Indo-Naga Peace Dialogue: Another Shillong Accord in the making

Sira Kharay *

The credal premise of India's counter-insurgency policy in the Northeast has been dogmatically Machiavellian. Platonic obsession with metaphysical security calculations sans any political morality continues to inform India's conventional Naga policy.

In the absence of any farsighted policy roadmap for lasting peace, the hard-earned truce is in ragtag once again. Being run from the clinical psyche of the typical Indian intelligence, the code program "ceasefire" has become another soft offensive tactical war for dousing Naga nationalism.

By semantic manipulation of the mystifying term "inclusiveness", the international character of the conflict negotiation is being rapidly "localized". Masquerading in the misleading narrative of "accommodating all the interested groups and stakeholders", the erstwhile juristic entity of "one Naga nationhood" has been polarized into mere fragments of multiple localized "groups and stakeholders".

By politically engaging with the "7 NNPGs, NTC, Church Leaders and Civil Societies" dehors the cease-fire ground rules, even the fringe voices within the Naga society have been validated to delegitimize the traditional mandate of NSCN (I-M).

The high negotiating table has been thus reduced into an arena for contest of local supremacy among the sprouting "Naga groups" invented by the Interlocutor now qualified as "Internal".

Eventually, the term "two entities" has been paraphrased as to mean "GOI and the party" and "not between India and Nagas". This is replete with dangerous political undertones.

The intention is to disconnect the notion of the term "Naga nationalist movement" away from the "Naga people", and whereas for the Nagas, the movement espoused by the Naga nationalists itself is constitutive of the "Naga people" themselves.

The idea of the term "Nagas" is thus being gradually bastardized into non-juridical "groups" of "chaotic individuals" rather than being treated as a "people, a nation" at the negotiating table. This is achieved by fostering multiple "willing dissident players" within the Naga society camouflaged as "stakeholders" rather than being treated the "Naga interest" as represented by one entity.

In tandem with it, constant attempts are further being made to municipalize the nature of the Indo-Myanmar-Naga international armed conflict into a mere internalized constitutional problem by dragging the contours of the negotiation into the entrapment of Article 3 of the Indian Constitution.

There have been strange consultative meetings with the neighboring state civil societies as though the impending Indo-Naga peace pact would emanate from Article 3 as within the Constitution of India rather than from the treaty-making power as enshrined under Articles 73 and 253 of the Indian Constitution.

Unlike the Naga situation, Article 3 of the Indian Constitution for that matter only deals with the power to adjust internal state boundaries among the municipal states which have already been merged with the Union of India.

Against this backdrop, RN. Ravi at last tunes into his predecessor L.P. Singh's doctrine of "localize and subjugate". A new Frankenstein has been born in the form of "7NNPGs and NTC" to isolate the mainstream NSCN (I-M).

In the absence of any third-party international mediator, India re-interprets the 3rd August Framework Agreement at its unilateral convenience. The question of Naga national "flag and constitution" has been reserved for future negotiation. Seemingly, the proposed solution can only be within the Indian Constitution because "Nagaland is within Union of India".

A deadline has been set for 31st October, 2019 to accept the imposed package. An offensive psychological warfare has already begun to browbeat NSCN (I-M) into toing the line of its collaborationist Ketovi. India is about to repeat another costly "Shillong Accord".

This is not surprising. First, India unilaterally abrogated the only binding Indo-Naga peace treaty, popularly known as the Nine Point Agreement, 1947 in violation of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969.

Thereafter, India bred the Naga People's Convention (NPC) into signing of the 16 Point Agreement, 1960 to form the present collaborationist State of Nagaland on 1st December, 1963 by sidelining the Naga National Council (NNC).

Thereafter, L.P. Singh raised another Liaison Committee for signing the notorious Shillong Accord, 1975 in another attempt to coup the Naga National Council (NNC). In the same modus operandi, RN. Ravi now finds a new collaborationist in his proxy "7NNPGs and NTC" with a proposed "package" more insulting than the earlier 16 Point Agreement, 1960.

With Modi's "saffronized" India having already plunged into Hindu supremacist agenda celebrating the abrogation of Articles 370 and 35A of the Indian Constitution, the hope for "unique" Naga solution is becoming a distant dream. BJP's renewed ideological stance in the idea of "universal uniformity" and "one nation, one flag and one constitution" portends to a turbulent future that is soon to unleash.

In this pathological discourse, "diversity" must give way to "absolute uniformity". However, as rightly warned by Foucault and Mouffe, such hegemonistic emphasis on "universal uniformity" runs the risk of aggravating nationalist/ethnic identity politics giving rise to far-right extremism and such explosion of antagonism has the risk of tearing up the very basis of the protagonist nation itself.

Be that as it may. India must stop equating the unique Naga situation with that of Kashmir. Nagas at no point in history have ever come so close to India as at present and India must not waste away this rare opportunity for permanent peace with false militaristic hope for total elimination.

India may be for that matter reminded of her international law obligations as enshrined under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969. Surely, the terms of the Nine-Point Agreement, 1947 are still binding on both India and the Nagas and for the sake of international morality, India is expected to implement the second binding 3rd August Framework Agreement in light of that spirit.

Sadly, the "7NNPGs and NTC" have been hard appealing to the false ontological sense of the "Nagaland Nagas" on the flawed premise of temporal geography to co-opt their narrower "indianized" version of "Naganess".

For the factional hatred of anything that is NSCN (I-M), Nagas are today at a lost to choose "collective extinction" in the name of the Indian-construct "Nagaland Nagas" like the native American Indians. AZ. Phizo, perhaps, once forewarned, "Nagas will never surrender in the battle field, but many Nagas will fall when money was shot through the barrel of gun".

In the same premonition, the "7NNPGs and NTC" may be reminded that the mythical Eurydice's death was not caused by fleeing from Aristaeus, but by dancing with naiads on her wedding day.

* Sira Kharay wrote this article for
The writer can be contacted at sirakharaypeh(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on October 21 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #3 : Gallery
  • Licypriya- SDG Ambassador Award: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #5: Gallery
  • Whither Pangals ?
  • Licypriya Kangujam: SDG Ambassador
  • Blood Donation Camp at Benguluru
  • The Sun on the Western Horizon :: Poem
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [20 November]
  • Regarding resignation of NPF Youth Wing
  • Rider to be exempted from CAB: ILP
  • Truth, sincerity & commitment ...
  • CAB : Total Shutdown - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • CAB : Sit In Protest - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Dr Sanajaoba (Dr KS Singh): Reminiscence
  • Career option in technical writing
  • What Mindset does Govt of Manipur have ?
  • 12 Members resigned from NPF
  • Where is the special clause in CAB?
  • Please understand CAB; future is at stake
  • CAB protest - Nov 18 : Gallery
  • Children's Day @CM Bungalow : Gallery
  • Why CAB is being opposed in North East
  • Meeteis' paradox
  • A Vision :: Poem
  • NE development: Lean on regional planning
  • Sand War- deadly war against mother Earth
  • From 'ahead of final pact' to CAB
  • Can Meitei, Naga & Kuki jointly resist CAB?
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #4: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Fish Fair #2: Gallery
  • History - from Obscurity to Visibility ?
  • Manipur State Journalist Awards, 2019
  • Was it a Hindu Day in Assam book season
  • Kerala's multi-layered approach to #endTB
  • Being vegetarian can fight climate change
  • Let the rivers flow uninterrupted
  • Cry of a Dying River : 100 Poems
  • Aronlinamba, Namlalung : eMing
  • MANITEX & the poor fate of weavers
  • Anecdote, Fable & Refugee Blues : Poem
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • What is pollution doing to your skin
  • Dispensation in Nagaland is rudderless
  • Resistance to CAB may fail
  • Culturals @ Shirui Fest #2: Gallery
  • Gender, Power in South Asia :: Book Rvw
  • Stop Burning of Hay- uplift Rural Economy
  • Disoriented mind :: Poem
  • What is all about a flag ?
  • Cannabis plant : Myths and facts
  • Need to be on guard against rumours
  • Smart city or smart earning...
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Khumang: Conference- Science for Society
  • 7th NE Students Sports Meet at Jalandhar
  • Ningol Chakouba at Pune :: Report
  • Hospitality at One Horn Nation
  • Henjunaha , masculinity redefined
  • World Diabetes Day 2019
  • Tension filled days for over 2 weeks
  • Subdued voice
  • Rani Hingchabi :: Funga Wari
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to Lamcha Chongloi's piece
  • Salt brines : Source of Meitei Thum
  • Hibernating animals and climate variable
  • Combined Defence Services Exam (I) 2020
  • Rare good news : NMA reaching out
  • Forgotten pledge - a reminder
  • Children from Noney #1: Gallery
  • 7 NE entrepreneurs wins National Awards
  • Identity of Pangal in Manipur: Counter-points
  • Recharging the World with Li-ion Battery
  • Achoubi in Love, Bloody Phanek : Southasia
  • When the man is silent :: Poem
  • Chekshin Meepham at Kakching
  • Arrested, released, 'escorted' to Delhi
  • CM has every reason to believe..not public
  • Ema Keithel (Khwairamband) #2: Gallery
  • Argentina hosts Manipur Cup (Polo)
  • Birth celebration of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • Chin Orgs demand release of U Hawi Tin
  • The Killing Fields 2013-19 : News Timeline
  • Refresher course in Khasi subject at NEHU
  • Process of closing offices in Nagaland
  • HM assurance to GOM..only means left?
  • Meira Rally [10 Nov] : Gallery
  • Religious evolution among Meiteis
  • Manipur's Identity & Political Ingenuity
  • Cry of a Dying River - 100 :: Poem
  • NEC Tamchon Football at Delhi
  • Soma Laishram at Northeast Festival 2019
  • Respecting stand of the Supreme Court
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Nazareth @ Shirock #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba : A beautiful tradition
  • Cost of inaction to treat TB is high
  • Cross & Flag: Christianity at Risk
  • Lithium Ion batteries & Nobel Prize
  • New India & the ticking time bomb
  • Naga can trust on preamble with GoI
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #2 : Gallery
  • Lungpuiga Remei : Natyabhusan
  • The Fate of Peepal Tree
  • Manipur: Context & Structural Violence
  • International Day of Radiology
  • That peaceful moment :: Poem
  • OCCE 2020 : Conference at TISS Mumbai
  • Manipur : Natl School Games Football
  • NPF camping at New Delhi
  • Mature statement of Kho John
  • Civility matters; but is in the cross road
  • Alert Rally at Khumbong : Gallery
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Carbon Neutral Journey through e-mobility
  • What FA of IM and Govt of India says?
  • Imphal-Mandalay flight service
  • Nutrients for good skin & hair health
  • Th Muivah central to it all
  • Translate those 'taken' into action
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #3: Gallery
  • World Tourism Day @Noney #5 : Gallery
  • There is nothing either good or bad ..
  • Food Wastage and its Impacts
  • Final Indo-Naga Peace Accord & beyond
  • Career options in Labour Studies
  • Assam CM inaugurate Don Bosco College
  • The great October 31 bluff ?
  • Blasts in Imphal: Do that have an agenda
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Korea : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba & Kut at Korea
  • Are Nagas ready to face hostile Neighbour
  • Case of 'Choudhury" among Pangal
  • Frontline champions lead fight to #endTB
  • How do you define Manipur's interest
  • Junior Accountant @ MaolKeki Foundation
  • Accord: Greater autonomy, the last word?
  • What if it turns out to be 'Godot'
  • Hinduism in Manipur #4
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #1: Gallery
  • Controversies of 1200 MW Teesta III HEP
  • Seminar on Rural Transformation in NE
  • Licypriya: solution to curb air pollution
  • Cannabis - A new beginning
  • Khwairamband By Night :: Poem
  • Requirements @ Birla Emporiums, Khurai
  • Of AEP, gateway and redundancy
  • Political Rumors
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #1 : Gallery
  • The Hand that Rocks :: Poem
  • As long as hills & valley stand united
  • Indo-Naga talks: Praying for a happy ending
  • Meiraba Luwang clinche Korea Junior Open
  • Wander Nagaland : Enterprise launched
  • NH7 Weekender 2019 : Day 2 Report
  • Vigilance Awareness Week at ADBU
  • Military build-up: Something is not right
  • Manipur accounted for 50% of NE violence
  • Chingda Satpi Engellei #3 :: eRang
  • Banana Fest @ Noney #1 : Gallery
  • Biren can make a difference in Naga deal
  • CM interact with Social Media : Gallery
  • Medical lab : A building block of trust
  • NH7 Weekender begins in Meghalaya
  • Tracking black money
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Sintha Leppa [Oct 31] : Gallery
  • Yubu and Lai Haraoba
  • Demilitarize educational institutions
  • Did Mongoloid drive out Assam inhabitant
  • A kind being :: Poem
  • Transgression of suppressed sexuality
  • Rejoinder to NDPP :: NPF [Nov 1]
  • One day after Oct 31: Time to look ahead
  • Bridge the trust to restore peace
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #1 : Gallery
  • Cheksine Khongchat [Oct 31] #1 : Gallery
  • November Calendar for Year 2019 : Tools
  • Kut: Celebration of nature's gift
  • Cry of a Dying River - 99 :: Poem
  • Kut Festival of Kuki-Chin-Mizo : Articles
  • Forgetting TB prevention is better than cure
  • Understanding Ishan Uday Scholarship
  • Miltary should be removed from College
  • Rejoinder to Kuki Chief Association
  • Date with Oct 31 : Of misleading headings
  • Final agreement- a mere mistake will ...
  • Modi's promise for Naga takes final step
  • NESO to stage protests against CAB
  • Centre may extend Naga pact deadline
  • Ningol Chakkouba by Journalists : Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 30: Gallery
  • ASEAN Peoples Forum: Lesson for Manipur
  • Hope Modi will able to resolve Naga Issue
  • 'Serious concern for unarmed civilians'
  • "Sunday Closed Law" & the aftermath
  • Thadou Inpi met with Mathur
  • NPF Legislature Party clarify
  • Pregnancy Care Practice : Book
  • Kicking up issues at this point
  • A Clandestine announcement or....
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Chakkouba Nga Mela #1: Gallery
  • Raju Bista at Ningol Chakouba Delhi
  • The bone of contention - Two Entities
  • Response to Govt Recommendations
  • Competing Claims Along India-Myanmar
  • 'Great October March 2019' at Odisha
  • From shared sovereignty to what ?
  • ...Manipur is the only option, Avakarar
  • Khehoi camp training Kuki to fight Naga: IM
  • Social significance of Ningol Chakkouba
  • Ningol Chakouba :: Flash Presentation
  • Sangai Festival: Cultural Program: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #1: Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 26: Gallery
  • Jessica Akoijam in Miss United Nations
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #3 : Gallery
  • Talui in Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • Hiyang Tanaba @Lamlai #2: Gallery
  • Akhunba Takhellei #1 :: eRang
  • 123rd Lamyanba Irabot #3 : Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #5 : Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View