TODAY -

Policy dialogue : Critical issues of Framework Agreement

Dr L Krishnamangol Singh *

Framework Agreement' between the Government of India (GoI) and NSCN (I-M)
Framework Agreement' between the Government of India (GoI) and NSCN (I-M) :: Pix - TSE



It is well known that dialogue is an essential policy instrument for settling an issue. And, it is followed by both or all the parties involved in settling the issue. Thus, in the context of an issue, which is mainly concerned with the relation between the civil society organisations (CSOs) and the state (represented by the government), the Central government (i.e. the Government of India) prefers or tends to participate in the dialogue as the Centre needs to play a mediating role in settling the issue.

And, the Centre seems to consider that the primary interest of the state is to protect and preserve the state, and that the Civil Society organisations need not destabilise or disintegrate the state or the general interest of the people in the state. Thus, the Government of India seems to follow strategic policy for applying interventionist role in grappling with the various issues of the state or the states.

Coming to the question of underground organisations like NSCN (IM), the current issue that faces between the NSCN (IM) and the Government of India in terms of “Framework Agreement” is very complex and complicated when we consider the political backdrops of the formation of new districts, including the hill areas of the Manipur. The issue is again more complex if we consider the need for dialogue of peace talk between the NSCN (IM) and the Government of India in terms of the undisclosed framework agreement.

Thus, it is essential that the Government of India needs to take up urgent actions for settling or closing the framework agreement without affecting the state of Manipur and the neighbouring states in the Northeastern region of the country. In fact, the contents of the framework agreement, which is reinterpreted as the only framework of agreement between the Government of India and the NSCN (IM) should not cover any part or some parts of Manipur and other neighbouring states in the Northeastern region of the country.

In the above context, it can be pointed out that in the history of post-American Independence (declared in 1776, and virtually ended the British rule in America in 1781, which marked the year of surrender although the treaty, known as the Treaty of Paris which recognised American Independence was signed in 1782 and ratified in 1783), there was civil war (1861 – 1865) between the peoples in the Northeastern region of USA and the southern region of America due to the differences in ideologies and socio-economic systems in the two regions of the country.

In fact, the American Civil War was essentially due to the conflict of interests of peoples in the Northeast and Southern states of America in respect of their social and economic policies. Likewise, the open conflict of interests on the proposed formation of Greater Nagalim, which affects Manipur and some other neighbouring states has caused a great resentment and bitter psychology among the peoples in Manipur and other neighbouring states in the Northeastern region of the country over such action that is likely to create civil war in Manipur and other neighbouring states in the Northeastern region of the country (India).

And, the concept of framework agreement still annoys the people of Manipur. It is therefore essential to avoid any unwarranted incident or civil war in Manipur and other states in the Northeastern region of India as happened in the United States of America shortly after her Independence.

Again, on the question of the policy design of framework agreement, it would not be wrong to point out that the UNC’s agenda of earlier economic blockade or ongoing agenda has been and is still and offshoot based on the framework agreement with deep-rooted policy of isolation from the territory and boundary of Manipur. In fact, nothing is know in writing from the framework agreement.

However, it is quickly known from the Centre’s clarifications that the framework agreement does not affect the territorial integrity and boundary of Manipur. And despite the confidentiality and secrecy of the framework agreement, it has been clarified that there is no mention of Manipur in the framework agreement, and that it will not affect the territorial integrity of the state (i.e. Manipur). It has also been emphasised or clarified that violence has no place in (a) democracy. It has also been emphasised on the mutual respect of the peoples in the neighbouring states of the Northeastern region.

The clarifications further drew our attention to the changes that took place since Independence of the country (India), and made a passing reference to the conceptual changes. In fact, it is generally known that there has been socio-economic changes in the country since Independence.

But, the ill-conceived design of conceptual changes that seek to integrate the population on community lines or social traits/caste traits need not be applied to Manipur or any part or parts in the Northeastern states as it will further disintegrate the Northeastern states and lead to the emergence of undesirable consequences in the Northeastern region of the country. Thus, the following policy design can be set out for grappling with the challenges or issues emanating from the “Framework Agreement”, signed between the NSCN (IM) and Government of India.

To begin with, it can be pointed out that it is not necessary to create a separate political space on community lines at the cost of inter-states or different states in the Northeastern region as the creation of a new state will contradict the concept of minimum government committed by the Centre. In fact, the rationale behind the minimum government and maximum governance suggests that there will be reduction in the role of the state or direct participation of the state or the government in economic activities and that this policy shift will lead to the expansion of economic activities in the private sector.

However, the government will play active role in the creation of major or key infrastructure of development. Thus, the design of minimum government need not encourage the creation of new states or new political space/ or political decentralisation in a new space. In fact, what is urgently required is the maximisation of expansion of governance and development through strengthening the institution of governance with the state (government) at the top of the new political economy of the state or states.

In fact, there need not be confrontation between people’s participation and development in the state or states as it (i.e. it confrontation) will drastically reduce the welfare of the peoples in the states.

Thus, the Centre needs to extend strong support to the states in the Northeastern region, including Manipur in order to strengthen and expand the various opportunities of people’s participation in development within the state or the states. This paradigm shift in development requires expansion and promotion of the new political economy of development of Manipur with leading role of the state in order to provide various development opportunities within the state of Manipur with strong support of the Centre and also with the state taking an active role in the formulation of a “rational development model” for Manipur.

This does not mean that the Centre and State government will follow a centralised model of development or percolation model that was followed prior to the economic reforms and liberalisation launched in the country in July 1991. The new “rational development model” suggests that the state on the government will play active role for growth and development of private sector economy with the expansion of the market forces or the market economy and the creation and development of major or key infrastructural facilities in the process of growth and development in the state.

The model also seeks to restructure the public sector economy for caring the development needs of the peoples in the country or in different states in the country. Thus, the new model of development seeks to move towards a new model of political economy of development in the country or in different states of the country without uprooting or minimising the power of the states.

Again, apart from the public-private partnership model, which is a highly organised model, the new model of development also seeks to cover all household and community members within the framework of “people’s sector” in order to provide development opportunities to peoples in the state and also enable the peoples including the poor to participate in the development process of the country or in different states in the country including Manipur.

Thus, the creation of a new state is irrelevant in the context of Manipur and other neighbouring states in Northeastern region of the country. In fact, it is likely that a state creation or creation of a similar political institution will lead the movement of state diversion particularly in the Northeastern region of India, including Manipur, and that the state diversion will again go against the interest of the country (i.e. India). As Paul Streeten has clearly pointed out, “When revolution comes, you will eat strawberries and cream and like it”.

In fact, there will be increasing misery of the people when revolution is used as an instrument of political change in a democratic country. Again, in certain cases, the creation of a new autonomous institution based community lines or communal lines without accountability of the political system to the state will seriously disturb the power structure or power balance and the whole polity of the state in areas where the law and order is already serious. Thus, there is the urgent need to withdraw the framework agreement by both the parties in the interest of the nation.


* Dr L Krishnamangol Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is an economist and author
This article was posted on June 09, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Women's Polo Tournament #1 : Gallery
  • Fashion Show: 'Handloom' #2 : Gallery
  • Reporting in Conflict Situation #1
  • Treatment schemes of RIMS, Lamphel
  • Home remedies for skin pigmentation
  • NE Chapter of ICSI inaugurated
  • Media credibility matter to uphold its sanctity
  • Setting down Jan 31 deadline : SC
  • Tangkhul Zingtun Longphang #1: Gallery
  • Wungramphy, Khamgonpou: eMing
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #3 : Gallery
  • Career option in Human Rights
  • Water conflicts over the Brahmaputra
  • PAC against Killing of Pravish: 17 Jan
  • Neiphiu Rio resigns from NPF
  • NPF-BJP Relationship : NPF clarifies
  • Consolidating the sporting heritage
  • Rising air and noise pollution
  • Kukis have equal right... : Neiphiu Rio
  • Rajnath reviews security in NE
  • Lafoi Shamda puthorkpa #2 : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Commercial Stalls #3: Gallery
  • The joy of living :: Poem
  • Bamboo a tree or grass ?
  • SELF Workshop on Leadership & Fulfilment
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Fight against corruption; we need Lokayukta
  • Hailing the role of drivers
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #2 :: eRang
  • Pung Chollom : Gallery
  • Wakhal Seireng :: Book Review
  • Imphal Jamboree by Global Shapers
  • Importance of regular health check-ups
  • Meetei demand for ST is Constitutional.. #2
  • Weapon Display organized at Moreh
  • Ex-Servicemen Rally organized
  • AR helps Orphanage & Old Age Home
  • Search of comprehensive culture & identity
  • List of MLA (Jan 2018) #1 : Gallery
  • Manipur Gas Today :: Android App
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3: Gallery
  • GNRC media fellowship announced
  • The Meiteis- Festival & celebration maniacs
  • How to make bridal mehndi long lasting
  • Governor's attention drawn to RIMS
  • Scientist develops prototype of electric car
  • Stereotypes about NE make people living..
  • Light Show at Loktak Lake #5 : Gallery
  • Candlelight vigil for Pravish : Gallery
  • Imbroglio of ethnic identity of Ranglong
  • Foundation For Excellence scholarship
  • Time Table - Class XII Exam 2018
  • Mail spoofing- Trickery by deception
  • Trial by fire
  • Call for solution before election
  • Villagers along Myanmar border get pass
  • Meetei Chanu 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Art and Artist, A Creative Space
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #2 : Gallery
  • Ode to Thy Mellow Light :: Poem
  • Xmas with Meitei eche at Phaijol
  • Time Table - Class XI Exam 2018
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • IMC , now another hurdle to traffic mgmt
  • Setting aside two days for the people
  • Maring: Kummui Chaa-um : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #5 : Gallery
  • Statehood Day Women's Polo Tournament
  • Time Table - HSLC Exam 2018
  • Bananas: Beauty's best friend
  • DPC for Follower at Manipur Police
  • Job Openings at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • The lost treasure
  • Nagas' Interests : Stand of NPF MSU
  • Nagaland polls on schedule: HM
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament #2: Gallery
  • Keisham Manihar : Natyabhusan(Leela)
  • World Tourism Day #3: Gallery
  • Responsibility of protecting the environment
  • Phishing vs Vishing: The Verbal Challenge
  • BNHS Bi-monthly Program for Jan-Feb
  • Managing weight for preventing diabetes
  • Making democracy peoples' participatory
  • Progressing from media to SC
  • Manipur to set up modern food lab
  • Gaan Ngai @ Kakhulong Khun: Gallery
  • A trip to Moreh #2 : Gallery
  • How long catchy slogans keep hopes alive
  • Recycling of hospital waste-water
  • I am sometime or somewhere : Poem
  • Angami Zapu Phizo's Surreal 2017 AD
  • Film "Legacy Of King Narak" awarded
  • Of PM and our CM
  • Patronising the killing machines ?
  • Deferment of polls unlikely: Ravi
  • PM may visit Manipur in March
  • Emoinu Khoiramba @Koubru #2: Gallery
  • NEROCA FC Vs East Bengal #2: Gallery
  • Transform Colleges into Innovation Centres
  • New Delhi: World Book Fair 2018 :: Review
  • Cry Of A Dying River...12 :: Poem
  • Workshop on National Pension for NE
  • Law enforcers action - Well & good
  • Final pact yet to see light of day
  • Cold wave hits Manipur
  • Take out the cymbals, Manoharsai to stay
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process :: Articles
  • MaiOn - Scenes #2 :: eRang
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #4 : Gallery
  • Is Global Warming Natural or Anthropogenic
  • Prof Gangmumei Kamei: Legendary hero
  • Common Education System rally organized
  • DAMMS launched 2018 calendar
  • Chorus for 'Solution Not Election'
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #1 : Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Moirangkhom : Gallery
  • I was born healthy, I wanna die healthy
  • Practice peace & change the life
  • TSA Moreh Block installed
  • Cycle Rally: common education system
  • Ethics, medical profession & soaring fees
  • Meetei Chanu 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Meira rally for Pravish : Gallery
  • Accelerate momentum to endTB for SDGs
  • The call that can't be turned down
  • Live@MDU: New act with same old vibes
  • 1st Centre of Excellence- Electronics Skill
  • LED Lights installed by Loktak Station
  • NE tragedy: Policy failures & influx
  • Angaoba - Scenes #3 :: eRang
  • 51st Mr Manipur Contest 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Result: Manipur Sangai Intl Digital salon
  • Use Swachhata App to Make Imphal No. 1
  • Career @ events and celebration
  • Night nourishing
  • Indo-Nepal Friendship: 25 yrs of Don Bosco
  • Understanding the indices of life
  • Poppy cultivation & drug cartels
  • Emoinu Khoiramba @Koubru #1: Gallery
  • Day 10: Closing of Sangai Fest #4 : Gallery
  • The creation of the universe, matter...
  • Mumbai: The city of dreams
  • Let this new year kill your new fears
  • Asian Waterbird Census: Count waterbirds
  • Looking for a better inclusive alternative
  • Coaching & commercialisation of education
  • New Year picnic @ Singda Dam : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Despite Stolen Dreams :: Book Rvw
  • Handloom Training @Hojai : Gallery
  • The Perfect timing
  • IGAR (south) meets Chief Minister
  • Communique from Neiphiu Rio on NDPP
  • Discussion on 'Rohingyas' at Delhi
  • In the process of making change- Manipur
  • Looking ahead from vantage point 2017
  • NEROCA FC Vs East Bengal #1: Gallery
  • World Tourism Day #2: Gallery
  • Immediate Manipur
  • Easter Peace :: Poem
  • You are what you eat
  • Goals for Girls: Leadership Summit @Delhi
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Front Page Photo #6: Gallery
  • LUCIFER-X released debut EP
  • ..on the ocean of despondence :: Poem
  • Happy new year to State lovers
  • New year, new me: Re-designing self
  • Quiz Competition & Career Awareness
  • Calendar for the Year 2018 :: e-pao Tools
  • Gaan Ngai : Zeliangrong festival :: Flash
  • 51st Mr Manipur Contest 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Crowd @ Flower Festival @Mao #4: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai Festival of Zelianglong
  • Goodbye 2017, welcome 2018
  • Cry of a dying river- 11 :: Poem
  • Free Heart OPD & Echocardiogram
  • Peoples' mandate: what next?
  • Understanding Manipur and its history
  • Kwatha (Indo-Myanmar Border) #2: Gallery
  • Thang Ta @Parlimentary : Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • Bamboo for poverty alleviations
  • A costly peace deal
  • The song of the speech-impaired : Poem
  • Opportunity for NE Youth @Delhi/NCR
  • Chief Of Army Staff visits Manipur
  • Waiting for another begining
  • NE: Little change albeit promises galore
  • Flower Festival @ Mao #3 : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Why the Ngamu Fish ?
  • Unsung heroes
  • Wishing a goa in Manipur!
  • Handloom Weaver at Nagaon, Assam
  • Reminder on role of media & political party
  • Hospital death: Deliver justice if delivery ..
  • Restricted Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • Lourembam Bedabati : Sangeetbhusan
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #3 : Gallery
  • Handloom Training @Assam : Gallery
  • Ras Leela @Parliment committee: Gallery
  • List of RIST popular talks during 2014-2017
  • 'Good Governance Day' & Manipur
  • Christmas eve @ CCpur #2 : Gallery
  • Public Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • Pui Thangamliu #2 :: eRang
  • Christmas Carol @ Lamphel : Gallery
  • Royal Crematorium at Bangkok #2 : Gallery
  • Christmas Carol at Namdulong : Gallery
  • General Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • 3rd Flower Festival @ Mao #2 : Gallery
  • Lafoi Shamda puthorkpa #1 : Gallery
  • Nupilal Ningsing Lamjen : Gallery
  • cYK_rb TwaI :: Seireng
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #7 : Ooba
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS