TODAY -

On the Flag that was hoisted at Kangla

M. Joy Luwang *

 Pakhangba on a Flag
Pakhangba on a Flag :: Pix - IT News



One cannot deny the fact that Kangleipak has a history of over thousand years that has been well documented in various Royal Chronicles and Puya (sacred) books. What is more significant is that erstwhile nation (Kanglepiak) which had flourished as an independent nation for over 2000 years had well established governance, social structure, philosophy and traditions.

Loyumba Sinyen, a book written during the 11th century about the philosophy of governance is clear evidence about the existence of written constitution since then. It is also a fact that 76 Kings have so far ruled the erstwhile nation since 33 AD till 1949 and different kings in between the period have used different flags to signify their reign.

Use of flags by Kings of King began from the time of Meidingu (Maharaj) Kiyamba and carried forward with Meidingu Khagemba, Meidingu Chingthangkhomba, Meidingu Chandrakirti, Meidingu Churachand and Meidingu Budhachandra , who acceded the throne from 14th century till 1949, are being collected by scholars (Maichous) and also by the Manipur State Kala Academy Museum, Manipur State Museum and Kangla Museum with proper evidences.

The national flag hoisted by Meidingu Chandrakirti, which have emblems and wordings is still preserved at Manipur State Kala Academy Museum.

Above this as per records maintained by Maichous (Scholars) who are no longer with us and some who are among us in their books have written that after the British Political Agent G.P. Stewart at his residence, presently known as Raj Bhavan after conveying the Independence of Manipur just after the midnight of August 14, 1947 to King Budhachandra , the Manipur King after conducting rituals by the King and the queen at 7.10 am of the same day in front of Darbar Hall , fired 18 rounds of cannon to announce the Independence of Manipur and later replaced the Union Jack Flag hoisted by the British on April 27, 1891 , by hoisting Manipur's flag which is white colour with emblem of lord Pakhangba.

It is no time to ignore our nation's flag that has been hoisted by the king of Manipur at the highest and sacred place for administration Kangla by firing 18 rounds of cannon to signify the restoration of the Independence of Kangleipak which was ruled by the British for 56 years from April 27, 1891 till August 14 1947.

We the people of Kangleipak need to remember not only the photo of the hoisting of the nation's flag but also the original flag that was hoisted on 15th of August 1947 that has still been preserved at Manipur State Museum.

It will be only right for the state museum to place before the public an exact replica of the flag that signified the Independence of the erstwhile kingdom even if they have problem or reservations in presenting the original flag that is fading away from the memories of the people of present day Manipur. Because of the loopholes, today's generation had started sidelining the history of the nation and started using flags at their own whims confusing not only the people of today's generation but also the world community.

Kangla- capital of erstwhile Kangleipak was the highest place for administration, the reason for the British to enter the Kangla in 1891 Anglo Manipuri war from the southern gate inside Kangla on April 27, 1891 and replaced the Kangleipak nation's flag by hoisting the Union Jack flag. Since then, Kangleipak became a colony.

At that time as the present Sana Konung have not yet existed, the hoisting of the Kangleipak nation's flag on August 15, 1947 was not done at Sana Konung, but at Kangla. However, a flag with the emblem of Lord Pakhangba was hoisted at Sanakonung (royal palace). At Sanakonung a flag signifying the culture of Manipur had been in use. The highest office of administration of a nation has always been at the capital and at its parliament.

Likewise, the place for the highest administration of the then nation was done from Kangla. According to scholars, it has been written that a day after Independence, Kangleipak's national flag with Pakhangba phambal was hoisted at Kangla.

This has been found at 1) the last para of page 652 of Cheitharol Kumbaba by L. Ibungohal and N. Khelchandra (2) at page 17 of the book "A History of Modern Manipur 1826-2000 art 3 by Gangumei Kamei, (3) at page 72,73 and 79 of the book "The Merger of Manipur" by H. Bhubon , (4) at page 78 and 79 of the book "Manipurgi itihasta Irabot" by Soyam Chatradhari and (5) at page 54 and 84 of the book Jananeta Hijam Irabot by Irom Mangi, etc.

Regarding the Maroon Coloured flag with the world in it , the spokesperson of CIRCA Ningthoujam Lancha in a discussion hour of ISTV Network on August 14, 2017 had stated that the flag used by CIRCA was designed by Yambung Priyobrata which took about a year without any sign of colonialism symbol.

On a similar discussion hour at the same TV channel ISTV Network held on August 14, 2020, on the topic "Historical interpretation of August 14 in Manipur's context", President of the CIRCA Somendro Thokchom said that the flag that CIRCA hoisted was not a new one , but the flag that the kings of Manipur had hoisted from time to time.

As there is a difference in the versions between the Spokesperson and the President in connection with the flag, a question arises about CIRCA's stand on the flag that they claimed.

On the other hand the flag that CIRCA claim to be Kangleipak's flag is the same flag that has been designed by MK PB in consultation with Shri Keisham Tombi and Haobam Amubi that was hoisted at Ukhrul on the request of the Assam Rifle's Post located at Ukhrul.

This was written at page 48 of the book "Down the Memory Lane" written by MK Priyobrata. Even though the flags used by MK Priyobrata and King Churachand had similar Paphal (symbolic representation of Lord Pakhangba), the colour was not the same.

The flag that has been hoisted at Sanakonung till 2017 was red in colour with the paphal of the world. This has been on record. What we need to ponder is whether the red colour has been converted into maroon colour. The significance of the nation's flag should be well understood and it should not be made a mockery. No one can conceal the fact about the flag that has been hoisted.

The flag that has been hoisted at Kangla has not been changed till today. On the most historic day of the erstwhile nation it does not have any meaning to hoist a flag with no significance.

If any individual or group decided to hoist a different flag then it should have a consensus among the people, however it is not appropriate for the people to decide a flag for Independent Kangleipak .

It will be most reasonable to hoist the flag that has been hoisted at Kangla on the historic occasion of the erstwhile nation to mark the day that British left and Kangleipak was restored its Independence.


* M. Joy Luwang wrote this article for Imphal Times
This article was webcasted on September 12 2020.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Manipur Art Fest 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Mushroom cultivation @Singjamei : Gallery
  • Ownership of mineral rights : A case study
  • My idea of justice
  • NPF Legislature meets with NEDA Convener
  • How to use glycerine on the face
  • Mantra of trace, test and treat
  • Criminalization of politics
  • Irrelevance of 66 MW Loktak Downstream HEP
  • Thangol adu maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Inauguration of Destination NE 2020 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Programme on Irabot's Death Anniversary
  • RIST Popular Talk -45 : Quantum chaos
  • Salad days :: Poem
  • NPP : Adopt the wait & watch strategy
  • Last Day : Sangai Festival 2019 #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Irabot, one & only leader of oppressed mass
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Mavopam, Daikho, Rangnamei: eMing
  • World Tourism Day 2020
  • Belated Happy Birthday
  • In Unison with Divinity :: Poem
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #3
  • We do not stop playing because we grow old
  • Naga Talent Scouting Contest
  • 'Nagaland financial published is deceptive'
  • Politics of drop and induct Ministers
  • Playing a risky game
  • Swearing in @ Rajbhavan [24 Sep] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya - Parliament to pass Climate Law
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #2
  • Petition to PM by farmers of Ningombam
  • Low ease of doing business in Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • My idea of justice
  • Offensive against party hopping
  • Politics is more than a game of numbers
  • RK Bikramjit (Flutist & Composer) : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #4: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #1
  • Nurturing young minds amidst lockdown
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • A hot test in a Darjeeling lodge
  • Number games before reshuffle
  • Preserving biodiversity amidst uncertainty
  • Barak: Our economic & ecological security
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Loan Distribution- Street Vendors : Gallery
  • Imposing fresh curbs, need of the hour
  • Youthful Years :: Poem
  • International Day of Peace 2020
  • 3rd Poshan Maah: Drive against malnutrition
  • New advisory for COVID-19 positive patients
  • Peace: an elusive concept
  • Foundation Day- Journalist Union #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Irabot Day & practice of volunteerism
  • Morung Dialogue: To Freedom: A Human Story
  • Mushroom Growth of Social media Influencer
  • Observance of Kuki Black Day Sahnit Ni 2020
  • Nagaland Lokayukta investigation into Dy CM
  • Spirit of Art 164-1 (A)
  • Significance of September 19
  • Nongin, the State bird of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Financial Assistance for Journalist Phase-1
  • National Education Policy - Review #5
  • Condemn Moreh Police on Child Rapist case
  • Music video chronicling true naga spirit
  • What is trademark ?
  • Below par recovery rate
  • World Bamboo Day 2020 : A Report
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Pukning Pothasang #LetsTalkAboutDementia
  • 7th Khangminashi Lecture: Nanotechnology
  • Cancellation- Hyderabad Univ entrance exam
  • Condemnation on rape of 3-1/2 year girl
  • Calling social entrepreneurs from NE for UNDP
  • The Bright Lights :: Poem
  • Ensure health care service during COVID
  • Shirui Village, Shirui Hill, Ukhrul : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Life moves on
  • JRF (on Chakhao) @ICAR, NEH Meghalaya
  • Fruit face packs
  • BA/BSc Exam at Lilong Haoreibi College
  • Fingering of Ladakh
  • Shadow of Greater Lim or Nagalim
  • Calls for change in election campaign
  • Tongjei Maril 1942: Bridle Path to Motor Road
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Khutheibam Abdur Rahman- Poet & Activist
  • Manipur StartUp Conclave 2020 : Gallery
  • Karmayogi Mission for reforms in civil services
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Foundation Day- Journalist Union #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • The thirst for reopening schools
