TODAY -

Manipur State integrity : The importance of Tribal languages to strengthen it
- Part 2 -

Ragongning Gangmei *



2) Undue period of years are taken for approval of tribal languages:
There are gross negligence of the State Government in the process of approval of tribal languages for introduction in the education system. To cite an example Liangmai Literature Society had applied for approval of Liangmai language in 1997 and it was approved only in 2012. The State Government took about 14 years - one and a half decade to approve it. Likewise all approved tribal languages took four to five years to go through the process of approval whereas such cases could have be done within 10/20 days time - one month at the longest. The action of the State Government is rather restriction of tribal languages than approval.

3) There is no proper State policy for promotion of tribal languages in the State.

4) The Hill Areas Committee of Manipur Legislative Assembly had adopted a Tribal Language Policy of Manipur on 16-11 -2010 and forwarded it to the Secretariat of the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Manipur for approval of the State Government vide Manipur Assembly Secretariat (HAC)'s Letter No.4/7/2002-LA(HAC) dated 18-11-2010. However, no response from the Secretariat of the Hon'ble Chief Minister. It seems, the same has been kept in the cold storage unattended to. This exhibits the cold attitude the office of the Hon'ble Chief Minister - the head of the State Government himself towards tribal languages in Manipur.

5) The Council of Tribal Languages and Litrerature Societies, Manipur (CLLSM) had submitted several Memoranda to the Hon'ble Chief Minister and saught appointment for interview time and again in this regard. But there was neither interview nor even a word of response from the office of the Hon'ble Chief Minister. This Council had submitted several Memoranda to the Hon'ble Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, Hon'ble Education Minister, Manipur; Chief Secretary, Principal Secretary(SE) and Principal Secretary (Finance). However, no response from the State Government at all till today.

6) The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur (CoSEM) is charging more than Rs. 15,000/- being Language Fees and Visiting Fees upon the schools or institutions which offer to introduce tribal language subject. This discouraged the schools or institutions to introduce tribal languages in the State and many tribal students are deprived of the opportunity of learning in their own mother tongues.

All these are the visible facts of State-sponsored linguistic racism in Manipur.

The State Policy of anti-tribal languages and its Negative Impacts in Manipur:

The State Government is ruining the fabric of 'unity in diversity' of the State by adopting anti-tribal languages policy in the State. The language policy of the State Government is creating artificial gap between the linguistically advanced people of the plain and linguistically backward people of the hills because the State Government is promoting Meitelon (Manipuri), Hindi and English only in the State whereas it is totally unconcerned about the tribal languages - the indigenous languages of Manipur.

The unconcerned and adamant attitudes of the State administration towards the tribal languages over the decades had slowly created negative impacts on the goodwill of the tribal people towards the State. It is a resultant of the State sponsored anti-people, anti-State and anti-Manipur integrity language policy. Demands for separate Home Land, Alternative Arrangement, Sixth Schedule, etc. by the hill communities are some visible signs of frustration following utter dissatisfaction with the State administrat in Manipur. Tribal languages are one that had been facing the apathy of Manipur State Government since the inception of the State.

State Initiative to Abolish Tribal Languages as Medium of Instructions

Lately, there is a strong apprehension of the people that the Education Department (Secretariat), Government of Manipur is taking up initiative to abolish tribal languages from being medium of instruction from Classes I to VIII. Tribal languages are approved as medium of instruction for all subjects, NOT only for mother-tongue subjects. There is a strong apprehension that the State Government is retsricting tribal languages only to mother tongue subjects. It is an attempt of the State Government to marginalise the tribal languages in Manipur. It is not far to seek. Fingers are pointing the onus of the State apathy of tribal languages and linguistic racism rooted in the State administration.

Manipur integrity is not weakened by the people, neither by Naga nor Kuki, neither by Meitei nor Meitei Pangal, neither by the people of valley nor of the hills. It is weakened by the short-sightedness policy of the State Government.

By bringing the facts furnished above to the notice of the general public of Manipur who are the ultimate owners of the land of Manipur, it is to humbly suggest that the indigenous languages and cultures of Manipur should be made instrumental to galvanize the fabric of State integrity, to strenghten the emotional integrity of the people and to make a better Manipur for peaceful co-existence of all communities with mutual understanding among each other. Keeping it in view, it is considered absolutely important to promote all the indigenous languages of Manipur. This will make everyone feels the spirit of belongingness to the State, homeliness and love of Manipur. It will generate emotional integrity and unity in the State. Then, no one will demand separate homeland, alternative arrangement, etc.

A humble Suggestion:

To galvanize the fabric of emotional integrity and strenghten the bone of brotherhood among the people of Manipur, it is to strongly suggest that the type of the Indegenous Brothers Meet annually organised by the Fourth World People of Kangleipak should be encouraged and should be held as State Function every year in Manipur. This type of State function will slowly and surely usher in oneness among the people of Manipur.

II

As aforesaid, Manipur is unity in diveristy, a miniature India and a beautiful land of multi-lingual ethnic communities. It is these people and their diversity that make Manipur. The multi-ethnic populace of the state is not a burden but a beautiful challenge today for all us - the people and the State administation - to achieve Manipur integrity. To achieve this beautiful challenge, indegenous languages of Manipur are one advantage to work with. Therefore, I cordially invite you to share the ideas of unity of the indegenous languages of Manipur to usher in unity and integrity in Manipur. To achieve it, first, we need to see (i) What policy the State Government is adopting in the matter of tribal languages in Manipur? and (ii) What our neighbouring States are doing for tribal language groups?

Article 350-A of the Constitution of India is a Constitutional Directive to the States relating to medium of instruction in the mother tongue at the schools to the children belonging to the of linguistic minority groups in the States, Union Territories and local authorities under them within the territory of India.

Article 350-A says-

'It shall be the endeavour of every State and every local authority within the State to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education (now secondary stage) to the children belonging to linguistic minority groups."

All the State Government of the north-east are implementing the Article 350-A fairly well in their respective States save Manipur.

The Nagaland State Government is on the top of it.

To be continued ...


