TODAY -

Gaan-Ngai
( Festival celebrated by the Zeliangrong )

By: N Mangi Devi *

Autumn season brings joy and festive mood in the Zeliangrong countrysides, heralding the arrival of Chankan" Gaan-Ngai", the festival of light & victory over evils. Recognized scheduled Tribes (ST) Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmai & Puimei (Kabui & Kacha Naga), the composite community, Zeliangrong finds a common entity.

A compact georaphical area comprising Peren, Kohima, Dimapur districts (Nagaland), N.C. Hills, Cachar, Helakandi districts (Assam) & Tamenglong, Senapati, Henglep Sub-division of Churachandpur district, Imphal East, Imphal West, Jiribam (IE), Thoubal, Bishnupur districts (Manipur), Zeliangrong community though fragmented (as minorities every where) now can be approximately a population of more than three lakhs.

Gaan-Ngai is state holiday of Manipur on 13 day of Wakching - Dec-Jan. and also National Tourist Festival and restricted holiday in Assam (2nd Dec.) as approved by the State Government.

SIGNIFICANCE OF GAAN-NGAI

The significance of Gaan-Ngai depicts the mythology how "Amangh ", the godly man who built the first "Tarangkai" (house of honour of painted house among human beings (now turned god) induced man & tiger to a contest to ignite fire man won the test that he was given authority to rule over all creatures on earth.

Amangh who followed the example set by Tingpulengsonang, head of God-Man dormitory & God of earth built the house of dignity and also empowered man to be master of the world as man ignited fire by rubbing it with a bamboo flint from a wooden log, "Ring-maigang" (a typical tree) as Tingpulengsonang blessed man to win war against gods during His time as head of dormitory. The gods disobeyed him as men obeyed.

To celebrate the victory over evil & darkness, a festival was first held for just one day by extracting sacred fire, till it became a 7 day affairs.



Events

1st Day Lui-lamei (preliminary festival)

Women find plantain leaves for use as dishes or container of wine and also variety of vegetables for the fesitval. Youths find fuel woods for their respective dormitories and also dry bamboo pieces for night time country / rural torches of the festival.

Cattles are butchered for the days long festival. Young men and women gathered at the Girl's dormitories to hold traditional song & music competitions as Lu Kemmei-Lamronlu only.

2nd Day Ngaigangmei (Inaugural day)

Men, women & children take festive baths from sunrise till evening while elders renovate village gates for ceremonial events. Gods and Goddesses are worshipped for their blessing during the festival and pay homage to departed souls.

3rd Day Ngaidaih (main festival)

In the morning, elders and young people enjoy joint dinner at their respective dormitories. Then or khel composed of boy's dormitory & girls' dormitory that there may be two to seven thens or khels each having two dormitories.

Tamchanmei or Khangbon - Tamcha (elders of then or dormitory)-pickles or special meats or curries with rice beer/ rice brew served. Young men & young men's rice beer/too Kare-Ke Kung or joint singing of solicitous did ding prompting to marriage held as traditional to cause generating mankind by men at a then/khel jointly. Kailong-lonmei/carol at night continues.

4th Day Ngailan (Central function of Khel/Then feast)

Feasts held at respective khels/thens/ox dormitories are Then Suimei (to enrol new members from among the children) children activities held and many festive items performed. Tamchanmei of elders, boys & girls (served with rice beer, and pickles) held dances.

5th Day Ngailan (Central function of fruit distribution)

Fruit- gooseberry (Tarouthai) are brought by boys jointly {thens or khels jointly) to the village and every each house hold to signify the message of posterity and prosperity for all. Dances {Lam) held at the residences of Khangbon and Tunapi, Ganpi (heads of boys/girls) special dishes served and drinks offered Kailong-lonmei/caiolmg held night time as usual.

6th Day Rangpamh- Ngai/RangpatNgai (Gates dedication festival)

Young people enjoy peak climbing ILongkumei with special dishes and drinks. They perform dances hangseng-lam or dances with bamboo poles held by each participant. At night Rangpammei/gate's oath is held to find omens for the coming year.

7th day Chi-dan sanmei (bamboo flint omen)

In the morning, elders assemble and interpreted dreams of gate's omen dreamt by two young men assigned/selected earlier/ previously. Then bamboo flints are held apart by two young men to read signs of divinity. Young people find fire woods for respective dormitories (Kailu thing remmei) and in the evening TunaSonmei or escorting girls home with singing is held.

