TODAY -

Chaakan Gaan-Ngai : Festivals among the Zeliangrongs
- Part 4 -

Dr. Heera Marangmei *

Gaan Ngai Celebrations around Imphal :: 2011
Gaan Ngai Celebrations around Imphal 2011 :: Dr. Heera Marangmei





NAP CHANMEI ( FIFTH AND LAST DAY OF THE FESTIVAL) :-

The Fifth and last day of Gan-Ngai Festival is known as Nap Chanmei. The concluding evening day of the festival is related with ancestral religion of prayer to Kambuipui, the goddess of wealth, Charaipui, Ganglaongampui by offering pig or fowl liver.

The main objective of this prayer is to call back the wealth which has been wasted during festival and for the prosperous of coming year. In the morning of this day, a bamboo with internode is distributed called Khupot and hung at the threshold of every family of the village. This cut piece of bamboo node is plug with cotton after a wine pour into it.

The significance part of this performance, as believed by the community, is to prevent the people from outbreak of any epidemic diseases. The bamboo node, as belief being collected the epidemic disease, is thrown way out side the village gate on the next day by the Pei member. In the evening when the delicious food, meat curry, other items are prepared in the both male and female dormitories (Khangchu and Luchu) for their members.

Just before the feast, all the members of Khangchu with the invocation of God by HoHoi and followed by offering the freshly cooked food, curry and wine to the God by one of the Pei members. Delicious dishes are delivered to all the household members of Khangchu and Luchu by both the male and female dormitories. Special invitations are made to all the Pei members, Khangchu Pou -Pei, Luchu Pou-Pie and senior members of Khangchu for the feast together at Khangchu and for female at the Luchu.

Napshin Ganshin Laomei: =

After the feast is over, male youths gather which is headed by Senior member, mockery and praising songs are sung for the in-charge of the food, curry, wine etc. during the festivity at the courtyard of the Khangchu. The significance of this mockery activity is to forgive and forget any mistake that may have happened by the members during the festivity and praising songs for Khangchupuo-pei are also sung (Kaihut Luh) for more prosperous in the coming years.

Some mockery songs are sung by the male members in praise of Khangchupuo-pei and proceed towards Female Dormitory (Luchu) by sing songs of Luchu Kailong Lonluh for the Folk songs competition between boys and girls. During this day, boys and girls learn the folk songs like Lamlonluh and Mazaluh.

After the traditional folk songs competition is over, boys return to Khangchu heralding a Rihlai Hoi. On this night, Pajeimei (it is a dance where a sequence of boys and girls are sitting alternately in line, with the rhythm of the songs and drum bit, each one swing the clothe to and fro) and Kailong ronmei (Guarding the Village) can also performed. Pajeimei dance may be organized in any suitable day of the festival.

RAANG PATMEI (THE SIXTH DAY):=

The literally aspect of Raang Patmei means coming out at the northern gate of the Village (Raang means northern village gate, Patmei means coming out).It is also known as Keirong Raren Roumei. Raang Patmei may be considered as the part of the Festival. Truly it is an important day of traditional rituals performed to the pantheons of gods and spirits by the village priest not to harm the village people. Every household member contribute a cock, a fine ginger and banana leaves to be offered to the pantheon of gods on the prayer ceremony of Raren Roumei.

This cock meat is not allowed to consumed by the members of Khangchu, Luchu, Mathenmei, Gaanchang and Chaangroi, but it can be eaten by the Pei members like Banjas, aged women and young kid who are yet to be members of Khanchu and Luchu only. The prayers and offerings are made to gods in their orderly status are:

1) Ragwang offering with Fine ginger , complete white or red feather cock, funnel shaped made out of banana leaf with additional cut pieces as crown and fine wine is poured into the funnel (which is locally known as Luiduk khou sanaton tonpani)

(2) Buichanu (Bisnu) offering is made as same as Ragwang

(3) Kara-Ngong offers with cock and wine into the banana funnel (no sanaton ),

(4) Napshinmei-offers with white cock and wine into the banana funnel,

(5) Chon-chai- offers a cock with either wine or water into the funnel.

