TODAY -

The Martyrdom of Tikendrajit Bir Singh & Thangal General
- Part 2 -

By Lt Col (Retd) M Ranjit Singh *

Gambhir Singh became the king of Manipur in 1825 and he was recognised both by the British and Burma. Maharaj Gambhir Singh died on 9 January 1834 after a reign of nine years. He was succeeded by Raja Narsingh and on his death by his brother Debendra Singh for a short period of three months.

Chandrakirti, son of Maharaja Gambhir Singh, became Maharaja of Manipur on 12th July1850. Initially the relations between Maharaja Chandrakirti and Government of India were not on good terms and he was not recognised immediately as the Maharaja.

On the instructions from the Government of India, Political Agent reminded Maharaja Chandrakirti that the Manipur State owes its very existence to the British Government, and that, although the British Government has generously left to the Manipur State perfect independence as to its internal management, it will not tolerate but on the contrary will visit with its severest displeasure any act on the part of that State which shall evince an intention of yielding countenance or support to any enemies or rebellious subject of the British Govern-ment.

After this "according to the British the state" of affairs improved considerably, Maharaja Chandrakirti evidently being recalled to a proper sense of his position, and ruling with a greater regard to the rights and feelings of his subjects. In 1851, the Government of India formally recognised Chandrakirti as Raja of Manipur and also made a public avowal of the determination of the British Government to uphold him and to resist and punish any parties who might attempt to dislodge him.

In addition to two attempts made by Deebendra Singh, several attempts were made to dislodge Maharaja Chandrakirti. In 1852, two sons of Modhuchandra and a son of Marjit Singh, named Kanhai Singh, made an attempt. Modhu Channdra's two sons were captured, and afterwards died in Manipur. Kanhai Singh escaped.

In 1859 and 1862 a descendent of Garib Niwaj, named Maipak, invaded Manipur. The first time he was defeated and fled; the second time he was wounded and taken prisoner. He died a few years afterwards.

In 1864, Kanhai Singh made a second attempt with 200 followers. He was defeated by a party of the 33rd Native Infantry and Police (Assam Rifles), and his followers dispersed, but he escaped.

In December 1866, Gokul Singh, a younger son of Debendra Singh, with about a-hundred followers, made an attempt, which was also unsuccessful. Gokul Singh eluded pursuit till 1868 when he was captured in Cooch Behar, tried and sentenced to seven year's imprisonment.

Gokul Singh was tried under Section 125 of the Indian Penal Code (whoever wages war against the Government of any Asiatic Power in alliance or at peace with the Queen shall be punished with transportation for life or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years). Thus it will be seen that the British had kept their commitment to punish any parties who attempt to dethrone the Maharaja.

Maharaja Chandrakirti had ten sons by his six queens. From the beginning, eight princes (one died and another remain neutral) were not on good terms among themselves and were divided into two groups, animated by most hostile feeling towards each other. The first group of four was led by Prince Surachandra and they were sons of the first queen.

The second group led by Prince Kulachandra were step brothers from four queens. For easy understanding, the family tree of Maharaja Chandrakirti is shown:

In the system of succession, Manipur does not follow primogeniture. The succession is rather from elder brother to next younger brother. In view of likely fight for succession among his sons after his death, Maharaja Chandrakirti during his lifetime intimated the Government of India that his eldest son Surachandra should be recognised by the British as his successor.

The Political Agent wanted that the guarantee regarding succession should be extended to the son of Surachandra also. But the Maharaja desired that after Surachandra, as was the tradition followed in Manipur, the brothers of Surachandra should be the king. Surachandra succeeded his father in May 1886. The Government of India recognised him, as the Maharaja of Manipur.

The public avowal made by the Government of India during his fatherís lifetime was made applicable in his case also. Under this commitment, the British Government was bound to punish anybody who tried to dethrone Maharaja Surchandra.

During the reign of Maharaja Surchandra, there were three revolts; one by Borachaoba, the eldest son of Maharaja Narsingh and two others by Wangkheirakpa and Jogendro Singh. The rising of Borachaoba and Jogendra Singh were put down with the help of British force. The rising of Wankheirakpa did not require any British help as the ring leader was killed at an early stage.

