TODAY -

General Suldham's planned invasion of Manipur abandoned
- Part 3 -

Prof Gangmumei Kamei *

By October, 1824, all the Burmese were cleared of Cachar and they were concentrated in Manipur valley and Kabaw valley. Therefore, the British Government decided to send a large military force in Jan 1825 under Brigadier-General Suldham, Commanding Eastern Frontier to Manipur and upper Burma. It consisted of 6000 soldiers, cavalry and infantry.

Supplies were to be carried on camels, bullocks and elephants. 1000 large and 4000 bullocks were employed for the purpose. A road from Badarpur to Baskandi was constructed. General Suldham moved from Sylhet to Dudpati with artillery. Gambhir Singh was engaged to give cover to the pioneers constructing a pathway from Baskandi to Jiri.

The country from Baskandi to Manipur a continuous range of thickly wooded hills; the soil was soft and it was muddy. In carrying supplies to the pioneers and advanced guard, several hundred bullocks, camels and elephants perished. General Suldham spent a month in moving his force from Dudpati to Baskandi through the rains and bad roads.

On reaching Baskandi, General Suldham realised the impracticability of penetrating to Ava through Manipur. The plan was abandoned and the force broken up and the headquarters removed to Dacca. The native infantry, Sylhet Local Corps and Gambhir Singh Levy were left in Cachar.

Manipur Levy's liberation of Manipur

After the withdrawal of General Suldham's army, Gambhir Singh proposed to liberate Manipur with the help of his own levy. Permission was granted to Gambhir Singh to march to Manipur. Lt RB Pemberton volunteered to accompany the Levy in this plan with additional objective of obtaining accurate information regarding the different cases, its resources and the strength of the Burmese forces.

The Levy left Sylhet on 17 May, 1825, reached Baskandi on 23rd May. The force proceeded through the Western hills of Manipur, perhaps through the Akhui route which was described by RB Pemberton in his Report of 1835. The force advanced through constant rain and suffered all sorts of privations without the slightest dissatisfaction.

They were patriotic soldiers determined to liberate their motherland. On 10 June, 1825, the force appeared on the Western edge of Manipur valley; they encountered the Burmese pickets, 12 miles west of Imphal, the Capital ofManipur, a large number of Burmese were killed.

The Royal Chronicle records, "In the month of Kalen (1825), Maharaj Gambhir Singh arrived at Maklang with a European officer (pemberton). The Burmese troops of Manipur Palace opposed Gambhir Singh's advancement. After a hard battle Gambhir Singh gained victory, the Burmese fled. Gambhir Singh managed to capture 74 men of the Burmese."

On June 11, it was learnt that the Burmese had evacuated the Capital which was occupied ny Gambhir Singh and Pemberton. The Burmese halted at Andro, 11 miles distant to the eastern side. Gambhir Singh proceeded to Andro but on the way it was learnt that the Burmese had deserted the place and left Manipur.

Gambhir Singh and Lt Pemberton returned to Sylhet leaving behind 300 infantry and 20 cavalry in Manipur under the command of Nara Singh. Before leaving Manipur he ascended the throne of ancient Kingdom of Manipur. 700 Manipuris also joined the military contingent. Thus there was a force of 1020 men in Manipur.

When Gambhir Singh and Pemberton reached Sylhet the British government was happy at the achievement of Manipur Levy, a feat which could not be accomplished by a regular army of General Suldham. Gambhir Singh was given assistance of 1500 muskets with ammunition. He raised the requisite number of men.

The Levy was formally named the Manipur Levy commanded by Captain FJ Grant and Lt RB Pemberton. The force returned to Manipur. It was learnt that the Burmese army had deserted Kabaw valley but the 700 local Shan forces at Tamu Maharaja Gambhir Singh, Captain Grant and Nara Singh proceeded to Tamu where the stocked was destroyed after a five days fighting.

Gambhir Singh distinguished himself in this battle. Grant reported, “The activity, judgement and skill he (Gambhir Singh) displayed on this occasion has proved the justice of the opinion previously entertained of his merits”.

To be continued ...

o Browse picture gallery on Manipur Levy March on 5 Jan 2009 from Silchar to Imphal here.




