TODAY -

E-Pao! Manipur - The First Annual Administration Report

The First Annual Administration Report
of the political agency of Manipur
By:- Usham Dhananjoy Singh *



The annual administration report is a very valuable document. As the name indicates, it is published annually except in case of war or natural calamities. For instance, the annual administration report for the year 1890-91 could not be published due to the internal disturbances of 1891 as all the relevant documents/ materials were burnt down.

Similarly no administration reports were published for the year 1941-42 and 1942-43, the records of this period being, owing to the Second World War, incomplete. The main events of these years were, however included in the administration report for the year 1943-44.

The first annual report of the Political Agency was written by Assistant Surgeon R Brown FRCSE, Political Agent, Manipur. It was submitted to JJ Wheeler, Esq Assistant Secretary to Govt of India Foreign Department. It was submitted in accordance with instructions conveyed in the officiating secretary Foreign Department's letter No 305 of 29th March 1867.

The political agency was established in 1835. An extract from a minute by Lord William Bentinck, dated 7th Feb 1835 reads 'The Preservation of a friendly intercourse and as a medium of communication with the Manipur Govt, and as occasion may require, with the Burmese authorities on that frontiers and more especially to prevent border feuds and disturbances which might lead to hostilities between the Manipurians and the Burmese, it may be necessary to return as officer in the character of political agent in that quarter.

Lieutenant Gordon whose ability, intelligence and local knowledge have more than once been brought favourably to the notice of Govt, seems to be well qualified for this situation and I beg to propose that he may be appointed to it on a consolidated salary of Rs 1,000 per mensem.

Lieutenant Gordon will receive his instruction from and correspond directly with the Secretary to Govt of Bengal in the political department (A Mackencie - The North East Frontier of India, p 153 Delhi 1989). Thus the political agency was established in 1835, but the first Annual Report was published in 1867 only. It contains 50 paragraphs.

Paragraph 7 of the Report described about the road from Silchar to Imphal. It reads: The length of the road from the station of Silchar to the capital of Munnipore is about 103 miles, about 25 of this distance lies in British territory, the rest in Munnipore.

The first stage of the road is from Cachar, nearly due east, to Luckipore, about 14 miles nearly midway the Barak river (the river on whose banks Silchar is situated) has to be crossed by ferry boat, and near Luckipore, the Siree Khal, a nullah crossed by a temporary bridge in the dry season and ferry boat in the rains, this part of the road is nearly level throughout.

At Luckipore, although in British territory, the Munnipores have a small station or thannah with a soobadar in charge. Leaving Luckipore and still proceeding in the same easterly direction, the road almost immediately enters a low range arable hills, whereon tea cultivation was formerly carried on to some extent, but is now entirely abandoned.

Immediately before reaching the Jeree River, which constitutes the boundary at this place between British and Munnipore territory the road passes through a large tea garden extending quite to the river. On the western or British side of the frontier, on the river's bank, is situated a small stockade occupied by a few police and immediately opposite, the first of four large rivers which have to be crossed before Munnipore is reached, is easily fordable in the dry weather, and when crossed by me in January was furnished with a bamboo bridge, with supports in the river sufficient to allow the passage of footmen.

Paragraph 20 of the report described about a merchant of Somarcand, in Central Asia selling his goods to the Raja of Samjok. It reads: A case of considerable interest, and which has existed for many years lies between a merchant residing in Munnipore and the Raja of Samjok.

It would appear that merchant who is not a Munipore but a native of Samarcand, in Central Asia came to Munnipore 12 or 13 years ago, with a venture of cloth else worth about Rupees 3000, he proceeded towards Burmah, but while at Sumjok the Raja of that place offered to dispose of the goods and became responsible for the price thereof. This was agreed to, but after the good had been parted with; much difficulty was experienced in realizing the cash for them.

After a great deal of trouble, and after the political agent had taken the matter up, the money was, with the exception of Rupees 1,300 recovered for some reason or other the case seems to have been allowed to rest at this stage for a period of seven years and on the matter having have again revived by me, it is alleged by the Sumjok Raja that the claim has been settled.

