Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study
- Part 2 -

Prof RK Narendra Singh *

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

Statistically there is a great variation of religion-wise decadal growth rate between valley and hill as evident by all the P-values are <0.01. Irrespective of religion, the decadal growth rates for valley districts were running less than 17% which was less than the national figure of 17.64%. Highest decadal growth rate (16.56%) pertained to Imphal West and lowest (13.93%) to Bishnupur.

Hindu community was growing faster in Thoubal district (20.82%), followed by in Imphal West and in Bishnupur districts with around 17% each, and lowest (14.37%) in Imphal East. For Muslim highest growth rate (31.68%) noticed in Bishnupur and lowest (23.57%) in Thoubal, and in Imphal East and in Imphal West, the rate was about 27% each.

Imphal West again had highest Christian's growth rate (29.29%), next to the highest belonged to Imphal East (16.85 %), and negative growth rates were witnessed in two other valley districts viz., Bishnupur and Thoubal.

Jain had negative growth in all valley districts and Sikh had also negative growth in all valley districts except in Thoubal district while Buddhist population spurts occurred in all the districts of which more in Bishnupur.

The variation of decadal growth rates over the four valley districts is found to be highly significant statistically. This is true in all religions. In case of the hill district of the state, irrespective of religion, the decadal growth rates for hill districts were running above 20%.

Senapati had highest decadal growth rates (206.13%) which was followed by Ukhrul (30.70%), Tamenglong (26.14%), Chandel (21.85%) and Churachandpur (20.28%) respectively. Technically unacceptable decadal growth rate for Senapati district is attributed with many population dynamics and causes, of them excluding population of three sub-divisions of Senapati district viz., Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul in the census, 2001 was one of the main reasons.

When bisecting religion wise, Chandel had highest Hindu decadal growth rate (89.61%), followed by Senapati (43.99%), Ukhrul (32.81%), Churachandpur (14.19%) and Tamenglong had negative growth (-6.02%). In case of Muslim population Senapati maintained highest growth (158.86%), and lowest and negative growth rates respectively related to Churachandpur and Tamenglong districts.

For Christian, the highest growth rate (247.78%) was detected in Senapati and next to it was correspondingly in Ukhrul (29.96%), Tamenglong (27.38%), Churachandpur (19.60%) and Chandel (18.25%). Buddhist and Jain were growing faster in all the hill districts while Sikh had negative growth in Senapati and Tamenglong districts. The decadal growth rates over the five hill districts are found to be highly significant except in cases of Sikh and Jain.

 Religion profile of Manipur : An impact study

Conclusion: Religious composition and its growth rate have intensely been changing in Manipur. Composition of Hindu population is reducing faster than it had in the previous decades, and Hindu is no more majority religion in Manipur. As it has lowest decadal growth rate of 18.56% and consequently in very near future, it turns to minority. On the contrary, composition of Christian population is growing faster from the last six decades and now it is par with Hindu population.

In the next decades it is certain that Christian religion becomes the majority religious community in the state as the present decadal growth rate is 59.85%. For the present decade, the composition of Muslim population is third in rank with a decadal growth rate of 25.61%.

The district decadal growth rates between the valley and hill as well as among the districts within valley and within hill, the decadal growth rates are significantly varied, which is found true in all the religion groups except for Sikh and Jain in hill.

This is not a good sign for the state. This trend of imbalance religious community has certain ramification upshot on the society as whole. To maintain harmony and peace among the all sections of the society, it is the high time to check these imbalance religious communities otherwise a serious demographic aftermath may soon be happen in this miniature state.

Whether it is caused by diverse demographic components like immigration and in-migration; variation of fertility, mortality and morbidity levels amongst the religious communities in the state or caused by any other man-made episode like Craft-resist domination through either enhancing population or proselytizing religions or both.

Indeed, it is quite possible to diagnose the causes if one analyses microscopically through dissecting all the relevant census publications and allied ones viz., migration, fertility, mortality, caste, religion, mother tongue series, etc. If so it will be quite useful to the planners and administrators for remedial steps in order to save Manipur from this catastrophe.


1. C-1 POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY-2011. Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Office of the Registrar General of Commissioners, India

2. C-1 Annexure - Details of Sects/Beliefs/Religions clubbed under Specific Religious Community. Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Office of the Registrar General of Commissioners, India

3. C-1 Appendix - Details of religious communities shown under 'Other religions and persuasions' in main table C-1. Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Office of the Registrar General of Commissioners, India

4. Census 2001. Religion Table C-1. Introductory Note. Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Office of the Registrar General of Commissioners, India

5. Narendra, RK. Religious Landscape in Manipur. The Hueiyen Lanpao (English Edition); September 8, 9 &10, 2015

6. Narendra RK, Rutanbala L. Religion invasion in Manipur: a demographic terrorism. Sanskritik Pravah 2017; 4(2): 55-64.

7. Statistical Abstract Manipur 2009. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Govt. of Manipur.

8. Religion. Available from URL:

9. Religion in India. Available from URL:

Concluded ...

* Prof RK Narendra Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The author is a Professor & Head of Biostatistics, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Lamphelpat, Imphal (Manipur)
This article was webcasted on 05 May, 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • HSLC Toppers share thoughts, aspirations
  • CFP on 'Photoacoustics' at IEEE TENCON
  • Arrival of Fall Armyworm in Manipur
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #4
  • No Escape from Real World :: Poem
  • Civil & Structural Engineer at R-Square
  • Architectural Designer at R-Square DCS
  • 'NPF Manipur is directionless leadership'
  • HSLC :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC :: Subject Topper
  • HSLC :: Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC :: Full Roll No Listing
  • HSLC :: Compartmental
  • Dairies of 2 Tours in Naga Hills : Book
  • Kohima Press Club (KPC) elects new team
  • Manipur : The unsung fashion capital
  • Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson disease
  • 2nd Foundation Day of NDPP
  • Changing face of the North East
  • 129th Birth Anniversary of Ho Chi Minh
  • Understanding performance of Govt school
  • Amazing Folk-tales of Koireng Tribe
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 76 :: Poem
  • Plastic Pollution & its effect
  • Significance of Nurses Week celebration
  • Legal Assistance to Prisoners' Family
  • Talk on 'Alliance - Biblical Perspective'
  • Shorthand/Stenography Typing Course
  • Fissures with a coalition partner
  • 4 plus 4 is always equal to 8
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament : Gallery
  • Socio-cultural significance of Gudui-Ngai
  • Diesel auto vs Traffic control :: Artwork
  • Future of Moreh: Development partnership..
  • An alarming stay in a hotel
  • Naga Students Delhi Admission help Desk
  • Need to focus on the average students too
  • The politics of rumours
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #4 : Gallery
  • Chinsuanlam, Apakpi :: eMing
  • ELVEEGO : Top 10 Promising Companies
  • Myanmar Refugee Problem : Report
  • Mother :: Poem
  • Minerva Punjab FC to conduct trials
  • Represent the people, not only party
  • When vegetables slowly poison us?
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Dear Mother :: Poem
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #3
  • Why are Govt schools lagging behind ?
  • Career option in Veterinary Science
  • Saluting Mothers of the world
  • Will Sharmila have a Third Life ?
  • NE for efforts to address illegal influx
  • Rs 10 coins not acceptable in Manipur!
  • Agri Fair @ CAU #2 : Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #2 : Gallery
  • AMWJU new terms 2019-2021
  • Run for Raisina Hill
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Mother's Day
  • Aspiration in Medical Career
  • MPSC : Wallowing in dirt
  • Why the 1st Bird Sanctuary in Thinungei
  • Purnima Moirangthem : 5th in Commerce
  • Respect for a mother
  • Academic excellence is not everything
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #6
  • A Dwarfish Whole :: Poem
  • Takayasu Arteritis treated at SKY Hospital
  • Mercury rise: Is it common men fault
  • Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang Photos
  • Had not there been ILPS agitation ? : Story
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #2
  • BJP for NE Community Campaign in Delhi
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Serou dam-Atypical structure in Chakpi river
  • Benefits of automation in medical laboratory
  • Civil Servant from Matupi hospitalized...
  • Madness on the roads of Imphal
  • Root of peoples' anger to doctors
  • Jiribam Bazaar :: 360 Panorama View
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 75 :: Poem
  • What Yoga is & is not ?
  • Rio at General Conference of NSF
  • Make right choice in selecting your campus
  • Suspension Order for 19 NPF Members
  • Festival of marks and more marks
  • worry on condition of Govt Schools
  • Thailand Princess @Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Kadigampou, Akeng :: eMing
  • Ningombam Tampha :: 3rd in ISC Exam
  • Our Grammy goes to Thangmeiso Shinglai
  • Call for application from youths
  • Life is not about how far you hang on
  • NERIST admission notice : PG & PhD
  • Seminar at MU : Material Engineering
  • Class XII : Looking beyond Imphal
  • Understanding Consumers' rights
  • HSE : Candidates securing Highest Marks
  • HSE 2019 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Commerce Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Science
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Arts
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Commerce
  • HSE 2019 : Result Abstract
  • HSE 2019 : District Wise
  • Solid waste management in Imphal
  • Naga Ancestral Freedom Movement
  • My franchise for Mom's Primary
  • Bamboo based industries in Manipur
  • Is sugar ageing you
  • Competition among schools
  • Will modification help in solving traffic chaos
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • MANFETE 2019 at MU :: Gallery
  • What is Change ?
  • The integrity of Manipur
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #1
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #5
  • Understand kids with developmental delay
  • Meet with Fortis Hospital, Delhi
  • Understanding idea of NE
  • Mr. Edn Min, please act like Manish of Delhi
  • Ibudhou Oknarel & Khudithibi
  • May Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Facts & fakes of poll prediction
  • Sketches & Notes of Summertime :: Poem
  • The other Face of 'May -Day'
  • Check-up for new born- Split Spine Defect
  • Retaining Walls & Flooding in Moirang
  • Gearing up for counting day
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #2
  • Andro Girls won Doon Cup :: Gallery
  • Rajbans Huidrom : Topper CBSE XII
  • Cry of a Dying River - 74 :: Poem
  • St. Joseph's School, Sugnu Imbroglio
  • Bier of English towards the burial ground
  • World Press Freedom Day observed
  • A lesson from Mandella
  • Nongdol Leima- Dance Drama #1:: Gallery
  • Human Trafficking to SE Asia via NE
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #2
  • Laipubam Nitish at St Gallen Symposium
  • Value of music
  • Engineers wanted at Multimind Software
  • Free Medical Camp at Suangdai
  • The great search Ops post Apr 28
  • Transforming adversity to opportunity
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #2 :: Gallery
  • M Diana: National Women Social Award
  • Handloom show : Robert Naorem & Soma
  • A spooky night that left us shaking
  • AB Mathur meets Thadou Students
  • Transportation as a service
  • Show Cause Notice : NPF Nagaland
  • Opinion expressed by some NPF Bearers..
  • CBSE results : Raining marks all over
  • Mission - Save Manipur
  • Urmila Shagolsem: Miss India 2019 Finalist
  • Thang Ta @Sangai Fest #5 :: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #4
  • A half-written promise
  • The Chakkawar (Burnt-rice)
  • Play safe with natural ingredients
  • Rahmani Prog. Students succeeded in JEE
  • Collective efforts to address 'illegal influx'
  • High alert in Manipur as Cyclone Fani..
  • Manipur observes May Day
  • Board To Release 12th Results Soon
  • Presentation on Naga at UN contains errors..
  • NSCN (I-M) vacates camp in Manipur
  • Yaoshang Halankar #2 :: Gallery
  • Are Political Parties true to their Manifestoes
  • A North-East Indian in the land of smiles
  • Words :: Poem
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Anglo-Manipur war from military point of view
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #1
  • Yubi Lakpi :: Gallery
  • Peeshumlei : Book Release :: Gallery
  • Serpents are Farmers' Companion
  • When a school is burnt
  • Significance of festival: Nanu-Ngai
  • Onetwo Okram - Singer #1 :: eRang
  • dsnihe :: Seireng
  • Heikrujam Jodha at Global, Geneva
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #1 :: Gallery
  • JRF @ Dept of Forestry, MU
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Romita Yumnam : Mrs India Queen
  • Was Cleopatra really beautiful ?
  • Romance of insurgency in 1970s #2
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba observed at Pune
  • Zero malaria should start with me
  • Significance of Shri Mad Bhagabatam #1
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland State BJP President
  • Naming wives as prime suspects
  • The social lacunae
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #1
  • Folk Dance @Republic Day #1 : Gallery
  • Meekap Thokpa Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Cheirao-chingkaba [April 14] : Gallery
  • Traditional warfare technique of NE native #2
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #1 : Gallery
  • Khongjom Numit: Commemoration
  • Wu Cheng'en at Yuntai Mountain :: Review
  • Shivaratri Shopping List #2 : Gallery
  • Pherzawl - a dying District! ?
  • Tributes to PLA killed #2 : Gallery
  • A talk with Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang
  • LS : Voting for Inner : Gallery
  • CC Meet Final: NEROCA Vs SU #2: Gallery
  • Ibendhou Kounu Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #2: Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda : Play synopsis
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #3: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #1: Gallery
  • Mittong Khunou: The Battle Honour of INA
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Yangnu Golmei : Sangeetbhusan 2018
  • Selfie da track :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirarakhong Village, Ukhrul :: 360 View
  • Muhammad Abdur Rahman Khutheibam
  • MSAC Literary Meet @Chandigarh : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019