TODAY -

Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) :: Translated from Meeteilon
- Part 5 -

James Oinam *

Snake and Kanglasha 'Chayom Thupki'
'Snake and Kanglasha' : An illustration of 'Chayom Thupki' by James Oinam



Chayom Thupki (Translation): Part 5

Book Title: Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy)
Author: Makar Luwang
Publisher: S. Achauba Khaba Nganba, Khurai Khongam Leikai
Year of Publication: 1995

(37)
Lairamlengi meeramlenni
Epagidamak emagidamak


The land of the men exists because land of the gods exists. Father exists, therefore mother has to exist. Can we exists without the mother who gather the essence of the father?

(38)
Lukokpa yengbada mit nai
Koijomba mawada nakong melli


[Seeing the bald pains the eyes
Close ears listening to the bearded]

The land of Manipur is surrounded by mountains. Because of living in close proximity with various animals since ancient times, the martial art-based army was developed in the land. Hence, the hair is significant for the people. When someone falls in bad times or when someone is convicted, there has been a tradition shaving one's head. The beard is metaphor for tall talks. We are particularly averse to exaggerated claims.

(39)
Ahangbadu lai shannabungni
Aphunbadu tin-gi tungnaphamni


In the expression 'lai-tin', lai is the invisible one (god) and tin is the visible one (humans). Humans inhabit in places of bountiful. The above teaching tells humans that without the permission of the gods, they should not build houses in the open spaces that belong to the gods.

(40) Mitchina yeng-u paiganu
Akonbagi chinnum ngane


[Give a sideways look, but do not touch/It is the fish to fill in later]

Because it (our alimentary canal) is like a tunnel, the food plate (luk) is also called utong-meruk (a plate to fill the tunnel). To keep healthy one needs to fill it properly. The saying is meant to help this. At the beginning, when one is hungry, the food tastes good. It is not the time to eat the fish kept as side dish. There is a saying that the fish cries thinking the last of the morsels have been eaten. The side dish (fish) should be eaten towards the end. Hence it is also called 'chinnum-nga' (the fish meant adjusting/persuading one to eat the last morsels).

(41)
Kangmangna kanglakkani
Libana lirakani


The mountains of the land will become bald. The lake will become shallow. Feeling the final pulse, the young will enter into the battle. Those who have no experience will follow and fill in the battle.

(42)
Ho epu metrokpa nungna hagel
Choina yanbana mashing taredo


Just like paya (bamboo strips used for binding) made from the same branch, the small yeks (family clans) were bound by one god. But those carrying the blood lines of the land (kings?) just because they can burnt the Puyas. This attempt to bind with a decadent has resulted in the split of the hill and the valley.

(43) Nongda lairen chahi chamma kun makhai
Ningthau tonaba chahi mari ta pankhi


Nongda (from nongdambagi khutagi) means from the hands of the fate (or sent by God). Lairen means one that has the charisma of the gods. The saying means, by following the path of the indigenous religion (fated by the god), the rule lasted for a long time (hundred twenty and half). During this time, the weak was not exploited by the strong, and the poor was not despised by the rich. On the other rejecting these resulted in the rule to lasts for only four years.

(44) Chahiga laushinga khutsamna chatli

The age and the wisdom go hand in hand.

(45)
Uyung lawaigi hanuba darida onthare
Darishu kaya mawangde supat mawang-e


The thought in the forehead of the old man suddenly slipped and fell down the dari (foundation floor of the house) unconscious. That too in spite the fact that the dari wasn't high either.

(46)
Mit tangbina lairik parani
Na pangbina eshei tarani


[The blind will read and the deaf will listen to music]

'Oh aunty, why have you closed your shop?'
'I do not have much expenses, just the daily. But I am unable to save anything. Instead of giving money, people are leaving in writing. And I cannot see anything in them (cannot read).'
The choir is singing and the one who is sitting there is praising although she has no idea what note or stanza is being sung. 'Why are you praising then?'
'Oh I was so happy with the offering of the cloth during the ceremony that I could not resist myself.'

(47)
Koithikhang makhut chan koihane leiron chan

Koithi means searching for a dear lost object by 'by upturning every leaf'. In order to know an old information, one will set aside the hand-picked stick taken from the bushes, and ask the old man for the right path. Upon knowing, one is happy and thinking there is plenty of time, bury the information.

(48)
Pat ngaman toklani, kom ngatin pairani

The land of the Meetei is full of lakes. The lakes and the forests, as mother and father, look after the valley and the plain. The saying is reminding the same. That instead of taking care of the huge lake which has become the size of the palm, the effort seems to be digging up drains to bring in foreign fish.

(49)
Machugidamak sanani
Khongthangidamak tamnani


Even though gold cannot be used to make any useful equipment, people admire it. As it is put in the fire, it shines. Hence, staying true to oneself and one's religion is priceless. Although it is not very beautiful, one cannot be satisfied with the voice of 'tamna'. What has been agreed upon and the step that has not crossed the line is the step of tamna.

