TODAY -

How Irawat became a communist
- Part 2 -

L Sotinkumar *



In May, 1945, Irawat led a delegation from Cachar to the All India Kishan Sabha session held at Netra Kona in Mymensing District of the then undivided Bengal. In the open rally of the big gathering he presented some attractive dances and songs, “Thangol adu maya thangu thouna, hey lou-ivuba” with his troupe and won high tributes from the leaders as well as the delegates.

Irawat’s political exile in Assam was not wasted years. In March, 1944, he went to Bejwadada (Katukual Village) to join the Kishan conference. After that he stayed for sometime ‘at the Benga1 Communist Party office. After coming back to Silchar went to Sylhet to join the annual session of the Surma Valley Provincial Kishan Sabha held under the leadership of Mani Singh. Irawat worked in the Kishan Front of the Communist Party and was appointed General Secretary of the Cachar District Kishan Sabha and President of the Surma Valley Kishan Sabha.

By virtue of his magnetic personality and organising ability, Irawat was instrumental in the establishment of the Assam Kishan Sabha, the CPI Assam Provincial Committee, the Assam Student’s Federation etc. Irawat even contested in the 1946 election to the Assam Provincial Legislatures Assembly from the Silchar constituency as a CPI candidate though unsuccessful by a narrow margin.

In the election supplement of The People’s Age, under the caption ‘Poor orphan to People’s Hero’ had narration about Irawat’s activities as a communist and Kishan Sabha leader in Cachar.

The provincial election in Assam took place between the 9th and 12th of January, 1946.

In Cachar the local Congress leaders had realised that it was not easy to attack Irawat’s patriotism and his service to the people. Therefore, they made a false propaganda that the Communist party was getting special facilities from the Government. Such false propaganda resulted in the narrow defeat of Irawat and two other comrades - Biresh Misra and Karuna Sindhu Ray. This was the first time the Communist came out to contest general seats in the elections.

After six years of political exile, Irawat was finally permitted to enter Manipur in March 1946. Whenafter a long forced separation, the leader of modem Manipur went back to Manipur, he received warm welcome from thousands of men and women. After the power was transferred, ‘the Maharaja of Manipur agreed to set up an Assembly with limited advisory powers. The long awaited election to the first Manipur State Assembly was held on 11th June 1948 and continued upto 27th July. Irawat was elected from Utlou constituency defeating the other four candidates.

At another stage, when the power was transferred to India the question of accession of Manipur State came, Irawat and his comrades-in-arm fully supported its accession to India.

Before deciding this accession issue, Jyotirmoy Nandy came to Manipur to guide informing Manipur Unit of Communist Party under Assam state unit of CPI. In the meeting a decision was taken to rally all democratic parties of Manipur around the slogan of full responsible Government in Manipur and also to see that the reactionary elements may not play any trick on the accession question.

After this, Irawat along with other delegates attended the Assam Prpvincial Conference of the CPI. In that conference he was elected to the Assam provincial committee of the CPI. This was because Manipur unit of the party remained as a unit of the Assam state unit of CPI till Manipur was constituted as a separate state unit.

The second important stage in the political career of Irawat was his attendance as a delegate from Assam in the historic Second Congress of the Communist Party of India held at Culcutta during 28th Feb to 6th March 1948. There was a sharp political confrontation between the o1d line and the new line.

In the Congress Irawat reacted to the deliberation that were going on. He fully supported and voted to the new line of armed struggle- Telengana way, which was adopted in the 2nd Congress by a majority vote. In the Congress he had the opportunity to meet Thakin Than Tun of the Burma Communist Party.

The political career of Irawat became more distinct in the last part of the year 1948. He was the undisputed leader of a political movement in Manipur for organising a democratic revolution. But he was disillusioned when the democratic revolution had actually come to the state. Because the great mass of the peasantry were exploited as ever. It was under these circumstance that Irawat first felt the necessity of launching an armed peasant movement in Manipur.

When the idea of formation of Purbanchal Pradesh which includes Tripura, Cachar, Lusai Hills and Manipur came to the knowledge, of Irawat and his partymen, he called a protest on 21st September, 1948 at M.D.U. hall. The Pungdongbam incident in which a police officer was killed accidentally had changed the destiny of Irawat and his partymen. He had gone underground from that very day till his death on 26th September, 1951 at Tangbow, Burma.

Our party, CPI is proud of having such a legendary leader. Irawat’s role in the country’s liberation movement, his struggle against the foreign rule as well as the autocratic Maharaja his pioneering work in organising Kishans and workers and his able leadership in the Dec 12 Nupi Lal had cost him imprisonment and exile in Cachar from where he worked restlessly among the Manipuri and non-Manipuri peasants and workers.

Today, Jananeta Irawat not only belongs to the Communist Party of India, but to the entire people of Manipur-Cachar and other parts of Assam. Indeed, he is a leader of the masses.

concluded.....




* L Sotinkumar wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on October 03, 2010.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #6 : Ooba
  • History of Printing in Manipur
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #1
  • Why Total Knee Replacement is necessary
  • Self-styled godmen and mental darkness
  • The Dawn of Knowledge :: Poem
  • Consideration for Govt on UTLA camp attack
  • Bloody Phanek premiere in South Korea
  • Memo to Satywati College against Hindi
  • NE militant in Myanmar may face problem
  • Putting the limelight on O Ibobi
  • Bamboo - our green treasure
  • Jadonang: Indomitable faith of martyrdom
  • 12th Manipur State League #3:: Gallery
  • Cyberbullying
  • British rule in India: blessing or curse?
  • Candle light for Pravish Chanam at Delhi
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Concern over Cambodia media crackdown
  • Present crisis a blessing for NPF: MLA
  • Medical Camp at Tokpaching, Chandel
  • High promises, high expectations : BJP Govt
  • Traffic regulation still yet be improved
  • Traditional Ritual @Khurkhul #4 :: Gallery
  • Athokpam Tomchou :: Sahityabhusan
  • Kanglasha & Kangla Fort :: 360 ° View
  • Mapithel Dam: Tumukhong village's sorrow
  • Earthen Pots of Thongjao :: Poem
  • Protest Rally at Uchiwa on Pravish's death
  • Three former insurgents killed in Manipur
  • Frisking exercise intensifies along borders
  • Manipur await to deport Rohingya prisoner
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • Boisang, Yaronsho, Thangmeiso :: eMing
  • MSL: NISA Vs FC Zalen :: Gallery
  • Fund the Athlete: Support Sumanta Naorem
  • Carbon Sequestration Vs Agroforestry tree
  • PHYNYX changes name & going global
  • NEFIS reaches HM on Pravish death
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • SSP admits lapses; suspends 2 more cops
  • Expecting the expectation
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Ningtham Charei fashion catwalk :: Gallery
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score yrs- D
  • Candle light: Justice for Pravish Chanam
  • Science as a Christian vocation
  • Yesterday Today and Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Early Childhood Education Impact Study
  • Condemn the attitude of Noida Police
  • Protest at Noida SSP's office
  • A Child Cannot Decide Its Parent
  • Notification from COHSEM for Class XI
  • Threat to ban movement of non-local
  • Re-defining Mr. Clean perspectives
  • Hathei Phanit @Sirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Education in Manipur- reform & vision
  • Career option in Political Science
  • A Robe of Love :: Poem
  • Memo to CM regarding dead in Noida
  • Meghalaya edition of NH7 Weekender
  • Away from Imphal centric: Govt-Hills Bhai!
  • Panchayat election matters...
  • Reception for CM at CCPur :: Gallery
  • 239th Heikru Hidongba #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #2
  • R & R anomaly in Mapithel dam
  • Letting go :: Poem
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Warepnaba Meefam Saruk Yabiyu
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Civil Sectt crawling at snail pace
  • Perplexity trends
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Ningtham Charei :: Fashion Show
  • ISKCON Temple, Imphal #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Remote Villages conditions remain same
  • General Meeting & Social Gathering of EMA
  • Leadership management
  • Karo Sambhav School Program at Tripura
  • Blood Donation Camp at RIMS
  • Another spell of cooking gas shortage
  • Parking paralysis
  • Manipur Univ of Culture #3 :: Gallery
  • Sub Junior Boys Basketball #2 :: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram: NE Excellence Award
  • Manipuri in Proto-Sino-Tibetan Family
  • Lamka: Urban character with rural admin
  • MUTA Colloquium : 3 decades of teaching
  • Vigil up in Manipur over influx
  • NPF removes Manipur state unit president
  • IIHEd Seminar : The Rohingya Conundrum
  • Inter Village Volley Ball at Chandel
  • Trafficking story from CCpur
  • Local body election matters
  • Pottery Crafts of Manipur #1 :: Gallery
  • Techniche, IIT Guwahati :: Gallery
  • Anger begets hope & constructive action
  • World's oldest Parliamentarian
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco Univ.
  • Times I Live In :: Poem