The conflict between Takendrajit and Pakasana continued for a long time. The climax of their rivalry came on 21st September 1890 when Pakasana reported to the king that there were large gathering of men in the houses of Takendrajit, Angousana and Zilla Ngamba which may result in revolt by the step brothers.

Maharaja Surchandra asked Jubaraj Kulachandra to inquire about it... Kulachandra returned about 8 pm and reported that there were no such assemblage and all the step brothers were willing to come and pay their respect to the king but that he, the Jubraj had told them to appear next morning to apologise to the king.

But Jubraj must have got some inkling to what was going to happen as he left the palace at the same night and stayed at Burri Bazar (Nambol) awaiting the result of the events to come. Around 2 am on 22nd September 1891, Zilla Ngamba climbed over the walls of the palace and fired in the place where Maharaja lives.

The king got so frightened thinking that the step brothers have revolted and fled by a back door to the British Residency without putting up any fight. Takendrajit then arrived and took possession of everything and proceeded to strengthen the palace defence against any attempt to retake it.

To be continued.....




* Lt Col (Retd) M Ranjit Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This was webcasted on November 24, 2008.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Hathei Phanit @Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • Stunted Agriculture: policy failure
  • Kashmir Lockdown & its Implications
  • Dr Ak Priyokumar : Golden Achiever Award
  • Amazing beauty benefits of sea salt
  • Women entrepreneurship program in NE
  • Critically endangered species : Pony
  • Rescue for the degrading environment
  • Hinduism in Manipur # 1
  • Foundation of School Fagathansi Mission
  • Healing Leadership- Need of the Hour
  • Shri Krishna Janmasthami :: Book
  • Police : A friend or a foe ?
  • Cry of a Dying River - 90 :: Poem
  • King Leishemba attended HUNIC, Thailand
  • MBA in Global Supply Chain Management
  • Significance of Aug to NSCN (IM)
  • Restoring public education system
  • Lai-Harouba @JNMDA #2 : Gallery
  • Sangai fest: Dance Drama : Gallery
  • Our Destiny Lies Only In Our Unity
  • Hanging : Suicide or homicide ?
  • Trainees from Ukhrul selected as Air Crew
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • NPF met with Nagaland Governor
  • NH7 Weekender Artists for Meghalaya
  • NH7 Weekender Artists for Pune
  • Studying how schools are run
  • Nature- the answer to global warming
  • N'Jang-Ngi Thangal fest : Gallery
  • TB is preventable & curable
  • Fake :: Poem
  • Pradhan Mantriji's 'Leirum Lengyan'
  • B Voc / M Voc courses at DM College
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Awareness Program on Child Rights
  • Mountain Echoes, Bhutan Festival
  • Ambeshori : Gold at Nation's Cup, Serbia
  • Th Muivah : Man in the news
  • Doctors: scapegoats of a faulty system
  • Jhulon @ Nabadwip, WB : Gallery
  • Chinguremba, Adon Yanglen :: eMing
  • School Fagathanshi Mission : Gallery
  • GojiLove : Top 20 biggest startup of India
  • Manju & Aneshori : Bismillah Award 2018
  • Healthy & active lifestyle: A healthy Manipur
  • Football Kits Distribution at Kshetrigao
  • Reiterating ST status demand for Meiteis
  • Lapses of duty and knowledge
  • NSCN (IM) against Ravi as Interlocutor
  • Nagaland Nagas need a common platform
  • Heikat-Leikat [13 Aug] #2 : Gallery
  • 13 August: Day to remember the heroes #2
  • Dynamic groundwater resources...
  • Lukanand Ksh & Langpoklakpam Melody
  • Meiraba winner @ All India Badminton
  • Archers win at World Police & Fire Games
  • 73rd Independence Day: One Constitution
