TODAY -

Distribution Patterns of the Asian Eye and Folk Mythology

James Oinam *



In an YouTube video uploaded by one Kento Bento, he explains the distribution of people with the 'Asian eye' around the world through human migrations in prehistoric times. Perhaps his choice of word, the Asian eye, has to do with the fact that it deals with not just the epicanthic fold but also genetically related 'hooded eye' feature found in other places like Northern Europe.

The YouTuber has uploaded detailed videos on the classification of this eye feature. To put it briefly, epicanthic fold is the overhanging skin of the upper inner eyelid that gives the impression of small and slanted eyes (outer end seems above the eye line). This is most common among East Asians. In hooded eyes, an excess of skin above the eyes creates a fold which is often absent in Asian eyes. But various combinations and anomalous both features exist.

The existence of this eye feature and its frequency fits with or reinforces migration theories. Whether a coincidence or not, the distribution of folk mythology also seems to follow the distribution pattern of Asian eye. For this, I take the myth of ouroboros (a snake biting its own tail) and folk tales of the sun.

In prehistoric times, people from East Asia migrated to Polynesia via Taiwan, making a brief contact with the Micronesia. Now we find few Micronesians and comparatively more Polynesians with the Asian eyes. Also, this sea-faring group split from Taiwan and migrated to Madagascar where again we find people with epicanthic folds.

Due to close contacts with the East Asians, some East Europeans show this feature. Then some people with this trait migrated to Finland and Sweden area via Russia. Some people in Ireland and Scotland also have this trait. But it is not clear how it got there—Vikings perhaps.

Epicanthic fold trait found in mainland Africa is considered genetically very different from the Asian and is believed to have evolved independently. At some point of time, Northeast Asia was connected with the Northwest America through the Bering Strait before they separated due to tectonic activity.

Humans are believed to have migrated over this land route from Siberia into Alaska in America. Consequent to this fact, we find frequency of Asian eye trait is higher in Northern America than Southern America.

Now coming to folk mythology, the symbol of ouroboros (a snake biting its own tail) is widespread. Also, the distribution of this myth somewhat overlaps the geographic distribution of 'the Asian eyes'. Other than the well-known Pakhanga of Manipur, it is found in Norse mythology (the giant snake of the Vikings which was large enough to circle the whole earth and bite its own tail). (One can say that Asian eye trait is pretty widespread in Manipur.)

Some scholars associate ouroboros with the Yin-Yang of China. In the Celtic mythology, I have conjectured in my book New Folktales of Manipur that the 'Celtic knot(s)' is perhaps related to Pakhangba. Snakes have been associated with the Pagan religion of the Celts that existed there before the coming of Christianity.

In the article 'The Stories of Suns: Shadows from the Past' (on this website), I pointed out the similarity between Manipuri folk tale Numit Kappa, Chinese folk tale of ten suns and Polynesian Maui folk tale.

The Asian eye trait has shown how Polynesians are closely connected with the East Asians. So is the similarities in this folk tale just a co-incidence or is it more than that? Here I would like to bring in a Japanese folk tale I came across recently.

Once a goddess, of Shinto religion of Japan, called Amaterasu hid herself in 'heavenly rock cave' after a quarrel with her brother. The world plunged into darkness. And gods and goddesses have to trick her to come out of it again. This has been used as an explanation for the eclipse.

Scholars have associated this goddess with the Chinese Xihe who gave birth to ten suns in the Chinese counterpart folk tale. Also, one cannot help noticing the similarity between the actions of goddess Amaterasu and that of the younger sun brother in the Manipuri folk tale Numit Kappa.

He also had to be persuaded out of his hiding by goddess as the world had plunged into darkness. The folk tales and mythologies existed even before they were penned down. And people all over the world loved stories.

Who knows, some of the popular tales might have 'gone viral', to use social media lingo, and in the absence of documentation, evolved into seemingly separate entities.

References

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxTnVWgOGLc
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amaterasu
http://www.crystalinks.com/ouroboros.html




* James Oinam wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at jamesoinam(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on November 15, 2017.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Sangai Day 1 : Culturals #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 1 : Culturals #1 :: Gallery
  • Miss Kut #5 :: Gallery
  • Best ever Bond film for children
  • Media Challenge: Glance from hills #2
  • Hard on the hexagon of beehives, Meiteilon..
  • NPF Resolutions of Nov 22, 2017
  • Inaugural Day Sangai Festival :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #5 :: Gallery
  • Kokkhum Festival #2 :: Gallery
  • Seitinmang, Laljangam, Parihal: eMing
  • Khamba Thoibi & Poems on Manipur : Rvw
  • Significance of learning Chinese language
  • JFA condemns Tripura scribe's murder
  • Zeliang calls for NE Tourist Circuit creation
  • Shillong Lajong I-League Squad 2017/18
  • Tourism Potential of Manipur
  • Sangai Run-Marathon @Sendra #1 :: Gallery
  • On Peace Deal & Framework Agreement #1
  • 22nd Winners' Cup (Football) #1 :: Gallery
  • The charge of sisters :: Poem
  • Reorganisation of North Eastern Council #2
  • DAMMS Freshers / Literary Meet 2017
  • (Blank Editorial)
  • Culturals @Mera Houchongba #2 :: Gallery
  • Kang Chingba @ Wangkhei :: Gallery
  • North East Fashion Week #2 :: Gallery
  • Know The Meetei
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process :: Articles
  • Not just the Gateway
  • Use milk for silky smooth skin
  • Mobile Application for Sangai Festival
  • Manipuri Mega Photo Contest Finalist
  • 5 point resolution on Naga Political Issue
  • NE is least favoured tourist destination
  • Final: Hazari/Tombi Polo #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival 2017- Events Schedule
  • #TB hotspot cannot be on blindspot
  • United Metal 3.0 @Imphal
  • My name is Kom, Mary Kom
  • Swachch Bharath Swasth Bharath
  • Sangai Festival 2017- Online booking site
  • The Killing Fields (2013-17) :: Timeline
  • Mary set on Olympic gold
  • For every causes, there is a reason
  • Moibung Khunou -near khurkhul :: Gallery
  • Miss Kut #4 :: Gallery
  • On the Naga Framework Agreement
  • Media Challenge: Glance from hills #1
  • GIS day at NIT Manipur
  • Pangal Leader Mohammed Hanif Shah
  • NPF questions Speaker convening meet
  • Painting Exhibition by Babli Das (Tripura)
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Looking out for possible measures
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #7 : Ooba
  • Cultural Program @ MCA :: Gallery
  • Ningol ChakKouba @MBC #3 :: Gallery
  • Oh dear Daddy, see I a Native Proud: Poem
  • Buddha's metta and karuna #3
  • Narendra Modi will never play Nehru
  • Photo Caption Contest by Whakal.com
  • General Call to All Former NPF Leaders
  • Penguin Readathon & Book Gifting
  • ENNG opposes inclusion of TCL..
  • Report alarm for Arunachal
  • Loktak witness drastic fall in migratory birds
  • Lecture on 'Rohingya Resettlement'
  • 'Weaves of Ching-tam' @London :: Gallery
  • Opening: Jadonang Football #1 :: Gallery
  • Robert's Weaves of valley & hills at London
  • Remembering boy..felled by fake encounter
  • Sangai Photo Awards 2017 : Contest
  • Meeyam meekup nahum singna leibiyu
  • HighWays : Govt. needs seriousness
  • Singcha Wuya Won @Kamjong #4 :: Gallery
  • SDG Consultation: NE :: Gallery
  • North East Fashion Week #1 :: Gallery
  • Distribution Patterns of the Asian Eye
  • Sustainable Development Goal Consultation
  • Wrangle in Mapithel dam: Legal perspective
  • In the Slums of Heaven :: Poem
  • Wreath Laying Ceremony for AR Martyrs
  • Time to take a bow, Robert
  • Create jobs for NE to stop trafficking
  • March: Mera Houchongba #4:: Gallery
  • Sin-Lang Fest @DM College #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival: Ideas for a change
  • A shadowy dreamer :: Poem
  • Winter - A blessing in disguise for us ...
  • Course in Nanotechnology at NEHU
  • Pamel : Serene Natural Hub, near Lamlai
  • Vacancy at YVU Financial Services, Thoubal
  • System Operators @PR Enterprise, Khurai
  • Just by showing concern will not change..
  • Food Stall @Phayeng #2 :: Gallery
  • The moment :: Poem
  • Board exams decoded
  • 3rd NE Fashion at Itanagar: Day 2
  • Conference : North East in Globalized Era
