Hope Modi With His Dynamism And Charisma Will Be Able To Resolve Naga Political Issue Once And For All

Oken Jeet Sandham *

"I assure you that we will always be sensitive to the needs and concerns of the people of Nagaland, as also of the people of other North-Eastern States. Similarly, the people belonging to each State, and each ethnic group, in the North-East should be sensitive to the needs and concerns of their neighbors. Let us leave behind all the unfortunate things that happened in the past. For too long this fair land has been scarred and seared by violence. It has been bled by the orgy of the killings of human beings by human beings. Each death pains me. Each death diminishes us. My Government has been doing everything possible to stop this bloodshed so that we can together inaugurate a new era of peace, development, and prosperity in Nagaland."
Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said while attending the "First Convocation of Nagaland University" on October 28, 2003, at the Central Secretariat Plaza, Kohima.

The Narendra Modi Government had not announced the timing and the venue to clinch the "Framework Agreement" with NSCN (IM). Everyone was caught napping when they announced the agreement with the group on August 3, 2015, in Delhi. However, some political pundits and media specialists in the Region particularly in Nagaland and Manipur got wind of the Center's planning to enter into some type of "Agreement" with NSCN (IM) at any time. It happened on August 3, 2015.

Buoyed by the successful agreement with NSCN (IM), Modi announced that with it, the Government hoped to open the NE to development. The India-Thailand trilateral highway has been held hostage to a number of violent incidents. In the 10-year UPA regime, Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and NSCN (IM) had really narrowed down their differences. They could manage to remove political glitches. This is, without a doubt, a big achievement on their parts.

Out of 16 years of peace process till 2013, the UPA Governments had been dealing with the Naga underground leaders for 10 years. Dr. Singh used to say that the solution to the protracted Naga issue would be arrived at during his tenure. It was, certainly, a welcome gesture.

But in reality, since the nature of the process is political and when the political stability is not there, no political talks can be safely held whatever the case may be. And the political instability in the Congress-led UPA Government had increased in their second tenure while their allies were heaping all the blames of the political crisis on the weak leadership of the Government.

Yet, one should keep in mind that the UPA Government was a coalition one and the majority Congress alone could not take any political decision such as the Naga issue without the consent of their allies. Besides, the issue needs debating on the Floor of Parliament while consulting the respective Chief Ministers of the NE States, and because of this complicated process, a strong political will with a stable Government at the center is needed.

Look at the following sequence of the political events that had taken place since the Naga Club submitted a Memorandum to the British Statutory Commission in 1929.

1. The Naga Club's submission of a "Memorandum" to the British Statutory Commission popularly called the Simon Commission on January 10, 1929.
2. The Naga-Akbar Hydari Accord, 1947 popularly knowns as "9-Point Hydari Agreement of 1947.
3. The NNC's declaration of "Naga Independence Day" on the 14th of August 1947.
4. The NNC's conduct of the "Plebiscite" in 1951.
5. The 16-Point Agreement of 1960
6. The Government of India's First Ceasefire Agreement with NNC/FGN in 1964.
7. The Shillong Accord of 1975.
8. Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao had a secret meeting with the collective leadership of NSCN (IM) on 12 June 1995 in Paris.
9. Prime Minister Narasimha Rao also declared that the Naga issue was political and hence, it should be solved politically.
10. Rajesh Pilot met NSCN (IM) leaders at Bangkok in 1996 and held talks with them.

11. Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda met NSCN (IM) on 3 February 1997 in Zurich.
12. Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda also visited Kohima in 1996 and disclosed about his mind towards the Naga issue.
13. The Government of India declared the Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (IM) on July 25, 1997.
14. Prime Minister IK Gujral made an announcement on the Floor of Parliament on July 25, 1997, about his Government's inking a historic Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (IM).
15. Chief Minister SC Jamir while welcoming the accord announced simultaneously the Suspension of Operation (SoO) against the NSCN (IM) on July 25, 1997.
16. Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee along with Swaraj Kausal, Interlocutor, met NSCN (IM) leaders in Parish in 1998.
17. The Government of India declared Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (K) on April 28, 2001.
18. For the record, Prime Minister Vajpayee again met NSCN (IM) leaders in Osaka in December 2001.
19. Prime Minister Vajpayee visited Nagaland on 28 October 2003 and made a historic announcement of the "unique history" of the Naga people.
20. The Government of India signed a Framework Agreement with NSCN (IM) on August 3, 2015.
21. The Government of India signed the "Agreed Position" with the WC of NNPGs on November 17, 2017.