The village gate is closed and prohibited people from going out whole day or Neimai held. Now-a-days the festival of Gaan-Ngai limits to four or five days .


* N Mangi Devi wrote this book entitled "Festival of Manipur" . This article was webcasted on June 07 2010.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa [Mar 29] #1:: Gallery
  • Tinthyang, Lamkholhai, Yangkholet :: eMing
  • He who gave birth to rock n' roll
  • Study hacks that worked for me
  • Career option in Archaeology
  • NPF stands for inclusiveness for solution
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Sajibu Nongma Panba Cheiraoba celebrate
  • Hindu temples attacked at Moreh
  • 9 rescued from human traffickers in Manipur
  • Six NE minnows ready to wield willow
  • Protest against 'outsider' rages
  • Liezietsu clears air on Naga pact
  • 81 from NE raped in Delhi since 2014
  • Nongmai Kainou Chingsomba #1:: Gallery
  • Governor Cup Polo tournament #2:: Gallery
  • World TB Day @JNIMS :: Gallery
  • Manipur Highway: Lifelines or Death-lines
  • Chanu Creation contribution to skillful India
  • Manipur & democracy of the "others"
  • Extend your support to your Ministers
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • 4th WIM CUP 2016 [rescheduled]
  • Manipur titular king gets guard and escort
  • NSCN-IM silent on Centre's reaction
  • Compelling need to study outside
  • Tragic, but a wake-up call
  • Hangmila Shaiza: First Woman MLA
  • 'The Wishess' @Tanglei Festival :: Gallery
  • Cheiraoba : Great festival of the Meiteis
  • Stop Saying-Manipur not have resources
  • JRF position at Pachhunga Univ, Aizawl
  • Governor Cup Polo Tournament Concluded
  • Solar Lights presented to Longdi Pabram
  • Understand history to resolve issues of NE
  • Rise in crime worries citizens
  • Mary Kom eyes comeback at Asian C'ship
  • Reaching out to the Naga community
  • Towards sustainable self-reliance
  • Mix Media Festival #3:: Gallery
  • Khurumjei eethou eekan :: Radio e-pao
  • Shaheed Manoranjan football :: Gallery
  • Birth Anniversary of Maharani Dhanamnjuri
  • Buddha advised to follow the moderate way
  • A hope of second meeting with dear mum
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Killing Culture in Manipur
  • Lingering allure of lotus after polls
  • 30 mn trafficking victims worldwide: CJ
  • Tough for some to be out of news
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #3 : Ooba
  • Yaoshang Sports #3 (Mar 16) :: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Glimpses of Puppets in India
  • NE important part of 2nd World War
  • Strategic place branding of Manipur
  • Non-biodegradable solid wastes mgmt
  • Skill oriented vocational training
  • No pact on integration of Naga areas
  • Nobody is a fool, introduce Lok Ayukta
  • Khoupum Valley Expedition #5:: Gallery
  • 36th World TB day Rally :: Gallery
  • Veteran Cricket Tournament :: Gallery
  • And thus she became a fast learner
  • Coalition Government & its periphery
  • Know your test: Uric acid
  • No compromise on territorial integrity
  • Ten meritorious students sponsored
  • Anti Corruption Cell to be set up
  • Centre, State: Put RIMS back on track
  • Minister promise on Imphal Jiribam road
  • Students for HSLC Exam :: Gallery
  • Governor Cup Polo tournament #1:: Gallery
  • Blast of Md Kora & his shadows
  • A Drunken Dream :: Poem
  • Downfall of Congress party in Manipur
  • Corruption a part and parcel in our society
  • Hangkhanlian, Radheshyam, Nemcha ...
  • Lecture on TS. Eliot's contribution
  • Naga integration via FA: Game of word play
  • Almost perfect team...missing "Lok Ayukta"
  • Miss Manipur Queen 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #3 :: Gallery
  • Lanmei Thanbi Re-imagining the Light Spirit
  • Did we glorify the UNC highway blockade?
  • Career penchant in Anthropology
  • The formation of new BJP-led Government
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Nagas safe under Framework : NSCN-IM
  • New fish species discovered in Assam
  • Making Manipur bandh & blockade free: Guv
  • Politicking the politics
  • Photo : Governor with all Elected MLAs
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 3 activities #2 : Gallery
  • Kanchan Soibam in Femina Miss India 2017
  • RIST talk 28-Transition in amorphous solid
  • Formation of Gender Champions @RGU
  • Free spectacle distribution at Loktak Station
  • Naga history of transition stands unique
