Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur
- 27th February 2023 : Manipur Press Club, Imphal -


 consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur
consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur

The Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur organized a consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur on the 27 February 2023 at Manipur Press Club, Imphal. Mr. Jiten Yumnam, Secretary, CRA, Manipur shared that Indigenous peoples have intrinsic physical and cultural relationship with their forest land in Manipur.

The pursuance of unsustainable development lead to destruction of forest land in Manipur. Tipaimukh dam will submerge more than 27,000 hectares of forest land. Increased eviction of communities depending on forest for pursuance of unsustainable development and false climate solutions to conserve forest. The Forest department rely on law enforcing agencies to undermine indigenous peoplesí human rights, such as forced eviction at Kangchup Chiru village in December 2022. The forest management should be with full recognition of indigenous peoplesí rights over their forest land.

Mr. Themson Jajo, Environmentalist shared that indigenous communities living with forest are served with show cause notices under Indian Forest Act, 1927 and Manipur Forest Rules, 1971 to produce land title. Several sections of the Manipur Forest Rules, 1971 undermined indigenous peoplesí rights. There is clear need to repeal forest laws, detrimental to the rights of indigenous peoples. Mapithel dam led to submergence of more than 600 hectares of forest land. There is need to recognize the traditional role of indigenous peoples in sustainable forest management and empower community to protect forest.

T.R Jacob, Chairman, Kangchup Chiru Village shared that Kangchup Chiru Reserve Forest has been declared without peoplesí consultation. Survey conducted without villagers consent and several villagers subjected to forced eviction in December 2022, while several villagers now threatened with eviction. Villagers are assaulted and arbitrary detained in police lockup for defending their forest. The Kangchup Chiru villagers are further threatened with eviction as the reserve forest area is being expanded.

Mr. Namjanlung Gangmei, Langthabal Chingkha shared that the Kabui community has been settling in Langthabal Hills for several generations. However, several villagers were served notice as encroachers. The prolonged inalienable relationship and villager dependence on forest for livelihood need be honored.

Mr. Dhana Laimayum, Sekmai Protection Committee shared that the communities of Sekmai village has been managing their forest through traditional customary laws. Recently, Manipur Government declared community forest as Government land in Sekmai, which affects more than 60-70 % percent of community forest land. Villagers are concerned if the government takeover of forest will facilitate protection of forest.

Chaoba Heisnam, Secretary, Loktak Fisheres Welfare Association shared that the community land in Loktak wetlands has been declared as forest land and Wildlife sanctuary and restricted community access for fishing, farming and collection of seasonal herbs, fodder, firewood etc. The Government is expanding the Reserve forest land in Keibul Lamjao areas. People already suffered due to 105 MW Loktak Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project by submerging their land.

 consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur
consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur

Heisnam Basanta, Secretary, Forest Rights Committee, Tokpaching shared that indigenous community has been managing forest for generations. Protected area declared in 1965 without the consultation and consent of people in Tokpaching area under Indian Forest Act, 1927. The application of Manipur Forest Rules, 1971, Indian Forest Act, 1927 will cause much tension to the communities.

There is urgent need for repeal of the forest act, or to amend the forest laws to recognize indigenous rights over their forest. The promotion of mono cultivation degrades forest, leading to drying up of water source and affect biodiversity. The management of forest with indigenous peoplesí participation is crucial.

James Gonmei, Langthabal Chingthak Village shared that the Forest department declared several villagers as encroachers. At least 50 houses served eviction notice, classifying them as encroachers in their land and forest. He appeal the Government to honor community rights over their forest.

Joseph Hmar, Hmar Inpui shared that land is not just for livelihood, but also inalienable for culture and identity. Its unfortunate forest given more importance than people in policy formulations. Policies affecting land and forest need be framed with community participation and rights recognition. The Tipaimukh dam threatens to destroy more than 27,000 hectares of forest land in Manipur. Rampant logging happens in Tipaimukh region but Forest Department remains ineffective to prevent deforestation.

