Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016: Ethnocide of Indigenous Peoples of North East


The aggressiveness of the Government of India to pass the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016 at the Lok Shaba beside a strong opposition from the people of North East need a careful monitoring and response at this critical point of time after analyzing various facts of the policy being adopted by the Government of other countries.

The controversial merged to the Indian Union in 1949 made the people of the region to response to the colonial structure and encouraged to fight to restore its sovereignty or to restore pre-merger status.

In order to suppress the movement of the people in the region the Government of India passed the draconian act called an Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) which the Amnesty International termed as “Undeclared Emergency with undefined reasons for unlimited period of time.” and the same law was implemented in the region by militarizing the region and have killed thousands of civilians, hundreds of women have been raped, many children have been made orphans, hundreds of women are made widows, torture, detentions, arrests, etc. There are many oppositions against this act and drew the attention of various international communities at various international platforms.

But now it seems the Government of India is shifting its trend of counter insurgency on a more humane way of approach by trying to grant citizenship to the immigrants or members of certain persecuted religious communities in neighboring Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, after six years of residence in India as against the earlier 11 years, even if they do not have any documents. The communities named, all of them minority groups in the above mentioned countries, include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Parsis and Christians.

Inexplicably, other minority groups such as Jews, Ahmadis and Shias, a sect of Islam, are not included, despite the vicious and violent attacks facing Ahmadis and Shias in Pakistan. In fact, trying to grant citizenship and to disguise of the humane approach by the Government of India will create more trouble and disturbances in the region which the GOI would be happy enough to do anything in terms of extraction of natural resources as mentioned in North East Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 taking the advantages of the disturbances which is likely to come up.

A trick to make overcome the population or over populate of the more than 200 ethnic communities or indigenous people inhabited in the region by destroying its culture, identity, traditions, demography, etc by passing the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016 trying to use it cleverly which is actually not and which doesn’t need a special law such as Armed Forces Special Power Act, 1958 to encounter terrorism. Though the Government of India is not a signatory to the 1951 UN Refugee Convention it pretends to respect the International norms on the other hand failed to respect the International Law by not revoking the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958 till date.

Same case is learned from the situation of West Papua which is under the colonial of Indonesia wherein large numbers of people have been migrated to West Papua under the Transmigration Program of the Indonesian Government. Over three quarters of a million people have resettled in West Papua under the government's Transmigration program. West Papuan peoples are also facing depopulation and marginalization. According to the National Census Bureau in 2010, West Papuan people in some areas like Jayapura, Merauke, Sorong, Nabire, Timika, have already become the minority.

The violent repression of the people of West Papua and the genocide against the native West Papuans being inflicted by the Indonesian ruling classes through the Indonesian government and military must stop! These measures uphold the plunder of West Papua’s natural resources in the context of the country’s colonization and occupation!

Records show that the Indonesian government and military have carried out massacres, murders, torture and rape against the West Papuan people. By sponsoring the transmigration of Indonesians into the territory, the Indonesian government is showing that it wants nothing less than the extinction of the native West Papuans. It has also institutionalized racism against the latter and the same is going to take place once the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016 is passed by the Government of India.

In the 1965-1998 period, at least 100,000 West Papuans were killed or disappeared. The Indonesian-appointed governor of then-West Irian estimated that since 1963, more than 30,000 West Papuans had been killed by the Indonesian military. The years 1977-1978 marked a milestone in the carnage as more than 10,000 were killed in the Central Highlands during military operations according to an Asian Human Rights Commission report

One cannot deny the fact and must keep in mind of the rich natural resources of North East region as West Papua is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural resources. It has 2.5 billion tons of gold ore seeds, 6.3 million tons of coal, limestone above area of 190,000 ha, quartz sand area of 75 ha with a potential yield of 21.5 million tons, clay of 1.2 million tons, 350 million tons of marble, granite of 125 million tons, etc.