  • NE-IAS launched to support Startup India
  • Painting Competition on Conservation
  • Ramkung Pamei is new MHJU Chief
  • Priyogopal (Senior Artist)- Photo :: eRang
  • Kabui Dance @Jadonang Football:: Gallery
  • Fashion @NE Festival, Delhi :: Gallery
  • Deviance and Corruption in Kangleipak
  • Applied health research is vital to #endTB
  • 3rd NE Fashion at Itanagar: Day 1
  • Tri-nation Motorcycle Rally reach Imphal
  • Traffic woes continues
  • Kwatha festival #1 :: Gallery
  • Kokkhum Festival #1 :: Gallery
  • Special Rapporteur on Human Rights
  • The threat to balkanize Manipur
  • Cry of a Dying River - 6 :: Poem
  • Biological based integrated Congress grass
  • 3rd Audition of Fagi Unplugged
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Of clean environment
  • Paonam Lily (Archery) Reception :: Gallery
  • North East Fest @ Delhi :: Gallery
  • Girls Football- Nov 4 #2 :: Gallery
  • IBSD, India & VITO, Belgium signed MOU
  • First angioplasty for in-stent restenosis
  • RIST Popular Talk-33: Quantum Hall states
  • Commonwealth alumni event of NE
  • Lecture on The Rohingya Conundrum
  • Tri-National Motorcycle Rally
  • 3rd North East Fashion Week at Itanagar
  • ILP Nov 30 deadline: Why not only for valley
  • Expected changes, do we see ?
  • Festival of Raas Leela #2 :: Gallery
  • Sin-Lang Fest @DM College #1 :: Gallery
  • Hari Uthan- Kang Chingba #2 :: Gallery
  • Code of silence: Concealing gender justice
  • God Rules Over All :: Poem
  • Five day 'Flower Show' at Ukhrul
  • Go birding to honour Bird Man of India
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Uphul Waiphul and Leikhom Leinang
  • A reminder to Central Govt.
  • Ningol Chak-Kouba @Pune :: Gallery
  • Miss Kut #2 :: Gallery
  • Meitei Pictographic Writings :: Book Review
  • Careers related to mental health
  • Beauty & Money for a purpose
  • Human rights infractions in Mapithel Dam
  • AMAND Ningol Chakouba at Pune : Report
  • Chef Required at Kakching
  • NHPC Raising day at Loktak Power Station
  • Of ST demand, ILP, peace talk
  • For elderly people
  • Prof. Nongmaithem Tombi Singh : A Profile
  • Hazari/ Tombi Polo Tournament #2:: Gallery
  • U-17 Footballer honored by Guv :: Gallery
  • Just in favour of nocturnal life
  • Dance of Fire Flies at Autumn :: Poem
  • North East Festival bids farewell
  • Agenda of Govt spelt out at DBC, Maram
  • Nurturing the future
  • Ningol Chak-Kouba @Delhi #2:: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Weekend @Delhi #1 :: Gallery
  • History will not forgive us
  • A girl :: Poem
  • Pre-merger political party struggle
  • JRF wanted at NIT Silchar
  • March: Mera Houchongba #3:: Gallery
  • Girls Football- Nov 4 #1:: Gallery
  • Taxi- raising Air Pollution in Ukhrul
  • Skill development training with MUDA
  • Pui Thangamliu -Photos #1 :: eRang
  • NH7 Weekender [28 October] :: Gallery
  • Surjalal: Fellow of American Physical Society
  • Salesian College Grabs UK Project
  • Prime focus
  • Miss Kut #1 :: Gallery
  • Hari Uthan- Kang Chingba #1 :: Gallery
  • Kangujam Chinglensana (Hockey) feted
  • Chavang Kut @Tengnoupal :: Gallery
  • Sub-Junior Girls Football #2:: Gallery
  • Namsai gets Buddha relic from Thailand
  • Ningol Chak-Kouba @Delhi #1:: Gallery
  • 3rd Ningol Chakouba, Delhi : A Report
  • Dr. Rahejuddin Sheikh : Best Director Award
  • Chothe: Shabu Hong Rein :: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Candle light for Belinda Morse :: Gallery
  • Exhibition of Pottery Crafts #2 :: Gallery
  • Phayeng Cultural programme :: Gallery
  • Khongjom War Memorial #3 :: 360 ° View
  • Ichangi Laidhi #1 :: eRang
  • Ningol Chakkouba by Paomee:: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @Kolkata :: Gallery
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam :: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Mera Men Tongba :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Kh Ninthoinganba
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thounaojam Jeakson
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Nongdamba Naorem
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Dheeraj Moirangthem
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Amarjit Kiyam (Captain)
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thangjam Boris
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Wangjam Suresh
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Md Shahjahan
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper
  • SPONSORED ADS