John Pamei, environmentalist shared that Land and forest relationship with indigenous peoples critical and the failure to consult communities caused much tension among communities. The implementation of Indiaís Act East policy led to multiple projects, dams, oil exploration, roads, trans Asian railways, oil pipelines etc. that will further target and destroy forest land in Tamenglong and other areas. Six dams pursued in Tamenglong and these will unleash massive devastation. There are cases of forest department promoting forestry in community land and later claim as forest department land after maturing of trees.

Ms. Shanthalembi Lisam, Academician expressed concern with the shortage of water due to pine cultivation and other mono plantations. The sustainable forest regeneration that is community oriented and friendly to environment is the need of the hour.

The consultation took general recommendations to urge the Government to recognize indigenous peoplesí rights over their land and forest and further to amend and repeal forest laws that are detrimental to rights of indigenous communities. The consultation called to desist unsustainable development projects that destroy forest land and to stop promoting non-native trees and monocultivation in Manipur, such as palm oil cultivation in Manipur. The meeting also called to stop false solution for climate change targeting forest land and to stop all forms of forced eviction of communities living and depending on forest.

The participants also expressed concern with the show cause notices for declaration of protected areas, reserved forest, national parks and the urgent threats to indigenous peoples with forced displacement, land alienation and impact on their culture and identify. The meeting also resolved to approach all redressal mechanisms including the Human Rights commissions, legal mechanisms and even International Indigenous peoplesí human rights bodies to recognize indigenous peoplesí rights over forest land and further to strengthen empowering communities on indigenous peoples forest rights.

 consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur
consultation on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Rights in Manipur

(Sanaton Laishram)
President Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur

* This info was sent to by Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur who can be contacted at cra(DOT)manipur(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was posted on February 28, 2023 .

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Yaoshang & Thabal @ Pune : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Adventure activities : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Yaoshang Festival organized at Pune
  • Earth Hour: A wakeup call for the Planet
  • Lakes of Rajasthan
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • BJP feasting on disunity of opposition
  • ST for Meiteis and NRC call : Common thread
  • Nongmaithem Tombi Singh's contribution #3
  • N Tomchou: 3 medals @ World Weightlifting
  • Luwangpokpa Multi-Sports Complex : Gallery
  • Installation of opposition-less Govt in Nagaland
  • Stay hungry, stay foolish
  • Tech-driven MSME for Food Security
  • Plan to shelter amid demand for deportation
  • Temporary Shelter Home at Moreh
  • Thabal Competition #2 : Gallery
  • Lembi Leima: Best Film at 1st NE Film Fest
  • COVID-19 Status 26 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Flexing the farming muscles !
  • Is HIV self-test, missing link to reach #endAIDS
  • 'Vested move' in bringing Phizo's body ?
  • Advantages of being disqualified
  • Onus on state to rake in peace time bonus
  • Process of lifting AFSPA : From 2004 to 2023
  • My Memories of Imphal #15 : Download
  • Q&A with Babloo Loitongbam at Netherlands
  • Job Vacancy @ Makok Tech, Bishnupur
  • Drought :: Poem
  • Law as a career choice
  • COVID-19 Status 25 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Day 2 : Punjab students' tour to Manipur
  • Sajibu Cheirao-chingkaba : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Central Univ Punjab exposure tour to Manipur
  • Question of Survival
  • lived without love, not one without water
  • World Tuberculosis Day at Arunachal
  • Pulling out of SoO pact with 3 groups
  • Legal hurdles in nailing drug peddlers
  • Sangai Fest: Moyon Dance : Gallery
  • Will lessons from COVID vaccine rollout ...
  • Of water scarcity: Beyond class room teaching
  • COVID-19 Status 23 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Univ to host students from Punjab
  • Mangrove, the magical tree
  • Ban plastics or set up recycling plants
  • Enforcing ban on single use plastic
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #1 : Gallery
  • Tri-Nation International Football Tournament
  • Modern Cancer Treatment in Manipur
  • International conference on Natural farming
  • Importance of farm pond for agriculture
  • Drowned :: Poem
  • Poireiton Khunthok (Abridged Translation) #1
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba (Meitei New Year) : Book
  • COVID-19 Status 21 March : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Implement NRC must precede delimitation'
  • Yuva Samvad - India@2047 organized
  • Serum for hair
  • As you sail through the noises
  • Seizure of PDS rice amid erratic distribution
  • Studying with a purpose in mind
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #3 : Gallery
  • Liquor prohibition in Manipur
  • Lifting Bhagyachandra and elephant
  • COVID-19 Status 20 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Bishnupur Cricket Association meeting
  • Fake News & Disinformation New Challenges
  • Prospect, feasibility of natural farming in state
  • Manipur and water crisis
  • Lamta Thangja @Kangla Gate : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Kabui Dance : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Oil and gas scenario in Manipur
  • NPF's 'Gandhigiri' gestures towards NDPP
  • Spreading happiness as a career choice
  • Afforestation campaign: Test of Govt resilience
  • Poppy plantation & agents of desertification
  • My Memories of Imphal #14 : Download
  • Imphal Turel condition [18 Mar] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Seminar on Awareness about lifestyle diseases
  • Pole Star :: Poem
  • Blunting of AIDS epidemic: zero-complacency
  • Conduct of election to Municipal in Nagaland
  • Saroi Khangba @ Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Ima Keithel, a yearlong tourist's destination
  • COVID-19 Status 17 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Her Struggle
  • In Nagaland, NDPP rises & NPF falls
  • Dream Zone - School of Creative Studies
  • Sluggish project works abetting water crisis
  • Taking the NRC call to Delhi : Unifying factor
  • Nongmaithem Tombi Singh's contribution #2
  • Highways of Life :: Movie Review
  • COVID-19 Status 16 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Farewell Maharashtra student : Gallery
  • How healthy is your relationship ?
  • G20: Driving women-led development
  • Yogini Temple of Hirapur, Odisha
  • Holistic laws must to cleanse rot in exam
  • All thunder & lightening but no rain
  • Bora Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Deepika Mayanglambam : Felicitated by Y20
  • COVID-19 Status 15 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Will shorter TB regimen reach those in need
  • From a student, Dear Dhanamanjuri University
  • An inspiring story of a fish farmer journey
  • British Council announces STEM scholarship
  • State's reputation at stake as drug...
  • Briefing Union Home Minister
  • Thabal Competition #1 : Gallery
  • International River day at Lairouching
  • COVID-19 Status 14 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Lembi Leima : Film Premeire at Melbourne
  • Ballad For Gloom :: Poem
  • Dialectics of identity & development #2
  • Patriarchy opting for Gender Equality
  • Demand for NRC, panel testifies restive state
  • All set for HSLC 2023 exams
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Railways acts as engine of development
  • The Book of Ichigo Ichie :: Review
  • Platform for women to re-start their careers
  • The rising threat of forest fires
  • Land allotment scam amid uproar over eviction
  • Noting stand of Forest Minister
  • English Pronouncing Skills : Book Download
  • Day 5: Yaoshang Sports : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Representation to PM seeking appointment
  • Condemnation of CM N Biren's interview
  • Eco-friendly management of fall armyworm
  • Honesty is the worst privacy
  • Resistance to Govt efforts to protect forests
  • Tough times call for tough decisions
  • My Memories of Imphal #13 : Download
  • Day 4: Yaoshang Sports : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Why COVID-19 continues to be a pandemic?
  • International Women's Day
  • 'Electricity collaboration' diplomacy in BBIN
  • Day 3: Yaoshang Sports : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sports: Yubi Lakpi at Khongman
  • COVID-19 Status 10 March : Govt of Manipur
  • UNHHRC access to Mizoram & Manipur
  • Govt to withdraw from SOO agreement
  • 4 Filmmakers invited for Indie8 Fest
  • Dialectics of identity & development #1
  • Thabal Chongba @Mongsangei #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Pichakari #1 : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2023 #1: Gallery
  • International Women's Day 2023
  • COVID-19 Status 09 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Yaoshang Sports at Khongman
  • International Women's Day at IBSD, Imphal
  • Nakatheng Chatpa @Kakwa : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Sports item distributed at Bishnupur
  • Parents :: Poem
  • Call for world peace & harmony
  • Tips to play safe Holi
  • Yaoshang Mei Thaba @Imphal : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Mei Thaba @Nabadwip : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Yaoshang : Nostalgia, tradition & identity
  • GOI pressure on CM Rio to deliver solution
  • Update gun license otherwise
  • Art Exhibition @ RKCS #1 : Gallery
  • NE Convention on Indigenous Peoples Land
  • COVID-19 Status 06 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Yaoshang (Holi) Festival :: Book
  • Railways: Engine of new growth in NE India
  • Precautionary measures during Yaoshang
  • Persons suffering from Sickle cell disease
  • Training on mushroom at Khangabok
  • Floodlight boon for state's sportspersons
  • Act not think for the future of Meiteis
  • Yaoshang Sen Khaiba : Gallery
  • Students Tour to Nagpur #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Lampak is calling
  • North East endorses Modi but with conditions
  • Elephanta Caves
  • After village chief, anti-poppy vow by legislator
  • The good & the bad of Yaoshang
  • My Memories of Imphal #12 : Download
  • Sangai Fest: Khutpak Chatkoi #2 : Gallery
  • 538th Birth Anniv of Cheitanya Mahaprabhu
  • COVID-19 Status 04 March : Govt of Manipur
  • Gender gap in STEM: Its impact & solution
  • On Rethinking Corruption
  • How sports help in development of women
  • Lanna Thouram of Chaoren #2 :: Gallery
  • Water use during water crisis: Hunphun/Ukhrul
  • COVID-19 Status 03 March : Govt of Manipur
  • World Wildlife Day : Awareness Cycle Rally
  • Farewell to students from Maharashtra
  • Bodoland International Knowledge Festival
  • Startups & NE India connect
  • Minister Biswajit's anti-poppy stand
  • Show no leniency to poppy growers
  • MANITEX @ Nilakuthi #3 : Gallery
  • Dr Surpriya Hawaibam: Ophthalmology Award
  • Time to get back to basics to end TB
  • In light of reintroducing Damodar Swami
  • Can Myanmar-Bangladesh promote ASEAN
  • Play organic Holi with natural colors
  • Must prepare to derive benefit of border trade
  • ST demand has come a long way
  • Likon Sanaba @Ningthoukhong #2 : Gallery
  • State Project Co-ordinator for Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 01 March : Govt of Manipur
  • National Science Day at Lilong
  • Lessons from the inferno @Sainik School
  • Messi -- The Name Is Enough -III
  • Tourism is a cross cutting industry
  • Spike in electricity demand
  • Lungnila : Long wait for justice
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #4 : Gallery
  • Nongmaithem Tombi Singh's contribution #1
  • March Calendar for Year 2023 : Tools
  • Saroi Khangba @ Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Cherry Blossom @Mao : Gallery
  • Lanna Thouram of Chaoren #1 :: Gallery
  • Singju Festival @Heingang #1 :: Gallery
  • 6th Intl Women's Polo #1 :: Gallery
  • Lui-ngai-ni Fest @ Chandel #1 :: Gallery
  • Mangani Leihun of Chaoren #2 :: Gallery
  • Shopping List for Shivaratri :: Gallery
  • Jiribam Keithel [June 2022] #2 :: Gallery
  • MK Binodini's centenary - oral literature
  • Aribam Syam Sharma :: Filmography
  • Olympians & National awardees of Manipur
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023