  • Vale of Tears: Untold stories of violence : Rvw
  • Career option in Ethical Hacking
  • Monkey justice
  • Tribal Ministry for seamless implementation
  • Disturbing daily spike & total figure
  • Rani Phi design on 'Doctor in 2020' :: Gallery
  • Aquapreneurship & present Fishery status
  • Discussion: Crime Against Women in Manipur
  • World Ozone Day 2020
  • National Education Policy - Review #4
  • Sole meaning of life is to serve humanity
  • Covid-19 accentuates the job crisis
  • BJP versus Cong versus NPP
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji: Actress #2 : eRang
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Cultivating the common ground : FNR
  • Reimagining Immunity & Immune System
  • Happy Engineers' Day
  • My Teacher - I Salute Thee ! :: Poem
  • Today a reader, tomorrow a leader !
  • Discussion : Myanmar's 2020 Election
  • Daily spike of 90 thousand plus
  • Buning Meadow / Piulong Valley #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Discovery of a novel biopolymer
  • Mrs. Laldinpuii : Success Stories from NE
  • Remembering our heroic martyrs
  • Alternative to online teaching during COVID
  • Teenage skin care
  • Tree Planatation at Chandel
  • Final pact sans NSCN (IM)? Uneasy peace
  • The cry for Justice! Kuki Black Day
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Flood-like situation @Thangmeiband :: Gallery
  • Khumang : e-Conference on 'Science & Tech'
  • National Education Policy - Review #3
  • Demand for a DNA Testing Machine Lab
  • Lilong Haoreibi College resumed functioning
  • A song of appreciation :: Poem
  • COVID-19 & after: Need for change in plans
  • On the Flag that was hoisted at Kangla
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Ambulance to Chief Medical Officer : Gallery
  • Highway projects in Manipur & agriculture
  • Keeping an eye on 'Eye health'
  • Academic Year Online for Assam DB Univ
  • Need to go in for more after RAT
  • By-election; play a fair game
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA, Imphal :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Southeast Asia: Strategic for Competition
  • Memory of Pranab Babu
  • Gandhi, self-help, khadi & Atmanirbhar Bharat
  • The reality we live today :: Poem
  • NEET & JEE: Balance betn student & health
  • 21 years of reaching out to the readers
  • Non Positive
  • Agri Fair at CAU Iroisemba #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Suicide: Chasing death
  • Women rights-based access to contraceptives
  • Delimitation & limitation of valley minorities
  • Understanding CET
  • Himalaya Diwas at IBSD, Takyelpat
  • Noting post Covid complications
  • Rechecking hospital's modus operandi
  • Azad Hind: Its Forgotten Govt & the Army
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • MPSC 2016: Social media mob injustice
  • Manipur women weave success in pandemic
  • FEGOCTA to resume academic activities
  • Live one day at a time :: Poem
  • Should animal be given same right as human
  • Countdown to by polls
  • Tungjoi Glory Day (Senapati) #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Skill Development Prog by CM: Gallery
  • National Education Policy - Review #2
  • Hope : The reason we keep living !
  • International Literacy Day 2020
  • Beauty benefits of rice water
  • Targeting young girls : Minds of retards
  • Should trading Frog amount to smuggling
  • Rendezvous with RK Bikramjit (Flutist)
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Reminiscence of coming & journey : Book Rvw
  • And I sleep for the hunger of you : Poem
  • MPSC propose re-examination is not justified
  • Increasing local transmission
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga story in Indigenous People movement #2
  • Revoke Agreement on 66 MW Loktak Project
  • My homage to Pranab Mukherjee
  • Eventide :: Poem
  • Protest against gangrape of a minor
  • Condemnation against the gang rape
  • Heat of the Internet
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Loans to vendors [Aug 25] : Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang : A social reformer #3
  • National Education Policy - Review #1
  • Menstruation needs to be discussed openly
  • Serious internet jokes & reflections
  • Climbing number of cases, deaths
  • Akhunba Takhellei #2 : Film scene :: eRang
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga story in Indigenous People movement #1
  • Tribal Resource Conservation Ethics
  • Vilification of MCSCCE selected candidates
  • Grand Chef Manipur at Luwangshangbam
  • Monument of friendship :: Poem
  • How will the Naga CSOs respond ?
  • Irritating season
  • Yaoshang Halankar #3 : Gallery
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to dead by living
  • Legal awareness on 'Right to Food' at Lamlai
  • First E/online Lok Adalat held
  • Teacher for JEE Main & tutorials
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • September Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Landscape to Dzukou Valley #5 : Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang : A social reformer #1
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #1 : Gallery
  • Moirangthem Mani : Kalabhusan (Thang-Ta)
  • 13 August @BT Park #2 : Gallery
  • Patriots' Day @ Kangla #2 : Gallery
  • 16th Death anniv of Chittaranjan : Gallery
  • Manipur Independence Day [14 Aug]: Gallery
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • Hentak :: An indigenous Manipuri food
  • HSE Toppers - Commerce stream : Gallery
  • HSE Toppers - Science stream : Gallery
  • HSE Toppers - Arts stream : Gallery
  • SPONSORED ADS