TODAY -

A thought on the many misnomers which have led to the confused mindset of the people
(Merger Series-1)

Dr Th Suresh Singh *



Your Opinion Maker has been trying to rewrite our turbulent history and bring to a true historical perspective for the last 4 years or so. I have been pleading that it is time to stop blindly following our pseudo-historians and pseudo-intellectuals.

In the meanwhile, Government and other various civil societies (in different form) are observing 15th August 1947 as our independence day. It is the worst kind of ignorance and historical misinterpretation.

At midnight of 14/15 August 1947, British left Manipur and India. On the Manipur front, Political Agent Stewart left British legacy and transferred their power to the Dominion of India. The ceremony was conducted at British Residency (present Raj Bhawan) between Mr. Steward and Maharaja Both Chandra.

Mr. Steward, the last political Agent, was simply executing his last official duty before British left Manipur and India. That is, the seat of power remained with the Governor of Assam at Shillong.

Instead of a British Governor, there will be an Indian Governor from date day onwards. PA Steward clearly understood this when he declared just after midnight – “Good Morning Your Highness, I am the 1st Dominion Agent of India” at that particular ceremony. The only misfortune is that, we Manipuris, never understood it by blindly following our so-called pseudo-historians and pseudo-intellectuals.

Yes, British left Manipur at that midnight, it is a true historical perspective; we can’t change it. The pertinent point I am trying to emphasis is that British never ruled in Manipur. Instead of ‘British Ruled Period’, it should be referred to as ‘British Stayed Period’.

Manipur remained a vibrant and independent state till merged to Dominion India on 15th October 1949 though the famous Shillong Merger Agreement which took place on 21st September of the same year.

When I refer to a vibrant and independent state, I am referring to the full autonomy with Defence, External Affairs and Communication remaining with the British. The same is true during the period British left Manipur and before merger, i.e. to be specific, between 15/08/1947 to 14/10/1949.

History is replete with ifs and buts. Our ill-read historians and less-informed intellectuals are never clear what Instrument of Accession and Standstill Agreement are. These people thought that with the signing of these 2 Agreements on 11th August 1947, Manipur has merged to the Dominion India.

If it is so, why should one sign a Merger Agreement later on? Did they ever thought on that line? It is unfortunate that many of these people are still not clear about these 2 Agreements. These people also never knew that 1st Chief Commissioner of Manipur, Major General Rawat Amar Singh at noon of 15/10/1949, issued a notification for taking over the Administration of Manipur.

Duly elected Manipur Legislature was also dissolved on the same day. Hence, it is natural that common folks did just follow what these pseudo-intellectuals of ours say or do. One can’t blame our ordinary people for this wrong and misnomer interpretation.

Our historians never read or thought about those turbulent periods of negotiations especially after Indian Act, 1935. In those turbulent periods, especially after Prime Minister Attlee‘s declaration on 15th March 1946 to despatch a Cabinet Mission to India, drafting and redrafting of these Agreements were the order of those days.

With native princess ( those native states just like Manipur) trying to extract their pounds of flesh to the maximum, the situation became all the more complex. Legally and politically, signing of a Merger Agreement became a must in spite of signing the Instrument of Accession and Standstill Agreement.

Therefore, it is clear that 15th August 1947 is not Manipur’s independence day, it is the day of transfer of British legacy and its power to the Dominion of India represented by a governor at Shillong. This British legacy includes only defence, external affairs and communication to some extend and not all.

Hence, if one want to celebrate this day, one can observe as end of ‘British Stay Period’ (and not as ‘British Rule Period’) as explained in previous paras.

Hence, why should we observe 15th August 1947 as Independence Day while we were still independent? It is another misnomer and confused mindset! If it is to be observed, it be observed on 15th October 1949 i.e. the day Manipur merged to Dominion India.


* Dr Th Suresh Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is ex-Director, Health & WHO Fellow
This article was posted on September 28, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Ningol Chakkouba @Sikkim :: Gallery
  • Songoulun, Lamgousang, Yinmajo: eMing
  • Chakkouba Shopping #2 :: Gallery
  • Hill Tribe and Valley tribe
  • Demand of ST & ensuing recriminations
  • NGOs & rural development in Manipur
  • Ningol Chakkouba at Tulihal COB
  • Condemns murder of scribe in UP
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Zeliangrong's convention postponed
  • Mary Kom in Assam ring
  • Sports : Year long activity in Manipur
  • Ningol ChakKouba @MBC #1 :: Gallery
  • Houchongba Opening Ceremony :: Gallery
  • Thank God I didn't choose you :: Poem
  • Waking up at night
  • Remembering Jesus: Christian values..
  • Dharna on recognition of NPF Chief Whip
  • Recap of Current Nagaland Political Crisis
  • Legal opinion on NPF whip
  • Ningol Chakkouba celebrated in Manipur
  • Congress 'defectors' left in the lurch
  • 6 Naga groups form body to join peace
  • Nagas still have many years to be mature
  • Prelude to what we need to know 2!!
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam :: Gallery
  • Chakkouba Fish Mela #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Tribute : Flash
  • 'Merger Agreement' and Manipur Question
  • Should fake news be merely brushed away
  • Frozen street laws & nasty people..
  • Resolution of CEC, NPF : Oct 20
  • Concern over meeting btn China, NE ultra
  • Materialistic interpretation of Chakkouba
  • Of power and the powerful
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Chakkouba Shopping #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba : A message
  • 2 novel TB drugs move into human studies
  • Japan & its myriad culture from my eye
  • Cry of a Dying River- 5 :: Poem
  • Thanksgiving for first Naga woman pilot
  • Manipuri film nominated for APSA, Brisbane
  • NPF whip - the plain truth
  • Subterfuge & money cannot buy the law
  • Pearls of wisdom from Dalai Lama
  • Resisting Partisanship
  • Mera Men Tongba :: Gallery
  • Liberation War And Merger : Part 1
  • Diwaligi Ahingdo :: Wari
  • Exploding cyber crime in India
  • Manipur National Day- 18 October 1948
  • Greetings on Diwali & Ningol Chakkouba
  • TSA DJ Theme Song , DJ icon audition
  • Meghalaya Venue & Daywise Lineup
  • Tasked to monitor talk: Koijam-Himalay
  • Looking beyond the tough words
  • Rejoinder to deserted NPF Group Longleng
  • CM honors U-17 WC Footballers :: Gallery
  • I don't want to die before I am dead : Poem
  • Is the 'Fear for Qur'an' Being Traded ?
  • MUTA Series 4 : Who supports Whom?
  • What ails Manipur ?
  • Old Age pension Scheme details uploaded
  • Increased privilege for responsibility
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Seven Years Devastation: Book Review
  • Matos bhai & our FIFA boys "bravo"
  • Trafficking vis-a-vis Domestic Work
  • An open letter to Chief Minister
  • DG Assam Rifles calls on Chief Minister
  • Nagaland press firm against intimidation
  • No Aadhaar, No Mid-day Meal stand
  • The good, the bad and the ugly
  • Footballer: U-17 World Cup :: Gallery
  • Kwak Tanba #3 :: Gallery
  • Night Plaza: Outlook of a developing Manipur
  • Biased national media
  • Agri-volatic: boosting agricultural income
  • Natural skin glow for Diwali
  • Eleven LPG refills in 4 months !
  • 'No change in territorial boundary of States'
  • MaiOn (scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Tune out within dark
  • Loktak: Storm brain before blasting barrage
  • Gojilove : Now In Manipur
  • Fighting a losing battle
  • A Poem for My Wife :: Poem
  • October 15 retrospection
  • E Sonamani: Jnangarima Manad Alankaran
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #5 :: Gallery
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #4 :: Gallery
  • Geo-politics & Skill Devlp in Act East Policy
  • Wildlife Week: Working together for wildlife
  • Letter to ATSUM (Reply to rebuttal)
  • A rebuttal to "Imprudence of ATSUM"
  • Don't sleep with minor wife ruling: Rapist
  • Awaited expectation
  • Journey of Amur falcon #2
  • Irabot Day - March Past #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha's Metta & Karuna #2
  • Hei-kak: An aquatic cash crop in Manipur
  • Flood prevention and mitigation
  • Unearthing gems: Northeast Diva 2016-17
  • Nagaland Whip issue hearing in the court
  • Film screenings on NE held in Estonia
  • Of Leikhom Leinang & Uphul Waiphul: NH-2
  • March: Mera Houchongba #2:: Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #2:: Gallery
  • Langol Tourist Watch Tower #7 :: 360 ° View
  • .. end AIDS by 2030: Are we on track ?
  • Career in Tourism - Part 2
  • Which one should precede- ILPS or ST ?
  • Comedian Audition during Night Plaza
  • Seizure of Dried Fish Grenet (Tirkiya)
  • LPG diversion: Non-local in subscribers list
  • For a little bit more
  • Pot Lannaba: Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Crowd @ World Tourism Day :: Gallery
  • Moreh PWD complex controlled by militants
  • FIFA U-17 : A milestone for NE football
  • Post submergence impacts of Mapithel dam
  • Cry of a Dying River - 4 :: Poem
  • Program on World Mental Health Day
  • Out but not down :: Needed : A strong Cong
  • Redefining 'Manipuri'
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Kh Ninthoinganba
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #3 :: Gallery
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Ruskin Bonding - VI
  • Life - A Bubble :: Poem
  • Mapung fana chathari
  • Surgical Closure of 'Hole in the Heart'
  • Inferred or in B/W? Integrity Vs integration
  • Imphal is changing but traffic a menace
  • Kwak Tanba #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thounaojam Jeakson
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #3 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week @ Dimapur:: Gallery
  • Journey towards Breaking the Shackles
  • The Man Who Saw Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Free Medical Camp at Lilong
  • From Nobap to World Cup: Magnificent 8
  • Journey of Amur falcon #1
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Nongdamba Naorem
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #2:: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #4 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17: US won but we were lauded more
  • Imprudence of ATSUM
  • Tonsuring the nature
  • March: Mera Houchongba #1:: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Dheeraj Moirangthem
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #1:: Gallery
  • Research Line : Book release Function
  • 100 Yrs Of Tangkhul Naga Football
  • Make RIMS shining
  • Another NE Youth Missing in the Capital
  • AMAND, Pune : 6th AGM / Annual Cultural
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Nungshibi : Social Networking :: Website
  • Seeking 2 years time: Too early to judge
  • Let Holy books be replaced by Constitution
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Amarjit Kiyam (Captain)
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thangjam Boris
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Wangjam Suresh
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Md Shahjahan
  • Loktak Folklore Museum- for fishing
  • Opening: Imphal Evenings :: Gallery
  • Mayanglambam Gourachandra: Awardee
  • Win the hearts if not the FIFA Cup
  • Cry of a Dying River #3 :: Poem
  • For the 8 football players of Manipur..
  • Article 342 makhada furup amana ST ki list
  • Manipur to set up land bank
  • Hosts India set to make FIFA WC debut
  • ATSUM against ST: Let the experts decide
  • A matter of concern for the future
  • Irabot Day - March Past #1 :: Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @ Hiyangthang #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Have done it again
  • Hingchabi Changba: Possessed/ Exorcism
  • Tourism as career option
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #4
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #1 :: Gallery
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #2 :: Gallery
  • Doren: 'Theatre of the Earth' wins in Kerala
  • Solo Album Launch of Awarthanga Chiru
  • How Manipur missed internal autonomy..
  • Whispering of Heart :: Peom
  • Kwak Tanba #1 :: Gallery
  • Nitya Raas, Ras Leela Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #3 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Assembly Elections 2017 #2
  • Manipur State League: Table - 1st Oct
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #1:: Gallery
  • Vanishing pottery craft & Livelihood: Chairen
  • Irabot Day Celebration at New Delhi
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • World Tourism Day- Inauguration :: Gallery
  • Research Line : Book Preview
  • Irabot Day Celebration (2017)
  • 'Maniwood' vs 'Haolywood' Football :: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #5 :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #4 :: Gallery
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #1 :eRang
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #6 : Ooba
  • Traditional Ritual @Khurkhul #4 :: Gallery
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Hathei Phanit @Sirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kang Tournament #2 :: Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • SPONSORED ADS