(50) Yaishkul mapal sharani, khurai mahei yallani

Yaishkul is formed from the words yaisha and khul. Yaisha means king's animal (horse and elephant used by the king) and khul means village or generally speaking a place of human habitation. The place where royalty lived and which had good public facilities like roads used to be called yaishkul. Nowadays, such facilities are available everywhere. Hence, it is said that yaishkul will bloom (mapal sharani).

The path to the indigenous god, because of abandonment, has become narrow as the bushes have overgrown into it (khurai). The focus of the youths seems to be on the alien knowledge. However, there is still hope that the youth the indigenous knowledge is taken up for study, it will bear fruits (mahei yallani).

 Cover of 'Chayom Thupki'
Cover of 'Chayom Thupki'




To be continued.....


* James Oinam wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at jamesoinam(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on June 24, 2019.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Imphal Ring Road and violations
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Condemns attack on Student at B'lore
  • World Lung Day 2021
  • Training on Mushroom Cultivation
  • The sixth sense manifest :: Poem
  • Tarpon Katpa @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Land transfer commotion in Jiribam
  • Seminar On Youth & Environment organised
  • Irawat the Legend #2
  • 6 from Manipur cleared Civil Services Exam
  • World Pharmacist Day 2021
  • Scapegoating foot soldiers
  • The battered body says it all
  • World Alzheimer's Day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Alzheimer's Day 2021 commemorated
  • MaolKeki Scholarship at St Stephen College
  • Condemnation on killing of Athuan Abonmai
  • Sana Leibak Manipur
  • Feelings :: Poem
  • Nominal monetary solace to Covid victims
  • Abducted from under the nose of cops!
  • Guru Leimapokpam Lakpati: Nata Sankritan
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Vanijya Utsav @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Truth should prevail over ethnic politics
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Projects for Tamenglong & Noney
  • Changes :: Poem
  • Good road must to reap fruit of Act East
  • Rio, Sarma taken on board?
  • Discussion: Merger Agreement 1949 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Safe maternal and newborn care
  • Mourns demise of Naba Chakthekpi
  • Admin & Business Support @ R-Square
  • International Peace Day on Sept 21 2021
  • Customer Service Reps @ Amber & Arthur
  • Prioritising election, ignoring Covid-19
  • Not the time to let the guard down
  • Mova Cave, Hunpung, Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Irawat the Legend #1
  • Leishangthem Dhanachandra ..rears Sareng
  • Economic devpt & climate deterioration?
  • Detachment without Resentment
  • Wishful thinking for end to election-money
  • Drugs & manufacturing units within State
  • Kanglasha Kaba Khanba removal #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Sep 20, a crucial week for Nagaland
  • Lord's echo :: Poem
  • Jobs opening at Changerline, Imphal
  • In search of roots
  • Opposition cosy up as poll date nears
  • The end of RN Ravi's saga
  • 27th August 1965 : Birth of students force
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World's largest adult vaccination program
  • 2nd State Level Yogasana Sports C'ship
  • Just survival is enough :: Poem
  • Add oats to your beauty regime
  • Thri Kappi Sanaba @Andro #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Legal Campaign [17 Sep] : Gallery
  • Demise of Padma Shri Thongram Haridas
  • Legal Awareness & Outreach Campaign
  • Changes that the time brings :: Poem
  • AMWJU Foundation Day [16 Sep] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Mapping the Changemakers of NE India
  • Will inclusion centrestage at Equality Forum
  • World ozone day & the living beings
  • Understanding CAT
  • Eternally struggling Manipuri women
  • Posers on the Interlocutor
  • Zeilad Lake, Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Report on 54th Engineers Day 2021
  • Social Media & Political Campaigning
  • What if ? :: Poem
  • Condolence prayer for Oscar Fernandes
  • Virus threat not over yet
  • The virus is still out there!
  • RIMS, Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Nagaland CM Rio calls Ravi 'genuine' man
  • Role of media in combating Covid
  • One day business shut-down in Dimapur
  • The warning bell is ringing loud & clear
  • Anxiety over arrival of train service
  • Choosing candidate the first step
  • Raghu Leishangthem : Manipuri Poet Biodata
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Memo to CM : Inclusion of Meetei in ST
  • Without you :: Poem
  • Lessons from the pandemic
  • ICS (IAS) viva voce of Khushwant Singh
  • Blaming predecessor till near end of term
  • Questioning truce pacts with others
  • ILP & COVID checking @Jirighat : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Webinar: Higher Edn & Career in USA & UK
  • Prostate Cancer: Know its warning signals
  • Hope heals crisis :: Poem
  • AFSPA in NE amid peace accords
  • TSE completes 22 years : 1999 to 2021
  • Pathetic Road @Imphal-Jiri : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • National Lok Adalat in High Court of Manipur
  • On tourism in the Northeast
  • The Dement Corona Avoids :: Poem
  • The prism of relationships
  • Reappraisal of early Meitei settlement
