TODAY -

How Irawat became a communist
- Part 1 -

L Sotinkumar *



During this period, in Dec, 1939, Nupi Lal broke out and as a consequence Irawat was sentenced for 3 years' imprisonment for leading Nupi Lal. After spending one year's imprisonment in Imphal Jail, he was transferred to Sylhet District jail for the rest of the term. During his imprisonment in Sylhet District Jail, Jyotirmoy Nandy was undergoing imprisonment along with Biresh Misra, Secretary Sylhet District Congress committee, Arun Chanda, Congress leader of Cachar; Rabi Aditya, Congress leader of Karimganj and others.

Jyotirmoy Nandy was the then Editor of Naya Duniya, a weekly published from Sylhet a semi-official organ of the Communist Party of India, till then an illegal party. Biresh Misra wrote a series of articles bearing the nature of the second world war and Jyotirmoy Nandy published them in Naya Duniya. Both were convicted for a period of nine to eleven months of rigorous imprisonment in Division NO. 2 of the Sylhet District Jail. The others were detainees under Defence of India Rules.

Jananeta Irawat was kept in the detenue ward along with Arun Chanda, Aditya and others, while Jyotirmoy, Biresh Misra and some others were kept in the Div 2 ward of the jail. After a few days of official tangle the jail authorities were forced to allow them to mix together for a few hours in the evening for playing badminton.

Those few hours were the period when Jyotirmoy, and Misra have particularly befriended Irawat, knowing from him the experiences of the Manipuri people's movement and its peculiarities. They told him about the principles of Marxism-Leninism and the experiences of the working class movement all over the world. They gave Irawat some books and pamphlets about the Soviet Union as well as the literatures of the Communist Party of India is illegally brought inside the jail.

The other non-communist Congress leaders were also trying to draw Irawat towards Gandhian programme and its philosophy. But the programme and philosophy of the communist movement won Irawat's mind. The struggle of the working class people and the downtrodden for freeing themselves from the shackles of the capitalists and the feudal exploitations and oppressions, in the cause of their fight for the country's freedom from the clutches of the Imperialist rule carried more weight than the ideal of freeing the county from the burden of foreign rule alone.

The vision of a socialist Manipur in socialist India free from imperialism, feudal and capitalist shackles had reached both his head and heart. Thus through mutual discussion, reading of books and other literatures made Irawat an ardent believer in Marxism-Leninism. When Jyotirmoy Nandy was to leave Sylhet jail after expiry of his prison term, Irawat told him that he would join the communist party after his release.

With the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Nazi Germany, the Communist Party had changed its Strategy and tactics of the freedom struggle. Jyotirmoy Nandy sent message of this change to Irawat in jail, who in turn told his followers in Manipur to change their tactics also.

At one stage the British Government was forced to legalise the Communist Party and one of the party's first demand was to release all communists from jail and detention camps, and Irawat's name used to be one of the foremost among them. Party adherents in Manipur have also raised these slogans. After the expiry of his prison ten, Irawat had communicated the Political Agent to issue him necessary permission to return to Manipur, but Maharaj Bodhchandra did not permit him to enter Manipur.

After this release from Sylhet jail the Communist Party leadership decided that Irawat should remain in Cachar District which was near to Manipur on the one hand and wherein a good number of Manipuris lived. Communists in Cachar took an initiative to Ex up an area where Irawat would work mainly among, the Manipuri peasants and also among the non­Manipuri ex-tea garden workers. Irawat plunged headlong to the peasants movement and particularly the Manipuri peasants in Cachar had joined the Kishan movements. Irawat attended the first Congress of the Communist Party of India held at Bombay from May 23 to, June 1, 9431 as a special invitee from Cachar.

From the Congress Irawat learnt the fact that India's freedom struggle had to be integrated with the worldwide struggle against Fascism. As a Communist Organiser of Kishan movement, Irawat earned a special place of honour in Caphar and Sylhet Districts of Assam. In Cachar he had built cultural squads known as Swadesh 'Gamer Dal along with other people.

He used to hold shows in rural areas and aroused people to joint the peasant movement and the Communist Party of India to liberate themselves from the yoke of the Imperialist rule as well as from the shackles of the feudal oppressors. Later on, these singing squads were incorporated in the Indian People's Theatre Association.

Irawat was not only a mass political leader, but also a cultural leader who helped to build up the IPTA movement in the Barak Valley.

To be continued.....