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Date with Sep 11 : Setting new benchmarks
  • Angaoba Film Scenes #2 :: eRang
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • My Japanlan memoir after 4 score years- C
  • Flood & Ithai Barrage: A brief reflection
  • Indigenous people must be consulted...
  • When a Star Finally Dies :: Poem
  • Job openings at The Rice Company
  • Lesson need to learn from Gouri Lankesh
  • Sumi Hoho calls on Nagaland CM
  • #NeverStop Guwahati: fitness enthusiasts
  • Protests against Myanmar govt
  • Culturals @ Pineapple Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 12th Manipur State League #1:: Gallery
  • Tete a tete with the Education Minister
  • Freak and frank job interview
  • Buddha Said: The More The Govt... #1
  • Dichtung und Wahrheit :: Poem
  • Protest: Myanmar for persecuting Rohingya
  • Subroto Football under 14 yrs at Delhi
  • Performance anxiety: and its election again
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #1:: Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba Definition: Bijoy Govinda
  • Shri Shri Govindaji Temple #2 :: 360 ° View
  • Era gone with Rishang Keishing demise
  • International Literacy Day, 2017
  • De-notify Disturbed Area tag & repeal AFSPA
  • Waiting for a Good Morrow:: Poem
  • Annual Fresher's Meet, MSAD
  • Clogged waterways: Plastics, plastics...
  • Life is to be lived, not to merely survive
  • State level Teacher's Day :: Gallery
  • MU Inter-College Basketball :: Gallery
  • Half Step Rock signs up PHYNYX, now 'LEN'
  • RIST Talk 31 : metal cholate hydrogels
  • Day 3 at Techniche IIT Guwahati
  • Response to "need male empowerment"
  • Condemns murder of Gauri Lankesh
  • Condemns murder of Bengaluru journalist
  • NPF on impersonation of its President
  • Pre-recruitment Training for Chandel Youth
  • Where are the Ojas in teachers ?
  • Another stunt, but things remain the same
  • Bhoot Ki Thoujal :: Funga Wari
  • 52nd Hunger Marchers' Day #3 :: Gallery
  • Global development agenda & local realities
  • Sita :: Poem
  • Career in Audio/Sound Engineering
  • Education for conflict
  • Bikram's Blog :: 10 Year on Web
  • 7th Pay & the fiscal reality of the State
  • Of Patriot and patriotism
  • 2nd Conclave of NEDA
  • Kang Tournament #2 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week #2 :: Gallery
  • Beauvoir's Second Sex & Maam's teaching
  • Face to Face with Rishang Keishing
  • ...real fact nobody wants to tell naked truth
  • to whom it may concern :: Poem
  • Importance of yoga
  • 'Court Arrest Prog' on Teachers' Day
  • Recruitment drive at Globizs, Imphal
  • JCILPS back after a brief lull
  • Culture of respect
  • 239th Heikru Hidongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Oinam Doren wins award in Italy (Lessinia)
  • For Chester : Tribute Concert :: Gallery
  • Make Manipur 'Gateway' to ASEAN
  • For all plasti-zens
  • Sailing in the Troubled Waters :: Poem
  • CM's advisor interacts with students
  • Discussion: Scenario of Indian Politics
  • Catching up with former CM, former CSs
  • Id-ul-Zuha @ Hatta, Minuthong :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #3 :: Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba
  • Result: 3rd Imphal National Photo contest
  • Japanlan memoir after four score years- B
  • NE needs moral guiding force like Rishang
  • STDCM na sougatli
  • Battling the cancer of corruption
  • First day of IIT Techniche 2017
  • Haipou Jadonang day :: Gallery
  • Sub-Junior Football for NE :: Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang - The Martyr #2
  • NHPC's Loktak Project: Curse for Manipur
  • Of War and Peace :: Poem
  • Techniche 2017 kick starts in IIT Guwahati
  • Software Engineer @ Cobigent Tech
  • LPG cylinders sold like potatoes
  • Consistency containing nature vagaries
  • Xth Pineapple Fest @CCpur :: Gallery
  • Translation of "Puya" in English
  • L Devendro & Diana Chanu :: Reception
  • L Devendro : O Bembem :: Arjuna Awards
  • Ige KNliye kabita Ama :: Seireng
  • For Chester : Graffiti Work :: Gallery
  • Karong Children home wash away:: Gallery
  • State bids adieu to Rishang :: Gallery
  • Rishang Keishing : A profile
  • Tribute to Rishang Keishing #2 :: Gallery
  • Tamu, Myanmar- Moreh border #2 :: Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Nungbi Khullen, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Singcha Wuya Won (flower) #3:: Gallery
  • Landscape of Ukhrul District #2:: Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #3 :: Gallery
  • SPONSORED ADS