(6) Charakilongmei -offers with a cock and either wine or water into the funnel,

(7) Koklou- offers with a cock and wine into the funnel,

(8) Yangkoi gwang- offers with a white cock and water into the funnel,

(9) Tingthonngampu- offers with a white cock and water into the funnel,

(10) Koklounei- offers with a cock and either wine or water into the funnel,

(11) Langmaiching- offers with a white cock and wine into the funnel,

(12) Langkon Gwang- offers with a white cock and wine into funnel,

(13) Nungcheng Pukhri- offers with a white cock and wine into the funnel,

(14) Taoling (Bambu)- offers with a cock and wine into the funnel,

(15) Joungou (Mahabali )- offers with a cock and wine into the funnel.

(16) Zerenglu (Konthoucham Lairemma) - offers with a cock and wine or water into the funnel.

(17) Pukhri Dai- offers with a cock and wine into the funnel,

(18) Makushithok-offers with cock and wine into funnel,

(19) Dimei- offers with a cock and wine into the funnel and

(20) Pa-ra offers with an egg and wine into the funnel made opposite side of the leaf and throw it to break the egg. (This Raren Roumei is based on the practice of Kakhulong).

After the distribution of cock meat to Children, Pei members and aged women, the priest declares goodness of the village in the name of Ragwang, the children respond to it. On this day a strict gennas (Neimei) is imposed to the village people not to venture out in the fields and jungle or whole night journey etc. for fear of any untoward happenings until gennas have been revoked as cleaned by the Pei Member of the Village. As per traditional belief, good and evil spirits are also present in the village during the festival; whoever encounters such spirits may fall sick; as for such reason a traditional ritual is performed at the northern gate of the village on sixth day of Gaan Ngai.

The senior pei member will declare the revocation of genna to the village. On this day Raangpat Tamcha (an offering contributed by the Banjas) is contributed by the Banjas. The offering consists of some sweet meat or eatable, salt cakes (Local name Tei-kok) and a bottle of wine, which are later distributed among them except for the Gaanchang. After this distribution, Khangchu and Luchu will distribute a token appreciation and thanks to members of the Pei Members, which is known and Raangpat Puan.

After sometime the Pei member will announce to the family member of the community to collect the holy wine, known as Marujou. Each member of the family will either sip or wipe on their jaws as a sign of acceptance. Only on this day, replacement or filling up of the vacant post of Senior Pei Members like Khunpu (Village Head) or Khullakpu (Head of the Pei Authority), which are vacant prior to Gaan Ngai Festival, are selected unanimously by the Pei Authority.

The senior most Banja will declare the appointment of person in the name of Ragwang by raising the iron hoe at village gate. Here one should know such filling up of vacant post by the pei members must have wife. Any person who has lost his wife shall give up before the next Gaan-Ngai or shall not be appointed as Khunpu or Khullakpu. Similarly, upgradation of senior most Khangbon of Khangchu to Gaanchang, which is known as Gaanchang jaikumei (or Kengjapu jaikumei), the junior member of pei authority or Gaachang to Banja are decided as well as from married women to old women, this is known as Kengjapui jaikumei or Karapei jaikumei.

For such up gradation, a formal invitation is served to them by delivering a salt cake, which is known as Kaphaan Timei. When the ritual functions of Raang Patmei and other activities are accomplished at the village gate, the Pei members and changloi proceed to Pei Kai with a Rih rai Hoi.

There at Pei kai, a Bukaomei ritual for the Village people as a whole is performed with a big fine cock. This ritual is nothing but calling the stranded souls back home. The cock meat is cooked properly and distributed to every family of the village and is small piece is nibbled by each member of the family in acceptance of the stranded soul has come again to the individual person and for good health.

SEVENTH DAY OF THE FESTIVAL: =

There is no much cultural activity on the Seventh Day of the Festival. But Puantang Nimmei is performed in the morning at the Khangchu and Luchu. This is a formal function in which the Khangbon along with Gaanpi offer some token money to the Owner of Khangchu and Luchu as a compromise form which might have caused a loss due to breakage, missing and messy to the household items during the festival.