West Papua is the third biggest natural forest in the world after the Amazon forest in Brazil and Congo Basin in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon. It now has 30.7 million ha of natural forest. Since 1967 the Freeport Indonesia is conducting many mining activities till date which gives a serious negative impact to Papuans.

It is very interesting to observe that Transmigration is part of the Indonesian government's stated policy of assimilating indigenous people with the goal of forging a single national identity which is very similar in case of India wherein the Government of India is trying to develop a Hindu Nation.

One more similar instance as cited above is in Chittagong Hill Track (CHT), Bangladesh. Here the Indigenous Peoples land have been thickly occupied by the Bangali Muslims under a strict support from the Bangladesh Military. Transmigration program of Government of Bangladesh was implemented fully backed by the military without recognizing the cultures, identity, traditions and the rights of the Indigenous community of the Chittagong Hill Track by also undermining the United Declaration of Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

It could be noted that the indigenous armed group took initiative to form ‘Chakma Land’ by establishing Parbattya Janasamiti. In 1973, Shanti Bahini, the armed wing of Jana Shanghati Shamiti, activated their efforts to establish ‘Chamatri’ state (i.e Chakma, Marma, Tripura state) to fight for the rights the IPs of the area.

The Government of Bangladesh took up initiatives to counter the insurgency movements and as a result of the counter terrorism there was huge clash between the armed groups and the Bangladeshi army which resulted in large number of displacement of the Indigenous people inhabited in the CHT which gave an advantage to the Government of Bangladesh to dominate the IPs of CHT by the mainland people by adopting the trans migration program while the IPs were displaced.

The Indigenous people are now marginalized in their own land. Thousands of people have been killed, hundreds of women have been raped, tortured, etc. are some of the similar cases as mentioned above and being faced by the people of CHT as similarly here in the North East Region which is now part of India.

In all the aforementioned issues the Culture, identity, tradition, living style, in short the rights of the IPs have never been recognized instead been violated in many forms by the states.

Therefore, the CAB, 2016 is mostly aimed to marginalized the indigenous population having its different disguise and which will Ethnocide the North East peoples who are now part of India.

References :
Merdeka! A Study Conference on WEST PAPUA SELF DETERMNIATION & LIBERATION March 26-27 2017 Davao City, Phillippines