* Ragongning Gangmei wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on September 23, 2015.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Renu Takhel: UN Human Rights, Geneva
  • Hunting in the Himalayas :: Book Review
  • Justification: against Meeteis ST demand
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Executive Committee 2019 of BMSA
  • Google Workshop on Journalism
  • High level of air pollution
  • Way to go as but hopes stir
  • CCpur Dance @Keibul Lamjao : Gallery
  • The East Wind from Yunnan
  • Journey into Nature of Human Culture #1
  • Yaoshang Thabal :: Poem
  • North East NSS Festival begins
  • Talking... ending social media introversion
  • Opposing stand on ST demand
  • Kounu Lairembi Haraoba #1 : Gallery
  • Nipalsuba Mapok : Shumang Leela
  • Women's Bill : A passage to nowhere?
  • Challenges in elderly for medical tests
  • All's fair in love in war: Nitza :: Review
  • Why I write ?
  • Looking back to 2012, 2014 elections
  • Mukna Kangjei #2 : Gallery
  • Mova Cave of Hungpung in Ukhrul
  • Catapults, Molotov Cocktails & Music!
  • Appeal for Meitei's demand for ST
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Google News Training for Journalists
  • Of Crimes Against Humanity :: Poem
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Mary Kom to skip Asian championship
  • Thabal chongbagi SenKhaiba : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong women: Role in society #2
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 69 :: Poem
  • Nationality & Gorkha statehood movement
  • Free Children Heart Surgery Camp
  • Workshop on Python Programing at MU
  • Lining up for BJP, Cong
  • Indian Politics after Pulwama Terror Attack
  • Sory Wahengbam : eRang Actress Profile
  • International River Day @ Nungbrung Village
  • Nongthombam Biren: People's CM
  • Can Jamir Do A Lazarus ?
  • Dr. Shantibala's The Sacred Witch :: Review
  • Rural development process
  • Eyeing 22 out of 25 in North East
  • Interfering the media
  • Myanmar army cracks down on NSCN (K)
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • Chirangchaibi, Abenao :: eMing
  • Komorebi - The Longing :: Poem
  • Little love in twilight of life
  • Election code of conduct anytime
  • Surveying India's unemployment numbers
  • DAMMS' statement on Meitei ST Demand
  • Choosing the right candidate
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • The Innampei festival of Chothe #2
  • CC Meet: SU vs NACO : Gallery
  • AEbu tuMduna lEKi gad_ra :: Seireng
  • That Hurts :: Poem
  • Workshop on Statistical Data at MU
  • The International Women's Day
  • Politics : A way of life !
  • Celebrate festival of democracy responsibly
  • The truth unfolded
  • Nipalsuba Mapok #1 : Gallery
  • Maisnam Renuka's Painting : Gallery
  • Parental Alienation: Poem 2 : Poem
  • The cost of a vote
  • Motivation & rewards for development
  • Career options in Commerce stream #2
  • Forest rights more than nine-tenths
  • Setting back final deal by 60 days
  • Traffic woes
  • slams Nagaland CM's statement on ILP
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #4
  • Laiphrakpam Ashok Kumar: Akademi Award
  • ST Demand Rally [Mar 3] #2: Gallery
  • Mee Manukhang will not be televised
  • Govt should grant prosecution sanction
  • Zeliangrong women: Role in society #1
  • General Strike mapung fana chathari
  • Rolling out Lok Sabha schedule
  • Saroi Khangba @Imphal : Gallery
  • 'Women Health' Workshop : Gallery
  • Manipuri Muslims Conference : Report
  • Meetei ST demand bu lanna uhanbiganu
  • Caveman & Children of (19)70s : Poem
  • Workshop on "Women Health" at Pune
  • Natural facial at home for glowing skin
  • Inauguration of NSS Camp at ADBU
  • Changing Manipur - which direction ?
  • Nongkhrang Ehanba @Lilong #2 : Gallery
  • Cessation of hostilities to POW
  • Magical power of music
  • Intl Women's Day requires regrouping
  • General Strike Mapung Fahanbiyu
  • Pravish's Case disposed by CJM
  • NSS Camp at Assam Don Bosco
  • Former Cong leader welcomed at Dimapur
  • Never asked India for land quip
  • Issues of women's rights
  • Barak Fest @ Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #1: Gallery
  • Reading Megh-dut in Manipuri #2
  • To be a woman and to be in India
  • Cry of a Dying River - 68 :: Poem
  • Can Meitei/Meetei be a tribe ?
  • Raging debate over ST demand
  • Climate change matters
  • Class X Exam @Johnstone : Gallery
  • ciH Amadi tMgi KeYnaba :: Seireng
  • Yaoshang be observed as 'Sports Week'
  • Hmar Inpui Assembly at Churachandpur
  • Jute bags versus Lenobags
  • ...Work for social justice
  • State of higher education here
  • Creating an education-friendly atmosphere
  • Shopping for Shivaratri #1: Gallery
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #3 : Gallery
  • Reinvigorating the Awl-len festival
  • I am a poet :: Poem
  • Roles of Members of Parliament
  • Don't just age gracefully - Age beautifully
  • SRF/JRF for Mizoram University [Upd]
  • ST status campaign : An overview
  • May be this time it may happen
  • ST Demand Rally [Mar 3] #1: Gallery
  • Sanaroishingee Nunit : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to TNL's Diatribe on the Kukis
  • Schemes of Panchayati Raj #2
  • Career options in Commerce stream
  • 3 Resolutions from ST Demand Rally
  • NPF on Nagaland Budget Session [Feb 25]
  • LS elections :: Key : Choice of candidates
  • Price of development
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #1: Gallery
  • Nagaland Dance @Sangai Fest : Gallery
  • Bad Boy Eats the Yellow Snow
  • Name :: Poem
  • Alcohol prohibition
  • Treading murky waters
  • PM Kisan: Reducing risk..increasing return
  • Rallying around ST demand for Meiteis
  • Myanmar Army takes control of NSCN (K)
  • Henjunaha #3 :: Funga Wari
  • Reading Megh-dut in Manipuri #1
  • Purnima Ngangom's Painting : Gallery
  • Impact of Anglo Manipur War 1891 #2
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Lived across LoC
  • Most Beautiful Woman in World : Poem
  • CAB no more issue
  • Traditional Raas Dance #2: Gallery
  • Cultural @Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • RS adjourned without CAB: What now? #3
  • Retrospection on Sport person's Day
  • Marriage ceremony : Zeliangrong & Tai #3
  • Thadou Inpi & TSA not under KIM & KSO
  • Bioscope show
  • The haunt continues
  • Positive change in behaviour of cops
  • Maharaj Kumar Priyabarta Singh : Profile
  • March Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • CV Raman & National Science Day
  • Cry of a Dying River - 67 :: Poem
  • Tour of laboratory by a blood sample
  • MU celebrate National Science Day
  • Science Day at DM Community College
  • Displeasure over attitude of PDA :: NPF
  • The making of a united India
  • Morning air raid at JeM camp
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #3: Gallery
  • Arunachal PRC Issue: Vis-a-vis Gorkha
  • Literary representation of political violence
  • Understanding distance learning
  • Good governance required in Arunachal
  • Save energy, ecology & humanity
  • Framing of guideline for school transporter
  • Yubi Lakpi #1 : Gallery
  • Holi Pala @Sangai Festival : Gallery
  • Indie films: Loktak Lairembee & Soni #2
  • Workshop on Python Programming at MU
  • They say :: Poem
  • Election manifesto for all & sundry
  • Camellia oil for heavenly beauty
  • Programme on Road Traffic Safety
  • PRC: Appeal to Governor of Arunachal
  • Towards optimistic ideology
  • The task ahead of STDCM
  • The Innampei festival of Chothe #1
  • My encounter with a Japani
  • Korean Seminar of Hangeul Day at MU
  • Total ban on polythene bags need of hour
  • The Masked Painter :: Poem
  • Arunachal Issue : Representation to HM
  • The Consumers' Rights
  • CAB in a new avatar ?
  • Singcha Wuya Won @Kamjong #2 : Gallery
  • Konthoujam Maikel's Painting : Gallery
  • Impact of Anglo Manipur War 1891 #1
  • RS adjourned without CAB: What now? #2
  • Hole in the bag :: Poem
  • Climate change: Dual perspective
  • Pui Jianna Thangamliu :: eRang
  • March Past: Republic Day: Gallery
  • Dark light and The Wishess' might
  • Manipur on Meitei edge
  • Belshazzar's feast - A failed mission
  • Education in the era of Google
  • Healing is different from cure ....
  • RPL trainees of Garo Hills - II
  • MHA "notification"
  • Nagaland- Feb 26 : Sense of urgency
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #2: Gallery
  • Police check @Jirimukh, Jiri : Gallery
  • Nongkhrang Ehanba @Lilong #1 : Gallery
  • Traditional Raas Dance #1: Gallery
  • Rajkumar Singhajit : Tagore Award 2014
  • Mukna - Indigenous Games : Gallery
  • Dzukou Valley, Senapati : Gallery
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #2 : eRang
  • Thamoise Foidattuna :: e-pao Radio
  • Check Post (ICP) @ Moreh : Gallery
  • Konthoujam Maikel (Painter) :: Profile
  • Onetwo Okram : Singer- Profile :: eRang
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3 : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • SPONSORED ADS