As there would be no use in representing the mater further in that direction I have informed Bahadoor Khan, the merchant in question, that should he still wish to press his claim, his best plan will be to lay the case before the nearest Burmese official, supported by what documents or witness he may have to bring forward.

Paragraph 27 of the Report confirmed that Theebomi or Khima belonged to Manipur. It reads: Being anxious to gain as much information about the State of the case as I could, I communicated with Colonel Mc Culloh, who from his long residence here might be supposed to know to whom the village belonged.

He wrote me, 'Khee or Theebomi and Kotinema are one and the same, it belongs to Munnipore, was reduced by Raja's father and as you will see from paragraph 8 of my letter No 2 of 9th January 1867, has always been recognised as belonging to Munnipore.

The following is the paragraph in question which forms part of a letter to the commissioner of Assam:-

'8. I am quite unacquainted with the new scheme of administration about to be introduced in the Naga Hils, to which you refer in your letter No 398, dated 10th October 1866, to the address of the secretary to the Govt of Bengal, but if in prosecution of it, it be necessary to advance the British boundary, I have shown that the line of 1842 could not be claimed as a right, and within, that is, north of that line, are villages such as Khebomi, Tuengal, Phweelong, which have all along been recognized as belonging to Munnipore and there may be others, but I can find no one in this country acquainted with the line in its whole extent; such villages could not of course, be assumed'.

Para 5 of the Report reads as follows:

'Since my arrival in the country I have been serupulously careful not to interfere in any way with the internal affairs of the country, although I have, when occasion offered, always stated my opinions freely when felt called upon to do so. If I have erred in my duty, I believe it has rather been on the side of doing two little than too much, thinking this the safest plan in any case where one's knowledge of the country is necessarily imperfect.

WS Seton - Karr, Esq Secy to Govt of India, Foreign Dept with GG wrote to Assistant Surgeon R Brown FR CSE, Political Agent Munnipore, vide letter no. 1064 dated 19th Sept 1868 that he had laid before the Viceroy and Governor General in Council the first annual report of the Agency.

And he was directed to communicate the observations and order of the Viceroy and Governor General in Council. Regarding the concluding paragraph of the report, it reads: 12. With reference to your concluding paragraph, His Excellency in Council desires me to state that he approves of the course pursued by you in not interfering with the internal affairs of the country, except when invited to do so.

As, however, you again experience of the Rajah's management of his habits and of the feelings of the people generally, it is obvious that questions may present themselves in which you can offer useful advice or interpose successfully, with that moral influence which a political authority is often enabled to exercise with independent States and chiefs'


* Usham Dhananjoy Singh wrote this article on The Sangai Express.
This article was webcasted on 16 March 2006.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Licypriya speech at East Timor :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya delivers Speech at East Timor
  • Tobacco epidemic continues...
  • Dry Manipur still Wet and 'High'
  • Insects as feed for aquaculture
  • Inflation worries real but a passing phase
  • Dealing with suspected forest encroachers
  • Morphine to heroin to WY
  • English phonetic sounds :: Book download
  • COVID-19 Status 21 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Rs 2,80,000 assistance to 6 Journalists
  • Manipur Roads: A rainy season Nightmare
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Workshop on "Research Ethics" at MU
  • Tacitly tacit
  • Gleanings from Buddhism
  • Thaopai Shithaine @ Phuba #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 May : Govt of Manipur
  • North-East Research (NER) Conclave
  • Fisheries development in NE Region #1
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • North East LSN Partners Meet 2022
  • Cold facial during Summer
  • Check gate closure: Boon or bane for driver
  • Covid free after 26 months: A brief look back
  • Wakhom Leikai Lairembi Haraoba #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Shija celebrates 26 years of surgery
  • International Webinar: Computing Trend in AI
  • New MAHUD for a new Imphal City
  • R&D initiatives of Ministry of Info Tech
  • PMFBY - Every cloud has a silver lining
  • Banking on Modi to eradicate plastic malaise
  • One step down from Greater Lim ?
  • Flood Watch: Nambul Turel [18 May] :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Ambassadors for Christ
  • "... where women are not respected"
  • Nursing as a career choice
  • Conquest of the last frontier
  • Dry Manipur among top 5 liquor states!
  • Scoring high on liquor consumption
  • Flood Watch: Imphal Turel [17 May] :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 May : Govt of Manipur
  • World hypertension day : 17th May 2022
  • Taking advantage of dying sedition law
  • Market innovations & vertical integration
  • Soram Oscar: Mr India Intl Tourism 2022
  • Cyber Security Lecture at Tamenglong
  • Involve village chief in Save Singda Movement
  • Reaching out to SC Jamir
  • Jalakeli Offering @ Govindajiu :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 May : Govt of Manipur
  • On 200th Anniversary of MK Binodini Devi
  • East Timor : Licypriya Kangujam invited
  • Carbon Sequestration in Dailong Site #2
  • Semiotic interpretations of traffic policing
  • Citrus Marcoptera: Rare Citrus species in NE
  • Same old healthcare issues for new minister
  • Rain : Bringing out the dirt of Imphalites
  • Art Exhibition @Imphal Art #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #2: Gallery
  • Soil rejuvenation through plants
  • Harrowing memories of a blast victim
  • Pristine Death :: Poem
  • Odisha File
  • Anti-poppy vows: Govt shouldnt be taken...
  • After more than 2 decades of talks
  • River & River Based Communities
  • COVID-19 Status 14 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Second National Lok Adalat
  • Manipur Cabinet: Blurry representation
  • Tips for summer party make up
  • Harvesting Fest of Tarao #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 May : Govt of Manipur
  • The USP of Churachandpur
  • Pranks unloaded: From fiction to mundanity
  • Radio comes to our rescue in pandemic
  • 3rd North-East Foodtech begins
  • Irreparable damage done to environment
  • Promotion of nurseries for plantation crop #2
  • Issues staring at the face of Manipur
  • Yaoshang Thabal Competition #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 May : Govt of Manipur
  • International Nurses Day 2022
  • Carbon Sequestration in Dailong Site #1
  • Various voices on reduced areas of AFSPA
  • IBSD, Imphal signed MoU with CSIR
  • Stay on sedition case smack on political elite
  • Identifying a district with one group ?
  • Kakwa Lairembi Haraoba #1 :: Gallery
  • Understanding Environmental Problem
  • Pre Recruitment Training at Keithelmanbi
  • Three rain catchers feted
  • How India is empowering women...
  • War-era bridges amid development rhetoric
  • Aerial route over heart of Imphal ?
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #1
  • COVID-19 Status 10 May : Govt of Manipur
  • NPF Kohima consultative meeting
  • Market creating innovation & business model
  • The element of surprise
  • 3rd North-East Foodtech at Guwahati
  • Growing support to 'war on drugs' mission
  • Backing the War on Drugs call
  • Mao-Imphal Market @ Kabo Leikai :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 May : Govt of Manipur
  • We live in the best of times to preach
  • Mixed Marriages & our Heritage !
  • Review Meeting on National Lok Adalat
  • Road blocking for everything
  • Promotion of nurseries for fruits & crop
  • Cong vigil essential to expose Govt
  • Thangjing Hill : Mischievous restrictions
  • Student appearing HSLC Exam #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Workshop with Vice-Chancellors of NE
  • BJP's major challenge in Nagaland - Church
  • Motherhood : A symbol of Love
  • Song of spring :: Poem
  • Mother's Day at Tamenglong
  • Stringent only means to deter poppy grower
  • Congress : Uncharacteristically quiet
  • 4th Documentor Imphal [7 May] :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Being a scapegoat for ages in this disaster
  • Entrepreneurs invest 8 lakhs to documentary
  • 12th Mahousa Ima Ningsing Tha
  • Float Festival of Tamil Nadu Temples
  • Yaoshang Thabal Competition #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 May : Govt of Manipur
  • On custodial death of Arambam Nanao
  • Placating Sharmila : The Iron Lady
  • Service Engineer @Info Trade, Imphal
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #3
  • Tree Plantation Programme at Kangla
  • Greed blinding rogue police elements
  • War on Drugs : Give it more teeth
  • Artisan Lourembam Bino Devi :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 May : Govt of Manipur
  • The Truth Alone Must Triumph
  • ICU bed facility launched in Tamenglong
  • World Hand Hygiene Day 2022
  • Workshop on Climate Change at Lilong
  • Water education for food security
  • Torpid tourism sector
  • Separate flag & constitution
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta Golapati :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Lavish event management gone wrong
  • World Veterinary Day 2022
  • Condemnation on the killing of Nanao
  • Summer skin care tips for a natural glow
  • Centre's push for NSU commendable
  • Powerless power
  • Ole Wangkheimayum : Making a difference
  • COVID-19 Status 03 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Last surviving Naga regionalist- Shurhozelie
  • DoNER Minister visited NSU, Khuman Lampak
  • Market creating innovations & economic
  • Kuzholuzo takes charges as NPF Leader
  • Swachhata Pakhwada at IBSD Imphal
  • Jiribam Keithel #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Cheilaoba : A short story
  • A tribute to Asok Potsangbam
  • Id-ul-fitr :: From a book
  • Building India to be the world's master
  • Rapists don't deserve mercy
  • Taking the case to a higher Court
  • Cheirao-chingkaba #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 May : Govt of Manipur
  • May Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Nirupa Sanjenbam, Woman Achiever NE Fest
  • Student Centre for Excellence at Bishnupur
  • MPSC : Re-recruitment of MCS/MPS officers
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #2
  • Alangtakhou waterfall @Tml #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Blood Donation camp @Keisampat : Gallery
  • Appeal in High Court against Zou acquittal
  • Jubilee Celebration of Manipuri Cinema
  • Labour Day (May Day) -Chennai Connection
  • 24th - 30th April is World Immunization Week
  • Yaoshang Thabal @Mongshangei #4 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Foundation Day celebrated at IBSD Imphal
  • Alone but not lonely :: Poem
  • Gender balanced workforce
  • Govt North East plan: Repealing AFSPA
  • AFSPA repeal vow galore as NE enjoys peace
  • Promise of AFSPA free NE
  • The hike to the summit of Koubru
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Documentor Lab concludes with Final Pitch
  • Interlocutor promises the impossible
  • Natural ways to maintain a Summer glow
  • 2024 polls: BJP eyeing to tighten grip
  • Manipur : A smuggling paradise
  • Lunghar in Ukhrul district #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Call for a face-lift for cross-border town Moreh
  • Project Coordinator for Shestrong Assn
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #1
  • 21 Lessons for the 21st Century:: Book
  • Inclusion of Chandel in aspirational district
  • No takers at Lamphel
  • Student appearing HSLC Exam #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • My 'Tragic Tryst' with politics & politicians !
  • Education embroiled in cultural nightmare
  • Creativity is must for Career Development
  • Is Mizoram smarter in promoting border trade?
  • Back in the examination hall
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Talk Series with Aribam Syam Sharma
  • Market Creating Innovations & Pull Strategy
  • Intl Conclave on Universal Happiness
  • Four Churches in one compound
  • Employees in dilemma over 'place of posting'
  • Delivering LPG at Rs 100 per cylinder
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day :: Gallery
  • Tongjei Maril (Old Cachar Road) :: Gallery
  • Painting Competition on 'Tribal' #2 :: Gallery
  • Floral tributes @ Cheiraoching #2 :: Gallery
  • Cheirao-chingkaba #1 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sports @Bamon Leikai :: Gallery
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa [Apr 14] :: Gallery
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @Pune :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang @Bengaluru #2 :: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Shopping :: Gallery
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download
  • Learn English pronunciation: Book Download
  • Learning calculating skills : Download Book