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Royal Charter Day celebrated
  • Poshan Abhiyaan : A people's movement
  • MTech in Defence Tech at Amrita Univ
  • Ethno-Veterinary medicine in livestock
  • Power dept employees eyeing soft target
  • Taking a look at issues in 2012, 2017
  • Meetei Leikai @, Silchar, Assam #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • The uncle conundrum
  • Himalayan Day : Science & Knowledge
  • Pandemic : changing dynamics of preschool
  • Common factors that enhance beauty
  • Another peace deal sans solution..
  • Rolling up sleeves ahead of Assembly polls
  • Development, Ethnicity & Gender : Book Rvw
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Suicide Prevention Day 2021
  • 'bob World' : Mobile application launched
  • Glimpses of Love :: Poem
  • How much more ordeal can Afghans take?
  • Tall claims on reforming agriculture sector
  • The commandments from WHO
  • Burma refugees yes or no ?
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Biotechnology Grant (BIG) for startups
  • Teaching as a career in India
  • Epitome of impeccable humanity & humility
  • Role of CSOs vital in preventing virus
  • Disturbing high TPR in some hill districts
  • Fine Arts Exhibition MU #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Immune boosting for lactating women
  • Give up on fear not dreams !
  • Stop plantation of Palm Oil Trees in NE
  • Another Perspective of Life :: Poem
  • ..right recipe for bitter electioneering
  • Debate over ST status for Meiteis
  • Jadonang in History :: Part 2
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Athokpam Kholchandra : Dr Kamal Kabiratna
  • Remembering Lord Krishna appearance day
  • Sustainable livestock farming
  • After 9 years, thirst to serve unchanged
  • Disturbing TPR in some districts
  • Saikhom Mirabai: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Sexual Health Day in Manipur
  • Save The Peace : Conf on Indo-Naga peace
  • Teachers, I salute thee !
  • The Art of Living :: Poem
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Art Festival 2021 canceled
  • Towards a new Manipur Budget 2022-23
  • Inauguration of NPF Manipur Head Office
  • Natural facial at home for glowing skin
  • School yearning to resume normal class
  • The uproar over Urea 'shortage'
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Pundit Raja Atombapu : Doyen of journalism
  • Friends :: Poem
  • Meeting report at Cachar, Assam
  • Indigenous peoples & a new social contract
  • Pseudo-indigene permanent threat to native
  • Heavy rush for admission to Class XI
  • Jadonang in History :: Part 1
  • Memorial Stone & Shaheed Minar : Gallery
  • An officer and a gentleman
  • Mass production of biofertilisers
  • Kannappa Naayanaar - World 1st Eye Donor
  • Will election ruin gains made in virus fight
  • Signing off August with lowest TPR
  • Keidoubagi Kidoino on COVID #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • September Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Revisiting all alphabets of Article 371
  • Abdication :: Poem
  • Need a softer approach to language issue
  • 2022 polls: Tough task for Congress
  • Party hopping antics before the election
  • Death Anniv: Shimreingam Shaiza: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • Khangminashi Lecture VIII : Electric Vehicle
  • Ardent Gardener :: Poem
  • Vision Correction doesn't need a doctor
  • No place for Meetei in Heritage Museum?
  • Ordinary testing rate can't beat the virus
  • Why not make it a poll call
  • 90th Martyr Day- Haipou Jadonang : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • Cycle Rally- Natl Sports Day, MU : Gallery
  • Looking beyond the next 4 months
  • Laonii Fest of Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Phuba Khuman, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • 13th August @BT Park #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Olympians reception : Gallery
  • Mary Kom reception- Aug 20: Gallery
  • Hijam Gourashyam : Manipur Sahitya
  • 13th August @BT Park #1 : Gallery
  • Sushila Likmabam reception- Aug 18: Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #2 : Gallery
  • 13th August by CSOs : Gallery
  • 13th August @Thangal Complex : Gallery
  • 13th August @Hicham Yaicham Pat : Gallery
  • RK Sanayaima on 13th August : Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #1 : Gallery
  • Mirabai felicitated truck drivers: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #3: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • HSLC 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 1st Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 2nd Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 3rd Division
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • Saikhom Mirabai @ Kakching: Gallery
  • HSE 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSE 2021 Result: Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2021 Result: District-Wise Pass %
  • HSE 2021 Result: Science Stream
  • HSE 2021 Result: Arts Stream
  • HSE 2021 Result: Commerce Stream
  • Shanglakpam Nilakanta: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #3: Gallery
  • Sushila Pukhrambam :: Olympics : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai : Tokyo Olympics 2020
  • Pukhrambam Sushila : Tokyo Olympics Dream
  • Sushila Likmabam: Olympics Dream: Gallery
  • Lalginsei, Radamchui, Ngaworpei: eMing
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021