  • Preparatory Revision Course at Sanakeithel
  • IIT Guwahati's half marathon
  • Getting the best out of Govt schools
  • Babysana: Student - Aug 10 #2: Gallery
  • Jhulon @ Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • A Soldier speaks over Timeline of Kashmir
  • Tamenglong not be used as a money field
  • Food intolerance - Diagnosis & tests
  • That Jungle of a Garden :: Poem
  • International Day of Indigenous People
  • Saving future Manipur- need of the hour
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #9
  • Independence Day : Gallery
  • Suicide: how it looks like & what is
  • Manipur's 1st photojournalist, Santosh Ph
  • Mutum Ramo : President's Police Medal
  • A Letter to my Mother
  • Candle Light at Delhi for Babysana
  • In search of the elusive unity
  • Naga solution anytime soon, says Ravi
  • Landscape Dzukou Valley #1 : Gallery
  • Indigeneity: Expression & Experience : Book
  • Cry of a Dying River - 89 :: Poem
  • Career in youth development
  • The Wind Will Carry Us : Film screening
  • Communication Course for Development
  • Impact of Christianity among Vaiphei #1
  • Dolaithabi Barrage: An emerging failed Dam
  • New India in Konung Lampak
  • High Court & Workers on Sand Quarrying
  • Niranjoy attempt to break Guinness Record
  • Scripting Congress Mukt slogan
  • Bharat Mata has no place on August 13
  • Heikat-Leikat [13 Aug] #1 : Gallery
  • 13 August: Day to remember the heroes #1
  • Jallianwala: Manglen Onkhraba Lamjao
  • Lets us preserve indigenous languages
  • Hepatitis and pregnancy
  • On statement by Hoho & Naga Mother
  • Thangmeiband : Distasteful politics
  • Remembering patriots
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #5
  • Patriots' Day @ Pune : Gallery
  • Historical War fought by Manipur :: Articles
  • Police adapting to challenge by trafficking
  • Preventing TB is rooted in medical ethics
  • In the name of Love :: Poem
  • Expensive motor laws on the way
  • 13th August observed at Pune
  • Youth conclave with a difference
  • Alarming State of Students Life in Manipur
  • Babysana: Student - Aug 10 #1: Gallery
  • On Manipur Handlooms: A Clarion Call
  • Dzuko - A piece of heaven on earth #2
  • Of Colours and Sunset
  • A Beautiful Mind :: Poem
  • An apple a day keeps wrinkles at bay
  • From hostels to the school
  • Renaissance of Meitei Hinduism
  • Babysana: State bandh - Aug 9 #2: Gallery
  • Id-Ul-Azha - Id Festival :: Book
  • Would any journalist dare to stand up #2
  • Artic Haobam won 1st ArP championship
  • Invitation : RIST Talk - 40 @ MU
  • Condole demise of Phanjoubam Santosh
  • Making a New India & fate of Manipur
  • Babysana: State bandh - Aug 9 #1: Gallery
  • Some basics that many people ignored
  • House building of the Zeliangrong #2
  • Condolence : Photo Jounalist Ph Santosh
  • World Indigenous Peoples at Khumulwng
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Zo Forum celebrates Indigenous day
  • Lukanand Ksh wins at Mister North East
  • Post mortem reports fail to cut ice
  • Babysana: Student protest- Aug 8: Gallery
  • Counterpoints: Transgender Rights Bill #2
  • Manipur topped rankings in Breastfeeding
  • Cry of a Dying River - 88 :: Poem
  • World Indigenous Peoples Day
  • Criticizes scrapping of Article 370
  • Naga leader compromise Naga future
  • Free Children Heart Surgery Camp
  • Another bandh after 12 hours bandh over
  • Babysana death: What ails this society
  • Folklore of Hao communities #3
  • Programm @Sangai Fest #4 : Gallery
  • 'Tamenglong & Manipur' Amur Falcons #2
  • Haris Adhikari: Finest Whiskey in Writing
  • Manipur bag 6 medals at National Fencing
  • Agriculture and skill training
  • Resolutions on Naga Political Issue
  • Need for Imphal to reach out to hill CSO
  • ..should be justice for 1000s babysanas
  • Ibudhou Pakhangba Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • Mob Culture in Manipur
  • Dzuko - A piece of heaven on earth #1
  • Abrogation of Article 370
  • Issue of illegal mining of minor minerals
  • Annual Legal Awareness Program at Pune
  • Power, Works back to Biswajit
  • Redefining India
  • Gandhari (Dance Drama) #1 : Gallery
  • Would any journalist dare to stand up #1
  • The Truth Lie :: Poem
  • An opportunity to end AIDS & TB
  • Soft skills?? What are soft skills
  • Community - Road to healthy environment
  • Scrapping Articles 370, 35A
  • Matsyanyaya: Law of the Fish
  • Babysana: protest @Khuyathong : Gallery
  • Road from Haochong to Noney : Gallery
  • House building of the Zeliangrong #1
  • The World We Want
  • My Lil' Hamlet :: Poem
  • CM meet with CSO: Naga solution at hand?
  • Aliyah #2 (Film Scenes) :: eRang
  • Old Age Home Kumbi : Gallery
  • Counterpoints: Transgender Rights Bill #1
  • 'Tamenglong & Manipur' Amur Falcons #1
  • Vocationalisation of education in Manipur
  • Tourism Festivals & Tourists in Manipur
  • The World Turned Upside Down :: Poem
  • Think about the future
  • Nachom : used traditionally by Meitei
  • Kanglen Kang Chingba #2 : Gallery
  • Trend of private drug rehabilitation centre
  • Saffronites unhappy with power politics
  • IABP (Balloon Pump) saved life
  • Mega Mister & Miss North East
  • Anti-terror laws & victimization of innocent
  • The state today: blame the representative
  • Will remain true to Framework : IM
  • Laonii Fest @Phuba #1 : Gallery
  • No #endAIDS without #endTB
  • Cry of a Dying River - 87 :: Poem
  • Green your skills for green jobs
  • Ji Ingobi Chingtham: Bicycle tour
  • Will surrogacy law be really effective?
  • Vacancies at Hadron Techs, Imphal
  • 14 hours out of 24 hours
  • When people turn violent against HC order
  • Babysana's last rites performed: Gallery
  • August Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Parade @ Manipur Police, Pangei: Gallery
  • War with Climate
  • Matric, UG & PG days of an aerobiologist
  • Invitation : Workshop on Mathematica
  • Job vacancies at Makok Technologies
  • Liver Function Tests
  • Arrested but not on murder charge
  • Threatened future and the way out
  • Downside of Khuga Multipurpose Project
  • Manipur State Drug Policy #2
  • Scope of career in legal field
  • Demising the Adolescent Miss :: Poem
  • Threats against Rights defender Sobita
  • Demands action against scribe-assailants
  • Back home after Delhi's suggestion
  • Babysana's death and its questions
  • Licypriya: Abdul Kalam Children Award 2019
  • Two positives attracting each other
  • Kakching World War-II Memorial Run
  • Assessment your Tax for ITR
  • Who is responsible ?
  • Rejoinder to branding me as Fortune Teller
  • From Dec 8, 2016 to July 29, 2019
  • Of faith and failed justice
  • Neli Chachea: Doll Maker : Gallery
  • Traditional Practices of the Kukis: Book
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #4: Gallery
  • CMHT cards to journalists : Gallery
  • Twinkle Twinkle Scientists Star
  • Rohan Philem Reception @Pune : Gallery
  • General strike on Babysana : Gallery
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #2: Gallery
  • Nupi Pali @ Kang festival: Gallery
  • Sanamahi Cheng Hongba #2: Gallery
  • Weaving at Nongpok Sanjenbam : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #3: Gallery
  • Social service @ Moirang : Gallery
  • World Music Day @Yaiskul #3: Gallery
  • 3rd Singcha Wuyawon Festival 2019
  • seL tiHZakaNdta nuHZa_Iba :: Seireng
  • Cracks at Thong Nambonbi : Gallery
  • Yumnam Shamu : Natbhusan (Duhar)
  • The Great June Uprising #5: Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • SPONSORED ADS