TODAY -

Landslides on NH 2 and 37 threatens India's Security

Surendranath Sharma *

Road condition at NH-37 as on July 21 2013
Road condition at NH-37 as on July 21 2013 :: Pix - Deepak Oinam



The frequent landslide-induced severance of Manipur from the rest of India has been a cause for repeated plight of the people inhabiting this remote state. The current sinking of a segment of the NH 39 in Nagaland reportedly will take a couple of months to repair before normal traffic can resume. The depletion of essential goods and medical supplies during such situations, though temporary, has almost always bothered the population.

The successive Governments of India and of Manipur, alike, have all these years not only ignored and neglected but also have shown painful indifference towards the untold sufferings of the people of Manipur. There does not appear to be any consideration or deliberation on the lines of road infrastructure expansion to quell this recurrent debilitating challenge. If at all, the response of the State Government has been ad hoc and solely directed towards temporary patchwork.

As a layman, it is particularly worrisome to think of the chinks in India’s Defence design that such destabilising landslides uncover. Maintenance of all-time road connectivity is a great strategic necessity. Manipur is a border State, abutting South East Asia.

Therefore, one dimension of worry arising out of long connectivity severance is the naked vulnerability of the State to possible threats of external aggression. Although it may be dismissed saying the threat perception on the Indo-Myanmar front is near absent and such a worry is unfounded, it is yet not an impossibility that countries inimical to India may not ever exploit such collapse of critical communication and connectivity lines.

Risk is a function of threat and vulnerability. Risk is the probability of being targeted by a hostile source, of the chances of the attack being successful, and the general exposure to a given threat. Threat is external and vulnerability is internal. Threat assessment is the assessment of probable attacker's potential of causing harm.

Vulnerability reflects the security weaknesses in a system that could accentuate the success of such an attack. Exposure enhances vulnerability and hence the risk. In this instant case, while the Threat perception may be low, exposure is high as Manipur is a border State. Vulnerability is enhanced during such periods of road connectivity excision. May we not forget, for an enemy lying in wait, such occasions are only seeking to be exploited.

In today’s geopolitical and military paradigm, and based on India’s Military threat perception, the Indo-Myanmar front may not figure as a serious issue. However, let us consider a hypothetical situation. The Chinese are waiting for the most vulnerable moment to attack and occupy India’s territory of Manipur.

The Myanmarese Government has secretly permitted passage of the Chinese Military through its territory and airspace as and when the Chinese should decide to invade. Simultaneous landslides on the arterial National Highways NH 2 & 37 cut off the State from the rest of India as there is no alternate route of supply. The restoration of these two highways is expected to take a few months. India’s Defence supply line to the State is completely inactive and dead, making disconnected Manipur highly vulnerable.

Such is the time an enemy would choose to attack and roll in their troops.

Let us also recall the Chinese did not talk hawkish even in 1962. They simply portrayed a picture of being the victim of Indian adventurism and their military incursion is argued only as a reaction to defend their border and national interest. But they had secretly made preparations, well in advance, for the attack.

It cannot be without advance build up that the Chinese had pressed six PLA Divisions into the offensive against India’s three. They had dexterously studied the prevailing geopolitical situation and had struck at the most opportune time; at the time when the Cuban Missile crisis had consumed the full attention of the two Cold war rivals, disallowing distraction even by the Sino-Indian border war.

The moot point is, how prepared is the Indian military to counter and defend the State of Manipur, which is cut off from the rest of the country by landslides along the two operational National Highways, from the aggression of a powerful regional power during such crisis of long connectivity disconnect? Air supplies alone cannot sustain a war effort.

Is the 57 Mountain Division capable of defending Manipur for two long months without any supplies in terms of men and material from the rest of the country? Is there enough number of Air Defence Batteries in Manipur to thwart the enemy’s air incursions? Do we have the supplies of ammunition and munitions or the fuel to last a couple of months of war without any replenishment?

Or, do we even have the minimum necessary level of Armoured Units in this theatre? What is the Contingency Plan for such an eventuality? How does the Government of India plan to protect and defend its citizens living in this remote corner of its geography? Most importantly, so as to prevent such a crippling scenario of connectivity failure in future, what is the perspective plan of improving and enhancing land connectivity with the rest of India?

These questions seek earnest answers.

The history of 1962 is a secret hidden in the secrecy of shame. It is also a history of betrayal and abandonment of the Northeast and of leaving its people in the lurch. The expected cutting off of the State for a period of at least two months from the rest of India only because of a landslide on NH 2 and poor health of a bridge on NH 37 attributed to a recent landslide sounds like déjà vu.


