Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) :: Translated from Meeteilon
- Part 6 -

James Oinam *

 Tribal Woman 'Chayom Thupki'
' Tribal Woman ' : An illustration of 'Chayom Thupki' by James Oinam

Chayom Thupki (Translation): Part 6

Book Title: Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy)
Author: Makar Luwang
Publisher: S. Achauba Khaba Nganba, Khurai Khongam Leikai
Year of Publication: 1995

Heirangkhoinida chanaba heinida
Sibu thoina haoba heidi chindamba heinida

The living things were created (by god) and all became bright. This saying is about the making of the humans. At first humans could not speak. The flowers and the fruits, seeing that the humans have not realized their worth, compared them to heirang (different kinds of fruits). Later people were able to talk. Then they called humans as chindamba (one who expresses [tamba] what is in one's heart through the lips [chin]) fruits. And they said chindamba fruits are much better than heirang.

Sanaogi makhom sanbina thaklani
Karang ching shaygairani

The cow will drink the milk of the calf. Karang Ching (Karang Mountain) will split open. The cow is metaphor for leaders and elites of the society. They take great care of themselves (drink the milk), but do not care for the coming generation—as if they are in some kind of a race.

Karang Ching is a word play. Karang means legs. If a person tries to ride on two boats at the same time, his legs would split open.

Haoreibigi ingkholda lashing polang phaubani
Huina yenna shokkani shut phet

Literally it translates as in the garden of Haoreibi a basket containing cotton is left for drying, dogs and fowl might touch—shut-phet.

However, rhyming words and metaphors have been used to hide the real intent of the saying. For instance, instead of 'aloshing' (wisdom), 'lashing' (cotton) has been used. Also, the name 'Haoreibi' is a corruption of the phrase 'haurakpadagi leiba' (one that has been here from the beginning, i.e., yelhoungeidagi).

Polang is formed from the words 'pon' and 'lang'. Lang means a 'trap' (to confine the animal). The word means that nine gods/sacred places have been put inside this land with boundaries put around them carefully. Now, the first sentence becomes, a lot of wisdom and sacred things have been left by our forefathers.

The next sentence says, protect these from the dogs and fowls. In Manipuri animals are classified into two groups: yum sha (yum [house] + sha [animal]) and lam sha (lam [land] + sha [animal]). Yumsha is again classified into emung sha (inside the house animal) and mapan sha (outside the house animal). Dogs and fowl belong to the latter category. The words shut and phet come from the smelling by the dog (shut) and sound by the fowl. Hence the second sentence is about protecting the land from foreign influence.

Nakongda changlakpa makholni
Lawaina kauruba khongthangni

One that enters the ears is the sound. One that is called forth by the mind are the steps.

When objects strike one another, the vibrations enter our ears and we call them the sound. It does not leave any impression on the mind. But the noise in our head or mind (disturbing thoughts) can only be heard by us. It is not caused by an external source. When we say untoward things to others or interfere in other people's business (khut-sha shangluba), then they talk behind our back. So disturbing thoughts are our own doing.

(55) Ngarang haying anina ngashi haujik tannare

Yesterday and tomorrow have together chased away the today and now.

Pukningna khullakpa thetchillu
Wakhalna purakpa thamjillu

When we find a shiny object on the way, we pick it up even though it may not be of any use as it pleases the heart. Such things are stuck somewhere. But if take something after thinking about it, then it should be kept securely in some place.

Sanbi loiyu sangom chani
Tenbalaga thajaba phangani

Milk is much more nutritious than its taste. Hence, keeping a good cow is important to drink good milk. Otherwise, like a cat who has got a taste of it one will drink anything which is white in colour. While listening to something one has not experienced, one understands little. Majority will not be believed. As it is said only someone who has been bitten by snake knows its poison.

Kumshi mapal sharaga nongmei mahei yangani

[Flowering/budding in former time will result in fruition in later time]

When one learns something new a little knowledge is gained. This is called 'mapal shaba' (flowering/budding). In the past, what our parents have learned have now with time become complete knowledge (mahei yanba, meaning fruition). It is not possible to know everything about a new thing. But what have been learned in the past can be learnt easily and we can know everything about them.

Thorukok thaurukok chang chap
Makutani san san

Since what has been offered to the gods does not contain what should be there, the traditional offerings and songs (thorukok, bald), it has become even (chang chap). It is only skin (makutani) without any flesh.

Mutlabadi munba ngamloi
Yunglabadi mutpa ngamloi

[If extinguished, will not ripen
If established, will not extinguish]

There are things that are trying to destroy the land as if an eagle is flying over the sky looking for an opportunity to paunch at its prey. If out of mutual jealousy, if we allow the land to be destroyed then the young generation will have no future. However, if we resolve together to save then it will be saved.

Manam phao makhol thiyu

[Catch the smell, search the sound]

In Manipuri an expression 'oinnumbdeda' (oiba = likely + numba = to smell) is used to say that someone does not look like he/she will be able to do the job (upon looking at the nature of the job and by the look of the person). So here catch the smell means try to know if people are judging whether you can do a particular job. And when you hear opinions of people, see whether they know about the job, it requirements. If they do, then seek help from them.

