TODAY -

How Irawat became a communist
- Part 1 -

L Sotinkumar *



During this period, in Dec, 1939, Nupi Lal broke out and as a consequence Irawat was sentenced for 3 years' imprisonment for leading Nupi Lal. After spending one year's imprisonment in Imphal Jail, he was transferred to Sylhet District jail for the rest of the term. During his imprisonment in Sylhet District Jail, Jyotirmoy Nandy was undergoing imprisonment along with Biresh Misra, Secretary Sylhet District Congress committee, Arun Chanda, Congress leader of Cachar; Rabi Aditya, Congress leader of Karimganj and others.

Jyotirmoy Nandy was the then Editor of Naya Duniya, a weekly published from Sylhet a semi-official organ of the Communist Party of India, till then an illegal party. Biresh Misra wrote a series of articles bearing the nature of the second world war and Jyotirmoy Nandy published them in Naya Duniya. Both were convicted for a period of nine to eleven months of rigorous imprisonment in Division NO. 2 of the Sylhet District Jail. The others were detainees under Defence of India Rules.

Jananeta Irawat was kept in the detenue ward along with Arun Chanda, Aditya and others, while Jyotirmoy, Biresh Misra and some others were kept in the Div 2 ward of the jail. After a few days of official tangle the jail authorities were forced to allow them to mix together for a few hours in the evening for playing badminton.

Those few hours were the period when Jyotirmoy, and Misra have particularly befriended Irawat, knowing from him the experiences of the Manipuri people's movement and its peculiarities. They told him about the principles of Marxism-Leninism and the experiences of the working class movement all over the world. They gave Irawat some books and pamphlets about the Soviet Union as well as the literatures of the Communist Party of India is illegally brought inside the jail.

The other non-communist Congress leaders were also trying to draw Irawat towards Gandhian programme and its philosophy. But the programme and philosophy of the communist movement won Irawat's mind. The struggle of the working class people and the downtrodden for freeing themselves from the shackles of the capitalists and the feudal exploitations and oppressions, in the cause of their fight for the country's freedom from the clutches of the Imperialist rule carried more weight than the ideal of freeing the county from the burden of foreign rule alone.

The vision of a socialist Manipur in socialist India free from imperialism, feudal and capitalist shackles had reached both his head and heart. Thus through mutual discussion, reading of books and other literatures made Irawat an ardent believer in Marxism-Leninism. When Jyotirmoy Nandy was to leave Sylhet jail after expiry of his prison term, Irawat told him that he would join the communist party after his release.

With the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Nazi Germany, the Communist Party had changed its Strategy and tactics of the freedom struggle. Jyotirmoy Nandy sent message of this change to Irawat in jail, who in turn told his followers in Manipur to change their tactics also.

At one stage the British Government was forced to legalise the Communist Party and one of the party's first demand was to release all communists from jail and detention camps, and Irawat's name used to be one of the foremost among them. Party adherents in Manipur have also raised these slogans. After the expiry of his prison ten, Irawat had communicated the Political Agent to issue him necessary permission to return to Manipur, but Maharaj Bodhchandra did not permit him to enter Manipur.

After this release from Sylhet jail the Communist Party leadership decided that Irawat should remain in Cachar District which was near to Manipur on the one hand and wherein a good number of Manipuris lived. Communists in Cachar took an initiative to Ex up an area where Irawat would work mainly among, the Manipuri peasants and also among the non­Manipuri ex-tea garden workers. Irawat plunged headlong to the peasants movement and particularly the Manipuri peasants in Cachar had joined the Kishan movements. Irawat attended the first Congress of the Communist Party of India held at Bombay from May 23 to, June 1, 9431 as a special invitee from Cachar.

From the Congress Irawat learnt the fact that India's freedom struggle had to be integrated with the worldwide struggle against Fascism. As a Communist Organiser of Kishan movement, Irawat earned a special place of honour in Caphar and Sylhet Districts of Assam. In Cachar he had built cultural squads known as Swadesh 'Gamer Dal along with other people.

He used to hold shows in rural areas and aroused people to joint the peasant movement and the Communist Party of India to liberate themselves from the yoke of the Imperialist rule as well as from the shackles of the feudal oppressors. Later on, these singing squads were incorporated in the Indian People's Theatre Association.

Irawat was not only a mass political leader, but also a cultural leader who helped to build up the IPTA movement in the Barak Valley.

To be continued.....




