TODAY -

How Irawat became a communist
- Part 2 -

L Sotinkumar *



In May, 1945, Irawat led a delegation from Cachar to the All India Kishan Sabha session held at Netra Kona in Mymensing District of the then undivided Bengal. In the open rally of the big gathering he presented some attractive dances and songs, “Thangol adu maya thangu thouna, hey lou-ivuba” with his troupe and won high tributes from the leaders as well as the delegates.

Irawat’s political exile in Assam was not wasted years. In March, 1944, he went to Bejwadada (Katukual Village) to join the Kishan conference. After that he stayed for sometime ‘at the Benga1 Communist Party office. After coming back to Silchar went to Sylhet to join the annual session of the Surma Valley Provincial Kishan Sabha held under the leadership of Mani Singh. Irawat worked in the Kishan Front of the Communist Party and was appointed General Secretary of the Cachar District Kishan Sabha and President of the Surma Valley Kishan Sabha.

By virtue of his magnetic personality and organising ability, Irawat was instrumental in the establishment of the Assam Kishan Sabha, the CPI Assam Provincial Committee, the Assam Student’s Federation etc. Irawat even contested in the 1946 election to the Assam Provincial Legislatures Assembly from the Silchar constituency as a CPI candidate though unsuccessful by a narrow margin.

In the election supplement of The People’s Age, under the caption ‘Poor orphan to People’s Hero’ had narration about Irawat’s activities as a communist and Kishan Sabha leader in Cachar.

The provincial election in Assam took place between the 9th and 12th of January, 1946.

In Cachar the local Congress leaders had realised that it was not easy to attack Irawat’s patriotism and his service to the people. Therefore, they made a false propaganda that the Communist party was getting special facilities from the Government. Such false propaganda resulted in the narrow defeat of Irawat and two other comrades - Biresh Misra and Karuna Sindhu Ray. This was the first time the Communist came out to contest general seats in the elections.

After six years of political exile, Irawat was finally permitted to enter Manipur in March 1946. Whenafter a long forced separation, the leader of modem Manipur went back to Manipur, he received warm welcome from thousands of men and women. After the power was transferred, ‘the Maharaja of Manipur agreed to set up an Assembly with limited advisory powers. The long awaited election to the first Manipur State Assembly was held on 11th June 1948 and continued upto 27th July. Irawat was elected from Utlou constituency defeating the other four candidates.

At another stage, when the power was transferred to India the question of accession of Manipur State came, Irawat and his comrades-in-arm fully supported its accession to India.

Before deciding this accession issue, Jyotirmoy Nandy came to Manipur to guide informing Manipur Unit of Communist Party under Assam state unit of CPI. In the meeting a decision was taken to rally all democratic parties of Manipur around the slogan of full responsible Government in Manipur and also to see that the reactionary elements may not play any trick on the accession question.

After this, Irawat along with other delegates attended the Assam Prpvincial Conference of the CPI. In that conference he was elected to the Assam provincial committee of the CPI. This was because Manipur unit of the party remained as a unit of the Assam state unit of CPI till Manipur was constituted as a separate state unit.

The second important stage in the political career of Irawat was his attendance as a delegate from Assam in the historic Second Congress of the Communist Party of India held at Culcutta during 28th Feb to 6th March 1948. There was a sharp political confrontation between the o1d line and the new line.

In the Congress Irawat reacted to the deliberation that were going on. He fully supported and voted to the new line of armed struggle- Telengana way, which was adopted in the 2nd Congress by a majority vote. In the Congress he had the opportunity to meet Thakin Than Tun of the Burma Communist Party.

The political career of Irawat became more distinct in the last part of the year 1948. He was the undisputed leader of a political movement in Manipur for organising a democratic revolution. But he was disillusioned when the democratic revolution had actually come to the state. Because the great mass of the peasantry were exploited as ever. It was under these circumstance that Irawat first felt the necessity of launching an armed peasant movement in Manipur.

When the idea of formation of Purbanchal Pradesh which includes Tripura, Cachar, Lusai Hills and Manipur came to the knowledge, of Irawat and his partymen, he called a protest on 21st September, 1948 at M.D.U. hall. The Pungdongbam incident in which a police officer was killed accidentally had changed the destiny of Irawat and his partymen. He had gone underground from that very day till his death on 26th September, 1951 at Tangbow, Burma.

Our party, CPI is proud of having such a legendary leader. Irawat’s role in the country’s liberation movement, his struggle against the foreign rule as well as the autocratic Maharaja his pioneering work in organising Kishans and workers and his able leadership in the Dec 12 Nupi Lal had cost him imprisonment and exile in Cachar from where he worked restlessly among the Manipuri and non-Manipuri peasants and workers.

Today, Jananeta Irawat not only belongs to the Communist Party of India, but to the entire people of Manipur-Cachar and other parts of Assam. Indeed, he is a leader of the masses.

concluded.....




* L Sotinkumar wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on October 03, 2010.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Khoupum Khouduang (Water fall) : Gallery
  • Isak Swu Condolence service: Gallery
  • Ration cards Rally @Khurai : Gallery
  • Framework for a Shared Future #4
  • Loud questions, silent answers
  • Tree plantation Vs post plantation
  • Reqt @Cobigent Technologies, Imphal
  • Fashion Week Model Auditions for NE
  • 3rd Foundation Day of TSA-Bengaluru
  • Condoles for late Isak Chishi Swu
  • Prerequisites of a new Bill
  • A lesson in death
  • Dzuko Lily @Dzuko valley #2: Gallery
  • Saknaiba, Ganmei :: eMing
  • ILP : Bandh @Singjamei #2 : Gallery
  • Eidi Chatlaroi by Kumudini :: Review
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process : Article/Photos
  • Indo-Naga Talks : News Timeline
  • No land & quota of hill will be grabbed by ST
  • Manipur State Population Commission #2
  • Felicitation of KAYO club member
  • Draft Trafficking of Persons Bill 2016
  • Acknowledging the late Isak
  • Insecurities of Food Security Act
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #5 : Gallery
  • Dilapidated Samkha Ahan temple
  • Yumnam Nilachandra : Kala Akademi Award
  • Saving the youths from Substance Abuse
  • Let us find a way out from ILPS quagmire
  • Lightning : A major killer
  • The Killing Fields 2016 :: News Timeline
  • Grand Iftar Party At Delhi
  • Gorkha Students Orientation in Delhi
  • Curfew imposed in Thoubal areas
  • Right decision to move on
  • Covering-up exercises
  • ILP: Tribal movement 300th day #1: Gallery
  • Intl Day Against Drug Abuse: Gallery
  • ILP : Protest @Moirang #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur's Doomsday
  • General insurance Importance wrt. Manipur
  • Buddhism differs from other religions #3
  • In Solidarity with Victims of Torture
  • 28 Manipur Cong MLAs in dilemma
  • Sangai finds place in 'recovery' plan
  • International Day Against Drug Abuse
  • Sunset at Loktak : Gallery
  • Is drafting fresh legislation on ILP..
  • Child Trafficking in India : Report
  • Towards a TB free India
  • A String of Pearls :: Poem
  • India cannot disturb Manipur Boundary #2
  • ILP : Bandh @Singjamei #1 : Gallery
  • Andro Girls at DANA cup, Denmark
  • ILP Awareness Programme in Bangalore
  • Small steps to progress
  • ILP Issue : Photos Gallery from 2012
  • Biju Ningombam (Actress) #2 : eRang
  • 'Mid Brain Activation' : Gallery
  • Print media and political activism
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) :: Timeline
  • Learn from South Korea not just hairstyle
  • Jobs @Eastern Entrepreneurs, Imphal
  • Khamba Thoibi Jagoi #2 : Gallery
  • Interaction Program with parents @Delhi
  • Crippling RIMS for two days
  • Mumbai set for Colours of North East
  • Macabre messiahs
  • Landscape of Dzukou Valley #1 : Gallery
  • Great June Uprising #3: Gallery
  • Summer Snow: Portraying Manipur : Book
  • ILPS for valley, 6th Schedule for tribals #2
  • Wari : A collection of stories
  • Failing to define who is a Manipuri
  • Need for an alternative
  • Wanglee village in Ukhrul district : Gallery
  • Constable clash with Police: Gallery
  • Poor Peoples IAS Officer (Armstrong Pame)
  • Heartbroken notes :: Poem
  • Urmila Chanam : Activist wins global award
  • Clarification to JACAATB about misquote
  • Public Hearing on Child Trafficking
  • Requirements for Sky Hospital
  • NSU to be shifted from Manipur: BJP
  • Swu health cloud on Naga accord
  • GK book banned in Manipur
  • Don't hold the future to ransom
  • The hoarding call
  • Singda Dam :: 360° Panorama
  • Shon :: eRang Classic
  • International Day of Yoga : Gallery
  • Film-makers, their father and wisemen
  • Communication ..in patient-centered care
  • Communal Harmony and Integration
  • Khuga Dam canal breach
  • Normalcy at Manipur-Nagaland border
  • Noteworthy initiative from 515 individuals
  • On shaky grounds
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #4 : Gallery
  • Great June Uprising #2: Gallery
  • 14th Mega Miss North East : Gallery
  • Petition for talks-JCILPS & JACAATB
  • Discussion on tourism in NE @London
  • Memo to CM on failure of Govt. School
  • 14th Mega Miss North East 2016
  • Leimaram Waterfall - Aerial video
  • ILP Demand - Photos from 2012 :: Gallery
  • Music mission touches a special heart
  • Contrasting voices from the hills & valley
  • The rising crescendo
  • Dzuko Lily @Dzuko valley #1: Gallery
  • ILP : Women protestors [Jun 15] #2: Gallery
  • Elimson Maram : Kala Akademi Award
  • Murphy's Law always happens to me
  • Why Manipuris should stop bandh culture
  • Vaccine Logistics & Cold Chain Managers
  • 7th Men Mega Mister North East
  • Tributes in the valley, shutdown in the hills
  • Great June Uprising #1: Gallery
  • Violation of older people's human rights
  • Diseases of Tonsils
  • Should I blame on Google or Govt?
  • ILP Seminar in Bengaluru
  • Uncertain future awaits women's boxing
  • India, Thailand to expedite highway work
  • And divided we fall
  • The Great June 18 Uprising
  • June 18 Uprising :: Flash Presentation
  • 2001 News Archive : June 18 Uprising
  • Photo Gallery : June 18 Uprising
  • Tamei in Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • Brand's Harbinger- Celebrities, Bloggers
  • World Day to Combat Drought
  • JAC against 'anti-tribal' Bills-June 17
  • Jobs at Virgo , Imphal
  • Drug abuse and opium cultivation
  • Responsibilities before rights
  • Oral History role in communal harmony #2
  • Soccer Festival @Andro: Gallery
  • Ha Long Bay Vietnam #2 : Gallery
  • Win-win solution to 3-controversial bills
  • The Second Life :: Poem
  • Biking expedition by 4 woman bikers
  • National film awardees felicitated in Imphal
  • From SoO pact to political dialogue
  • Eibusu Yaohanbiyu #1 :: eRang
  • Guest Faculty at Sikkim University
  • Irom Sharmila @CJM Court: Gallery
  • Flood in valley, landslide in hills : Poem
  • Blockades and counter blockades
  • Honor women's rights not her womb
  • ILP : Counter economic-blockade : Gallery
  • People's Convention for United Hills & Valley
  • Some thoughts on ILP
  • Butterfly Man of India's latest flutter : Book
  • Tryst with Alzheimer's disease
  • Open letter from father to daughter
  • Protests against crackdown on Students
  • Re-organisations of districts & ethnicity
  • Playing with sentiment of common man
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #3 : Gallery
  • Tamei in Tamenglong #1 : Gallery
  • Policy to Alleviate Water Problems
  • The street women vendors in Imphal #2
  • Manipur As Seen By Meiteis, Nagas & Zo #2
  • ILP na maram oiraga maheiroi....
  • Gorkhas At People's Convention, Delhi
  • Blockade affects railway projects
  • IM condemns 'provocation' by ACAUT
  • Idea of Manipur & elusive consensus
  • Wanglee-Namlee Road condition: Gallery
  • Tingjin-Puong :: eRang Classic
  • To Educated Youths Of Manipur
  • Soyam Sweety - Actress :: eRang
  • Irawat & political movements in Surma #4
  • ILP: Meira Rally- 1 June #3 : Gallery
  • Career option in Mass Communication
  • Admission at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • Threat to press - threat to society
  • Singju Fest @Lamlai #3: Gallery
  • Phuritshabam Chandra : Akademi Award
  • Jiribam Wallpaper #8 : Download
  • The spirit of Research & Development
  • Research & Developement: Gallery
  • ILP: Water Cannon to Students #3: Gallery
  • Imphal Municipal IMC election #2 : Gallery
  • ILP : Protest Rally -June 1: Gallery
  • All Party Delegation - June 7
  • JAC against 'anti-tribal' Bills - June 7
  • ILP: Human Chain by Students : Gallery
  • Aspects of Meetei Yumjao : Gallery
  • Tribal Dance @Khunthok Hanbi: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • ILP: Meira Rally- 1 June #2 : Gallery
  • Wrestling at Purul Paoki : Gallery
  • ILP: Water Cannon to Students #1: Gallery
  • Namlee Village Ukhrul :: 360 View
  • Jiribam-Silchar passenger train : Gallery
  • Shree Shree Govinda Temple : Gallery
  • Class X results @ BOSEM : Gallery
  • HSLC :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC :: Statistics /Subject Topper
  • HSLC: Roll No Listing
  • HSLC External Exam 2016 Result
  • Manipur Phone Directory :: e-pao Tools
  • Maring War Dance :: Ooba Video
  • Class XII Results 2016 : Pass Percent
  • Class XII Results 2016 : Info
  • Class XII Results 2016 : Science
  • Class XII Results 2016 : Commerce
  • Class XII Results 2016 : Arts
  • Download :: PMP Bill 2015
  • Download :: MLR&LR Bill 2015
  • Download :: MSE Bill 2015
  • SPONSORED ADS