When Modi announced his desire to conclude the Naga talks in three months and its deadline comes to end on 31st of October 2019, we only remember the previous Prime Ministers, Interlocutors, media personnel, bureaucrats, writers, leaders of various civil societies, and politicians who had played their roles in shaping the process to reach the logical conclusion. In fact, it is a teamwork that has been shaping the process to reach the final stage.

So many leaders be it politicians or bureaucrats or leaders of civil societies or writers had played their important and positive roles over the years preventing the fragile Naga peace process from collapsing at many stages. The issue became sometimes threatening to the ethnic diversities of the NE people who have been, otherwise, living so peacefully since time immemorial.

This unprecedented threat to the ethnic diversities of the NE people has actually forced the Region's intellectuals, academics, writers and leaders of civil societies to go deeper analysis of the process. It is not an easy task convincing the leaderships of various groups to come down from their earlier stands to certain level. These leaders should be credited for it.

Now, the hectic political parleys between the Interlocutor and NSCN (IM) and also NNPGs are going on at Delhi to wrap it up before the deadline ends. Though the Interlocutor and NSCN (IM) are at loggerheads on the issue of a separate Naga Flag and constitution, it is hoped that they will be able to sail through. As far as the WC of NNPGgs is concerned, they are ready to sign the final accord with the Government of India and they have already laid out their points to be agreed upon.

Fighting failure is different from making a failure. In our present situation, we all are making failures, not fighting failures and then indulging in playing the blame games for the failures. It should no longer be seen as a lair is lecturing and believers are listening.

The biggest problem we have is that these believers continue to clap happily as liars raising their voices. There should be no more political rhetoric on finding a solution to the Naga political problem. Let us stop playing any more rhetoric and gimmicks for a narrow political mileage. We should no longer design any political language to lie. We need big hearts for big political concessions.

We sincerely believe that Modi, with his dynamism and charisma as the Prime Minister, will be able to resolve this longstanding Naga political issue once and for all.

He must also remember what Vajpayee said: "I assure you that we will always be sensitive to the needs and concerns of the people of Nagaland, as also of the people of other North-Eastern States. Similarly, the people belonging to each State, and each ethnic group, in the North-east should be sensitive to the needs and concerns of their neighbors."

* Oken Jeet Sandham wrote this article for Imphal Times
This article was webcasted on October 31 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • CAB : Total Shutdown - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • CAB : Sit In Protest - Nov 19 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Dr Sanajaoba (Dr KS Singh): Reminiscence
  • Career option in technical writing
  • What Mindset does Govt of Manipur have ?
  • 12 Members resigned from NPF
  • Where is the special clause in CAB?
  • Please understand CAB; future is at stake
  • CAB protest - Nov 18 : Gallery
  • Children's Day @CM Bungalow : Gallery
  • Why CAB is being opposed in North East
  • Meeteis' paradox
  • A Vision :: Poem
  • NE development: Lean on regional planning
  • Sand War- deadly war against mother Earth
  • From 'ahead of final pact' to CAB
  • Can Meitei, Naga & Kuki jointly resist CAB?
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #4: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba Fish Fair #2: Gallery
  • History - from Obscurity to Visibility ?
  • Manipur State Journalist Awards, 2019
  • Was it a Hindu Day in Assam book season
  • Kerala's multi-layered approach to #endTB
  • Being vegetarian can fight climate change
  • Let the rivers flow uninterrupted
  • Cry of a Dying River : 100 Poems
  • Aronlinamba, Namlalung : eMing
  • MANITEX & the poor fate of weavers
  • Anecdote, Fable & Refugee Blues : Poem
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • What is pollution doing to your skin
  • Dispensation in Nagaland is rudderless
  • Resistance to CAB may fail
  • Culturals @ Shirui Fest #2: Gallery
  • Gender, Power in South Asia :: Book Rvw
  • Stop Burning of Hay- uplift Rural Economy
  • Disoriented mind :: Poem
  • What is all about a flag ?
  • Cannabis plant : Myths and facts
  • Need to be on guard against rumours
  • Smart city or smart earning...
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Khumang: Conference- Science for Society
  • 7th NE Students Sports Meet at Jalandhar
  • Ningol Chakouba at Pune :: Report
  • Hospitality at One Horn Nation
  • Henjunaha , masculinity redefined
  • World Diabetes Day 2019
  • Tension filled days for over 2 weeks
  • Subdued voice
  • Rani Hingchabi :: Funga Wari
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #3 : Gallery
  • Rejoinder to Lamcha Chongloi's piece
  • Salt brines : Source of Meitei Thum
  • Hibernating animals and climate variable
  • Combined Defence Services Exam (I) 2020
  • Rare good news : NMA reaching out
  • Forgotten pledge - a reminder
  • Children from Noney #1: Gallery
  • 7 NE entrepreneurs wins National Awards
  • Identity of Pangal in Manipur: Counter-points
  • Recharging the World with Li-ion Battery
  • Achoubi in Love, Bloody Phanek : Southasia
  • When the man is silent :: Poem
  • Chekshin Meepham at Kakching
  • Arrested, released, 'escorted' to Delhi
  • CM has every reason to believe..not public
  • Ema Keithel (Khwairamband) #2: Gallery
  • Argentina hosts Manipur Cup (Polo)
  • Birth celebration of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • Chin Orgs demand release of U Hawi Tin
  • The Killing Fields 2013-19 : News Timeline
  • Refresher course in Khasi subject at NEHU
  • Process of closing offices in Nagaland
  • HM assurance to GOM..only means left?
  • Meira Rally [10 Nov] : Gallery
  • Religious evolution among Meiteis
  • Manipur's Identity & Political Ingenuity
  • Cry of a Dying River - 100 :: Poem
  • NEC Tamchon Football at Delhi
  • Soma Laishram at Northeast Festival 2019
  • Respecting stand of the Supreme Court
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Nazareth @ Shirock #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba : A beautiful tradition
  • Cost of inaction to treat TB is high
  • Cross & Flag: Christianity at Risk
  • Lithium Ion batteries & Nobel Prize
  • New India & the ticking time bomb
  • Naga can trust on preamble with GoI
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #2 : Gallery
  • Lungpuiga Remei : Natyabhusan
  • The Fate of Peepal Tree
  • Manipur: Context & Structural Violence
  • International Day of Radiology
  • That peaceful moment :: Poem
  • OCCE 2020 : Conference at TISS Mumbai
  • Manipur : Natl School Games Football
  • NPF camping at New Delhi
  • Mature statement of Kho John
  • Civility matters; but is in the cross road
  • Alert Rally at Khumbong : Gallery
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Carbon Neutral Journey through e-mobility
  • What FA of IM and Govt of India says?
  • Imphal-Mandalay flight service
  • Nutrients for good skin & hair health
  • Th Muivah central to it all
  • Translate those 'taken' into action
  • Mera Houchongba @Kangla #3: Gallery
  • World Tourism Day @Noney #5 : Gallery
  • There is nothing either good or bad ..
  • Food Wastage and its Impacts
  • Final Indo-Naga Peace Accord & beyond
  • Career options in Labour Studies
  • Assam CM inaugurate Don Bosco College
