TODAY -

Loktak Issue: Projects versus rights in Manipur

Date: 3 May 2013 | Delhi /



A delegation of All Manipur Thanga people’s Welfare Association and All Loktak Lake Areas Fishermen’s Union Manipur appeared before the National Human Rights Commission in New Delhi on 29 April 2013. They appealed to intervene to defend their rights to fishing and livelihood on Phumdis in the Loktak Lake.

It is word mentioning that Loktak Lake, 236.21 sq km in area and the largest fresh water lake in the Northeast is a Ramsar designated site (1990) and entered the Montreux Record (1993). The controversial Loktak Protection Act 2006 classified the lake into Core and Buffer Zones. The Core which comprises of 70.30 sq km is abound in floating phumdi created by decomposing mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters. Several phum-huts were built on the phumdis for fishing activity and as primary home of the landless fishing community.

The Loktak Development Authority created under LPA has taken up measures to strengthen the grips of the Government on Loktak. It implemented projects in the name of 'saving' the lake from pollution, contamination and human pressure. However, the projects have become contentious. It is being charged that the LDA issued ultra vires eviction notification on 11 November 2011 and carried out forced eviction of about 777 phum-huts out of 1147, inhabited by about 10,000 persons, in and around Loktak Lake from November 15 till 23 November 2011. In addition to the phum-huts, the LDA have destroyed Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan schools and National Rural Health Mission centres. Students and the local medical sector got affected by it.

Arsoning and dismantling of phum-huts was justified by adopting half hearted compensation model, i.e., Rs 40,000 per family. The amount was too less to cover up destructions of homesteads and fishing equipments and for rehabilitation. Most families refused to accept the money; while some who do not own or live in phumdis received back door compensation share. Despite protest, the LDA went ahead with destruction of 14 Phum-huts in January 2012 without any notice. Between 8 March 2012 and 29 March 2013 the LDA destroyed 56 phum-huts in contravention to the Gauhati High Court order of 25 January 2012. On 16 February 2013 a contempt notice was issued against the concerned authorities for violating court order. However, another arbitrary eviction effort was made on 29 March 2013.

In this scenario many have cited reasons against LPA. Firstly, the Act was enforced without free prior informed consent of the people who for several generations are dependent on the lake. It is ironical to discover that most technical terms mentioned in the Act are not properly defined for open debate and consensus. Secondly, increasing volume of phumdis, chemical contamination, and human pressure in the lake are the result of the controversial Ithai Barrage that had blocked natural flow of water and rendered thousands into landlessness due to submersion of vast track of the land under the water. Thirdly, the ongoing cleansing and displacement project is primarily designed by project monger politicians, contractors, and their middle class agents whose back door income is dependent on management of projects. They are in a rush to scramble for projects at any cost to the extent of violation of rights and contempt of court order. It led to the destruction of property and displacement of the vast chunk of the lower class fisher community whose homesteads, economic livelihood and socio-cultural system are connected to Loktak.

This is not the first time that there is project versus rights in Manipur. The Manipur government remains highly corrupted and irresponsive to the democratic demand against destructive projects. For the present issue the affected families are being added the burden of raising fund to send a delegate to the NHRC to raise their issue. On 29 April they submitted a memorandum with list of demands which include among others: to repeal Manipur Loktak Lake Protection Act, 2006; to allow to rebuild Phum huts as before; to enact Manipur Loktak Lake Fishermen’s Rights and Welfare Act; to review Loktak Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project for possible decommission of Ithai Barrage; etc.

The Chairperson of the NHRC Justice Shri K.G. Balakrishnan, who headed the Full Commission hearing, took serious note of the issue. He assured the delegation that the NHRC will institute an enquiry in Manipur where affected victims would also be invited. It remains to be seen if the assurance is being materialized and the goals of the affected families are being achieved. In the meanwhile, the Loktak Issue should be the food for thought of the concerned authorities at the state and central levels. The leadership and higher officials need to respond so that projects do not add to displacement and unrest. Peoples want peace!