Ten ten tena ten, nungshu natte tena ten
Mapuda khoiji makhoiji
Shari lakham kham

In a corner of the land, people have been living for countless years-breathing the air, drinking the water and eating the food of the place, thus becoming a part of it. From all around, clever arrows (ten) are being shot at them to convert them to something foreign. But these will not hit them. The arrow made from the navel of the lord of fire, water and air only can hit them.

 Cover of 'Chayom Thupki'
Cover of 'Chayom Thupki'

To be continued.....

* James Oinam wrote this article for
The writer can be contacted at jamesoinam(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on July 02, 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • A Simple Proposal for RIIN
  • Condolence for AMAND Pune Founder
  • Key Words: Indigenous to Nagaland
  • Political crisis sideline people problem
  • Ibudhou Pakhangba Haraoba #1: Gallery
  • What do Nagas think about Indo-Naga talks
  • Mass Media & National Integration :: Book
  • The adjective called- Biren
  • KVPY Aptitude Test : Imphal included
  • Remedy for Unemployment in Manipur
  • Not everything right within Govt
  • Naga solution rests on flexibilities: Ravi
  • The Great June Uprising #5: Gallery
  • Kanglen Kang Chingba #1 : Gallery
  • nupi ko_Iba :: Seireng
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #3
  • The Naked Smile :: Poem
  • A road journey from New Delhi to Imphal
  • National Lok Adalat at Lamphel
  • The bloody mind & the Nature's kindness
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #3 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Slow Food Nation :: Book Review
  • Naga National Movement & AFSPA
  • Struggles of parenting teenagers
  • L Sadananda wins gold at Commonwealth
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Downward spiral of Congress
  • Chadong, lake of tears or site of tourism
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #3
  • Fashion Show @Sangai Fest #4: Gallery
  • Chingkhong, Khuplianmang :: eMing
  • Cry of a Dying River - 84 :: Poem
  • Hilly NE to rely on Rain Water Harvesting
  • Manipur a mirror of Nagaland
  • Net-work Marketing
  • Tough stand of rebel MLAs
  • Mysterious slaughter of livestock re-visits
  • I am Mary Kom's biggest fan: Chhetri
  • Folklore of Hao communities #1
  • Seram Nirupama : Gold at Commonwealth
  • Manipuri & Chinese Language Connection
  • Understanding NE a Reporters' Journal
  • Budget according to common man
  • Democracy and Behaviourism
  • Child Friendly Rooms at Police Station
  • Ghost of CAB hangs over North East
  • Legitimizing misappropriation of money
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1: Gallery
  • HSLC Compartmental Exam Result 2019
  • Mirabai, Bindyarani & Rishikanta win gold
  • Understanding :: Poem
  • Doubling agri-exports by 2022
  • Are our Journalists Safe & Secured ?
  • Jobs @ Horizon Design Studio, Gurgaon
  • Of Territorial Council and Nagalim
  • ..sacrificing Manipur's land to Myanmar?
  • Neli Chachea: Dolls out of Maize Husks
  • Freedom of Press : Freedom of Speech
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #2
  • Crack CDSE and join defence services
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • National Workshop on Mathematica
  • Teachers required at Vagdevi Vidyapeeth
  • NAD Review Meeting at Manipur University
  • Attack on Human Rights Defender
  • Quixotic land that Manipur is
  • Wishes of common man
  • Poumai Paoki Wrestling #2: Gallery
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #2 : Gallery
  • Khariksing Adonis Tangpu at Asian cycling
  • Management of harmful weed, Parthenium
  • Maisnam Meiraba wins at Russia
  • Cry of a downtrodden State 4 :: Poem
  • Condemns the act of life attempt
  • Sharing the same stage
  • Pakhangba Cheng-hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Social Evolution of Meiteis
  • Happy Club Moirang
  • Cry of a Dying River - 83 :: Poem
  • Nirmala Sitharaman's budget: It is different
  • Some uneasy windfall
  • Arts/Culture Students Day #1 : Gallery
  • Kasanu bing rwan lang pi : Inpui Poem
  • Workforce Management : Book Review
  • Dr. Ksh Vedmani : Faculty Iconic Award
  • When pandemonium will stop in RS
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • General Body Meeting of AMWJU
  • frisk Dzukou trekkers for plastic items
  • Call for distrubance free education
  • The clarification and the inaction
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Festival : Stalls : Gallery
  • The Jewish connection to AIR Tune
  • Van Mahotsav 2019, celebration of life
  • Are we inviting "Pyaar" & poll
  • Digital India - A New India
  • Understanding red, green and yellow lights
  • Lai-Harouba @ JNMDA #1 : Gallery
  • Yanglem Mangi Devi :: Sangeetbhusan
  • Whose game is it anyway ?
  • Kang Festival :: Photo Gallery
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #1
  • Cry of a downtrodden State 3 :: Poem
  • Workshop : Six Waste Management Rules
  • Mountain Echoes, Bhutan Festival
  • Now it is no longer 'internal dissent'
  • The greed
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #2
  • World Music Day @Yaiskul #2: Gallery
  • Face book's messenger :: Poem
  • Kang Chingba / yatra Festival : Book
  • Financial assistance to Joute's family
  • Security studies in Manipur University
  • Miss / Mister North East audition
  • Ambulance provided to Bishnupur/CCpur
  • Downward spiral all the way for Cong
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #6
  • Behiang Police station @Singhat : Gallery
  • Why I did not renew my driving license?
  • Sarungbam Athouba: Aquathlon Gold Medal
  • Data entry as career options
  • Akanba Maong Da Condemned Touba
  • Attending roll call at New Delhi
  • Giving life to Nambul River
  • The Great June Uprising #4: Gallery
  • July Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Shiksha Abhiyan @ Pune : Gallery
  • Daniel Chabungbam: RK Sanatomba Award
  • Cultural relation -ethnic groups of Manipur
  • CII - 9th Manufacturing Innovation Conclave
  • AMAND Shiksha Abhiyan launched at Pune
  • From poppy cultivation to heroin production
  • Nutritional benefits of Black Rice
  • Manipur: 2nd Runner-up in Natl Pencak Silat
  • Cashless Economy: Issues : Book
  • Good Teaching for better Learning
  • Forty Winks :: Poem
  • Cut-off marks in St. Stephen's College
  • Awaba Fongdokpa : Manipur Journalists
  • Mattress, Blankets donated to villages
  • Speaker in Politics: better think before leap
  • Aliyah #1 (Film Scenes) :: eRang
  • Look at the Sky: Best Short Film IDSFFK
  • A New Dawn for Banking
  • Condolence Message: Hill Journalist
  • 'PIL against ILP is a threat to Nagas'
  • Yoga, overdraft & stability
  • Eat for beauty
  • On issues pertaining to ILP & filing of PIL
  • Let Chennai story be wake up call
  • Some Legislators will face the music
  • To Bee Or Not To Bee
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #3 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 82 :: Poem
  • Growing career opportunity at Yoga
  • Interaction with Legal Aid Clinics
  • Awareness program on Child Rights focus
  • On PIL against ILP coverage to Dimapur
  • Internal storm after a brief lull
  • Understanding Reality
  • Mukna Changdamnaba : Gallery
  • Tapping innovation to secure water future
  • Mouri's Story :: WJ
  • Denounce JNU's hindi imposition
  • Lecture: Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking
  • Heart Camp at Sanjenbam Khunou
  • 'Rio leadership of immoral political tactics'
  • Lessons from Nagaland : Ban on plastics
  • Report on signing of peace deal- IM & GOI
  • BAMCHAS Convention @ Sylhet : Gallery
  • BAMCHAS Sylhet, B'desh: Grand Convention
  • Abdul Hamid : Kamini Kumar Gold Medal
  • Did Manipur Experience Cultural Genocide
  • Health for justice: Justice for health
  • Beauty benefits of baking soda
  • Course in Domestic Data Entry Operator
  • Protect non-locals in Dimapur call
  • Legitimizing the pocketing of public money
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #1
  • Maring War Dance : Gallery
  • Bird sanctuary & its importance
  • Of wonders & spirituality at Ambubach
  • Misundertanding within Zeliangrongs
  • JD (U) merged with NDPP in Nagaland
  • Of history & geography: Tourism ..
  • For environment- together we can make it
  • Jhum cultivation & green Manipur
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #5
  • Yoga Day at Pune : Gallery
  • The demand for ST, need for a unified path
  • Mass Media & Library Services : Book
  • Towards a modern budget of Manipur
  • On the unseen river :: Poem
  • Environment - Let your actions speak
  • 5th International Yoga Day at Pune
  • World Music Day @Yaiskul #1: Gallery
  • Let us make schools better
  • Zeliangrong settlement at Heibokching #2
  • King - makers & king - savers
  • A Shadowy Figure :: Poem
  • Naga MPs feted in Delhi
  • Job Opening @Globizs Web Solution
  • Sanamahi Cheng Hongba #1: Gallery
  • Ambassador of Japan with CM : Gallery
  • Moirangthem Kumar Singh: Sangeetbhusan
  • Research Scholars Day at Manipur Univ
  • The Great June Uprising #3: Gallery
  • Mutum Somorjit cracked IIT
  • Meiteis & Meiteilon are not Tibeto-Burman
  • Uttamkumar Ningthoujam: Achievers Award
  • Cry of a downtrodden State 2 :: Poem
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #4
  • Poumai Paoki Wrestling #1: Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View
  • Daniel Chabungbam in 7 best NE Journalist
  • Lai Lamthokpa, Thangjing #3: Gallery
  • Id-ul-Fitr @ Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • Thangjing Lai Haraoba : Beyond optics
  • Urmila Shagolsem : Miss India : Gallery
  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Purnima Moirangthem : 5th in Commerce
  • Jiribam Bazaar :: 360 Panorama View
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download