* Surendranath Sharma wrote this article for Hueiyen Lanpao
This article was posted on July 25, 2013



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #1 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Univ of Culture #1 :: Gallery
  • Awunching Biodiversity Park #4 :: 360 ° View
  • MPSC & Enquiry : Things we should know
  • 20th Zeliangrong Bangalore Event
  • Leave nature alone #1 :: Book Extract
  • Condolence service for Late Rishang
  • Condolence Message On Keishing's Demise
  • Nagaland CM interacts with Naga Hoho
  • NPF special prayer meeting
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • A requiem to Rishang Keishing
  • Undertsanding the core issues
  • Tamu, Myanmar- Moreh border #2 :: Gallery
  • Changchapbou, Nampanliu :: eMing
  • State Inter School Archery :: Gallery
  • Condolence : demise of Rishang Keishing
  • Manipuri women and their tolerance
  • Career related to Climate Change
  • Musical- Where Have All The Flowers Gone
  • Career Counseling Seminar for Girls
  • Water everywhere but not a drop to drink
  • Will IM settlement be a betrayal to Manipur
  • Rongmei body demands shifting of Army
  • Women's League (Qualifying) #1 :: Gallery
  • Word Order in Manipuri Language
  • Mourning for Gurumayum Shyamsunder
  • Neglected..villagers built their own bridge
  • Of AFSPA and Common Man :: Poem
  • Job Opening at VITSOFTS, Canchipur
  • 19th Edition of IIT Techniche to start
  • 8th Western Angami A/C -NPF's Statement
  • Coming out against party hopping : Ibobi..
  • Blame game and you
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON :: Gallery
  • Natural Body Building #4 :: Gallery
  • The struggle so far...
  • Shadowy Lies :: Poem
  • Time for Modi to release all jailed militant..
  • Students, agitation & symptomatic treatment
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • A Political Messiah Has Come to Nagaland
  • Nungbi Khullen, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Protest in Kangpokpi District :: Gallery
  • Cirrhosis: Basics & laboratory diagnosis
  • Impact of television in rural development
  • The Echoing Hills :: Poem
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Nagaland CM respond to Dr. SL's bureau
  • Unauthorized CEC meeting
  • Student leaders detained for mobilizing ILPS
  • Earning our keeps
  • Meira Rally on Patriots' Day #2 :: Gallery
  • ... All The Flowers Gone? #2 :: Gallery
  • Shri Shri Govindaji Temple #1 :: 360 ° View
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score yrs
  • Traffic jam and 13th August
  • Manipur District Demand :: Articles / Photos
  • The Law is Mightier Than The Pen
  • Let the law decide
  • ...health insurance scheme for scribes
  • Absurd 1 Village, 1 Denomination decree
  • Singcha Wuya Won (flower) #3:: Gallery
  • Sunday Cup Football @Lamshang :: Gallery
  • Gurmayum Robert wins gold at World Event
  • Loktak Project & corporate unaccountability
  • Supremacy Of The Party :: NPF
  • Binding the wound: The district row
  • Admission Notice - AiTC, Imphal
  • 'Sexuality & Internet' at Digital Summit
  • Zeliang welcomed support from NPF Minority
  • NSU site and undue communal overtones
  • Tripartite Talk: GOI/GOM/UNC :: Gallery
  • Governor's Cup Fencing :: Gallery
  • 13 Aug @Kangla & BT Park :: Gallery
  • Bruce Dickinson: "son-rise" of Iron Maiden
  • Biren should learn from Mamata Banerjee
  • The globe is in your fist
  • AR I-Day festivities with Myanmar army
  • AR celebrates 71st Independence day
  • Unconstitutionality of TR Government
  • Stadium upgrade for I-League
  • NE film festival in Delhi from Aug 18
  • Myanmarese advised to follow traffic rules
  • The human torch and AFSPA
  • The real taste of Independence Day
  • Mission XI football @ Andro :: Gallery
  • Krishna Janma @ Mahabali :: Gallery
  • Blood Donation for 13 August:: Gallery
  • Mahabali Temple , Imphal :: 360 ° View
  • Graphic & plastic arts of Zeliangrong #3
  • Silence :: Poem
  • Sport Univ: Promises kept but corruption?
  • Job requirements at SKY Hospital
  • Jobs @ National Informatics Centre (NIC)
  • I-Day Celebration at BJP State Office
  • Meira Rally on Patriots' Day #1 :: Gallery
  • Patriots' Day @ Kolkata :: Gallery
  • 26th NAMA Convention Report, Houston, TX
  • Forming Plurals in Manipuri Language
  • Mammography and frequently ask question
  • NPF Office Bearers reaffirm support
  • DAN Co-ordination Meeting Resolutions
  • India and China: From rivalry to enmity
  • For better tomorrows
  • 13 August @Hicham Yaichampat :: Gallery
  • Patriots' Day @ Hojai, Assam :: Gallery
  • Protest: malpractices of MPSC :: Gallery
  • On MPSC scam & people defending it
  • 126th Patriots' Day observed in Delhi
  • 126th Patriots' Day observed in Hojai
  • Lajong U-12 to represent India in BRICS
  • Learn something from 2015 experience
  • The district creation headache
  • State Thang-Ta Competition :: Gallery
  • Search operation [Aug 12] :: Gallery
  • 13 August Patriots' Day : Read all about it
  • Thangal General : The Patriot
  • Proxy examination and Wrong politics
  • Women should not live in fear ....
  • Summer Thoughts :: Poem
  • NPF Youth serve Ultimatum to Rio
  • A slap on the face of Christianity
  • U-Morok @ Shirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Dangers of 'Trial by Media' & the MPSC
  • Is Culture of insensible activism taking root
  • Meiteilon never been Tibeto-Burman
  • Mechanized threshing of foodgrains #2
  • ZSUB Foundation Day, Fresher's Meeting
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Breaking the barrier
  • National Handloom Day @ GHY :: Gallery
  • Chirom Indira shine in hearts of NE Weavers
  • Investigate killings as ordered by SC
  • MSTC CMD met with CM of Manipur
  • Conspiracy behind the toppling game
  • Armed groups attack..a human right abuse
  • Drawing Competition at Khengjoi, Chandel
  • Save the indigenous people cry : Valley..
  • A matter need to ponder
  • Earthen wares of Ningthemcha Karong
  • Indigenous Wrestling @ SPT #2 :: Gallery
  • Awunching Biodiversity Park #3 :: 360 ° View
  • XXVIII State Thang-Ta Competition 2017
  • India's HLPF review of SDGs & Manipur
  • Robotics as career options
  • International Day of Indigenous People
  • Rejoinder Issued By Shurhozelie Liezietsu
  • Hard facts of political crisis (Nagaland)
  • Viewing through one's community
  • Darkening shadows of doubt
  • Ziumi village, Maram Landscape:: Gallery
  • Inter School Handball Tournament :: Gallery
  • The Proud Bamboo Tree :: Folk Tale
  • Populated Attitudes :: Poem
  • Marijuana, Mahadev and Maneka
  • Notice for MSc Biochemistry Admissions
  • Assam edition of NE India Fashion Week
  • Being different from Cong Govt
  • Cracking down on fraudulence
  • Hanuba-hanubi paan thaba :: Funga Wari
  • ... All The Flowers Gone? #1 :: Gallery
  • Need to bust racket running inside MPSC
  • Will PM Modi betray Assam in No ST, no rest
  • State Level Essay Writing Competition
  • RIST Condolence Function at MU
  • When we stumble and fall
  • Customer Care Executive @ basicP, Imphal
  • Petition for Disqualification of 10 MLAs
  • Cracking down on fraudulence
  • Rape of small newspaper
  • Landscape of Ukhrul District #2:: Gallery
  • Jhulon Nupi Pala Phamsak :: Gallery
  • TR is CM by technicality sans Legality
  • One Day in Heaven :: Poem
  • Libraries Vs Google: Are we heading there
  • ..for electrical distribution rearrangement
  • Lessons to learn from CCpur: public hygiene
  • Angaoba Film Scenes #1 :: eRang
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • The dawn of cricket in Manipur
  • Lumbini Leikolda Shat-houba Leirang
  • Workshop on MU Reservations held
  • Job posting at C-DAC Silchar
  • Indigenous Wrestling @ SPT #1 :: Gallery
  • Tourist Watch Tower, Khongjom #4 :: 360 °
  • Admission for B.Ed at Manipur University
  • A village called Nbena :: Book Review
  • Employment Generating Hands on Skill
  • Unnatural death of Sainik School student
  • Confession
  • Nongbrang, bank of Thoubal River :: Gallery
  • Pukpha Fest @Tamenglong :: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram at UN, NYC : 1 Aug
  • Free Computer Course by KEN @ Imphal
  • Ishu : Feature Film in Assamese :: Review
  • Battle Of Khongjom & Manipuris in 1891 #3
  • Photography: Career through lenses
  • Mega Marathon Manipur : Download Form
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • Singcha Wayawon opening #2:: Gallery
  • 1st Mao Market day @Nagamapal:: Gallery
  • ILP : Students protest [27 July] :: Gallery
  • Ethoi Oinam (Actress) #2 :: eRang Photos
  • Echum Lairembi, Khurkhul #3:: Gallery
  • Tapta :: Funga Wari
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #3 :: Gallery
  • Lai Khong Chingba @Thangjing #4
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #5 : Ooba
  • SPONSORED ADS