  • Delhi warn NE against shady land deals
  • Screen kids' films in NE languages
  • Looking at the pre-poll promises of BJP
  • State govt- perceptions & premonitions
  • MLAs took oath of office : Gallery
  • SundarGopal Condolence @Ghy : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabal at Pune #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang: Journalist Sports #2 :: Gallery
  • What Term of Negotiation btn GoM & UNC?
  • Class 12 marks may decide your college..
  • N. Biren led Govt won the floor test
  • Job @ VK NRL Hospital at Numaligarh
  • Cycling from Jessami to Mantripukhri
  • Lifting the longest ever blockade
  • Hope amid the hesitations
  • Tenwa Chandrasakhi :: Funga wari
  • Yaoshang Day 5: Sports #2: Gallery
  • Day 3: Yaoshang activities #1 : Gallery
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #2 : Gallery
  • Drinking bottled mineral water culture
  • Condolence meeting for friend of Assam
  • Food Outlet at DM Community College
  • APFEJ urges Delhi to be respectful to media
  • TSA Ceremonial Rite to its Former SG
  • Statistics not telling the whole story
  • Kangleipak Kang Trophy #1 : Gallery
  • Day 5: Yaoshang Activities #4: Gallery
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #2 :: Gallery
  • Insurgency as reflected in Chagi Khuji
  • Yaoshang Meithaba @Uripok: Gallery
  • Women Empowerment
  • Construction as career choice
  • Condolence meeting for Sundar Gopal
  • Manipuri group to stall trains
  • Manipur State Archery Championship
  • Miss Manipur Queen 2017 #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Halankar celebration : Gallery
  • 2nd phase Polling @Nungba #2 :: Gallery
  • Art of Lamangdong's stone bowls & Toupokpi
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Loukhatpa #2: Gallery
  • Pabung Sunder Gopal funeral at Mandalay
  • Emotional integration of all communities
  • Training on Traditional Snacks
  • How to take along disparate parties
  • Yaoshang Day 5: Sports #1: Gallery
  • Meetei Pokpi :: Radio e-pao
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #4: Gallery
  • Letter: Manipur Public Service Commission
  • Career as Chef
  • HQ IGAR celebrates 14th Raising Day [upd]
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #1 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabal at Pune #1 :: Gallery
  • Mix Media Art exhibition #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang: Journalist Sports #1 :: Gallery
  • Nongthombam Biren sworn-in CM, Mar 15
  • Glaucoma Week : March 12 - 18, 2017
  • Annual Yaoshang Thabal 2017 at Pune
  • Course in Butterfly Studies at BNHS
  • Yaoshang- with DJ @Sekmai :: Gallery
  • Kangleipak Football Trophy 2017 :: Gallery
  • Thabal chongbagi Peisa khaiba #2:: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #3: Gallery
  • Cue card for the new Chief Minister
  • International Rivers Day at Tamenglong
  • What kind of Nagaland are we moving..
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Loukhatpa #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #2: Gallery
  • Election: Counting & Winnners #2:: Gallery
  • Holi Pala performance at Raj Bhavan
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: AMWJU Sports : Gallery
  • 2nd phase Polling @Chandel :: Gallery
  • Bangladesh Meetei leisabi at Sylhet
  • Churchill Brothers vs Shillong Lajong
  • Election: Counting & Winnners #1:: Gallery
  • Mamliba maikeise :: Radio e-pao
  • Saroi Khangba #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang :: A flash presntation
  • UNC in Manipur Electoral Politics #3
  • The Election Trap :: Poem
  • Mix Media Art exhibition #1 :: Gallery
  • Mountain Division Polo #2 : Gallery
  • Breast Cancer Conference :: Gallery
  • Saroi Khangba #2 : Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #1 :: Gallery
  • Exam Centers for HSE 2017 : Download
  • 'Thammoi Tahoure' : Muslims' musical
  • Gita-Govinda- Dance Drama #2: Gallery
  • Rahul Gandhi @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • PM Narendra Modi #3: Gallery
  • Maphou Dam :: 360 View Panorama
  • Laisram Birendra Kumar: PadmaShri Award
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #2: Gallery
  • Biju Ningombam (Photos) #3 :: eRang
  • Laihui @Tanglei Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #5: Wallpaper
  • Wareppa Naba :: Profile of Theatre Actor
  • Meiteilon Folk & Tangkhul duet : Ooba
  • Khunung Eeshei/ Ema Emoinu #3 : Radio
  • SPONSORED ADS