TODAY -

E-Pao! Manipur / Ethnic People of Manipur :: Elaboration of feast and ceremony of Koireng tribe

Elaboration of feast and ceremony of Koireng tribe


By: Pr Kungsong Wanbe *


In my previous article, under the heading of "Faith and Worship of Koireng People" I had written thirteen different names of feasts and ceremonies of Koireng people which are held annually.

Because of time and space limit, I did not write the elaboration of those ceremonies. Today I am writing the elaboration. Let us have a look one by one:

Bedal:

Bedal is a religious worship performed in the month of March (Koireng month Chaipi and Manipuri month Sajibu). As Koirengs are agriculturalists, this is a ritual ceremony for the prosperity of agriculture.

Before performing this ceremony, agriculture work cannot be started. On the appointed day, every household will contribute small quantity of paddy and seeds of other eatable/vegetable plants.

All the articles are brought to the house of the chief of the village and cooked there. All the villagers come to partake the meal. While the villagers are having the meal, the priest of the village with some companions will go to a stream in the jungle to worship the Supreme God or Pathian.

Mud taken from the stream is used to make pots which are then distributed to all the households in the village. In the evening when the priest and his companions return from the stream, one of the companions is assigned to produce fire called meilap by the Koirengs (Meiba chingba in Manipuri), this is done by rubbing a bamboo string on a wood with dried smoothen thatching grass.

According to Koireng elders, the meilap or meiba chingba and distribution of fire to every household is done in memory of Chongboumpi Meihal or what is known as Poireiton Meithok by the Manipuris- the huge fire that destroyed all the properties of the Koireng people.

After the performance of the Bedal ceremony, agricultural activities can be started. It is worth to remember that Tuihe (Yupanthaba in Manipuri)- pouring of a little amount of rice beer /wine on the ground has to be carried out before any of Koireng worships, feasts and ceremonies begins.

2. Palchoi:

Palchoi is a ceremony performed to ensure safety of the village from attacks of enemies, success in wars and protection from diseases etc.

During the ceremony, the village gates are repaired and rites are performed to protect the village from evil spirits and the enemies. The village priest or Thempu perform the ceremony which is a worship of Pathian. At night the villagers observe 'genna'.

3. Kangrai Mindai:

Kangrai Mindai ceremony is performed to worship Pathian to ensure protection from fire, diseases in the village. This ceremony is a worship to ward off the danger of forest fire which the Koireng villages are prone to face.

This ceremony is performed in the month of May for two days. A sacrifice is offered to Pathian at the village gate. The priest for this ceremony must be the chief of the village. A pig, a dog and a hen are sacrificed. The cooked meat will be partaken by all the villagers.

Next day, a tug of war between two groups of villagers, in most cases, the northern and the southern groups. This has a mutual value as the outcome of the contest will be indicative of the next harvest. It is commonly believed that if the northern group wins it is the sign of a good fortune.

4. Chachuonlei:

Chachuonlei is one day ceremony in the month of May to worship Pathian for the safety and plentiful growth of the crops by performing a rite to call the soul of the paddy and other crops.

Every household will contribute rice and wine and the village will contribute a pig, a dog and a cock which are sacrificed to Pathian. The whole village will join in the feast.

5. Tuikuong Khuor:

Tuikuong Khuor, literally means digging of the water ponds and springs of the village. The ceremony is performed in the month of August to do the repairing of ponds and springs of the village. The ceremony is simple offering of wine by the chief of the village to Pathian and the whole male folk of the village would start the repairing of water ponds and springs.

6. Charaikei:

Charaikei is also held in August by performing a ceremony for good harvest when the paddy plants have reached a certain height. One egg and one pig are sacrificed to Pathian. Egg yolk is sprinkled over the standing paddy plants.

The killed pig will be brought back at home and cooked and eaten. This ceremony is performed by single household of the village- the family which wishes to performed it, it is not compulsory for all the families of the village.

7. Lamkier-Lei:

Lam-kier-lei is also held in the month of August. The ceremony is for cleansing the dancing ground of the village. Wine is offered to Pathian in a rite after which the whole village clear the dancing ground.

After this, the whole day and night is declared 'genna' and the people take rest and sleep at night.

8. Cham-er-seir:

Cham-er-seir is an important ceremony cum festival which is held in the month of October in order to drive away the evil spirit known as Khopu (Loudraubi in Manipuri) from the village and ensure good health and good harvest.

The duration is one day only. The ritual function is like this: In the morning, a bamboo pole called by the Koirengs Khodei will be raised in the courtyard of the house of the Chief.

A pig is sacrificed, the liver of the pig after being dried over fire is offered to Pathian. In the evening, a big bonfire will be started in the middle of the village.

Every male of the village will take up a burning stick and shout Leave Khopu". Then the burning sticks will be thrown at the thatched house but no fire occurs.

While throwing the burning sticks, the villagers beat drums and blow trumpets made of buffalo horns.

Each house will offer meal with one stick to the Khopu, then the evil deity will leave the village. The offering of the stick to Khopu is done with the presumption that the legs of Khopu are broken by the burning sticks thrown at him.

9. Lamthiel Lei:

Lam-thiel Lei is a ceremony cum festival of making and cleansing the village road. This festival is held in the month of November just for a day only.

The whole folk of the village will gather at the village gate to do the community social service for keeping the village roads and the village as well clean.

When they return home, all the male will sing song called 'Lamthiel Lei La' accompanied by beating drums. Then the village elders: the Khullakpa, Luplakpa and some heads of clan representatives to the village council khuo will be carried on the back of some young men. On the way, they are entertained with rice beer by the womenfolk of the village.

The coming menfolk carry branches of trees with many leaves. When they tread on the village path, they will lightly hit the ground occasionally with the tree branches.

And when they reach the house of the chief or the house of someone which is appointed for the year, they will stand circling the verandah; they will strike the ground with the tree branches.

If the falling of the leaves are good it is interpreted as the expression of the favour of Pathian for good harvest, and if the branches are found without leaves, it is taken as a sign of coming crop failure.

10. Chathar Lei:

Cha-thar Lei is a ceremony of tasting new crops which is performed in the month of November. The first harvested paddy from the fields is offered to God. Each household will sacrifice a red cock for plentiful harvest.

11. Lengyu Choi:

Leng-yu Choi is a feast of entertainment of the sister's son. This festival is performed in the month of December. The boy child will be invited to the house of his maternal uncle for a feast and the boy will present a gourd of rice beer to his maternal uncle.

In those families where the daughter of maternal uncle is already married, or the sister's son is already married or the maternal uncle has no daughter, the feast need not be arranged. It is an introduction of the prospective son-in-law to the daughter of the maternal uncle.

12. Chalam Lei:

It is also a ceremony performed in the month of December. The village community led by the chief will offer a sacrifice of a pig, a dog and a cock to the village gate. The whole village will join in the feast and the whole day and night will be declared genna.

13. Ruichum:

It is worship of Pathian by both the community and individual household. This ceremony closes the harvest of the year. The chief will offer sacrifice of a pig and a cock in his own field.

The individual families may also perform the ceremony on the same day. Ruichum is a ceremony of both thanksgiving and prayer to Pathian for good harvest of the year and for the next year.