  • The great October 31 bluff ?
  • Blasts in Imphal: Do that have an agenda
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Korea : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba & Kut at Korea
  • Are Nagas ready to face hostile Neighbour
  • Case of 'Choudhury" among Pangal
  • Frontline champions lead fight to #endTB
  • How do you define Manipur's interest
  • Junior Accountant @ MaolKeki Foundation
  • Accord: Greater autonomy, the last word?
  • What if it turns out to be 'Godot'
  • Hinduism in Manipur #4
  • Kut : State level @Imphal #1: Gallery
  • Controversies of 1200 MW Teesta III HEP
  • Seminar on Rural Transformation in NE
  • Licypriya: solution to curb air pollution
  • Cannabis - A new beginning
  • Khwairamband By Night :: Poem
  • Requirements @ Birla Emporiums, Khurai
  • Of AEP, gateway and redundancy
  • Political Rumors
  • Thanga Ningol to mapam #1 : Gallery
  • The Hand that Rocks :: Poem
  • As long as hills & valley stand united
  • Indo-Naga talks: Praying for a happy ending
  • Meiraba Luwang clinche Korea Junior Open
  • Wander Nagaland : Enterprise launched
  • NH7 Weekender 2019 : Day 2 Report
  • Vigilance Awareness Week at ADBU
  • Military build-up: Something is not right
  • Manipur accounted for 50% of NE violence
  • Chingda Satpi Engellei #3 :: eRang
  • Banana Fest @ Noney #1 : Gallery
  • Biren can make a difference in Naga deal
  • CM interact with Social Media : Gallery
  • Medical lab : A building block of trust
  • NH7 Weekender begins in Meghalaya
  • Tracking black money
  • Miss Kut @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Sintha Leppa [Oct 31] : Gallery
  • Yubu and Lai Haraoba
  • Demilitarize educational institutions
  • Did Mongoloid drive out Assam inhabitant
  • A kind being :: Poem
  • Transgression of suppressed sexuality
  • Rejoinder to NDPP :: NPF [Nov 1]
  • One day after Oct 31: Time to look ahead
  • Bridge the trust to restore peace
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Mysore #1 : Gallery
  • Cheksine Khongchat [Oct 31] #1 : Gallery
  • November Calendar for Year 2019 : Tools
  • Kut: Celebration of nature's gift
  • Cry of a Dying River - 99 :: Poem
  • Kut Festival of Kuki-Chin-Mizo : Articles
  • Forgetting TB prevention is better than cure
  • Understanding Ishan Uday Scholarship
  • Miltary should be removed from College
  • Rejoinder to Kuki Chief Association
  • Date with Oct 31 : Of misleading headings
  • Final agreement- a mere mistake will ...
  • Modi's promise for Naga takes final step
  • NESO to stage protests against CAB
  • Centre may extend Naga pact deadline
  • Ningol Chakkouba by Journalists : Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 30: Gallery
  • ASEAN Peoples Forum: Lesson for Manipur
  • Hope Modi will able to resolve Naga Issue
  • 'Serious concern for unarmed civilians'
  • "Sunday Closed Law" & the aftermath
  • Thadou Inpi met with Mathur
  • NPF Legislature Party clarify
  • Pregnancy Care Practice : Book
  • Kicking up issues at this point
  • A Clandestine announcement or....
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Chakkouba Nga Mela #1: Gallery
  • Raju Bista at Ningol Chakouba Delhi
  • The bone of contention - Two Entities
  • Response to Govt Recommendations
  • Competing Claims Along India-Myanmar
  • 'Great October March 2019' at Odisha
  • From shared sovereignty to what ?
  • ...Manipur is the only option, Avakarar
  • Khehoi camp training Kuki to fight Naga: IM
  • Social significance of Ningol Chakkouba
  • Ningol Chakouba :: Flash Presentation
  • Sangai Festival: Cultural Program: Gallery
  • The poppy charms in Manipur hills
  • Fuska my umpteen desires
  • PANE Programme in PANDU College
  • Ani Thokpi culture: Two Ningol Chakkouba
  • The 'facts' is to decide the 'fate'
  • October 31 deadline stands: Ravi
  • NNPGs clarifies on Naga flag & constitution
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #1: Gallery
  • Alert Rally- Peace Talks- Oct 26: Gallery
  • Maiba-Maibi Local Healers in Manipur
  • Will PM allow talks beyond 31 Oct
  • Licypriya meet landslide victims of Odisha
  • Everyone must maintain peace
  • The right one just for me :: Poem
  • Kakching District STDCM branch semkhre
  • Final pact sans NSCN (IM) ?
  • Ema Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 98 :: Poem
  • Bioinformatics, computational & biology
  • Ningol Chakkouba Thabal at Bangalore
  • Jessica Akoijam in Miss United Nations
  • NEC Tamchon Football Tournament
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #3 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba : A message
  • Churachand Kang Tournament #1 : Gallery
  • Talui in Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • Hiyang Tanaba @Lamlai #2: Gallery
  • Akhunba Takhellei #1 :: eRang
  • 123rd Lamyanba Irabot #3 : Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #5 : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #4: Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View