Chaakan Gaan-Ngai : Festivals among the Zeliangrongs
- Part 3 -

Dr. Heera Marangmei *

Gaan Ngai Celebrations around Imphal :: 2011
Gaan Ngai Celebrations around Imphal 2011 :: Dr. Heera Marangmei


Tuna Gaan Ngai is the 3rd day festival of Chakan Gaan-Ngai, which is the festival for Girls and Boys of Kahngchu and Luchu. On this day, LaamLeng is organized by male and female folk members of the Kangchu and Luchu to the rostered families as scheduled by the Khangchu as per age seniority.

For Laam-Leng, event numbers of boys and girls are selected by the Khangbon and Gaanpi Gandai (i.e. two boys' families and two girls' families are short listed for the Laam-Leng,it is prohibited to select odd number) This Laam-Leng is a traditional dance programme to raise fund for the Khangchu. It is a customary to inaugurate the first Dance at Khangchu which is called Khangchu Kadimei and preceded to short listed family that Laam-Leng is to be performed.

And on completion of Laam Leng at the individual house, A Hoi is heralded and offer wine to Haipou Ragwang, Supreme God with the Traditional Rituals and prayer. The family donates money as we called Lam Shuan and offer some comestible like local Chutney, boiled cabbage, tea etc. After Lam-Leng is completed, last conclusion dance is performed at Luchu, this is called Luchu Kadimei. After Laam-Leng is completed, Hoitan, a long Hoi is heralded from Luchu to Khangchu.

Laam-Leng is not organized if there is honorary Dance for the Departed soul (Thei Kadimei) or Promotional Dance for Senior Male of Khangchu (Khangbon Kadimei) on the third day of Gaan-Ngai or on Tuna GaanNgai day. In case of coincidence of Khangbon Kadimei and Thei Kadimei falls together on the same day. Khangbon Kadimei shall be organized first and followed by Thei Kadimei.

In other words, Honorary Dance shall be organized for the living person of Khangbon Kadimei and followed by Honorary Dance for the Departed Soul, Thei Kadimei by the Male and female of Khangchu and Luchu. It is prohibited to carry forward to next day either for Khangbon Kadimei or Thei Kadimei. It has to be concluded on the same day in what so ever it is. If there is more than one Honorary Dance for the Khangbon Kadimei or Thei Kadimei.

The first such Dance shall begin from the seniority of age among Khangbon Kadimei and followed by the next junior or among Thei Kadimei, the same seniority is observed as Khangbon Kadimei. Honorary Dance for the Khangbon Kadimei is organized only on the request of the Family of Khangbon to the Head of Khangchu since by the end of Gaan-Ngai, he will be promoted to Gaan Chang and will work under Pei Kai (Village Authority of Custom). Same formality of seniority is observed for Thei Kadimei.

Thei Kadimei is the last communion of living and death. It is a common belief of Zeliangrong Community that the departed soul, after the previous Gaan-Ngai, does not leave the family till coming of Next Gaan-Ngai.On this day, Living and Death shares the last festivity together. The grave is kept clean and beautified on this day and tradition dishes, drinks, fruits, sweet meats are offered to the departed soul and incense sticks and candles are lighted around the grave where homage and tribute is offered.

In the afternoon hour, all the members of Khangchu and Luchu present the memorable dances and traditional customary farewell songs to the departed soul. Hence this is known as the last celebration of Living and Death. In every cultural Dance, the entire Dance troop put on his or her customary attires or costumes which look more gorgeous and unique.

When Singing of Cultural songs and Dances are ended.Traditiona Hoi is heralded. Traditional comestibles like vegetable boil, chutney, Rice Beer, wine etc are offered to Haipou Ragwang with traditional rituals by Khullakpu or Khunpu or Bhanja of Pei Authority. These comestibles are shared with the people present irrespective with dance troop, singers and the audience.

Concluding dances and heralding of Hoi are performed at Khangchu and Luchu before dispersing the dance troop. On this day, all the Pei members and elder women (Kengjapui) perform a fun like activity called Keku in Khangchu,Luchu and Peikai . Either one of the male or female members pretended to be a dead person, others members perform the death rituals.

All of a sudden, the dead person rises up from the bed and asks why everyone is crying. He said he was not dead but has gone to the House of Haipou Ragwang for His blessing for the people of the village.Keku is performed by few Kabui (Zeliangrong Villages like Chini Kon, Keishamthong etc.). The elder people collect meats and vegetables from the Khangchu and have feast.


The Fourth day of Chakaan Gaan-Ngai is known as Longkumei or Longruimei (Hill Trekking) or Ngaiba (second last day of Festival).Longkumei or Longruimei means Trekking in the Hill or Mountain top. Hill Trekking is performed by boys, girls and senior members of Khangchu and Luchu in a nearby hill or mountain.

