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E-Pao! Opinions - My opinion to the article "The people of Manipur" & "Correction to a misleading article…

My opinion to the article "The people of Manipur" & "Correction to a misleading article…"



Dear E-pao,

I highly appreciate the article "The people of Manipur" written by Dr. Pukkhrambam Lalit Singh paged in your esteem web site the "E-Pao" and Mr. K. Zhou's opinion to the article as well.

Respected Mr. K. Zhou stated that "The word "HAO" is derived from one of the name of the Suhte King called Mr. Kamhao Suhte, who raised up just after King Chandrakirti became the king of Manipur in 1850-51. He became the most formidable enemy of the Manipur King. He even captures Meiteis Lanmis and the king as verbally recorded. His fierce and roughness spread all over the kingdom of kangleipak Manipur and even his name "Hao" become a word used by the plain people to frightened their children. Even the Meitei itihas recorded him as "AKAMHAO LAL". Later on he was killed by the Kukis as desired by the Manipur King. (For reference the Sumkon News dated 19/08/1994)".

King Charairongba (1697-1714) was the next successor of king Paikhomba (1666-1697). He consolidated the relation between hill and plain people. He constructed "HAO-MACHA LOISANG" (Guest-Houses) for the hill people at Kangla (the Capital of Kangleipak). King Charairongba was father of King Pamheiba (Garibniwaz).

Here, what I would like to point out, the word 'HAO' was used by meeteis during the reign of Charairongba period (1697-1714). As per Mr. K. Zhou's letter (Correction to a misleading article…), "AKAMHAO LAL" however happened in 1850-51. It's quite different.

Moreover it is confirmed from our old customs and rituals like "Mera-Hao-Chongba" (a symbol of brotherhood between the hill and valley people), Laiharaoba, Phambal tongba and marriage ceremony etc., and the word 'HAO' was used by Meeteis from ancient time of Kangleipak, before the conversion to Hinduism.

Respected Dr. Lalit Pukhrambam mentioned in his article 'The people of Manipur'. That, "After the conversion of Meiteis to Hinduism, the valley people treated the hill tribes as untouchables and called them "Hao" a derogatory meaning "uncivilized".

After the conversion of Meiteis to Hinduism, the valley people treated very derogatory to the hill tribes. This point is absolutely true, but the meaning of "Hao" is "Uncivilized", it's totally wrong.

Meeteis used to regard their elder brother (Hill people) as "HAO" (original people or early men or descendant of God). "HAO" means original viz. Hao-pukham or old or original or traditional disc. Now a days, almost people of Kangleipak (now Manipur) came to know that "MEETIES" were derived from "HAOS" according to "MEEETEI PUYAS" (Meetei's old books).

Some Meeteis descended to HAO as well. In short, Chingsulakpa was the first King of Chairel (i.e. originated from Nong maiching hill) and his elder brother Chingphulakpa went to hill. Then, Chingphulakpa's descendant became "KHEMTE TRIBE" of Churachandpur district. Sembi-Mimmaba, a Khuman (a clan of Meetei) chief and his descendants became. "MARINGS". Lamliksang, brother of Nungou Yimthangba, the ancestor of the Sarang Leisangthem (a clan of meeteis), had gone to the hills and his descendants became the "KABUIS". In common view, "HAO" is elder brother of "MEETEI".

Although the word "HAO" is good word, when it was used with jeers, and mocks, it had been taken wrong sense. It was misunderstanding between the hill and valley people. I would like to say to everybody not to misunderstand in future the meaning of word "HAO". And also, at the same time to suggest replacing the point from the article as soon as possible. Please make sure to write carefully and please help to save and form a nice integrity of Kangleipak (Manipur). Otherwise, it will cause to create more gigantic barrier between the brothers (the hill and valley people) instead of becoming to a close relation.

With best regards.
Thxs.

Thokchom Angouyaima
Dubai.


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