* YACPIP wrote this article for
YACPIP is 'Youths Action Committee for the Protection of Indigenous People' for Thoubal District
The writer can be contacted at youth(DOT)ac18(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on January 23 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #2: Gallery
  • Police check @Jirimukh, Jiri : Gallery
  • Marriage : Zeliangrongs & Tais #2
  • Solid waste to Energy
  • Cry of a Dying River - 66 :: Poem
  • RPL trainees of Garo Hills
  • On MHA notification about AR
  • Traffic haunt continues
  • Eyes on BJP, Congress
  • Nongkhrang Ehanba @Lilong #1 : Gallery
  • RS adjourned without CAB: What now? #1
  • Indie films: Loktak Lairembee & Soni #1
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Mother language is a carrier of values...
  • 71st Zomi Namni at Singhat
  • The Rohingya Crisis : Paper
  • Everyone shows concerns on pollution but..
  • HSLC exams underway
  • RN Ravi arriving Nagaland to brief hohos
  • More powers under CrPC to Assam Rifles
  • Traditional Raas Dance #1: Gallery
  • Boinaoton, Achamba :: eMing
  • Schemes of Panchayati Raj #1
  • Ego that pushes one out of the rapport
  • Meitei in Scheduled Tribe list, what ?
  • Patriotic Youth of DBC with the Nation
  • RPL trainees of Meghalaya
  • Fate of Manipur
  • No over the top glee at Meghalaya
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #3
  • Zasigi coIroL :: Seireng
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #3: Gallery
  • Overboard 2018: Skateboarding competition
  • Palliative care as career option
  • Importance of health screenings for women
  • Intimidating media: Think before you lift
  • ST demand for Meiteis hotting up
  • Rajkumar Singhajit : Tagore Award 2014
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • CAB: Khwairamband [10 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Tribes India [Exhibition] #3 : Gallery
  • 'The Wishess' wins 1st NE Multimedia
  • Why Manipur is a self-alienated society ?
  • Antibiotic mismanagement- sleeping bomb
  • Rejoinder to NDPP :: NPF
  • The unwanted season for no good reason
  • 8 in the race for Cong ticket in Inner PC
  • Mukna - Indigenous Games : Gallery
  • Internet shutdown- only solution for govt ?
  • Keisham Priyokumar's short stories? #2
  • Revive Tabanglong Village
  • Without a Womb :: Poem
  • RPL trainees of Ziro, Arunachal Pradesh
  • CAB award goes to CM ?
  • Demand release of Student Leader
  • Veewom's arrest: mockery of rule of law
  • Arduino & Raspberry-Pi workshop at ADBU
  • Lui-ngai-ni @Senapati #1: Gallery
  • Republic Day - Tableaux : Gallery
  • Marriage : Zeliangrongs & Tais #1
  • My Story :: Poem
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Quest for Federalism in Myanmar : Paper
  • Gatekeeper's management mantra
  • From Democracy to Dictatorial govt
  • Fresh twist to Citizenship Bill
  • Dzukou Valley, Senapati : Gallery
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Rules of the Road at Silicon Valley
  • What is a school meant for ?
  • Why meiteis should not be ST #3
  • Release Thokchom Veewom - II
  • Release Thokchom Veewom - I
  • Face scrubs to avoid dirt & dullness
  • SM4E Awards 2019 : Nomination open
  • After effect of CAB collapse
  • Need to look beyond CAB
  • Panel seeks support to save NH
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #2 : eRang
  • Exam Centre allocation for HSLC 2019
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #2 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 65 :: Poem
  • DIPR facts on Census confuse Pangals
  • Manipur Tourism: Global Mice Congress
  • Coping up with examination stresses
  • On Govt inability to present CAB
  • Breather for the North East
  • Henjunaha #2 :: Funga Wari
  • Sangai Chef: Season 1 : Gallery
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni -Naga Seed Sowing Fest
  • Different opinions on CAB 2016
  • Change of B Voc Examination Schedule
  • Nagaland MP will vote against CAB
  • Overshadowing issues by CAB
  • RS adjourned till February 13
  • CAB: Imphal I/W [12 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • CAB: Blockade [7 Feb] #2: Gallery
  • Keisham Priyokumar's short stories? #1
  • Just a beautiful lie :: Poem
  • World Wetlands Day 2019
  • Protests against Union HRD Ministry
  • 'PDA trying to confuse Naga people'
  • The 'ban' of Internet
  • Setting date with February 12, 2019
  • NSCN (I-M) elects new leaders
  • Scientific Knowledge in Manuscript
  • Poppy destruction @CCpur : Gallery
  • Kishorechand Wangkhem's case
  • 70th Indian Republic Day #3 : Gallery
  • Hinduism and Indianess
  • CAB: Maharaj & Xenophobia :: WJ
  • Deciphering a laboratory test report
  • Stop discrimination against women
  • The falls of protracted leader
  • More than hinting CAB will be tabled
  • CAB: Khwairamband [10 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai @Majorkhul #2 : Gallery
  • Human trafficking at Moreh
  • Why meiteis should not be ST #2
  • The Dark Light :: Poem
  • Exclusion of Pvt Teachers from HSLC
  • Pan Meetei met Ex Dy CM
  • NSS special camp 2019 concluded
  • NE to Bangkok flight from March
  • CAB: Khwairamband [9 Feb] : Gallery
  • Thamoise Foidattuna :: e-pao Radio
  • CAB Meira Rally #4 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • Prof T Kameshwar: Reminiscence
  • Bamboo Cooking Competition: Final Day
  • Tips for healthier skin this winter
  • Sincerity matters
  • Awaiting final pact with NSCN (IM)
  • CAB: Blockade [7 Feb] #1: Gallery
  • 3rd World Bamboo Workshop #1 : Gallery
  • The panic radiated at War-Torn PAD
  • NE- Socio-Economic Development: Book
  • CAB- Consequences in Manipur
  • [ST] Demand for Constitutional Safeguard
  • 'ArP to observe Black Day during PM visit'
  • CAB date with RS on Feb 12 ?
  • Check Post (ICP) @ Moreh : Gallery
  • Tribes India [Exhibition] #2 : Gallery
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #4
  • It's a privilege to be a Rongmei
  • A Saviour Of My Own :: Poem
  • North East Startup Summit 2019
  • Budget : Full, half or quarter ?
  • BJP shows no concern for NE states
  • Mission schools under threat again
  • CAB : Blockade @Tiddim [6 Feb] : Gallery
  • Dolaithabi Barrage: Concealing Facts
  • 70th Indian Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • Marketing Associates @ PiCiDi Systems
  • CAB, Political Parties and Manipur
  • The Novels Of BM Maisnamba #2
  • Employment in non-Govt sectors in Manipur
  • The board exam festival
  • NE voice on CAB: no worry for the BJP
  • Alienating natives & embracing foreigners
  • Henjunaha #1 :: Funga Wari
  • Movement against Citizenship Bill in NE
  • Bamboo Cooking Competition: Day 1 Report
  • Konthoujam Maikel (Painter) :: Profile
  • CAB Meira Rally #3 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • Business as usual will fail on cancer control
  • Citizenship Bill: Thinking with ethics
  • STDCM reasserts Demand for ST
  • Nepal to SE Asia: Trafficking via Moreh
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #2
  • Aribam Syam return Padmashree to Govt
  • Cry of a Dying River - 64 :: Poem
  • Impact of AI and Robotics on Society
  • New MSAD Executive term 2019
  • Rejoinder from Shurhozelie Liezietsu -Feb 3
  • Festival to promote NE trade, tourism
  • Onetwo Okram : Singer- Profile :: eRang
  • CAB : Film Forum Protest : Gallery
  • Cultural: Republic Day #1: Gallery
  • Why Manipuri people oppose CAB? #2
  • Noting anti-CAB stand of NPP, NPF
  • CAB Gen Strike #1 [31 Jan] : Gallery
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #3: Gallery
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #3
  • Truth of Manipur is inherent in nature
  • JRF required at IBSD, Imphal
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3 : Gallery
  • February Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • CAB Meira Rally #2 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • The Novels Of BM Maisnamba #1
  • Screen time, effect on speech & language
  • Trainees Certificate of Lunglei, Mizoram
  • ST: Unfounded fear psychosis being spread
  • CAB Meira Rally #1 [30 Jan] : Gallery
  • CAB Protest #1 [29 Jan] : Gallery
  • Fellowship Meet of Maring Naga
  • Legal Awareness for Women leaders
  • Flowers for beauty
  • Opposing ST demand of STDCM
  • Gaan-Ngai @Namthanlong : Gallery
  • Why Manipuri people oppose CAB? #1
  • Citizenship Bill, 2016: What to do now #2
  • Oinam Shilla : Society Development Award
  • MIK (Manipuri in Kolkata) : Gallery
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #2: Gallery
  • Why shouldn't Meitei be included in ST
  • Combing Operation @Hatta : Gallery
  • Laishram Bombayla : Padma Shri Award
  • Maisnam Renuka (Painter) : Profile
  • Thank You Note: Khumukcham Sanjita
  • Gaan-Ngai - festival of Kabui #2
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2 : Gallery
  • Rongmei and Kabui are one
  • Rani Khidir : Kalaritu (Laiyekpa) : Profile
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #1: Gallery
  • Ranjit Ningthouja : Profile of a playwright
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1 : Gallery
  • Dr Thokchom Asha: Teacher Award
  • Purnima Ngangom (Printmaker) :: Profile
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • New Year picnic at Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2018 #6: Gallery
  • Irengbam Bedamani - Actress :: eRang
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic