TODAY -

Understanding the effect of Naga Nationalism movement
- Part 1 -

ZK Pahrü Pou *



If we are to assume that Naga National Movement started right after the First World War, then the Nagas will be celebrating the Movement's Centenary (100 Years of its existence) within 10 years period. While acknowledging the priceless sacrifices made by our National Workers in carrying forth and making known the Rights of the Nagas to International community, it is also time for us to examine the effect of this Movement locally.

During these decades of struggle what have we achieved? What have we learned? What are the effects of this Movement? Till today there is no any tangible or workable political solution in sight yet the enormous effects of the Movement is apparently clear. This article highlights some of the effects of the Movement and the need to intervene by the Naga public in deciding the future of it.

Effect on Religion (Christianity).

Christianity, although undeclared, is the State religion of the Nagas today. Without Christianity the Naga National Movement could have died many years back. The Movement got its strength from Biblical stories and teachings. As this Movement gained strength it helped Christianity to spread its tentacles more widely in the Naga soil. They fed each other well.

Because of this connection, the Movement is able to face various difficulties, overcome hurdles and survive for decades. The Movement got the support of the public in the form of 'Christians'.

By and large, non-Christians were assumed to be 'non-loyalists' or people who have little or no concern at all for the Nagas' cause. Majority, if not all, of our Underground Cadres are Christians. Interestingly many of these cadres have converted many non-Christians into Christianity through means of threats.

Once the Nagas become Christian, they called themselves "Second Israel" (God's elected people or race). Selected Bible chapters and verses were used by many Naga preachers to describe the Nagas as the "Second Israel", "Chosen People", "Holy Nation", "Called out from darkness" and so on.

Rainbow—the covenantal symbol between God and the whole creation—was chosen as the emblem of Naga National Flag. Many prophecies speak about the same thing. The biblical stories of the Exodus and the Conquest of Canaan by the Israelites were earnestly interpreted and used by Naga nationalists to promote their ideology and justify killings.

These were used not only to justify the killings of enemies (supposedly Indian and Myanmar armies) but even Naga brothers and sisters (by often quoting Achan—an Israelite who was assumed to be responsible for Israel's defeat in a war against Ai—as an example). The Exodus story of the Israelites was then taken as a valid paradigm for and by the Nagas to assert their right to political freedom from the dominant and oppressive countries.

Unfortunately, the whole presentation of God in the Bible was overshadowed by the event of Exodus from Egypt and its subsequent conquest of Canaan by Israel people. God, as understood by the Nagas from this perspective, was the One who helped His people (Israel) to kill enemies mercilessly to the extent of wiping out the whole population and properties in order to achieve the goal of the supposedly God's 'elected people' (Israel people). Encouraged by this kind of half-baked understanding of biblical stories, killings go on unabated in Naga's land.

Naga Churches are often asked to pray for the Cadres so that no harm would come upon them. Those who perpetrate violence continuously justified themselves or its act by using biblical texts—dragging God's name unmindfully to suit their action. God of life is hence depicted as God of destroyer and killer.

Will God, who is the author of life, be really happy with us when we destroy life? Life is a free gift from God. We have no right to take away a person's life (whether righteous or unrighteous). Life of all people is protected strongly through one of the Ten Commandments which says, "DO NOT KILL". Jesus came to this world to give life (physical and spiritual) so that we might have life and have it abundantly.

The Nagas are very unfortunate because we have turned Christianity—the religion of life into a religion of death, religion of love into a militant and violent religion, religion of forgiveness into a religion of vengeance. If anyone or any organisation uses the Word of God or God's name to justify killing, they are doing so in their own risk. God's vengeance will come upon them.

II. Effect on Economy

Let us presuppose that there are around 5000 able bodied Naga national workers in all the factions of the Nagas who are not in any way involved in labour-intensive work. Also let us take Rs 150 as an average daily wage per person per day. If we multiply 5000 (Naga national workers) by Rs. 150 (a day's wage of a person) then the net wage is 5000 x Rs. 150 = 7, 50, 000 (Seven lakhs, fifty thousand rupees) per day.

If we calculate for one month, it will be Rs. 7, 50, 000 x 30 days = Rs. 22,500,000 (per month). You may calculate for one year and see the answer! The economy of the Naga public is affected badly by this Movement. Frequent confrontations with the Indian Armies and among the Naga different factions resulted to a halt of economic activities such as closure of shops, imposing of curfew, etc.

What has happened to Shiroi Villagers (in Ukhrul) is a startling example of this. Apart from losing this huge amount of money of wage (earnings), the Naga public also pays taxes (house tax, vehicle tax, shop tax, employment tax, etc), to various factions. In addition to collection of tax, we often hear intimidation and extortion of money from Naga public by our national workers.

We are also convinced that our national workers are involved in various cases of kidnapping and even murdering to get ransom as Newspapers testify it many time. The temptation to materialism has put many national workers behind bars as they involve in black-market. In most of the Government's schemes too there is certain deduction of money by Naga national workers.

Many contractors cannot get their jobs done without the consent of the Naga nationalists. Many developmental projects in Naga's land (especially in Manipur Hill Districts) came to a halt for the reason best known to our National workers. How much amount of money is being paid to various factions each month or year by an individual, village, organisation or institution is difficult to ascertain.

Certainly it will be in terms of Crores of Rupees. And how do they spend the huge amount of money collected through various sources? Palatial buildings with modern furnishings, extensive fence around the residence, latest model of vehicles, Television set, mobile phones, and other costly gadgets they possessed may well help us to understand to a great extent apart from the fact that this money is also spent for Naga National cause.

My daily wage as a Lecturer is around Rs 270 per day. This amount could be nothing comparing to an income of a mere factional cadre (Commander) in-charge of a small town. Fortunate Naga farmers get Rs 100 to Rs 200 per day. Majority of the Nagas will be getting only Rs 50 to Rs 80 per day in spite of engaging in tough work. This is how the Naga public earns and supports the Naga national movement.

Our Naga national workers must think seriously through whose labour they are surviving. They must think twice before collecting money from the public. They must love the public and think seriously before spending the public's money. Farmers take great care in spending just Rs 10 in a day as they know the value of hard-earned money. Many of our national workers are spendthrift. This could be because that they do not know the value of money as they do not earn money through hard labour in any way.

To be continued....



(The article is intended to create awareness among the Naga public and urged them to involve in the Movement so that Solution to the Indo-Naga problem would be arrived at in the earliest in a way acceptable to all Nagas. If the article hurts the sentiment of any individual or organization, I express deep regret and ask apology for the same.)


* ZK Pahrü Pou wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on September 21st, 2009.




* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Arts Exhibition @ MU #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Women's Film Festival 2021 at MSFDS
  • Totem of natives of North East India #2
  • As I see the world in one page :: Poem
  • AMWJU Meeting Resolutions : 05 March 2021
  • Breaking down silos to look beyond exams
  • Mova Cave @ Hunpung, Ukhrul #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • PROMYS, a summer program in mathematics
  • Meeting of AMWJU : 05 March 2021
  • Dissecting Bird flu
  • Will Bengal vote for a poroborthon ?
  • Job @ Cobigent Technologies
  • Film : Is it a medium or an art form? #2
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Emergency Meeting of AMWJU : 04 March
  • Golden Jubilee of Manipuri Cinema
  • Impact of Climate Change in Agriculture
  • Paradigm shift in role of public sector
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • The God Lainingthou Thangching Koylellai
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • When all goes wrong
  • Are we failing children in the HIV response?
  • Counter-cyclical fiscal policy
  • Where will ST demand stand in next election?
  • Ningtham Kummei: Dance Drama #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Wungreikhan, Chao Shang Un: eMing
  • Empowered teachers for local efficiency
  • First step towards regulation of social media
  • Of resignation dramas & disqualifications
  • Today's Manipur as reflected in media
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kpi District #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Totem of natives of North East India #1
  • 5 days with Bhaktisvarupa Damodara Swami
  • National Science Day 2021 at Lilong
  • Themes & objectives in National Science Day
  • More teeth to war against drugs
  • Mayang Imphal Keithel #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur COVID Vaccination Report : 26 Feb
  • March Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Road from Imphal to Yangkhullen #2: Gallery
  • Best Panel Lawyer, Best DLSA in Manipur
  • Sustainable Agriculture: Key to Food Security
  • Film : Is it a medium or an art form? #1
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Buyer Seller Meet @ Hotel Imphal: Gallery
  • Job @ Makok Technologies, Keinou
  • Should Meetei belong to Minority or ST #2
  • Colour your hair, limit the damage
  • Medical camp at Lamlaba Village, Tamenglong
  • Japan Lan: Life In Kangla Sangomshang
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • AMWJU Meeting : Resolutions [Feb 25]
  • Positions @ KIIT-Tech Business Incubator
  • 'Seeding Gampreneurs' transforming villages
  • Orchidarium at IBSD Shillong is reopened
  • Cracking down on 'errant' teachers
  • Chadong Village/Chadong Lake #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Folktales of Mao Maram & Poumai : Gallery
  • Guwahati Session : World Meetei Convention
  • HIV science has advanced but ...
  • I will rise :: Poem
  • Not the time to let the guards down
  • Journalism is not everybody's cup of tea
  • Foot bridges in Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • AIFF recognised Andro Girls Team : Gallery
  • Relief @ Songlung, Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • Lecture on medicinal plants at IBSD
  • Jobs @ Neopath Technologies, Imphal
  • Students on the protest path
  • Ignoring the core issues
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #18
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Implementation: Climate Change : Gallery
  • KAPU Meet: Tribute to Late Benny Khongsai
  • Career options in beauty industry
  • Meet on capacity building on energy efficiency
  • Need to establish cause of death
  • Don't break the bone
  • Shirui Lily Festival 2019 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Nakamh-Riangsuanneic - Folklore Film Fest
  • Should Meetei belong to Minority or ST #1
  • Aspergilloma of lung
  • From wetlands to dry lands
  • Ipudhou Pakhangba Puruksoubi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Sit-in-protest against bomb threat : Gallery
  • Young Generation and Modernization
  • The Mansion :: Poem
  • Netaji's DNA & INA Moirang
  • Demonstration demanding to cut Price Hike
  • 'Condemn hurling grenade at Governor'
  • Fulfilling the long cherish dream
  • Churachandpur Profile
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Paoyi villagers with CM : Gallery
  • Predicament of Journalists & Media Houses
  • A day of stardom for Thoiba Singh at Seoul
  • Lay off hands on the media
  • Smiles of the Emas
  • Cherry Blossom at Mao #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Basak: A dying art form
  • World War II, INA & Manipuri Literature #2
  • Meeting of AMWJU : Resolutions [Feb 18]
  • CM & Governor urged to cut down price hike
  • Union Minister for Social Justice meet CM
  • Seram Neken joins Congress party
  • Snowfall at Shirui, Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Meitei-Pong Relations & Conquest of Khampat
  • Dying of Yongchak: declare National Disaster
  • Protection of tribal land in Manipur #2
  • Is policing pandemics different... ?
  • Home remedies for winter hair problems
  • Facets of human trafficking in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Road from Imphal to Yangkhullen #1: Gallery
  • Understand prerequisits for ST tag
  • When all goes wrong
  • Centre Head @ JCRE School of Hospitality
  • Khamba Thoibi Jagoi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Re-Opening of Ima Keithel : Gallery
  • Emergency Meeting AMWJU: Resolutions
  • ICERME-2021: Intl Conference on SDG-7
  • Law in Motion : Basics of Law
  • Discussion on Koubru Chinggoirol #2
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni - Naga Seed Sowing Festival
  • Wung-Hao of Tangkhul & Chinese Counterpart
  • World War II, INA & Manipuri Literature #1
  • 3rd Jump Rope Championship : Result
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #17
  • Book: Manipur-Myanmar connections: Gallery
  • Mushroom training at Tentha Heibung
  • Workshop on GeoGebra at IISER Bhopal
  • Indian Women & Maths annual conference
  • Walking through final lap of my life :: Poem
  • Can BJP strategy win in Tamil Nadu ?
  • Granting minority status to Meitei
  • Snowfall at Shirui, Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • Shanti Thokchom's Life Experiences #44
  • Inspection at Kangla & Cheiraoching : Gallery
  • Protection of tribal land in Manipur #1
  • Oxford and Aatmanirbharta
  • Education in Mother Tongue will strengthen
  • Impressive shows from young MLAs
  • If it is for the people...
  • Ipudhou Pakhangba Puruksoubi #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Relief at Yangkhullen, Senapati: Gallery
  • Restored Wetland : Yaralpat
  • Appeal: WG to monitor crime against women
  • Distress Relief at Yangkhullen, Senapati
  • Sensitization on constitutional obligation
  • ST demand for the Meiteis
  • Democratisation of Education
  • Licypriya in 'Forbes 30 Under 30' List 2021
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Sushila, Indubala selected for Asian Judo
  • RIST Talk 48 : Microplastic is everywhere
  • Productivity revolution of farmers in Manipur
  • NEC Secretary meeting with CM Manipur
  • Valentine's Day beauty tips
  • College teachers on strike!
  • Are you fooling people of Manipur Mr FM
  • RK Jhalajit's contribution in historiography
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Keibul Lamjao: today in deplorable state
  • Nadda's hailing 'War On Drugs' Campaign
  • Sachi Gurumayum called on CM
  • She really can be trusted for fiscal prudence
  • Child Marriage: Stigma for a civilized society
  • Fate of hostellers
  • Ema Gi Wari by Imphal Talkies : Review
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Projects Inauguration - Tamenglong: Gallery
  • Budget: Perspective on Gender Budget
  • NPF meeting with NSCN (K-Niki)
  • Mushroom training program at Nagamapal
  • Solace me, chap ! :: Poem
  • Active cases below 3 figure mark
  • Mother Nature is still unhappy
  • Discussion on Koubru Chinggoirol #1
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Packaged Organic Product launch : Gallery
  • Naga American announces Scholarship
  • Prize distribution for 9th MANIFA held
  • Range of options to prevent HIV is key
  • Paoyi village setting an example
  • Churachand Maharajgi Imung : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Churachand Maharajgi Imung published
  • Grab the given opportunities
  • A poet :: Poem
  • Supports farmers' movement call
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Financing burden of lifestyle diseases in NE
  • A budget that lays foundation for growth
  • Sports & Physical Fitness as career choice
  • Volunteers' Meet at Irong Bazar
  • Limping towards the New Normal
  • Is India prepared for Chinese aggression?
  • Re-openning of schools #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Is Compulsive Shopping a Mental Disorder ?
  • Ex-Tempore Competition at Lilong
  • My hundred deaths :: Poem
  • Fragile - Handle with care !
  • Stand off over taxi, auto fares
  • Restructuring the society without disparities
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #16
  • The ring has finally arrived!
  • Study of growing traffic congestion in Imphal
  • World Wetlands Day 2021
  • Bringing Equality for Women in Armed Forces
  • Ima Keithels: Closed since March 21
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Understanding panic disorder
  • Life, It is ! :: Poem
  • A pinch of blessing with a tonne of a curse
  • COVID-19 combine to clobber MSME sector
  • Single digit spike of just 4 in last 24 hrs
  • Impact in India after coup in Myanmar
  • Remembering Kuki singer Benny Khongsai
  • Was Netaji really in Manipur ?
  • Environmental impacts of COVID-19 pandemic
  • Memo to CM concerning transportation
  • Fertilization in cultivation of broccoli
  • Need to stop meddling with nature
  • Learning to live with changing time
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Helicopter Service in Manipur
  • Pray for 2021 to be peaceful
  • Dwell in me - Oh ! human :: Poem
  • Adverse impact of rampant use of plastic
  • Studying prospects ahead of 2022
  • Re-openning of schools #1 : Gallery
  • Edu'treat 2021 in Ukhrul concluded
  • Exhibition @ Fine Arts, MU #1 : Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #1 : Gallery
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Food items @ Waithou Keithel #2 : Gallery
  • Narcotic Drugs disposal @Lamlai #2 : Gallery
  • Prison Diary of Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba
  • Nine Hills, One Valley : Special Film award
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #1 : Gallery
  • Day light Thabal Chongba #3 : Gallery
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #6: Gallery
  • Sory Wahengbam - Actress Gallery :: eRang
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS