #1: Gallery
  • Tanushree @Elecrama Startup Award: Vote
  • Indian Science Congress in MU: Act East?
  • Fulbright 'pathways' for college leaving class
  • Job @ St. Stone Medical Devices
  • Army jawan martyred in Bongjai IED blast
  • National Integration Tour for Women
  • AR conduct Yaoshang sport festival
  • Condemns rising vendetta politics in NE
  • Yaoshang Sport - Marathon #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Keishampat #2: Gallery
  • NERIST Director post vacant since 2014
  • Dynamic Startup 3.0 at MIMS, MU
  • NDPP Legislature 1st Meeting at Kohima
  • 8th Theatre Olympics at Guwahati
  • Yaoshang Cooking Contest #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Keishampat #1: Gallery
  • Sentinel Cup Equestrian #5 : Gallery
  • Translating inclusion into seclusion is..
  • Condemns land acquisition of muslim
  • News erroneously portraying Zeliang
  • Report: Shillong Lajong vs East Bengal
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khagempalli #1: Gallery
  • LGBTQ Yaoshang Sports Meet #1 : Gallery
  • M. Shenbangpu : Akademi Award 2014
  • Tribe: A concept in a state of crisis
  • Neiphiu's NDPP-BJP alliance stakes claim
  • Digital footprints: Blueprints for detection
  • Rio refutes news about 'Naga Peace'
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Nakatheng Chatpa #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang with Governor : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Mei Thaba : Gallery
  • Saroi Khangba #3 : Gallery
  • Chirom Indira: Highest Civilian Honour
  • Rejoinder to "MCPCR in dire straits"
  • Stop harassment of Urikhimbham
  • Sadar Hills District Demand :: Timeline
  • 8th AMWJU Sports Meet : Gallery
  • March Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Yaoshang Thabalgi Sen Khaiba #2 : Gallery
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni @Longmai (TML) #3 : Gallery
  • Cultural @ Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • Festival of Colours to Sports Festival
  • Food Processing Training @Oinam : Gallery
  • Loree Kaju Luita Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabalgi Sen Khaiba #1 : Gallery
  • Lui-Ngai-ni Token Celebration at Chadong
  • Students @ Class X Exam #1 : Gallery
  • AoNna tEnaba :: Seireng
  • Thanga Keithel : Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Singcha Wuya Won @Kamjong #5: Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic