TODAY -

Manipur State integrity : The importance of Tribal languages to strengthen it
- Part 2 -

Ragongning Gangmei *



2) Undue period of years are taken for approval of tribal languages:
There are gross negligence of the State Government in the process of approval of tribal languages for introduction in the education system. To cite an example Liangmai Literature Society had applied for approval of Liangmai language in 1997 and it was approved only in 2012. The State Government took about 14 years - one and a half decade to approve it. Likewise all approved tribal languages took four to five years to go through the process of approval whereas such cases could have be done within 10/20 days time - one month at the longest. The action of the State Government is rather restriction of tribal languages than approval.

3) There is no proper State policy for promotion of tribal languages in the State.

4) The Hill Areas Committee of Manipur Legislative Assembly had adopted a Tribal Language Policy of Manipur on 16-11 -2010 and forwarded it to the Secretariat of the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Manipur for approval of the State Government vide Manipur Assembly Secretariat (HAC)'s Letter No.4/7/2002-LA(HAC) dated 18-11-2010. However, no response from the Secretariat of the Hon'ble Chief Minister. It seems, the same has been kept in the cold storage unattended to. This exhibits the cold attitude the office of the Hon'ble Chief Minister - the head of the State Government himself towards tribal languages in Manipur.

5) The Council of Tribal Languages and Litrerature Societies, Manipur (CLLSM) had submitted several Memoranda to the Hon'ble Chief Minister and saught appointment for interview time and again in this regard. But there was neither interview nor even a word of response from the office of the Hon'ble Chief Minister. This Council had submitted several Memoranda to the Hon'ble Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, Hon'ble Education Minister, Manipur; Chief Secretary, Principal Secretary(SE) and Principal Secretary (Finance). However, no response from the State Government at all till today.

6) The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur (CoSEM) is charging more than Rs. 15,000/- being Language Fees and Visiting Fees upon the schools or institutions which offer to introduce tribal language subject. This discouraged the schools or institutions to introduce tribal languages in the State and many tribal students are deprived of the opportunity of learning in their own mother tongues.

All these are the visible facts of State-sponsored linguistic racism in Manipur.

The State Policy of anti-tribal languages and its Negative Impacts in Manipur:

The State Government is ruining the fabric of 'unity in diversity' of the State by adopting anti-tribal languages policy in the State. The language policy of the State Government is creating artificial gap between the linguistically advanced people of the plain and linguistically backward people of the hills because the State Government is promoting Meitelon (Manipuri), Hindi and English only in the State whereas it is totally unconcerned about the tribal languages - the indigenous languages of Manipur.

The unconcerned and adamant attitudes of the State administration towards the tribal languages over the decades had slowly created negative impacts on the goodwill of the tribal people towards the State. It is a resultant of the State sponsored anti-people, anti-State and anti-Manipur integrity language policy. Demands for separate Home Land, Alternative Arrangement, Sixth Schedule, etc. by the hill communities are some visible signs of frustration following utter dissatisfaction with the State administrat in Manipur. Tribal languages are one that had been facing the apathy of Manipur State Government since the inception of the State.

State Initiative to Abolish Tribal Languages as Medium of Instructions

Lately, there is a strong apprehension of the people that the Education Department (Secretariat), Government of Manipur is taking up initiative to abolish tribal languages from being medium of instruction from Classes I to VIII. Tribal languages are approved as medium of instruction for all subjects, NOT only for mother-tongue subjects. There is a strong apprehension that the State Government is retsricting tribal languages only to mother tongue subjects. It is an attempt of the State Government to marginalise the tribal languages in Manipur. It is not far to seek. Fingers are pointing the onus of the State apathy of tribal languages and linguistic racism rooted in the State administration.

Manipur integrity is not weakened by the people, neither by Naga nor Kuki, neither by Meitei nor Meitei Pangal, neither by the people of valley nor of the hills. It is weakened by the short-sightedness policy of the State Government.

By bringing the facts furnished above to the notice of the general public of Manipur who are the ultimate owners of the land of Manipur, it is to humbly suggest that the indigenous languages and cultures of Manipur should be made instrumental to galvanize the fabric of State integrity, to strenghten the emotional integrity of the people and to make a better Manipur for peaceful co-existence of all communities with mutual understanding among each other. Keeping it in view, it is considered absolutely important to promote all the indigenous languages of Manipur. This will make everyone feels the spirit of belongingness to the State, homeliness and love of Manipur. It will generate emotional integrity and unity in the State. Then, no one will demand separate homeland, alternative arrangement, etc.

A humble Suggestion:

To galvanize the fabric of emotional integrity and strenghten the bone of brotherhood among the people of Manipur, it is to strongly suggest that the type of the Indegenous Brothers Meet annually organised by the Fourth World People of Kangleipak should be encouraged and should be held as State Function every year in Manipur. This type of State function will slowly and surely usher in oneness among the people of Manipur.

II

As aforesaid, Manipur is unity in diveristy, a miniature India and a beautiful land of multi-lingual ethnic communities. It is these people and their diversity that make Manipur. The multi-ethnic populace of the state is not a burden but a beautiful challenge today for all us - the people and the State administation - to achieve Manipur integrity. To achieve this beautiful challenge, indegenous languages of Manipur are one advantage to work with. Therefore, I cordially invite you to share the ideas of unity of the indegenous languages of Manipur to usher in unity and integrity in Manipur. To achieve it, first, we need to see (i) What policy the State Government is adopting in the matter of tribal languages in Manipur? and (ii) What our neighbouring States are doing for tribal language groups?

Article 350-A of the Constitution of India is a Constitutional Directive to the States relating to medium of instruction in the mother tongue at the schools to the children belonging to the of linguistic minority groups in the States, Union Territories and local authorities under them within the territory of India.

Article 350-A says-

'It shall be the endeavour of every State and every local authority within the State to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education (now secondary stage) to the children belonging to linguistic minority groups."

All the State Government of the north-east are implementing the Article 350-A fairly well in their respective States save Manipur.

The Nagaland State Government is on the top of it.

To be continued ...


* Ragongning Gangmei wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on September 23, 2015.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Heritage Park @ Sangai Festival : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 July : Govt of Manipur
  • EEVFAM Foundation day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Rise of emotionalism & loss of rationalism
  • Delimitation 4.0 in Manipur
  • 52 films compete at KASHISH 2020
  • Western slopes :: Poem
  • Batting for revival of Kamjong AC
  • Mining MoUs & Concerns in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 13 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Agriculture innovation to achieve food security
  • Lines for Children :: Poem
  • School business: True lies
  • 'Call for PDA Govt to step down is justified'
  • Donation of PPE to Chief Minister by SBI
  • Understanding containment zone
  • COVID-19 and the way forward
  • Licypriya low-cost 'Face Shields' : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Airlifting of organic Pineapples : Gallery
  • Annual Orphanage Visit at Pune
  • Licypriya Kangujam low-cost 'Face Shields'
  • 9th Manipuri Film Awards (MANIFA) Result
  • Twists & turns in resignation drama
  • Cheers to Tangkhul Forum of COVID-19
  • COVID-19 Status 11 July : Govt of Manipur
  • The Killing Fields 2013-20 : News Timeline
  • 11 July 2020 : World Population Day
  • Let the child LIVE!!!
  • You and Yours :: Poem
  • Webinar: The need of the hour
  • Tears still wet eys of extrajudicial victims widow
  • Yaoshang Halankar @BijoyGovinda #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Webninar: Re-imagine Ethnopharmacology
  • In-Situ & Ex-Situ Transmissions of COVID-19
  • Gyanendro Ningombam- Hockey President
  • Morning Prayer in COVID 19 Lockdown : Poem
  • PDA Nagaland : Meeting Resolutions
  • Wanted : Cooking Gas, Not Laughing Gas
  • The NPP conundrum
  • Save Nambul River
  • COVID-19 Status 09 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Stigma & COVID: Challenge in path to recovery
  • The mystery bird :: Poem
  • A dozen of Ministers is not enough
  • A.I in Modern Era
  • Consider cooperative as career choice
  • Time to strengthen party at grassroot level
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #2
  • COVID-19 Status 08 July : Govt of Manipur
  • The Flat Keys :: Poem
  • List of plenary talks @ RIST, MU
  • Combating COVID-19 by empowering youth
  • Distribution of Face Mask to Children Homes
  • Essay Writing Competition : My Idea of Justice
  • All eyes now on Thangmeiband, Jiribam
  • Barak waterfall @ Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 July : Govt of Manipur
  • NE natives dubbed as second class citizen
  • The changing trend of Media in Manipur
  • When I lost my hope :: Poem
  • Lockdown & its impacts on society
  • Understanding spirit of a coalition
  • Changing nature of Meiteilon- Pabung/Papa
  • COVID-19 Status 06 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Atha Kongyamba, Kimneichin: eMing
  • To my goddess of love :: Poem
  • COVID-19 & 14-day quarantine in Manipur
  • Humanitarian Award to Kuki Kanglai Lawmpi
  • NPF Reply to press statement by NDPP
  • NPCC Reply to press statement by NDPP
  • Sericulture as career choice
  • 157 Films to screen at KASHISH 2020 Virtual
  • Crucial days between collection & result
  • COVID 19 pandemic and Nambul River
  • Kanglen Aarti katpa #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Land Commission for improving relations #2
  • Honourable Governor R.N. Ravi effects!
  • Observation on Governor Letter to CM: NPF
  • Reconstitution of Jurisdiction of Zones
  • Complete lockdown in Jiribam amid Unlock 2.0
  • Eikhoigi Puwarini Nambul Turel #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Implication of Draft EIA Notification 2020
  • Plain packaging will aid in ending tobacco
  • The virus and I :: Poem
  • Impact of COVID-19 on students
  • Delimitation & development: Role of Census
  • War on invisible enemy
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #1
  • COVID-19 Status 03 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Online Painting/ Sketching Competition
  • Covid-19: Impact in Manipur :: Photos/News..
  • Extension of Disturbed Area Act in Nagaland
  • The Politics of South China Sea Disputes : Book
  • Xi Jinping - Know the man, his upbringing..
  • Save Nambul River mission
  • If 'Transparency' is an alien concept?
  • Fashion Show @ Sangai Fest #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Eikhoigi Puwarini Nambul Turel #1 : Gallery
  • German agency to support NE entrepreneurs
  • Naawa Seidum: 'Best Narrative Film' at MIFF
  • The twilight of nature :: Poem
  • Career scope in Chemistry
  • Condemns non-inclusion of bodo language
  • Compulsion behind 5 days ultimatum
  • Unfolding the menace of Health Department
  • View from Shirui Hills in Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Power dynamics: Leikai Clubs & Meira Paibi
  • People's charter of demands to PM & CMs
  • A discourse with my soul :: Poem
  • Can antiviral fabrics stop the spread of COVID
  • Design behind 'abnormal' growth ?
  • Apologetic misnomer
  • Kanglen Aarti katpa #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Land Commission for improving relations #1
  • National Statistics Day & Statistical system
  • Distribution of Face Mask to Old Age Homes
  • A walk on prime meridian
  • Manipur leads a valiant fight against COVID
  • 48 hours later and not yet a word
  • Fate of print media in aftermath of COVID-19
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 June : Govt of Manipur
  • July Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Cyberbullying using social media as weapons
  • Distribution of Face Mask to CRPF Personnel
  • Sports, children & transferability to classroom
  • The rain sings outside the window :: Poem
  • Online learning enrolments during lockdown
  • Morphing from negative to positive
  • COVID-19 and its impact to community
  • Gandhari (Dance Drama) #4 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Takhelchangbam Kunjabihari : Wari Liba
  • Antrimwanbut Khwan : Inpui emagazine
  • Public services essential to COVID response
  • Rajas & Maharajas in Parliament
  • Naga artist Ket Meth releases music video
  • Extending lockdown till July 15
  • Neire, Mei Taare- words of the new generation
  • COVID-19 Status 27 June : Govt of Manipur
  • E-Conference : New Frontiers in Science
  • COVID mirror
  • Property Sales & Client Support @ R-Square
  • SKY Hospital - 12th Foundation Day
  • Benjamin Tao - Convenor, Manipur, TICCI
  • Online Social Work Alumni Meet at RGU
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Has state BJP succumbed to NPP's pressure?
  • Individual responsibility to battle Corona
  • COVID-19 Status 26 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The Lushai Expedition, 1871-72
  • Intl Day in Support of Victims of Torture
  • Remember :: Poem
  • Yoga as career choice
  • Head count on contentious census
  • In the game of politics
  • I Rise :: Film Scenes : eRang
  • Kits to frontliners @ ISBT : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 June : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day against Drug Abuse [Jun 26]
  • Corruption: A National Security Issue
  • Book : Rights & Entitlements at Chandel
  • Power tussle amid pandemic
  • Still no checking on corruption
  • Sangai Fest [Dec 1 2019] #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Essentials must include reproductive health
  • To peruse a father's heart :: Poem
  • The importance of the way we think
  • Politics of South China Sea disputes : Book
  • Art of running a coalition Govt
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Sports and environment in Manipur
  • Corona stigma dogging even doctors & nurses
  • Mapping the Change Makers in North East
  • TNL knew better meaning of Quarantine
  • The Kukis, Justice and the UN
  • Scripting a high octane drama
  • QC at Saikul in Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Impacts of Mapithel dam on forest & climate
  • Kang Chingba (Rath Yatra) Festival :: Book
  • Messengers of hope on World Music Day
  • Sound of environment :: Poem
  • Online Conclave for Women Entrepreneurs
  • Admission for Class XI should not be closed
  • Approaching the four figure mark
  • Demoralizing anti-corruption crusade
  • Lameithanbi - a myth with geological linkage
  • COVID-19 Status 21 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Highways of Life - best film at DocFest B'desh
  • The Unwelcome Delimitation : Part - II
  • We and today :: Poem
  • Yoga - A need of the hour
  • Cupid in COVID times
  • Voices for & against delimitation
  • Amur Falcon Fest @Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • Gerrymandering in delimitation of AC
  • Jobs at LMP Technology, Canchipur
  • The gateway to heaven :: Poem
  • Nongpok Sanjenbam village #2 : Gallery
  • Axone & Lingering Question of Racism in India
  • Training : Prevention of Spread of COVID-19
  • Patents or people: Conundrum of healthcare
  • Rahul Gandhi birthday observed at Dimapur
  • Programme on Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Interesting election to lone RS seat
  • Arithmetic doesn't work in politics
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Training program on cultivation of mushroom
  • NHRC registered Case to investigate Oil Spill
  • Experience :: Poem
  • Floriculture as career choice
  • Quarantine Center @ Mantripukri : Gallery
  • What Now for Returning Migrant Workers
  • Activation of State Food Commission
  • At a crossroad :: Poem
  • Women Entrepreneurs' program in Northeast
  • 28 days quarantine period : TNL example
  • Arambam Samarendra Anniv #2 : Gallery
  • Class X (HSLC) Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Leirum and Luirim connotation
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Merit List
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Result Sheet
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Subject Toppers
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Statistics Abstract
  • Adieu to Pi, Themneihat ..
  • Quarantine @ UNACCO School: Gallery
  • Motsillaba Mingsel :: eRang Photos
  • Laibi Oinam : Lady Auto Driver ...
  • Train @Jiri [May 28] #2 : Gallery
  • Measures @ Imphal Airport - 25 May : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #2: Gallery
  • Items distributed to Tarao -Apr 23 #2: Gallery
  • SPONSORED ADS