See a Photo Gallery here

Concluded ....


* Dr. Heera Marangmei wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at heera4016(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on January 20, 2013



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Khoupum Valley Expedition #5:: Gallery
  • 36th World TB day Rally :: Gallery
  • Veteran Cricket Tournament :: Gallery
  • And thus she became a fast learner
  • Coalition Government & its periphery
  • Know your test: Uric acid
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • No compromise on territorial integrity
  • Ten meritorious students sponsored
  • Anti Corruption Cell to be set up
  • Centre, State: Put RIMS back on track
  • Minister promise on Imphal Jiribam road
  • Students for HSLC Exam :: Gallery
  • Governor Cup Polo tournament #1:: Gallery
  • Blast of Md Kora & his shadows
  • A Drunken Dream :: Poem
  • Downfall of Congress party in Manipur
  • Corruption a part and parcel in our society
  • Hangkhanlian, Radheshyam, Nemcha ...
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Lecture on TS. Eliot's contribution
  • Naga integration via FA: Game of word play
  • Almost perfect team...missing "Lok Ayukta"
  • Miss Manipur Queen 2017 #2 : Gallery
  • Yangkholet, Somatai, Mangaleima :: eMing
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #3 :: Gallery
  • Lanmei Thanbi Re-imagining the Light Spirit
  • Did we glorify the UNC highway blockade?
  • Career penchant in Anthropology
  • The formation of new BJP-led Government
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Nagas safe under Framework : NSCN-IM
  • New fish species discovered in Assam
  • Making Manipur bandh & blockade free: Guv
  • Politicking the politics
  • Photo : Governor with all Elected MLAs
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 3 activities #2 : Gallery
  • Kanchan Soibam in Femina Miss India 2017
  • RIST talk 28-Transition in amorphous solid
  • Formation of Gender Champions @RGU
  • Free spectacle distribution at Loktak Station
  • Naga history of transition stands unique
  • Delhi warn NE against shady land deals
  • Screen kids' films in NE languages
  • Looking at the pre-poll promises of BJP
  • State govt- perceptions & premonitions
  • MLAs took oath of office : Gallery
  • SundarGopal Condolence @Ghy : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabal at Pune #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang: Journalist Sports #2 :: Gallery
  • What Term of Negotiation btn GoM & UNC?
  • Class 12 marks may decide your college..
  • N. Biren led Govt won the floor test
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Job @ VK NRL Hospital at Numaligarh
  • Cycling from Jessami to Mantripukhri
  • Lifting the longest ever blockade
  • Hope amid the hesitations
  • Tenwa Chandrasakhi :: Funga wari
  • Yaoshang Day 5: Sports #2: Gallery
  • Day 3: Yaoshang activities #1 : Gallery
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #2 : Gallery
  • Drinking bottled mineral water culture
  • Condolence meeting for friend of Assam
  • Food Outlet at DM Community College
  • APFEJ urges Delhi to be respectful to media
  • TSA Ceremonial Rite to its Former SG
  • Statistics not telling the whole story
  • Kangleipak Kang Trophy #1 : Gallery
  • Day 5: Yaoshang Activities #4: Gallery
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #2 :: Gallery
  • Insurgency as reflected in Chagi Khuji
  • Yaoshang Meithaba @Uripok: Gallery
  • Women Empowerment
  • Construction as career choice
  • Condolence meeting for Sundar Gopal
  • Manipuri group to stall trains
  • Manipur State Archery Championship
  • Miss Manipur Queen 2017 #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Halankar celebration : Gallery
  • 2nd phase Polling @Nungba #2 :: Gallery
  • Art of Lamangdong's stone bowls & Toupokpi
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Loukhatpa #2: Gallery