* L Sotinkumar wrote this article for The Sangai Express . This article was webcasted on September 30, 2010.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Lamkhunu Na Chakkouba :: Funga Wari
  • Gaan Ngai @Moirangkhom #1: Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Ragailong #2: Gallery
  • Ever smiling Prof Gangmumei
  • Intensifying Global Crisis & Conflict #2
  • Buddhism and politics #2
  • Election Model Code : Use of Loudspeakers
  • Election Model Code : Govt. Scheme
  • Interaction of President Of India
  • Mohammedan signs Reisangmei Vashum
  • Rs. 6.95 lakh cash in new notes seized
  • Dos and don'ts for the media
  • Sanamanbi Sanarei :: eRang Classic
  • Angkor Wat @Cambodia #3: Gallery
  • Kappu Ema Kapsi Penna Ngasidi : Poem
  • ESC for PG Course, MU- abnormal case
  • The old mental baggage
  • Buddhist connection of Hajo in Assam
  • Sadar Hills District Demand :: Articles
  • Women Support Centre launched in Delhi
  • Power of the commoners
  • Gaan Ngai @ Namguilong #1: Gallery
  • Lalmoi, Gaijuan, Morungkham :: eMing
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #2: Gallery
  • Jangled all the way with Jiangam
  • 2nd Statehood Women Polo Tournament
  • Polo tour to protect rare breed of pony
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #3
  • What do Nagas think about Nagas?
  • RIST talk 24: Cosmological Observations
  • Appointment of Director of IGNTU-RCM
  • Alleged Torture of Gaidon Kamei
  • Non-indigenous Nagas filing nominations
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Key issues missing in run up to polls
  • Assumption but it is possible
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #2 : Gallery
  • Lamlong Keithel #5 : Gallery
  • Sonia Nepram bags Young Achiever Award
  • Human Rights in India: UN periodic review III
  • Indian NGOs slam India's human rights
  • God Loves You All The More :: Poem
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #2
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #2
  • Summary Of Electoral Rolls Released
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Jobs Opening @ Virgo Enterprise
  • Jobs Opening @ Taibang Sintha
  • Questioning the silence of Delhi
  • Political pandemonium: opportunity ...
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Puthiba Haraoba @Tripura : Gallery
  • Prof Irabanta in the galaxy of Aerobiologist
  • The Naga question
  • Judicious Selection Of Candidates
  • Your financial health
  • Youth Street News 2017 Calendar released
  • Voter Awareness Activities: 11 MLA Election
  • Rijiju blames Manipur govt for eco-blockade
  • Thang-ta fights for recognition
  • Incomplete idea of India as a Nation
  • Unfulfilled promises Who should be blamed
  • Gaan Ngai @ Ragailong #1: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #1
  • Milk hygiene practice in India
  • Goa International Youth Football Fest
  • 4th WIM Cup 2016 at Goa
  • Fresh impetus to Naga talks
  • Pulling up sleeves before election
  • The public: more than mere numbers
  • Reinterpreting Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1920
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Fest :: Flash
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Festival :: Articles
  • Blockade and bandh bonanzas
  • Tangkhul Welfare Society Mumbai - Stmt
  • Model Code of Conduct: Discretionary Fund
  • Binalakshmi Nepram meets Thant Myint-U
  • From goods trucks to passenger buses
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1: Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • All about Gaan-Ngai : Gangmumei Kamei
  • Follow The Code And Go To Vote :: Poem
  • State level Manipuri Pony Show
  • Model Code of Conduct : Republic Day
  • Verdict of the Court says guilty
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #1 : Gallery
  • Manipur Press Club day : Gallery
  • Prof. Gangmumei Kamei: Personal Tribute
  • Thought on current situation in Manipur
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #1
  • My New Year :: Poem
  • Transformation of govt into governance #3
  • Fresh proposal for tripartite talk
  • Discussion on Manipur today & tomorrow
  • Painting Competition - Voters Day
  • Requisites for a fresh start
  • Prof Gangmumei Kamei Funeral: Gallery
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #1
  • Clean Rolls For Fair Poll : Poem
  • Can BJP deny Okram Ibobi a 4th term
  • Every day is a New Year's day
  • Foundation Day of Manipur Press Club
  • PG Course in Plastic Surgery at Shija
  • Election Expenditure monitoring measure
  • Board for issue of Disability Certificate
  • ILP System Demand- Photos from 2012
  • Workshop on Digital Payment Systems
  • KNLF merges with UKLF
  • Fmr. Minister son convicted in murder case
  • Priyanka Rajkumari #2 (Photos) :: eRang
  • Khunung Eeshei/ Ema Emoinu #3 : Radio
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • Daylight Robbery In Manipur
  • Ibobi lost control over his own creation
  • NABH certifies Shija Hospitals
  • CEO Notice on Poll Model Code of Conduct
  • Promotion of payment through Digital mean
  • Condolence for Prof Gangumei Kamei
  • Highway siege hits fuel prices
  • Parties spar over crisis
  • Recalling the Oja in Prof Kamei
  • When election subsides major issues
  • Pana Polo Exhibition #2: Gallery
  • Assembly Election : Poll Schedule
  • Wild edible plants & indigenous fruits
  • Possible reasons for creation of new district
  • Who says there is no hope for Manipur
  • New Year message for 2017
  • DBT project positions at Manipur University
  • Shillong Lajong FC : Complete Team List
  • National Integration Tour flags off
  • Blockade to continue despite poll : UNC
  • NEDFi e-aid for NE artisans
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Deeply polarised vote ahead
  • Of nations and nationalism
  • New Year picnic @Singda : Gallery
  • Diana Khumanthem- IAS candidate: Gallery
  • Northeast appears safe for scribes
  • Not the time for passing the buck
  • Ethnic encapsulation and ethnocentrism
  • Liver cancer proportionate to cirrhosis
  • Lajong New Foreign Signings
  • Count waterbirds this January
  • Public hearing on Child Rights violation
  • Jobs Opening @ Prism D Solutions
  • Lamhui Lousing :: Funga Wari
  • UNC prez judicial custody [Jan 2]: Gallery
  • 'Goals for Girls' USA visited Andro Team
  • Overseas Nagas appeal to Nagas & Meiteis
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #1: Gallery
  • Online 2017 Manipuri Calendar :: Tools
  • Dr. SC Jamir- great Naga politician
  • New Year 2017- Decide for common good
  • A brand new year! :: Poem
  • Featured Front Page Photo for 2016 #6
  • People in Manipur throng picnic spots
  • Villagers fall sick after consuming 'water'
  • New districts to stay, says Ibobi
  • New Year 2017 eve -Shopping: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2017 : Download
  • A talk with Meghachandra Kongbam
  • The Hill-Valley divide widens again
  • Resurrection - IV :: Poem
  • Rates for Election Expenditure
  • CM Okram Ibobi New Year greetings
  • IFCD performs developmental projects
  • Lt Gen Anil Chauhan takes over as GOC
  • Way of the civilized mind
  • Dzuko valley Landscape #3 :: 360 View
  • E-Pao 17th Anniv: Best Wishes for 2017
  • Imphal Book Fair #2 : Gallery
  • 2016 : A year that isn't a year
  • Unification Politics of Manipur Nagas #2
  • Safety Norms for drivers for New Year
  • Manipur: A leading IT hub in NE India
  • Sikkim can be a unique Biotech Hub
  • Strengthening Ibobi Intention defeated
  • Engineering chaos or helpless indignation?
  • Maibi Jagoi @Sangai Festival: Gallery
  • RK Viswajit : Prof Yashwantrao Youth Award
  • Root of Christianity among Koireng tribe
  • Old faultlines, new crisis
  • Network Engineer Trainee @ Malang
  • Deposit licensed Arms and Ammunitions
  • Quality of life through welfare services
  • Nagas in Delhi intensify their agitation
  • Coming out strongly against New Delhi
  • Unsettled dispute; Uncertain fate of Manipur
  • Maphou Dam @ Mapithel Hills : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2016 #4 : Gallery
  • Ethoi Oinam - Actress Profile :: eRang
  • Journalists protest [Dec 27] : Gallery
  • 60th CC Meet Final #2 : Gallery
  • Water Sports Festival @Takmu #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival : Photos from 2012
  • Rally to stop UNC Blockade #2 : Gallery
  • Laishram Meena Devi :: A Profile
  • Moirangthem Rajen : Akademi Award
  • Xmas shopping @CCpur : Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #3: Wallpaper
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #2 : Gallery
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #1 : Gallery
  • Nupi Lal Ningshing Thouram #2 : Gallery
  • Snowfall at Tamei, Tamenglong: Gallery
  • Police personnel ambushed : Gallery
  • Honour to police killed : Gallery
  • Landscape of Dzukou Valley #5: Gallery
  • Imas from Nupi Lan: Gallery
  • Kakching district creation: Gallery
  • Mukna @Indigenous Game Fest : Gallery
  • Diana Khumanthem (IAS candidate)
  • Non-Local Peoples Bill : Draft [Sep 27]
  • Manipur Phone Directory :: e-pao Tools
  • SPONSORED ADS