TODAY -

Loktak Issue: Projects versus rights in Manipur

Date: 3 May 2013 | Delhi /



A delegation of All Manipur Thanga people’s Welfare Association and All Loktak Lake Areas Fishermen’s Union Manipur appeared before the National Human Rights Commission in New Delhi on 29 April 2013. They appealed to intervene to defend their rights to fishing and livelihood on Phumdis in the Loktak Lake.

It is word mentioning that Loktak Lake, 236.21 sq km in area and the largest fresh water lake in the Northeast is a Ramsar designated site (1990) and entered the Montreux Record (1993). The controversial Loktak Protection Act 2006 classified the lake into Core and Buffer Zones. The Core which comprises of 70.30 sq km is abound in floating phumdi created by decomposing mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters. Several phum-huts were built on the phumdis for fishing activity and as primary home of the landless fishing community.

The Loktak Development Authority created under LPA has taken up measures to strengthen the grips of the Government on Loktak. It implemented projects in the name of 'saving' the lake from pollution, contamination and human pressure. However, the projects have become contentious. It is being charged that the LDA issued ultra vires eviction notification on 11 November 2011 and carried out forced eviction of about 777 phum-huts out of 1147, inhabited by about 10,000 persons, in and around Loktak Lake from November 15 till 23 November 2011. In addition to the phum-huts, the LDA have destroyed Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan schools and National Rural Health Mission centres. Students and the local medical sector got affected by it.

Arsoning and dismantling of phum-huts was justified by adopting half hearted compensation model, i.e., Rs 40,000 per family. The amount was too less to cover up destructions of homesteads and fishing equipments and for rehabilitation. Most families refused to accept the money; while some who do not own or live in phumdis received back door compensation share. Despite protest, the LDA went ahead with destruction of 14 Phum-huts in January 2012 without any notice. Between 8 March 2012 and 29 March 2013 the LDA destroyed 56 phum-huts in contravention to the Gauhati High Court order of 25 January 2012. On 16 February 2013 a contempt notice was issued against the concerned authorities for violating court order. However, another arbitrary eviction effort was made on 29 March 2013.

In this scenario many have cited reasons against LPA. Firstly, the Act was enforced without free prior informed consent of the people who for several generations are dependent on the lake. It is ironical to discover that most technical terms mentioned in the Act are not properly defined for open debate and consensus. Secondly, increasing volume of phumdis, chemical contamination, and human pressure in the lake are the result of the controversial Ithai Barrage that had blocked natural flow of water and rendered thousands into landlessness due to submersion of vast track of the land under the water. Thirdly, the ongoing cleansing and displacement project is primarily designed by project monger politicians, contractors, and their middle class agents whose back door income is dependent on management of projects. They are in a rush to scramble for projects at any cost to the extent of violation of rights and contempt of court order. It led to the destruction of property and displacement of the vast chunk of the lower class fisher community whose homesteads, economic livelihood and socio-cultural system are connected to Loktak.

This is not the first time that there is project versus rights in Manipur. The Manipur government remains highly corrupted and irresponsive to the democratic demand against destructive projects. For the present issue the affected families are being added the burden of raising fund to send a delegate to the NHRC to raise their issue. On 29 April they submitted a memorandum with list of demands which include among others: to repeal Manipur Loktak Lake Protection Act, 2006; to allow to rebuild Phum huts as before; to enact Manipur Loktak Lake Fishermen’s Rights and Welfare Act; to review Loktak Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project for possible decommission of Ithai Barrage; etc.

The Chairperson of the NHRC Justice Shri K.G. Balakrishnan, who headed the Full Commission hearing, took serious note of the issue. He assured the delegation that the NHRC will institute an enquiry in Manipur where affected victims would also be invited. It remains to be seen if the assurance is being materialized and the goals of the affected families are being achieved. In the meanwhile, the Loktak Issue should be the food for thought of the concerned authorities at the state and central levels. The leadership and higher officials need to respond so that projects do not add to displacement and unrest. Peoples want peace!