Dr. Malem Ningthouja Chairperson
Campaign for Peace & Democracy (Manipur)



* This info was sent by Dr. Malem Ningthouja who can be contacted at mningthouja[AT]yahoo[DOT]com
This Press Release was posted on May 04, 2013


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • History of Printing in Manipur
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #1
  • Why Total Knee Replacement is necessary
  • The Dawn of Knowledge :: Poem
  • Consideration for Govt on UTLA camp attack
  • Bloody Phanek premiere in South Korea
  • Memo to Satywati College against Hindi
  • NE militant in Myanmar may face problem
  • Putting the limelight on O Ibobi
  • Bamboo - our green treasure
  • Jadonang: Indomitable faith of martyrdom
  • 12th Manipur State League #3:: Gallery
  • Cyberbullying
  • British rule in India: blessing or curse?
  • Candle light for Pravish Chanam at Delhi
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Concern over Cambodia media crackdown
  • Present crisis a blessing for NPF: MLA
  • Medical Camp at Tokpaching, Chandel
  • High promises, high expectations : BJP Govt
  • Traffic regulation still yet be improved
  • Traditional Ritual @Khurkhul #4 :: Gallery
  • Athokpam Tomchou :: Sahityabhusan
  • Kanglasha & Kangla Fort :: 360 ° View
  • Mapithel Dam: Tumukhong village's sorrow
  • Earthen Pots of Thongjao :: Poem
  • Protest Rally at Uchiwa on Pravish's death
  • Three former insurgents killed in Manipur
  • Frisking exercise intensifies along borders
  • Manipur await to deport Rohingya prisoner
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • Boisang, Yaronsho, Thangmeiso :: eMing
  • MSL: NISA Vs FC Zalen :: Gallery
  • Fund the Athlete: Support Sumanta Naorem
  • Carbon Sequestration Vs Agroforestry tree
  • PHYNYX changes name & going global
  • NEFIS reaches HM on Pravish death
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • SSP admits lapses; suspends 2 more cops
  • Expecting the expectation
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Ningtham Charei fashion catwalk :: Gallery
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score yrs- D
  • Candle light: Justice for Pravish Chanam
  • Science as a Christian vocation
  • Yesterday Today and Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Early Childhood Education Impact Study
  • Condemn the attitude of Noida Police
  • Protest at Noida SSP's office
  • A Child Cannot Decide Its Parent
  • Notification from COHSEM for Class XI
  • Threat to ban movement of non-local
  • Re-defining Mr. Clean perspectives
  • Hathei Phanit @Sirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Education in Manipur- reform & vision
  • Career option in Political Science
  • A Robe of Love :: Poem
  • Memo to CM regarding dead in Noida
  • Meghalaya edition of NH7 Weekender
  • Away from Imphal centric: Govt-Hills Bhai!
  • Panchayat election matters...
  • Reception for CM at CCPur :: Gallery
  • 239th Heikru Hidongba #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #2
  • R & R anomaly in Mapithel dam
  • Letting go :: Poem
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Warepnaba Meefam Saruk Yabiyu
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Civil Sectt crawling at snail pace
  • Perplexity trends
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Ningtham Charei :: Fashion Show
  • ISKCON Temple, Imphal #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Remote Villages conditions remain same
  • General Meeting & Social Gathering of EMA
  • Leadership management
  • Karo Sambhav School Program at Tripura
  • Blood Donation Camp at RIMS
  • Another spell of cooking gas shortage
  • Parking paralysis
  • Manipur Univ of Culture #3 :: Gallery
  • Sub Junior Boys Basketball #2 :: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram: NE Excellence Award
  • Manipuri in Proto-Sino-Tibetan Family
  • Lamka: Urban character with rural admin
  • MUTA Colloquium : 3 decades of teaching
  • Vigil up in Manipur over influx
  • NPF removes Manipur state unit president
  • IIHEd Seminar : The Rohingya Conundrum
  • Inter Village Volley Ball at Chandel
  • Trafficking story from CCpur
  • Local body election matters
  • Pottery Crafts of Manipur #1 :: Gallery
  • Techniche, IIT Guwahati :: Gallery
  • Anger begets hope & constructive action
  • World's oldest Parliamentarian
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco Univ.
  • Times I Live In :: Poem
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Date with Sep 11 : Setting new benchmarks
  • Angaoba Film Scenes #2 :: eRang
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score years- C
  • Flood & Ithai Barrage: A brief reflection
  • Indigenous people must be consulted...
  • When a Star Finally Dies :: Poem
  • Job openings at The Rice Company
  • Lesson need to learn from Gouri Lankesh
  • Sumi Hoho calls on Nagaland CM
  • #NeverStop Guwahati: fitness enthusiasts
  • Protests against Myanmar govt
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 12th Manipur State League #1:: Gallery
  • Tete a tete with the Education Minister
  • Freak and frank job interview
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #1
  • Dichtung und Wahrheit :: Poem
  • Protest: Myanmar for persecuting Rohingya
  • Subroto Football under 14 yrs at Delhi
  • Performance anxiety: and its election again
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #1:: Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba Definition: Bijoy Govinda
  • Shri Shri Govindaji Temple #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Era gone with Rishang Keishing demise
  • International Literacy Day, 2017
  • De-notify Disturbed Area tag & repeal AFSPA
  • Waiting for a Good Morrow:: Poem
  • Annual Fresher's Meet, MSAD
  • Clogged waterways: Plastics, plastics...
  • Life is to be lived, not to merely survive
  • State level Teacher's Day :: Gallery
  • MU Inter-College Basketball :: Gallery
  • Half Step Rock signs up PHYNYX, now 'LEN'
  • RIST Talk 31 : metal cholate hydrogels
  • Day 3 at Techniche IIT Guwahati
  • Response to "need male empowerment"
  • Condemns murder of Gauri Lankesh
  • Condemns murder of Bengaluru journalist
  • NPF on impersonation of its President
  • Pre-recruitment Training for Chandel Youth
  • Where are the Ojas in teachers ?
  • Another stunt, but things remain the same
  • Bhoot Ki Thoujal :: Funga Wari
  • 52nd Hunger Marchers' Day #3 :: Gallery
  • Global development agenda & local realities
  • Sita :: Poem
  • Career in Audio/Sound Engineering
  • Education for conflict
  • Bikram's Blog :: 10 Year on Web
  • 7th Pay & the fiscal reality of the State
  • Of Patriot and patriotism
  • 2nd Conclave of NEDA
  • Kang Tournament #2 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week #2 :: Gallery
  • Beauvoir's Second Sex & Maam's teaching
  • Face to Face with Rishang Keishing
  • ...real fact nobody wants to tell naked truth
  • to whom it may concern :: Poem
  • Importance of yoga
  • 'Court Arrest Prog' on Teachers' Day
  • Recruitment drive at Globizs, Imphal
  • JCILPS back after a brief lull
  • Culture of respect
  • 239th Heikru Hidongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Oinam Doren wins award in Italy (Lessinia)
  • For Chester : Tribute Concert :: Gallery
  • Make Manipur 'Gateway' to ASEAN
  • For all plasti-zens
  • Sailing in the Troubled Waters :: Poem
  • CM's advisor interacts with students
  • Discussion: Scenario of Indian Politics
  • Catching up with former CM, former CSs
  • Id-ul-Zuha @ Hatta, Minuthong :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #3 :: Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba
  • Result: 3rd Imphal National Photo contest
  • Japanlan memoir after four score years- B
  • NE needs moral guiding force like Rishang
  • STDCM na sougatli
  • Battling the cancer of corruption
  • First day of IIT Techniche 2017
  • Haipou Jadonang day :: Gallery
  • Sub-Junior Football for NE :: Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang - The Martyr #2
  • NHPC's Loktak Project: Curse for Manipur
  • Of War and Peace :: Poem
  • Techniche 2017 kick starts in IIT Guwahati
  • Software Engineer @ Cobigent Tech
  • LPG cylinders sold like potatoes
  • Consistency containing nature vagaries
  • Xth Pineapple Fest @CCpur :: Gallery
  • Translation of "Puya" in English
  • L Devendro & Diana Chanu :: Reception
  • L Devendro : O Bembem :: Arjuna Awards
  • Ige KNliye kabita Ama :: Seireng
  • For Chester : Graffiti Work :: Gallery
  • Karong Children home wash away:: Gallery
  • State bids adieu to Rishang :: Gallery
  • Rishang Keishing : A profile
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #2 :: Gallery
  • Tamu, Myanmar- Moreh border #2 :: Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Nungbi Khullen, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Singcha Wuya Won (flower) #3:: Gallery
  • Landscape of Ukhrul District #2:: Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #3 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #5 : Ooba
  • SPONSORED ADS