  • Pabung Sunder Gopal funeral at Mandalay
  • Emotional integration of all communities
  • Training on Traditional Snacks
  • How to take along disparate parties
  • Yaoshang Day 5: Sports #1: Gallery
  • Meetei Pokpi :: Radio e-pao
  • Day 3: @ Bamon Leikai #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #4: Gallery
  • Letter: Manipur Public Service Commission
  • Career as Chef
  • HQ IGAR celebrates 14th Raising Day [upd]
  • N Biren sworn-in CM #1 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabal at Pune #1 :: Gallery
  • Mix Media Art exhibition #2 :: Gallery
  • Yaoshang: Journalist Sports #1 :: Gallery
  • Nongthombam Biren sworn-in CM, Mar 15
  • Glaucoma Week : March 12 - 18, 2017
  • Annual Yaoshang Thabal 2017 at Pune
  • Course in Butterfly Studies at BNHS
  • Yaoshang- with DJ @Sekmai :: Gallery
  • Kangleipak Football Trophy 2017 :: Gallery
  • Thabal chongbagi Peisa khaiba #2:: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #3: Gallery
  • Cue card for the new Chief Minister
  • International Rivers Day at Tamenglong
  • What kind of Nagaland are we moving..
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Loukhatpa #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #2: Gallery
  • Election: Counting & Winnners #2:: Gallery
  • Ending TB is going to be hard...
  • Holi Pala performance at Raj Bhavan
  • Archery Championship at Keithalmanbi
  • NPF to support non-Congress coalition
  • Workshop on filmmaking at MSFDS
  • Yaoshang Day 1: Mei Thaba #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Day 1: AMWJU Sports : Gallery
  • 2nd phase Polling @Chandel :: Gallery
  • Testing patience of Manipuris, Cong-UNC
  • Bangladesh Meetei leisabi at Sylhet
  • A Hindi tract with feminist ideals
  • Condemns decision on Sajibu Nongma
  • Churchill Brothers vs Shillong Lajong
  • Election: Counting & Winnners #1:: Gallery
  • Mamliba maikeise :: Radio e-pao
  • Saroi Khangba #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang :: A flash presntation
  • UNC in Manipur Electoral Politics #3
  • The Election Trap :: Poem
  • Mix Media Art exhibition #1 :: Gallery
  • Mountain Division Polo #2 : Gallery
  • MCA T20 Luwangpokpa Trophy :: Gallery
  • Possibility of hung House
  • BJP will form government in Manipur
  • Trade connection with Southeast Asia #2
  • Breast Cancer Conference :: Gallery
  • Saroi Khangba #2 : Gallery
  • 2nd phase Polling @Sora :: Gallery
  • Judgement regarding MCSCCE - 2016
  • 2nd phase Polling @Nungba #1 :: Gallery
  • Thabal chongbagi Peisa khaiba #1:: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #1 :: Gallery
  • Exam Centers for HSE 2017 : Download
  • 'Thammoi Tahoure' : Muslims' musical
  • International Women's Day at Delhi
  • International Women's day
  • Thoubal Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • Gita-Govinda- Dance Drama #2: Gallery
  • Women's Day: Women Safety in Train
  • All eyes on 2nd phase polls
  • Not so hard verdict, but perhaps..
  • Kabui Keioiba & Lai Khutsangbi ...
  • Rahul Gandhi @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Mountain Division Polo #1 : Gallery
  • People's Convention on FA : Gallery
  • Manipur hills as tourist destination
  • Armed Violence & Nationalism : Report
  • Saroi Khangba #1 : Gallery
  • Polling for Assembly election #2 : Gallery
  • PM Narendra Modi #3: Gallery
  • Maphou Dam :: 360 View Panorama
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #2 : Ooba
  • Laisram Birendra Kumar: PadmaShri Award
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #2: Gallery
  • Biju Ningombam (Photos) #3 :: eRang
  • Laihui @Tanglei Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #5: Wallpaper
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Wareppa Naba :: Profile of Theatre Actor
  • Meiteilon Folk & Tangkhul duet : Ooba
  • Khunung Eeshei/ Ema Emoinu #3 : Radio
  • SPONSORED ADS