* Pr Kungsong Wanbe wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on January 11, 2008.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Imoinu @Yumnam Leikai :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Our Ailing Planet: My locality as a facet
  • Stop Oil Palm Plantation in Manipur
  • General election in hard times :: Poem
  • Being free from freedom
  • Roaring 40 in first list of Cong
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #2
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Wake Up My People Wake up :: Poem
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • A tribute to Athokpam Indrakumar Singh
  • Stunted fingerling- Replacement of fish seed
  • Training Program at Dimapur
  • Gaan-Ngai @Kakhulong :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Classical Language Vs ST for Meetei
  • The Great Green Walls, conserving nature
  • Webinar: The Birds and Bees Talk
  • Covid Booster Campaign at Tamenglong
  • IVF Centre in Guwahati
  • Easing curbs as cases spiral
  • Third wave is on!
  • Ecotourism Complexes @ Ramrei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • No excuse not to end acute pandemic stage
  • Palm-oil in Manipur: Bad to worse
  • For sons and daughters :: Poem
  • Effective methods for facial hair removal
  • Subdued dissent over Sunday as poll day
  • Embracing the party hoppers
  • Gaan-Ngai @Iboyaima Shanglen #2:: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Cultural Activists of Manipur honoured
  • Male infertility: What are the options ?
  • Is celebrating New Year Day really worth it
  • Third wave: State on record breaking spree
  • Compulsion of power politics
  • Imoinu Thouniba @Singjamei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • O Jonga! O Jonga :: Poem
  • Grey market for election tickets
  • Some common weeds of Manipur #2
  • Lilong Haoreibi College awarded 'B' grade
  • State used as transport route of drugs
  • Possible post poll scenario
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #1
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Lunghar path in springshed conservation
  • Lament of love :: Poem
  • Career options in Lift Technology
  • Brief tale of one year COVID vaccination
  • Bickering among allies in coalition politics
  • Low vaccination coverage
  • NH-2 : Remember Khongnem Thana
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • O Kolhen! O Kolhen :: Poem
  • Program on POCSO Act at Thoubal
  • The Killing Fields (2013-22) :: News Timeline
  • A spate of 'defections' in UP elections...
  • High performing individuals work alone
  • Onus on ECI to avert crisis situation
  • Keeping people informed is key
  • Gaan-Ngai @Iboyaima Shanglen #1:: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • The church is & must remain apolitical
  • Tamenglong Battalion celebrated Army Day
  • How prosperous NE India became backward
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Koubru #1:: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Read all about Gaan Ngai
  • Justice, Peace and Change :: Poem
  • Mass Surya Namaskar at Tamenglong
  • Padmanabha Swamy Temple
  • Overcoming vaccine hesitancy
  • Nothing grand about 'Grand Old Party'
  • Lainingthou Sanamahi Complex #1:: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • Some common weeds of Manipur #1
  • How to keep your hair healthy this winter
  • Third wave: Litmus test for NE states
  • High TPR, low vaccination
  • Maharaja Gambhir Singh
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Rani Gaidinliu Open Air Lounge inaugurated
  • NAAC peer team visit for assessment
  • National Youth Day
  • Conservation Agriculture: intensified farming
  • Negligence galore as Covid cases rise
  • Back to the spike in three figures
  • How AFSPA undermines 'Act East' Policy
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • P Achevei : Mega Mister North East 2021
  • Stop Violence related to Election
  • Civil / Project Engineer @ R-Square
  • Business Development @ R-Square
  • Customer Representative @ Property Geo
  • No matter what :: Poem
  • Stealthy extension of AFSPA
  • Confiscating 'suspected heroin'
  • 188 Death Anniv: Maharaj Gambhir:: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Biotechnology Ignition Grant (BIG) 20th Call
  • Kalum Kai (House of worship) #2
  • Account Assistant @ Amber & Arthur, Imphal
  • Business Dev @ Amber & Arthur, Imphal
  • The 5G Race :: Samarjit Kambam
  • Manipur elections not for the faint-hearted
  • Guns & violence in run up to polls
  • Climate Change in Ukhrul in last 50 years
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Are we able to break chain of transmission
  • 100 new Sainik School- opportunities for girl
  • Joyjeet Waikhom / Ksh Maradona: Mr India
  • Money flying in or out ?
  • Will partial lockdown help curb transmission
  • Voting during Covid pandemic
  • Food items @ Singjamei, Pishum :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Curfew : Measures to combat COVID
  • IMFP - Indian Made Foreign People
  • Happy 2022 to you !
  • Manipur Press Foundation Day :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Politician must practice, preach on COVID
  • Makeup routine during pandemic
  • Third wave threat no more a mirage
  • Queuing up for BJP
  • Thangal Lambi & Ima Keithel :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Before I sleep... II
  • Election Brawl :: Poem
  • Impact of Covid on Employer Branding
  • Chasing peace in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Kalum Kai (House of worship) #1
  • The art of New Year's resolution
  • Cong struggling to keep its house in order
  • Manipur's place in the eyes of Delhi
  • Makru bridge, Oinamlong Waterfall : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Depression : A New Time Bomb
  • School & Student Championship Quiz
  • Concern over child labour
  • ECI on sluggish vaccination rate in state
  • Vaccination rate in hill districts
  • Fusion of contemporary dance & theatre
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Crackdown on violators
  • AMAND, Pune released 2022 calendar
  • Rising poverty in Manipur
  • Sunset, the most memorable!
  • Election time season of plentiful promises
  • Interesting role of NPP, NPF
  • Pineapple @ Ngariyan Hills #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • kLlQtre :: Seireng
  • National Day for our feathered friend
  • Value of purposeful life
  • Homemade face packs for winter beauty
  • Dreadful start to New Year as cases spike
  • Manipur steps into Year 2022
  • Tarpon Katpa @ Loktak #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • OneHealth: towards pandemic preparedness?
  • Before I sleep...
  • Meitei ST demand & the opposition
  • Bye Bye 2021 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #6: Gallery
  • Manipur : National Futsal C'ship 2021
  • 'Unlocking Locks Under Lockdowns' released
  • Baby corn cultivation for livelihood
  • Extension of AFSPA to Nagaland
  • Hoping for a better New Year 2022
  • Appeal of AMCO to Chief Minister
  • NK Sanajaoba- Star in Dark Sky of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Danube Kangjam : Miss North East 2021
  • In search of Christmas party
  • Demise of Film Producer: Guruaribam John
  • Disturbed Area Act in Nagaland extended
  • Thyroid cancer- The Good, Bad & Ugly
  • Same old order to tackle most potent threat
  • Putting tighter restrictions in place
  • Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • January Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Carol on Christmas :: Poem
  • Formation of 13 Farmer Producer Orgns
  • Indian Army Inquiry Team visits site in Oting
  • Review home isolation rule or punish violator
  • Lining up for saffron party
  • Red Ribbon Manipur Idol, 2021 #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • curaNTbdi nYte AE :: Seireng
  • Marriageable at 25 not 18 or 21
  • IMA Manipur wins 7 awards at NATCON-2021
  • Impact of climate change in agriculture
  • Dual threat to state in election season
  • Another panel to study AFSPA
  • Indigenous under-utilized fruit crop Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Can we deliver on #HealthForAll
  • Business Executive @ Property Geo, Imphal
  • 13th Seniors National Futsal C'ship
  • National Curling Championship
  • Centre benevolence crucial for development
  • Taking the elixir of life to all village
  • Omicron now in town
  • Job-Fair 2021 @ Imphal : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Remembering great grandmothers :: Poem
  • Grand finale Mega Miss North East 2021
  • Kodo - A miracle food millet crop in Manipur
  • Preparing HCWs for long battle against Covid
  • Bid to arm twist the media
  • Christmas Eve @ Imphal : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • My idea of justice- For the old aged folks
  • Amit Shah holds conclave with Naga leaders
  • Horses - some tidbits
  • The best skincare routine for teenagers
  • Christmas Eve @ Churachandpur : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • My Christmas
  • Mary : The Unwed Mother
  • O Come, let us adore Him
  • Violence in election: Will it sustain?
  • Hymn on autumn :: Poem
  • Crackdown on liquor sale in election
  • Another Christmas comes
  • Red Ribbon Manipur Idol, 2021 #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Secy raises CCpur ambush with Myanmar
  • Gossiping with flowers, bees & butterflies
  • Careers with Migrants
  • Climate literacy to tackle climate crisis
  • Violence in AC with 2 fmr education minister
  • Heirok AC: Shooting to kill : Abhorrent
  • Of AFSPA, Manipur and NE States
  • The Price of Justice!
  • Seminar on 'Bioeconomy from Bioresources'
  • Shija: 1st Pvt medical college in NE
  • Water saving techniques in hill agriculture #2
  • Plight of women in land of brave-hearts
  • Not a question of If but
  • Heisnam Savitri (Legendary actress) #2
  • Painting: Tribal Freedom Fighter #1: Gallery
  • New Barak Bridge @Jiri highway : Gallery
  • Heisnam Savitri (Legendary actress) #1
  • RK Meghen tribute @ Nupi Lal : Gallery
  • Protest: massacre of Naga Brethen: Gallery