* Prof Gangmumei Kamei wrote this article for The Sangai Expres . This article was webcasted on April 29, 2009.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Cyber Security Lecture at Tamenglong
  • Reaching out to SC Jamir
  • Jalakeli Offering @ Govindajiu :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 May : Govt of Manipur
  • On 200th Anniversary of MK Binodini Devi
  • East Timor : Licypriya Kangujam invited
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Carbon Sequestration in Dailong Site #2
  • Semiotic interpretations of traffic policing
  • Citrus Marcoptera: Rare Citrus species in NE
  • Same old healthcare issues for new minister
  • Rain : Bringing out the dirt of Imphalites
  • Art Exhibition @Imphal Art #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #2: Gallery
  • Soil rejuvenation through plants
  • Harrowing memories of a blast victim
  • Pristine Death :: Poem
  • Odisha File
  • Anti-poppy vows: Govt shouldnt be taken...
  • After more than 2 decades of talks
  • River & River Based Communities
  • COVID-19 Status 14 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Second National Lok Adalat
  • Manipur Cabinet: Blurry representation
  • Tips for summer party make up
  • Harvesting Fest of Tarao #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 May : Govt of Manipur
  • The USP of Churachandpur
  • Pranks unloaded: From fiction to mundanity
  • Radio comes to our rescue in pandemic
  • 3rd North-East Foodtech begins
  • Irreparable damage done to environment
  • Promotion of nurseries for plantation crop #2
  • Issues staring at the face of Manipur
  • Yaoshang Thabal Competition #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 May : Govt of Manipur
  • International Nurses Day 2022
  • Carbon Sequestration in Dailong Site #1
  • Various voices on reduced areas of AFSPA
  • IBSD, Imphal signed MoU with CSIR
  • Stay on sedition case smack on political elite
  • Identifying a district with one group ?
  • Kakwa Lairembi Haraoba #1 :: Gallery
  • Understanding Environmental Problem
  • Pre Recruitment Training at Keithelmanbi
  • Three rain catchers feted
  • How India is empowering women...
  • War-era bridges amid development rhetoric
  • Aerial route over heart of Imphal ?
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #1
  • COVID-19 Status 10 May : Govt of Manipur
  • NPF Kohima consultative meeting
  • Market creating innovation & business model
  • The element of surprise
  • 3rd North-East Foodtech at Guwahati
  • Growing support to 'war on drugs' mission
  • Backing the War on Drugs call
  • Mao-Imphal Market @ Kabo Leikai :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 May : Govt of Manipur
  • We live in the best of times to preach
  • Mixed Marriages & our Heritage !
  • Review Meeting on National Lok Adalat
  • Road blocking for everything
  • Promotion of nurseries for fruits & crop
  • Cong vigil essential to expose Govt
  • Thangjing Hill : Mischievous restrictions
  • Student appearing HSLC Exam #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Workshop with Vice-Chancellors of NE
  • BJP's major challenge in Nagaland - Church
  • Motherhood : A symbol of Love
  • Song of spring :: Poem
  • Mother's Day at Tamenglong
  • Stringent only means to deter poppy grower
  • Congress : Uncharacteristically quiet
  • 4th Documentor Imphal [7 May] :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Being a scapegoat for ages in this disaster
  • Entrepreneurs invest 8 lakhs to documentary
  • 12th Mahousa Ima Ningsing Tha
  • Float Festival of Tamil Nadu Temples
  • Yaoshang Thabal Competition #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 May : Govt of Manipur
  • On custodial death of Arambam Nanao
  • Placating Sharmila : The Iron Lady
  • Service Engineer @Info Trade, Imphal
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #3
  • Tree Plantation Programme at Kangla
  • Greed blinding rogue police elements
  • War on Drugs : Give it more teeth
  • Artisan Lourembam Bino Devi :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 May : Govt of Manipur
  • The Truth Alone Must Triumph
  • ICU bed facility launched in Tamenglong
  • World Hand Hygiene Day 2022
  • Workshop on Climate Change at Lilong
  • Water education for food security
  • Torpid tourism sector
  • Separate flag & constitution
  • Id-ul-Fitr @Hatta Golapati :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Lavish event management gone wrong
  • World Veterinary Day 2022
  • Condemnation on the killing of Nanao
  • Summer skin care tips for a natural glow
  • Centre's push for NSU commendable
  • Powerless power
  • Ole Wangkheimayum : Making a difference
  • COVID-19 Status 03 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Last surviving Naga regionalist- Shurhozelie
  • DoNER Minister visited NSU, Khuman Lampak
  • Market creating innovations & economic
  • Kuzholuzo takes charges as NPF Leader
  • Swachhata Pakhwada at IBSD Imphal
  • Jiribam Keithel #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 May : Govt of Manipur
  • Cheilaoba : A short story
  • A tribute to Asok Potsangbam
  • Id-ul-fitr :: From a book
  • Building India to be the world's master
  • Rapists don't deserve mercy
  • Taking the case to a higher Court
  • Cheirao-chingkaba #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 May : Govt of Manipur
  • May Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Nirupa Sanjenbam, Woman Achiever NE Fest
  • Student Centre for Excellence at Bishnupur
  • MPSC : Re-recruitment of MCS/MPS officers
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #2
  • Alangtakhou waterfall @Tml #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Blood Donation camp @Keisampat : Gallery
  • Appeal in High Court against Zou acquittal
  • Jubilee Celebration of Manipuri Cinema
  • Labour Day (May Day) -Chennai Connection
  • 24th - 30th April is World Immunization Week
  • Yaoshang Thabal @Mongshangei #4 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Foundation Day celebrated at IBSD Imphal
  • Alone but not lonely :: Poem
  • Gender balanced workforce
  • Govt North East plan: Repealing AFSPA
  • AFSPA repeal vow galore as NE enjoys peace
  • Promise of AFSPA free NE
  • The hike to the summit of Koubru
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Documentor Lab concludes with Final Pitch
  • Interlocutor promises the impossible
  • Natural ways to maintain a Summer glow
  • 2024 polls: BJP eyeing to tighten grip
  • Manipur : A smuggling paradise
  • Lunghar in Ukhrul district #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Call for a face-lift for cross-border town Moreh
  • Project Coordinator for Shestrong Assn
  • Integrated farming- 2x farmers' income #1
  • 21 Lessons for the 21st Century:: Book
  • Inclusion of Chandel in aspirational district
  • No takers at Lamphel
  • Student appearing HSLC Exam #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • My 'Tragic Tryst' with politics & politicians !
  • Education embroiled in cultural nightmare
  • Creativity is must for Career Development
  • Is Mizoram smarter in promoting border trade?
  • Back in the examination hall
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Talk Series with Aribam Syam Sharma
  • Market Creating Innovations & Pull Strategy
  • Intl Conclave on Universal Happiness
  • Four Churches in one compound
  • Employees in dilemma over 'place of posting'
  • Delivering LPG at Rs 100 per cylinder
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Documentor Imphal 4th edition begins
  • World Malaria Day 25 April 2022
  • Few more to CM's 100 days programme
  • Rongali Bihu at RGU Arunachal Pradesh
  • Telangana midwifery initiative,game changer
  • Waithou encroachment affront to anti-graft
  • Stand to boycott Government news
  • Surbala Laishram : Mixed Martial Arts star
  • Tongjei Maril (Old Cachar Road) :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Autumn: Sentiment & the 'Maangang'
  • Drug-resistant TB: Are we converting ...
  • Hassled advantage 'Babudom' holds
  • Painting Competition on 'Tribal' #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Battle of Khongjom & Manipur's fighting spirit
  • World Earth Day at Tamenglong
  • Techniche, IIT Guwahati's Half Marathon
  • Meaning of life at Spring season
  • Khongjom Day amid outrage over Hindi policy
  • Need to look beyond 'No parking' sign
  • Floral tributes @ Cheiraoching #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Ima Machet Icha Tangkhai - A Film Review
  • Diploma in Photography Course at Imphal
  • Patent Filing Support from KIIT-TBI
  • Call for Regional Start-up Network
  • Decoding Hills-Valley improved relations
  • Body donation: Exemplary decision by Imas
  • Palpable inner contradiction: Stand of NNPGs
  • Cheirao-chingkaba #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipuri Cinema can leap forward if ...
  • Hindi subject compulsory= economic sanction
  • Genomics of medicinal plants of NER
  • Summer with Mangoes :: Poem
  • Revival of sericulture sector must for state
  • Why no follow up on drug seizures ?
  • Yaoshang Sports @Bamon Leikai :: Gallery
  • Policies and the implementation gap!
  • Recycling of Agro-forest wastes- Mushroom
  • Listen to Silence
  • Digital content creator as a career choice
  • Fight against corruption, drugs
  • Move to decongest commercial areas
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Response to pandemics missing medicine
  • Presidency College, Motbung
  • Women Entrepreneur Network launched
  • World Heritage Day at Tamenglong
  • Armed thugs feasting as Govt plays peace
  • Covid is down, but it is not out
  • Mega Export Conclave #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabal (Day-time) #3 :: Gallery
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa [Apr 14] :: Gallery
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @Pune :: Gallery
  • Cheirao-chingkaba @Singjamei #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang @Bengaluru #2 :: Gallery
  • Boro Saheb Ongbi Sanatombi (MM) :: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba Shopping :: Gallery
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download
  • Learn English pronunciation: Book Download
  • Learning calculating skills : Download Book