Dr. Malem Ningthouja Chairperson
Campaign for Peace & Democracy (Manipur)



* This info was sent by Dr. Malem Ningthouja who can be contacted at mningthouja[AT]yahoo[DOT]com
This Press Release was posted on May 04, 2013


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Surviving COVID-19 onslaught: My experience
  • Namthiurai, Chingja Yaimen: eMing
  • Breast Cancer Awareness Month
  • Ocean :: Poem
  • AI : The Fourth Industrial Revolution
  • Promoting nutri-gardens & backyard poultry
  • Straight from the NSCN (IM) leader
  • NH 2 cut off at Khongnem (Mao) : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Nidhi Prayas : Call for application
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • 93 yr old recovers from COVID-19 at Ukhrul
  • North Eastern Tale :: Poem
  • Change and continuity
  • Private schools yesterday & today
  • Tarao Laimanai in Chandel #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • Emergency Meeting on COVID-19 : Gallery
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #4
  • 'No need to hold Hornbill festival 2020'
  • Food for beauty :: Shahnaz Husain
  • Condemns officials of Assam govt
  • Points for new SOP
  • Beautiful : An Anal music video : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • The price of compassion :: Poem
  • 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' amidst COVID-19
  • Tea in Assam
  • Politics of peace talk
  • Yubi Lakpi Manipur indigenous game: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Khundrakpam Babuchand : Sanagi Medal
  • Myanmar's 2020 Election: The Way Forward
  • On the brink of irrelevance ?
  • Breeding & Culture Unit at Gauhati Univ
  • Ahead of high level meeting
  • Langban Lam-Haiba at Andro #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • The aftermath of Unlock - 2
  • Foundation Stone - Manipur Intl Univ Campus
  • Aesthetics of nature :: Poem
  • Let's talk about career
  • 'Signs of community spread'
  • Recommendation to Manipur Govt on COVID
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Bhagyachandra Death Anniversary: Gallery
  • Samananda Yumnam : NEET 2020 topper
  • Resilience to minimise humanitarian crises
  • Shyam, Your Life, Is Sundarful
  • Manipur gi Ahanba Assembly Meepham
  • Partners in coalition Govt
  • Imphal valley from Tuikhang Aimol : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Indo-Naga Peace Talks : Discussion Report
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #3
  • 'Engage through dialogue, Refrain Violence'
  • Luminous :: Poem
  • Maya Rani Singh : NE Women Success Stories
  • Tough talk from Th Muivah
  • Nambul : The River that cries as it dies
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace parleys reach deadlock
  • Harassment of Women in Digital Space
  • Discussion : Indo-Naga Peace Talks
  • Women :: Poem
  • Kitchen ingredients to revive your hair
  • Prevalence of Domestic Violence in North East
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Toll free tele-counselling for children
  • Protect our job seekers or prevent them
  • International Day of Rural Women 2020
  • Corona also kills English !
  • Webinar 'How to crack NEET [Medical]'
  • Rising number of deaths & infections
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Chemistry Nobel Prize 2020
  • Prisoner Database Management Portal
  • Webinars: A step forward in Digital Revolution
  • My trusted friend :: Poem
  • On political acountability: Pandemic issues
  • Consultative meet sans NNPG, NSCN (IM)
  • Global Handwashing Day 2020
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Looking at COVID-19 in Tamenglong
  • Groundwater TubeWell @Sinamkom : Gallery
  • 1st E/online mediation organised
  • Intl Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Political Affairs Committee of NPCC
  • Projected figure of 25,000 by mid November
  • The Barefoot Legend Of India
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Come by-election, COVID-19 lurking around
  • 'How to crack NEET [Medical entrance'
  • Discussion : Kuki Nationalism & Aspiration
  • To whom does it belong ? :: Poem
  • What is Plant Variety Right (PVR)?
  • High profile entry of two to BJP
  • The promised & present political scenario
  • Thang Ta @ JNMDA #2 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • For Pettigrew College in Ukhrul : An appeal
  • Tough Times Never Last But .. :: Review
  • MoU between IBSD, Imphal & Manipur Univ
  • Working with elderly as career
  • Channel wars heating up in glare of TV news
  • 100 pc : Absurdly high cut off
  • Wuyawon - flower @ Wuya Kachui : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #2
  • Is GoM serious in building a peaceful state?
  • Fear :: Poem
  • Ice cubes for beauty
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Don't deliver outside India quip
  • Evolving digital film culture in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Is NSU Conflict Sensitive ?
  • Mount Koubru: Lifeline of Saitu-Gamphazol
  • Devt & community aspiration : Chadong Case
  • The Short Stranger At Relationship :: Poem
  • Impact of Covid on Manipuri women
  • World Mental Health Day 2020
  • Thasi-Thanou, My Bipolar Mother
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Raining jobs in Wangoi !
  • Admin/ Business Support @ R-Square Design
  • Father ? :: Poem
  • Agrarian reforms: Will they help farmers
  • Congratulates WFP on Nobel Peace Prize
  • Climbing death toll and infection
  • Imphal-Moreh Road & Landscape : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #1
  • 'Jan Andolan' campaign : CM pledged [8 Oct]
  • 20 hrs refresher course on mediation
  • A memoir of good old days :: Poem
  • From bush war to politics of talks
  • Wildlife week: Raising awareness to children
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day for Older Persons, 2020
  • Protection of Natural Resources at Molnoi
  • As I see the Invisibility :: Poem
  • Go-to-Village Mission and Job Plans
  • 'Dont levy fees from private school student'
  • Ugly stand off over NSU site
  • Ending the great Indian political farce
  • Dhol Chollom #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Network marketing: good or bad ?
  • 9th AGM / Cultural Program of AMAND, Pune
  • Webinar on National Education Policy 2020
  • World Teachers' Day 2020
  • Whistle blown for five ACs
  • Banana Fest 2019, Longmai #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • 'May you be the mother of many sons...'
  • Dead leaves of December :: Poem
  • Assam Don Bosco Univ- 9th Convocation
  • Lecture : India-ASEAN Relations at NEHU
  • Monsoon nail trends
  • Ukhrul brutality
  • Desperate measures
  • A new look at Ta Khousaba
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Trees planted - Licypriya birthday : Gallery
  • Elections during Pandemic
  • Journey that made me a School Master
  • Umeswari Barman: Success Stories from NE
  • Lakhs of trees for Licypriya birthday
  • September deadline has expired
  • Food items at Waithou Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Anaemia Free Manipur Campaign : Gallery
  • Ode to Barak :: Poem
  • Myanmar visit by Foreign Secy & Army Chief
  • Why I do not support the BJP
  • 9th Convocation of Assam Don Bosco Univ
  • Covid: Heed local experts, not central politician
  • I.T Road - GoM neglected region ?
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Gandhi Jayanti / Cleanliness Day : Gallery
  • What made China intrude in Eastern Ladakh
  • Please induct me as Minister
  • Is it my mind ? :: Poem
  • COVID Care Centre at Khuman Lampak
  • Unlock 2 on in Manipur
  • An apology to the event of Sept 21
  • Paddy field of Longa Koireng : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Online refresher course on mediation
  • Tips for a healthy heart during COVID-19
  • Coffee cultivation in North-East
  • Irabot remembered on his 125th birthday
  • Unlock 5.0 : Unlocking the economy
  • Every day should be Hijam Irabot day
  • 124th Birth Anniv of Lamyanba Irabot : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Tracing how human & algae see light & colour
  • Opening of classes, desperate call of student
  • Training on mushroom at Salam Mayai Leikai
  • Dying while we live: Cry of our dying soul
  • The Future of Higher Education : Discussion
  • Wangjing Tentha, Lilong : Whistle blown
  • Uncertain future of ex-MLAs as ministers
  • How Irawat became a Marxist revolutionary
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • October Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Licypriya urges everyone to plant a tree
  • A roadblock to NEP 2020: Rote learning
  • Second online Lok Adalat of Manipur held
  • What lesson has Covid-19 taught us ?
  • Being the junior partner in Govt
  • Attracting tourists: few pointers..
  • Manipur Art Fest 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • Mushroom cultivation @Singjamei : Gallery
  • Ownership of mineral rights : A case study
  • My idea of justice
  • NPF Legislature meets with NEDA Convener
  • How to use glycerine on the face
  • Mantra of trace, test and treat
  • Criminalization of politics
  • Irrelevance of 66 MW Loktak Downstream HEP
  • Thangol adu maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Inauguration of Destination NE 2020 : Gallery
  • Programme on Irabot's Death Anniversary
  • RIST Popular Talk -45 : Quantum chaos
  • Salad days :: Poem
  • Last Day : Sangai Festival 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Irabot, one & only leader of oppressed mass
  • World Tourism Day 2020
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #2: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #3
  • We do not stop playing because we grow old
  • Swearing in @ Rajbhavan [24 Sep] : Gallery
  • Licypriya - Parliament to pass Climate Law
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #2
  • Petition to PM by farmers of Ningombam
  • Low ease of doing business in Manipur
  • My idea of justice
  • Offensive against party hopping
  • Politics is more than a game of numbers
  • RK Bikramjit (Flutist & Composer) : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #4: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #1
  • Nurturing young minds amidst lockdown
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • A hot test in a Darjeeling lodge
  • Number games before reshuffle
  • Preserving biodiversity amidst uncertainty
  • Barak: Our economic & ecological security
  • Loan Distribution- Street Vendors : Gallery
  • Shirui Village, Shirui Hill, Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Tongjei Maril 1942: Bridle Path to Motor Road
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji: Actress #2 : eRang
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #1: Gallery
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • Akhunba Takhellei #2 : Film scene :: eRang
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS