TODAY -

Historical perspective of Imphal

Hijam Rajendra *



Before, I describe the location of Imphal, I hope it will be more logical to describe about Manipur which had been sometime describe as a 'little paradise on earth" Japanese/Nippon's armies describe as "Takane no hana" ( a flower on the lofty height");

But it is so interesting to note that, how St. Clair Grimwhood describe Manipur, She said, ...
"Manipur- How well,
I remember the first time,
I ever hears the names too,
which was comparatively unknown to lengthy distribution,
simply stating that the valley of Manipur lies..
A pretty place more beautiful than many shows places of the world".

Because, "Imphal" is the capital of Manipur. It was also a place where the Royal British administration was well/luxuriantly flourish.

In this regard, I like to mention what, Antony Brett James describe in his celebrated book, "Imphal" in such a way. ".. fifty years before the great struggle with the Japanese on the frontiers of India, Manipur in 1891 was a scene of a gallant Victorian action"

Geographical Location: The words/term "Imphal" is a corrupt of the Manipuri words "Yumphal"; which means as "collection of houses"; it is situated in the centre of the oval shaped Manipur valley and almost intersected by 24 O N latitude, and 916 E longitude and it is 2,619 feet above the sea-level.

The "Kangla- the Royal palace of the Royal king is situated on the right bank of the Imphal rivers. Some notable/important rivers/streams which flows through "Imphal" are Nambul, Naga stream & Kongba rivers.

Before, describing the full text of the "Imphal" I hope it will be better to look back the topography of Manipur valley. How, the people of Manipur spend their lives; isolated from the outside world.

As Manipur is surrounded by rows of high range of hills. The communication system was so horrible and there was no roads connecting the outside world. Manipur except, "old-Cachar-road", that too was not in good shape, but simply a brindle path. How different and how unknown was India's North East frontier. That too had its mountains, but they were close woven cloak of jungle.

Still more difficult of access was a tiny Native state of Manipur and its chief-town, "Imphal", barely fifty miles from the Burmese border but divided from the central plain of that country not only by long skin of parallel mountain ranges with few footpaths, but also by rivers like the Chindwin and Irrawaddy.

Across the contour of a map. Manipur is four hundred miles from Calcutta; but the mere distances meant little for the journey was extremely ardous and prolonged.

Before, 1900 no roads capable of bearing wheeled traffic to Manipur and three brindle paths only linked the state with the outside world, the shortest track only linked running south-east to "Tammu" on the frontier with Burma was little used save by raiding armies, the second track came in from "Dimapur" and "Kohima" to the north most important was the path that crossed rivers and mountains passes for hundred and fifty miles westward till it reached Silchar the small capital of the neighbouring state of Cachar Assam" (History Today) Antony Brett-James).

So, it is quite clear that Manipur , "Imphal" the state capital was unknown to the outside world but after the 18th century, Manipur was known to the outside world; because Manipur for centuries owned an independent existence a like to its isolation between Assam and Burma and to the encircling hills.

Renowned Political Agent and able hill administrator Col. James Johnstone, describing "Imphal" in such a way, "the capital, "Imphal" as it existed formerly was a large mass of villages looking like a forest from the neighbouring height and covering about 15 sq miles".

Notable intelligent officer who worked during the colonial period, Capt. C.W. Dun, remarked in his celebrated book, Gazetter of Manipur; which runs as follows " estimated the size of "Imphal" was 6 miles from north to south and 4 miles from east to west"

The topography of Imphal of the 18th century described in such a way,
"on the northern side it touches on some low hills called Chingmeirong and running westwards is bounded by shallow lake (Lamphel pat) which is partly surrounded by a continuation hills, here called "Langol";

on which is grown a celebrated cane used for poles stick, notable the roads of Silchar, which enter the capital at a place called "Kook Keithel" (crow- Bazar)

going further south and sweeping round in an eastern direction is bounded by the plain of the Langthabal at the extremely of which lies the old capital,

here two rivers intersect (Lilong) and going further east, it is bounded by a lower slopes of the hills rising 2,500 feet above the valley (Nongmeiching Hill).

Then turning to the north & crossing two rivers, we come again to the places from which we started."


During 1944, Imphal was still a conglomeration of villages almost in goves of plantation trees and bamboos. At the present time, Imphal is bounded in the north and north-west by Chingmeirong and Langol hills but today into beautiful townships viz Game's village and Langol Housing Complex at the same time many Government Institutions like Dy Commissionor office, Central Agricultural University, Regional Institute of Medical Science, PDA Housing complex .


*Hijam Rajendra wrote this article for Hueiyen Lanpao (English Edition) . This article was webcasted on November 23, 2010.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #1 : Gallery
  • Khongjom Numit: Commemoration
  • Licypriya Kangujam to address UN
  • Wu Cheng'en at Yuntai Mountain :: Review
  • Cleaning up Maram Bazar on Earth Day
  • Take action for mother earth
  • In between now and May 23
  • Challenges in Journalism
  • Shivaratri Shopping List #2 : Gallery
  • Pherzawl - a dying District! ?
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #2
  • Spotted Deer - Living with Natural Habitat
  • Northeast Fiesta at Jalandhar : Report
  • Environmental Sciences as career option
  • Serou: A microcosm of mosaic Manipur
  • 3 North East States to get DNA Testing
  • Protest against SC verdict on adultery
  • Mirabai misses bronze by a whisker
  • Post poll scenario in Manipur
  • Tributes to PLA killed #2 : Gallery
  • Romance of insurgency in 1970s #1
  • Earth Day 2019
  • Easter is a Day of Hope for all ...
  • Hide-and-seek in the Sky :: Poem
  • St Mary's Church: The 1st Anglican Church
  • Breaking the barrier
  • A talk with Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang
  • Realisation Day; Echoes the wake up call
  • Xavier Rutsa & Limatemsu Jamir
  • Revisiting Palm Sunday: Reflections..
  • Iceland - most safest & peaceful place
  • Easy fixes for summer hair problems
  • An evening of extreme shame !
  • Revisiting reality
  • LS : Voting for Inner : Gallery
  • Ahingbi, Chareinu :: eMing
  • Thang Ta @Sangai Festival #4: Gallery
  • The current status of Naga-Kuki relation #1
  • Traditional warfare technique of NE native #1
  • Cry Of A Dying River #72 :: Poem
  • Looking forward to May 23
  • Judgment day
  • Meekap Thokpa Numit #1 : Gallery
  • CC Meet Final: NEROCA Vs SU #2: Gallery
  • Floriculture : A booming industry in Mao
  • Positivity is the soul of life
  • Basic health competency by patients
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • 7th Woodpecker International Film Festival
  • Cracking the repoll whip in Outer
  • Dirty game is a threat to Democracy
  • Ibendhou Kounu Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #1
  • Civil Society Forum Manifesto for Election
  • Life and Me :: Poem
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Election jamboree & voters bonanza
  • Suspension Order for 7 MLAs : NPF
  • Chin Woman Dies after Tatmadaw Bomb
  • A reference to the party in power
  • An idea without fear
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #2: Gallery
  • Artillery Regiment in Battle of Imphal
  • Appraisal on LS election (Outer) #2
  • Minimum Income Guarantee is a promise
  • Northeast Fiesta 2019 at Jalandhar
  • Cyber Security - the need of the hour
  • Sunset Unplugged, Agartala: Event Report
  • Reality of casting vote in Outer PC
  • Real face of Indian election
  • Tributes to PLA killed #1 : Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda : Play synopsis
  • Download: Meetei Mayek Keyboard
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #3: Gallery
  • Letter from a river most polluted
  • Truth commission in Manipur needed..
  • Vacancy at Makok Tech, Bishnupur
  • Cheirao Chingkaba #2 : Gallery
  • The sky is the SIYOM of the stars
  • An introspection of roots of AFSPA
  • A note on Cheiraoba ..
  • A well-known paradox :: Poem
  • The saga of EVMs
  • Festival of Democracy hypes
  • 14 girls sold to persons in Saudi Arabia
  • Took up boxing after watching Ali- Mary
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #1: Gallery
  • Mittong Khunou: The Battle Honour of INA
  • A Lifeline for the Assamese
  • Multiple posts at PiCaSoid, Imphal
  • NE Annual day of CNESPR , JMI
  • Essential summer travel tips
  • Discussion : Myanmar's Democratization
  • Violating election model code of conduct
  • Catapulting AFSPA in the limelight
  • Revisiting CAB issue
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #2: Gallery
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #1: Gallery
  • Bloody Phanek at Paris Film Festival
  • Homoeopathy, a revolutionary science
  • The goodness of good fate does not smile..
  • Outer Constituency has voted
  • Helpless indignation
  • CC Meet Final: NEROCA Vs SU #1: Gallery
  • Yengkhom Roma : Lifetime Award
  • Appraisal on Lok Sabha election (Outer) #1
  • Cyber Crimes - Crimes by finger tips
  • Research Support Officer @ Amethyst
  • Condemns militarization of NEHU Campus
  • Shadow of CAB on Lok Sabha elections
  • "CAB" Factor Faded
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Military Sociology: Present, Past & Future
  • Know your MP - Election 2019
  • Dirty Dancing :: Poem
  • Democracy needs time for good admin
  • Travel at U-Factor
  • Shadow of NSCN (IM) in Outer PC
  • The great escape
  • Arambai Exhibition Show : Gallery
  • View of Premier State College Senior Assn
  • Distant One :: Poem
  • The hysteria of a first time voter
  • Course in Folkloristics & Semiotics
  • NDPP is 'Entertainment Govt' : Zeliang
  • On issue of "Letters signed by Neiphiu Rio"
  • The visit of PM Modi
  • If BJP win, people of Manipur support CAB
  • Cheirao Chingkaba #1 : Gallery
  • sekeN heN :: Seireng
  • Yangnu Golmei : Sangeetbhusan 2018
  • Victimizing only the Women & Children
  • Lest The North-East Fall Asleep
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Driving a dangerous feat on Indian roads
  • Need to be democratic in a democracy
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #1 : Gallery
  • Selfie da track :: e-pao Radio
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • The legend of the Laiyyars : Election tale
  • Sports for peace & development
  • What is peace ?
  • Rongali : Celebration of Assam & NE
  • Manipuris celebrate New Year
  • Imphal security beefed for Modi's visit
  • Sajibu Nongma Panba Shopping: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba: Ritual festival of Meiteis
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Meitei New Year Day
  • Stop War with Nature :: Artwork
  • Cry of a Dying River - 71 :: Poem
  • Pulmonary Valve Balloon dilatation
  • Supping with an ally of the foe
  • Deflected focus: The dress debacle
  • Nipalsuba Mapok #2 : Gallery
  • Running for LS polls: The candidate
  • Gift :: Poem
  • Architect/Architectural Designer @R-Square
  • Little things that help to enhance beauty
  • Congress Manifesto for Repeal AFSPA
  • Social Media - a boon or a curse?
  • Anti-CAB stand: Interesting take from PRISM
  • AFSPA on Congress Manifesto
  • Bamboo Cooking Competition #1 : Gallery
  • April Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Yaoshang Sports @Keishampat #2 : Gallery
  • First Wave Feminism
  • JRF wanted at NERIST, Arunachal [Upd]
  • Cheiraoba Thabal 2019 at Bangalore
  • NPF to support Congress on issue based
  • Jyotishmita to represent Assam in Miss India
  • Paothang : Newsletter from Pune
  • Eyeing votes with promise on AFSPA
  • Together let's save the future
  • Shirarakhong Village, Ukhrul :: 360 View
  • Journey into Nature of Human Culture #4
  • Candidate accommodation at Aligarh
  • The globe is in your fist
  • Heartless :: Poem
  • Condemn Killing of Manjur Ahmed
  • Indifference bordering on arrogance
  • Modi's visit: Will it restored BJP image?
  • Yaoshang Halankar #1 : Gallery
  • No Budget at International Mime Festival
  • In defence of the "Meira Paibis"
  • Post-Doctoral fellow @ NEIST, Jorhat
  • Attributes for vibrant career #2
  • Against Custodian Killing of Manjur Ahmed
  • Revamp Sajiwa Jail : The great JN escape
  • LS Poll : CAB factor and Manipur
  • Dont trust anyone: Pune police to NE
  • Muhammad Abdur Rahman Khutheibam
  • Yaoshang Fancy Dress : Gallery
  • Urmila Chanam on menstruation myths
  • Meetei Tribe Bears More Tribal Characters
  • Dear Happiness :: Poem
  • MP election issues & non-issues
  • Augment credit flow to farm sector
  • Fresh approach of Sangma
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #3: Gallery
  • TabLlE :: Seireng
  • The Naliya Queen
  • Distress Relief at various districts
  • Bedtime Blues :: Poem
  • Babies who are born deaf
  • The approaching day of redemption
  • Yaoshang Marathon Race: Gallery
  • Abok :: Artwork & an Essay
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Yaoshang Pichakari #2: Gallery
  • Utlou incident & of Nupi Khongoinaba
  • Understanding failure & how to face it
  • Responsibilities of voters : 5 years stake
  • Nando escaped from custody is a threat..
  • A New Dawn Awaits Tusom & Somra
  • Yaoshang Cooking competition: Gallery
  • MSAC Literary Meet @Chandigarh : Gallery
  • Lamtagee Thabal @ Pune : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sports @Keishampat #1 : Gallery
  • Abdur Rahaman : Gopal Sharma Award
  • Thokchom Sanatombi : Sangeetratna
  • AEgi puNsi :: Seireng
  • Nipalsuba Mapok : Shumang Leela
  • Mukna Kangjei #2 : Gallery
  • Sory Wahengbam : eRang Actress Profile
  • Saroi Khangba @Imphal : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #1: Gallery
  • Maharaj Kumar Priyabarta Singh : Profile
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • SPONSORED ADS