* L Sotinkumar wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on September 30, 2010.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Meetei Chanu 2017 #4 : Gallery
  • Lhunkholal, Rangmuthoi :: eMing
  • Khallui by Sil Heiba :: Review
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Memo for drafting an Anti Racial Law
  • Addressing racial & gender based violence
  • Climate change & erred solution in Manipur
  • Herbal face packs to revitalize the skin
  • Conference: Conflict affected Manipur
  • Is Health Dir. not happy with CMHT
  • Nod to disqualify 20 AAP lawmakers
  • 'Election for Solution' : Ram Madhav
  • Naga meet to decide poll stand
  • Meeyamgi Numit: Good Governance
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Women's Polo Tournament #2 : Gallery
  • Kanglei Lyrics :: Android Apps
  • Thought Frozen to Death :: Poem
  • RIMS on the right path
  • Caller ID spoof: Protection against fake calls
  • 30 teachers resign to avoid prosecution
  • Drive to check illegal migrants suspended
  • Emoinu Khoiramba @Koubru #3: Gallery
  • Driver's Day observation : Gallery
  • HC to revive Human Rights Commission
  • Walk-in-interview at Mizoram University
  • CBI should not do interference..
  • TSA Gunpi Block installed
  • Nagaland Election: another truth of IM
  • Highlighting stand to Rajnath Singh
  • NE youths know India better than most
  • Naga Hoho determined to boycott Polls
  • Myanmar stretch used by militants identified
  • Kachai Lemon Fest @Ukhrul #1: Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @ Ragailong #1 : Gallery
  • Kachai Village: An Abode of finest Lemons
  • Cry Of A Dying River...14 :: Poem
  • Conflict: A pre-requisite or stumbling block
  • How was the sun formed & emit light
  • Training & placement by Jettwings
  • Rohingya Crisis: Lecture at Indonesia
  • The haunting shadows
  • Announcing poll date for Nagaland
  • Women's Polo Tournament #1 : Gallery
  • Fashion Show: 'Handloom' #2 : Gallery
  • Reporting in Conflict Situation #1
  • Treatment schemes of RIMS, Lamphel
  • Home remedies for skin pigmentation
  • NE Chapter of ICSI inaugurated
  • Media credibility matter to uphold its sanctity
  • Setting down Jan 31 deadline : SC
  • Tangkhul Zingtun Longphang #1: Gallery
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #3 : Gallery
  • Career option in Human Rights
  • Water conflicts over the Brahmaputra
  • PAC against Killing of Pravish: 17 Jan
  • Neiphiu Rio resigns from NPF
  • NPF-BJP Relationship : NPF clarifies
  • Consolidating the sporting heritage
  • Rising air and noise pollution
  • Kukis have equal right... : Neiphiu Rio
  • Rajnath reviews security in NE
  • Lafoi Shamda puthorkpa #2 : Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Commercial Stalls #3: Gallery
  • The joy of living :: Poem
  • Bamboo a tree or grass ?
  • SELF Workshop on Leadership & Fulfilment
  • Fight against corruption; we need Lokayukta
  • Hailing the role of drivers
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #2 :: eRang
  • Pung Chollom : Gallery
  • Wakhal Seireng :: Book Review
  • Imphal Jamboree by Global Shapers
  • Importance of regular health check-ups
  • Meetei demand for ST is Constitutional.. #2
  • Weapon Display organized at Moreh
  • Ex-Servicemen Rally organized
  • AR helps Orphanage & Old Age Home
  • Search of comprehensive culture & identity
  • List of MLA (Jan 2018) #1 : Gallery
  • Manipur Gas Today :: Android App
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3: Gallery
  • GNRC media fellowship announced
  • The Meiteis- Festival & celebration maniacs
  • How to make bridal mehndi long lasting
  • Governor's attention drawn to RIMS
  • Scientist develops prototype of electric car
  • Stereotypes about NE make people living..
  • Light Show at Loktak Lake #5 : Gallery
  • Candlelight vigil for Pravish : Gallery
  • Imbroglio of ethnic identity of Ranglong
  • Foundation For Excellence scholarship
  • Time Table - Class XII Exam 2018
  • Mail spoofing- Trickery by deception
  • Trial by fire
  • Call for solution before election
  • Villagers along Myanmar border get pass
  • Meetei Chanu 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Art and Artist, A Creative Space
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #2 : Gallery
  • Ode to Thy Mellow Light :: Poem
  • Xmas with Meitei eche at Phaijol
  • Time Table - Class XI Exam 2018
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • IMC , now another hurdle to traffic mgmt
  • Setting aside two days for the people
  • Maring: Kummui Chaa-um : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #5 : Gallery
  • Statehood Day Women's Polo Tournament
  • Time Table - HSLC Exam 2018
  • Bananas: Beauty's best friend
  • DPC for Follower at Manipur Police
  • Job Openings at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • The lost treasure
  • Nagas' Interests : Stand of NPF MSU
  • Nagaland polls on schedule: HM
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament #2: Gallery
  • Keisham Manihar : Natyabhusan(Leela)
  • World Tourism Day #3: Gallery
  • Responsibility of protecting the environment
  • Phishing vs Vishing: The Verbal Challenge
  • BNHS Bi-monthly Program for Jan-Feb
  • Managing weight for preventing diabetes
  • Making democracy peoples' participatory
  • Progressing from media to SC
  • Manipur to set up modern food lab
  • Gaan Ngai @ Kakhulong Khun: Gallery
  • A trip to Moreh #2 : Gallery
  • How long catchy slogans keep hopes alive
  • Recycling of hospital waste-water
  • I am sometime or somewhere : Poem
  • Angami Zapu Phizo's Surreal 2017 AD
  • Film "Legacy Of King Narak" awarded
  • Of PM and our CM
  • Patronising the killing machines ?
  • Deferment of polls unlikely: Ravi
  • PM may visit Manipur in March
  • Emoinu Khoiramba @Koubru #2: Gallery
  • NEROCA FC Vs East Bengal #2: Gallery
  • Transform Colleges into Innovation Centres
  • New Delhi: World Book Fair 2018 :: Review
  • Cry Of A Dying River...12 :: Poem
  • Workshop on National Pension for NE
  • Law enforcers action - Well & good
  • Final pact yet to see light of day
  • Cold wave hits Manipur
  • Take out the cymbals, Manoharsai to stay
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process :: Articles
  • MaiOn - Scenes #2 :: eRang
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #4 : Gallery
  • Is Global Warming Natural or Anthropogenic
  • Prof Gangmumei Kamei: Legendary hero
  • Common Education System rally organized
  • DAMMS launched 2018 calendar
  • Chorus for 'Solution Not Election'
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows #1 : Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Moirangkhom : Gallery
  • I was born healthy, I wanna die healthy
  • Practice peace & change the life
  • TSA Moreh Block installed
  • Cycle Rally: common education system
  • Ethics, medical profession & soaring fees
  • Meetei Chanu 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Meira rally for Pravish : Gallery
  • Accelerate momentum to endTB for SDGs
  • The call that can't be turned down
  • Live@MDU: New act with same old vibes
  • 1st Centre of Excellence- Electronics Skill
  • LED Lights installed by Loktak Station
  • NE tragedy: Policy failures & influx
  • Angaoba - Scenes #3 :: eRang
  • 51st Mr Manipur Contest 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Result: Manipur Sangai Intl Digital salon
  • Use Swachhata App to Make Imphal No. 1
  • Career @ events and celebration
  • Night nourishing
  • Indo-Nepal Friendship: 25 yrs of Don Bosco
  • Understanding the indices of life
  • Poppy cultivation & drug cartels
  • Emoinu Khoiramba @Koubru #1: Gallery
  • Day 10: Closing of Sangai Fest #4 : Gallery
  • The creation of the universe, matter...
  • Mumbai: The city of dreams
  • Let this new year kill your new fears
  • Asian Waterbird Census: Count waterbirds
  • Looking for a better inclusive alternative
  • Coaching & commercialisation of education
  • New Year picnic @ Singda Dam : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2017 #3 : Gallery
  • Despite Stolen Dreams :: Book Rvw
  • Handloom Training @Hojai : Gallery
  • World Tourism Day #2: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo #6: Gallery
  • Calendar for the Year 2018 :: e-pao Tools
  • 51st Mr Manipur Contest 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Crowd @ Flower Festival @Mao #4: Gallery
  • Kwatha (Indo-Myanmar Border) #2: Gallery
  • Flower Festival @ Mao #3 : Gallery
  • Restricted Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • Lourembam Bedabati : Sangeetbhusan
  • List of RIST popular talks during 2014-2017
  • Christmas eve @ CCpur #2 : Gallery
  • Public Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • Pui Thangamliu #2 :: eRang
  • Royal Crematorium at Bangkok #2 : Gallery
  • General Holidays 2018 : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #7 : Ooba
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS