TODAY -

How Irawat became a communist
- Part 1 -

L Sotinkumar *



During this period, in Dec, 1939, Nupi Lal broke out and as a consequence Irawat was sentenced for 3 years' imprisonment for leading Nupi Lal. After spending one year's imprisonment in Imphal Jail, he was transferred to Sylhet District jail for the rest of the term. During his imprisonment in Sylhet District Jail, Jyotirmoy Nandy was undergoing imprisonment along with Biresh Misra, Secretary Sylhet District Congress committee, Arun Chanda, Congress leader of Cachar; Rabi Aditya, Congress leader of Karimganj and others.

Jyotirmoy Nandy was the then Editor of Naya Duniya, a weekly published from Sylhet a semi-official organ of the Communist Party of India, till then an illegal party. Biresh Misra wrote a series of articles bearing the nature of the second world war and Jyotirmoy Nandy published them in Naya Duniya. Both were convicted for a period of nine to eleven months of rigorous imprisonment in Division NO. 2 of the Sylhet District Jail. The others were detainees under Defence of India Rules.

Jananeta Irawat was kept in the detenue ward along with Arun Chanda, Aditya and others, while Jyotirmoy, Biresh Misra and some others were kept in the Div 2 ward of the jail. After a few days of official tangle the jail authorities were forced to allow them to mix together for a few hours in the evening for playing badminton.

Those few hours were the period when Jyotirmoy, and Misra have particularly befriended Irawat, knowing from him the experiences of the Manipuri people's movement and its peculiarities. They told him about the principles of Marxism-Leninism and the experiences of the working class movement all over the world. They gave Irawat some books and pamphlets about the Soviet Union as well as the literatures of the Communist Party of India is illegally brought inside the jail.

The other non-communist Congress leaders were also trying to draw Irawat towards Gandhian programme and its philosophy. But the programme and philosophy of the communist movement won Irawat's mind. The struggle of the working class people and the downtrodden for freeing themselves from the shackles of the capitalists and the feudal exploitations and oppressions, in the cause of their fight for the country's freedom from the clutches of the Imperialist rule carried more weight than the ideal of freeing the county from the burden of foreign rule alone.

The vision of a socialist Manipur in socialist India free from imperialism, feudal and capitalist shackles had reached both his head and heart. Thus through mutual discussion, reading of books and other literatures made Irawat an ardent believer in Marxism-Leninism. When Jyotirmoy Nandy was to leave Sylhet jail after expiry of his prison term, Irawat told him that he would join the communist party after his release.

With the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Nazi Germany, the Communist Party had changed its Strategy and tactics of the freedom struggle. Jyotirmoy Nandy sent message of this change to Irawat in jail, who in turn told his followers in Manipur to change their tactics also.

At one stage the British Government was forced to legalise the Communist Party and one of the party's first demand was to release all communists from jail and detention camps, and Irawat's name used to be one of the foremost among them. Party adherents in Manipur have also raised these slogans. After the expiry of his prison ten, Irawat had communicated the Political Agent to issue him necessary permission to return to Manipur, but Maharaj Bodhchandra did not permit him to enter Manipur.

After this release from Sylhet jail the Communist Party leadership decided that Irawat should remain in Cachar District which was near to Manipur on the one hand and wherein a good number of Manipuris lived. Communists in Cachar took an initiative to Ex up an area where Irawat would work mainly among, the Manipuri peasants and also among the non­Manipuri ex-tea garden workers. Irawat plunged headlong to the peasants movement and particularly the Manipuri peasants in Cachar had joined the Kishan movements. Irawat attended the first Congress of the Communist Party of India held at Bombay from May 23 to, June 1, 9431 as a special invitee from Cachar.

From the Congress Irawat learnt the fact that India's freedom struggle had to be integrated with the worldwide struggle against Fascism. As a Communist Organiser of Kishan movement, Irawat earned a special place of honour in Caphar and Sylhet Districts of Assam. In Cachar he had built cultural squads known as Swadesh 'Gamer Dal along with other people.

He used to hold shows in rural areas and aroused people to joint the peasant movement and the Communist Party of India to liberate themselves from the yoke of the Imperialist rule as well as from the shackles of the feudal oppressors. Later on, these singing squads were incorporated in the Indian People's Theatre Association.

Irawat was not only a mass political leader, but also a cultural leader who helped to build up the IPTA movement in the Barak Valley.

To be continued.....




* L Sotinkumar wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on September 30, 2010.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO!
  • Phalee Luita Phanit: Seed sowing fest
  • Water Scarcity in Manipur
  • Curse of Modi's LPG policy
  • H Priyogupta's Plays #1: Gallery
  • If Drugs make you feel so good #1
  • Bangladesh Manipuri Chhatra Samity
  • Wakat Meepham at Lumlangdong : ILP
  • How to make Squash : Training
  • Free Vaccination at Khumbong
  • Reqts @NEglobaltech, Imphal Center
  • 38 Naga orgs on 'nation building'
  • GI tag boost for 9 Northeast products
  • Passport Seva Kendra Imphal: Gallery
  • ADC polls and devolution
  • Litmus test for the State unit BJP
  • 'Route NE' #1: Gallery
  • Comment on conflict mania in Manipur
  • Mega Nite at OUGRI #1: Gallery
  • One Day I'll, Just You Wait : Poem
  • 46 Questions to Ibomcha wrt ILPS #1
  • Indian Foreign Policy: Lecture report
  • Mangka's Chingda satpi launch [Upd]
  • Congregation of Muslims in Manipur
  • WYS 2015: plenary & technical session
  • World Youth Summit starts in Imphal
  • Binalakshmi Wins L'Oreal Femina Awards
  • Beef & ADC polls
  • May 30 : Election to the ADCs
  • Huidrom Priyogupta :: Theatre Artist Profile
  • Tests for Pneumonia
  • Political existence in shadows of men
  • Buddhism for beginners #5
  • Following The Shadow :: Poem
  • Challenges faced by start-up entrepreneurs
  • 9th Mega Marathon Manipur : Gallery
  • The traffic blues
  • Lean Startup @MIMS, MU: Gallery
  • Lean Startup Workshop held at MIMS
  • Manipur-Nagaland assure to maintain peace
  • Journey from SPOs to VDFs
  • Mangka @River Music Fest : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba : Learn Manipuri script
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2015 :: Timeline
  • Be Prepared :: Poem
  • Good Reasons or Poor Excuses
  • Politics blended with religion..deadly
  • Manipur: actor in India's eastern stage #2
  • Lecture: Understanding Foreign Policy
  • Manager for Virgo Car Rentals, Imphal
  • Computer Instructor reqt @AiTC
  • Lainingthou Khubam : Gallery
  • Iroisemba Zoo #2 :: 360 Panorama
  • Migration & Equitable Analysis
  • Globalisation of tribals in Manipur
  • Cheirao Ching Kaba #2: Gallery
  • On religion and spirituality
  • I love her :: Story
  • River Bank Music Fest #1: Gallery
  • Sporting Clube Goa vs Shillong Lajong
  • Case filed against ex-official
  • Thunderstorm from Nagaland
  • More than bat & bowl & keep wickets
  • Water Scarcity Imphal: Gallery
  • CFMG holds cease-fire board meetings
  • Observation of rape- various perspectives
  • Tondonbi, Niengthienmoi : eMing
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Development in Thoubal wrt. Muslim
  • Tamenglong #39: Wallpaper Download
  • Governor's Cup Polo #2: Gallery
  • Faith Healing Practices: Alternative Healing
  • Wakat Meepham at Thoubal keithel
  • Anal Dance @Chandel: Gallery
  • Research Scholars Workshop @DSE
  • Delhi North-East Cricket Tournament
  • Water Crisis and the State
  • Water scarcity in a land of rain & rain
  • Lukhrabi Macha Yatra :: Funga
  • Water Conservation: Need of the Hour
  • ..Marathon, remember Maibam Tamra
  • Indigenous Sports @CCpur #2: Gallery
  • Sajibu Nongma- Chak #3 : Gallery
  • Love extended : Poem
  • Wakat Meepham at Andro Panam Ningthou
  • Admission notification of IIT Guwahati
  • ASHA convention of Bishenpur District
  • 7.5 MW of electricity Vs loss of homes
  • 'Ready as NE brand ambassador'
  • First UN study on drug abuse in NE
  • Musical nite at Delhi: Support Sport Player
  • The official and notional frontier
  • Growing need of private tuitions
  • MRVT&MW Bill- Contents : Gallery
  • Ougri 2015 : Programme Schedule
  • Karigi Kiruni Nungsiradi: eRang #2
  • Poknapham Eema @Musical : Gallery
  • Surung @Baruni Ching : Gallery
  • Remembering my past life
  • meeyamda khanghankhidabadagi thokpani
  • What CM may do with ILPS #2
  • NIT Manipur celebrates World Water Day
  • Infrastructure sans Services
  • Fate, charity & differently able persons
  • Rivers dried up..Imphal : Gallery
  • Nurturing dreams at an educational trust
  • Illegitimate :: Story
  • Workshop @Khamason, Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Yunnan Province: Flying gull of China #2
  • Heritage Workshop at Khamason village
  • Jobs @Nirmaan Academy, Imphal
  • Appeal to Inriangluang to reject violence
  • Cheiraoba Thabal @Imphal: Gallery
  • Governor's Cup Polo #1: Gallery
  • Taking people for a ride
  • North-East Football Meet at Mysore
  • Climate change: A challenge in the NE
  • Dry spell calls for water harvesting
  • After Class XII : Outside Manipur
  • Karigi Kiruni Nungsiradi : eRang #1
  • With the coming of New Year : Poem
  • Bicycle rally: Riverbank Fest: Gallery
  • Learn Meetei Mayek :: Phones Apps
  • Water scarcity imminent in Manipur
  • Ibobi calls all-party meet on bill
  • 'Naga psychology needs to be rebuilt'
  • Nagaland heading for Opposition-less govt
  • Khutsemgi esing tangba thokle
  • Dr. Nehginpao Kipgen's wedding
  • Cheiraoba Ching Kaba #2 : Gallery
  • Cheiraoba : Gallery
  • Cheiraoba @Bangladesh: Gallery
  • Fear of the Dragon
  • Cheiraoba Ching Kaba #1 : Gallery
  • Patient care assistant as career
  • Privilege of entering presence of God
  • Withering the AFSPA: Value Judgement #2
  • Cheiraoba Thabal at Bangladesh
  • Sajibu Nongma- Chak #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur celebrates New Year
  • NSCN-K claims killing 2 armymen
  • Sajibu Nongma- Chak #1 : Gallery
  • Baruni: Lainingthou Sanamahi: Gallery
  • ILP protest @Keithel : Gallery
  • Predicament to World Water Day
  • 'Us' and 'Them' #2
  • Hunger :: EI
  • MMAB Yaoshang Sports : Gallery
  • IT courses at Eshtoal Cyber
  • Nutraceutical Properties of fruits
  • Non Co-Operation Gi Khongjang
  • Migrant Workers Bill, 2015 ki matangda
  • Cheiraobagi Meira Paojel: Gallery
  • Spring Spirit for Change
  • Runners and helpers at exam centres
  • MMAB Yaoshang Sports Meet- Results
  • Karigee Kiruni Nungshiradee : Film Premier
  • Sangita - Live with Tapta @BOAT
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba - Meitei New Year Day
  • Maikel Meetei's Painting: Gallery
  • Yaoshang: Spoon Race @Wangkhei: Gallery
  • Indigenous Medicinal Knowledge
  • Freedom of Expression is not free; but...
  • Principal secretary na Delhi tannaraga..
  • Conf: Rethinking Nagas in the Contemporary
  • Tondonba: Muaythai Gold @Bangkok [Upd]
  • RIST Lecture: Diversity of Orchids in Manipur
  • ANTSE and other Career Mapping Program
  • Luira Phanit : Tangkhul Festival #3: Gallery
  • Vehicles banned at night on NH 102
  • Dependency through protective rights
  • Failing to keep pace with bombers
  • Baruni Chingkaba: Devotees : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 5: Halangkar #2: Gallery
  • Devil On The Run :: Poem
  • Jail-Path to Freedom #2 :: Story
  • Seminar: "Conflict Resolution In Manipur"
  • Chamarak semdokpagi matam manghanba
  • ILPS comes under people's democracy
  • Condemn Khwairamband Bomb Blast
  • ILP : Mass Sit-in Protest: Gallery
  • Push for NE prisoners' Aadhaar
  • 'Budget has completely neglected NE'
  • Baruni Chingkaba: Khalong : Gallery
  • Exclusion and Insertion Dilemma
  • Time for MPP to raise the pitch
  • Shingnaba :: eRang Classic
  • How can we salvage Legislative Assembly?
  • Namthakki Bill puthokpa CM pham thadok-u
  • JCILPS Bandh [Mar 16] #3: Gallery
  • Bird eye view: Singda Dam : Gallery
  • Singhjit/Babloo @UN Human Rights Council
  • Yaoshang @San Francisco Bay area: Gallery
  • Pre-historic Manipur #5 :: Book Excerpts
  • Yaoshang: Thabal @Yaiskul: Gallery
  • Phone Directory :: Govt Officials
  • Ringui Luira Phanit @To-ngou: Gallery
  • Momocha Laishram : Drummer Profile
  • Irom Sharmila Scholarship 2015 awarded
  • Loktak lake #2 : Gallery
  • Bird eye view of Imphal : Gallery
  • Konthoujam Maikel : An Interview
  • An interview with Nongmaithem Nandaraj
  • Thamoigi Mashak Da Lem : Radio E-pao
  • Takhellambam Shyamkanhai - Waree Leeba
  • Laihui presents Hada Shamaton :: Ooba
  • SPONSORED ADS