On top of the Hill or Mountain Top, they look down to their Village and praise the Scenic beauty of the Nature. On this day, they select Phaakgwang (Kings) from the boys group and Queens from the Girls of the year, presuming that they are going to get marry. The Kings and Queens are adorned with Paknui (Specific type of grass) as headgears and other members also wear the headgears.

They display their talents like drum beating, singing folk songs, those who were the killers of enemies, show their war dance, and killer animals like tigers,bears,python wild boar show their mighty dance. Such Dances of might and Victory are known as Kabaomei. On completion such care free and joyful activities, Gakting Tam (a traditional chutney made of boiled pork pounded with ginger, onion, chlli, garlic, salts and dried and fermented fish (Ngali) and made into small round balls), wine and other comestible are shared among the members present there.

Before they leave the Hill or Mountain Top, Traditional Hoitan is heralded and there after proceeded to the village. In the evening both the Khangchu and Luchu members present a programme to the designated Two Kings and Two Queens whom they have selected. This Dance is known as Phagwang Laam. It was commonly said in the ancient time that boys and girls who were graced the Phagwang Laam in their honour were considered to be matured enough to tie the love knot.

See a Photo Gallery here

To be continued ....

* Dr. Heera Marangmei wrote this article for
The writer can be contacted at heera4016(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on January 15, 2013

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Chakkouba Fish Mela #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Tribute : Flash
  • Resolution of CEC, NPF : Oct 20
  • Concern over meeting btn China, NE ultra
  • Materialistic interpretation of Chakkouba
  • Of power and the powerful
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Chakkouba Shopping #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba : A message
  • 2 novel TB drugs move into human studies
  • Japan & its myriad culture from my eye
  • Cry of a Dying River- 5 :: Poem
  • Thanksgiving for first Naga woman pilot
  • Manipuri film nominated for APSA, Brisbane
  • NPF whip - the plain truth
  • Subterfuge & money cannot buy the law
  • Pearls of wisdom from Dalai Lama
  • Resisting Partisanship
  • Mera Men Tongba :: Gallery
  • Liberation War And Merger : Part 1
  • Diwaligi Ahingdo :: Wari
  • Exploding cyber crime in India
  • Manipur National Day- 18 October 1948
  • Greetings on Diwali & Ningol Chakkouba
  • TSA DJ Theme Song , DJ icon audition
  • Meghalaya Venue & Daywise Lineup
  • Tasked to monitor talk: Koijam-Himalay
  • Looking beyond the tough words
  • Rejoinder to deserted NPF Group Longleng
  • CM honors U-17 WC Footballers :: Gallery
  • Yinmajo, Thotchui, Daithaorei: eMing
  • I don't want to die before I am dead : Poem
  • Is the 'Fear for Qur'an' Being Traded ?
  • MUTA Series 4 : Who supports Whom?
  • What ails Manipur ?
  • Old Age pension Scheme details uploaded
  • Increased privilege for responsibility
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Seven Years Devastation: Book Review
  • Prelude to what we need to know 2!!
  • Matos bhai & our FIFA boys "bravo"
  • Trafficking vis-a-vis Domestic Work
  • An open letter to Chief Minister
  • DG Assam Rifles calls on Chief Minister
  • Nagaland press firm against intimidation
  • No Aadhaar, No Mid-day Meal stand
  • The good, the bad and the ugly
  • Footballer: U-17 World Cup :: Gallery
  • Kwak Tanba #3 :: Gallery
  • Night Plaza: Outlook of a developing Manipur
  • Biased national media
  • Agri-volatic: boosting agricultural income
  • Natural skin glow for Diwali
  • Eleven LPG refills in 4 months !
  • 'No change in territorial boundary of States'
  • MaiOn (scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Tune out within dark
  • Loktak: Storm brain before blasting barrage
  • Gojilove : Now In Manipur
  • Fighting a losing battle
  • A Poem for My Wife :: Poem
  • October 15 retrospection
  • E Sonamani: Jnangarima Manad Alankaran
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #5 :: Gallery
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #4 :: Gallery
  • Geo-politics & Skill Devlp in Act East Policy
  • Wildlife Week: Working together for wildlife
  • Letter to ATSUM (Reply to rebuttal)
  • A rebuttal to "Imprudence of ATSUM"
  • Don't sleep with minor wife ruling: Rapist
  • Awaited expectation
  • Journey of Amur falcon #2
  • Irabot Day - March Past #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha's Metta & Karuna #2
  • Hei-kak: An aquatic cash crop in Manipur
  • Flood prevention and mitigation
  • Unearthing gems: Northeast Diva 2016-17
  • Nagaland Whip issue hearing in the court
  • Film screenings on NE held in Estonia
  • Of Leikhom Leinang & Uphul Waiphul: NH-2
  • March: Mera Houchongba #2:: Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #2:: Gallery
  • Langol Tourist Watch Tower #7 :: 360 ° View
  • .. end AIDS by 2030: Are we on track ?
  • Career in Tourism - Part 2
  • Which one should precede- ILPS or ST ?
  • Comedian Audition during Night Plaza
  • Seizure of Dried Fish Grenet (Tirkiya)
  • LPG diversion: Non-local in subscribers list
  • For a little bit more
  • Pot Lannaba: Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Crowd @ World Tourism Day :: Gallery
  • Moreh PWD complex controlled by militants
  • FIFA U-17 : A milestone for NE football
  • Post submergence impacts of Mapithel dam
  • Cry of a Dying River - 4 :: Poem
  • Program on World Mental Health Day
  • Out but not down :: Needed : A strong Cong
  • Redefining 'Manipuri'
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Kh Ninthoinganba
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #3 :: Gallery
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Ruskin Bonding - VI
  • Life - A Bubble :: Poem
  • Mapung fana chathari
  • Surgical Closure of 'Hole in the Heart'
  • Inferred or in B/W? Integrity Vs integration
  • Imphal is changing but traffic a menace
  • Kwak Tanba #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thounaojam Jeakson
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #3 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week @ Dimapur:: Gallery
  • Journey towards Breaking the Shackles
  • The Man Who Saw Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Free Medical Camp at Lilong
  • From Nobap to World Cup: Magnificent 8
  • Journey of Amur falcon #1
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Nongdamba Naorem
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #2:: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #4 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17: US won but we were lauded more
  • Imprudence of ATSUM
  • Tonsuring the nature
  • March: Mera Houchongba #1:: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Dheeraj Moirangthem
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #1:: Gallery
  • Research Line : Book release Function
  • 100 Yrs Of Tangkhul Naga Football
  • Make RIMS shining
  • Another NE Youth Missing in the Capital
  • AMAND, Pune : 6th AGM / Annual Cultural
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Nungshibi : Social Networking :: Website
  • Seeking 2 years time: Too early to judge
  • Let Holy books be replaced by Constitution
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Amarjit Kiyam (Captain)
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thangjam Boris
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Wangjam Suresh
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Md Shahjahan
  • Loktak Folklore Museum- for fishing
  • Opening: Imphal Evenings :: Gallery
  • Mayanglambam Gourachandra: Awardee
  • Win the hearts if not the FIFA Cup
  • Cry of a Dying River #3 :: Poem
  • For the 8 football players of Manipur..
  • Article 342 makhada furup amana ST ki list
  • Manipur to set up land bank
  • Hosts India set to make FIFA WC debut
  • ATSUM against ST: Let the experts decide
  • A matter of concern for the future
  • Irabot Day - March Past #1 :: Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @ Hiyangthang #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Have done it again
  • Hingchabi Changba: Possessed/ Exorcism
  • Tourism as career option
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #4
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Financial assistance to heart patient
  • Four tribe apex bodies question Naga Hoho
  • NPF asks NSCN-K to shun guns
  • Panel for NE water management
  • VIPsm on the roads of Imphal
  • So far so good; criticism should be welcome
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #1 :: Gallery
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #2 :: Gallery
  • Doren: 'Theatre of the Earth' wins in Kerala
  • Solo Album Launch of Awarthanga Chiru
  • How Manipur missed internal autonomy..
  • Whispering of Heart :: Peom
  • Hiring for real estate firm @ Gurugram
  • Manipur Govtgi warol taramna ok ee, adubu
  • Make stand known on Manipur youth killing
  • Promoting night life in Imphal Night Plaza
  • Look before you lift
  • Kwak Tanba #1 :: Gallery
  • Nitya Raas, Ras Leela Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #3 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Assembly Elections 2017 #2
  • Brother :: Poem
  • Manipur State League: Table - 1st Oct
  • Defence Secy visits Manipur
  • Rajkumar clinches chess title
  • Mary Kom, Sarita in Asian Championships
  • Feeling heat from UNC : Next round of talk
  • Expanding live of Imphal: need of hour
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #1:: Gallery
  • Vanishing pottery craft & Livelihood: Chairen
  • Irabot Day Celebration at New Delhi
  • Bare-footed Nobab players becoming Pele
  • Infertility: The real issues #2
  • 3rd Sunfeast Cup football tournament
  • North East Fashion Week- Nagaland edition
  • Scheduled Tribe Demand : 1 Oct Statement
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Muslim body 'socially' boycotts Deputy CM
  • Rajkumar leads table with 7 pts
  • Cracking down on LPG hoarders ..
  • World Tourism Day- Inauguration :: Gallery
  • Hathoikim Chongloi, Gold Medal Taekwondo
  • Bor khoiramba @ Hiyangthang #1 :: Gallery
  • Research Line : Book Preview
  • Irabot Day Celebration (2017)
  • Mourns the death of Dr. Aryo Shishak
  • Manipuri World Cup footballers to get 5 lakh
  • Food Stall at Phayeng #1 :: Gallery
  • 'Maniwood' vs 'Haolywood' Football :: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #5 :: Gallery
  • Wabgai Keithel :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #4 :: Gallery
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #1 :eRang
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #6 : Ooba
  • Traditional Ritual @Khurkhul #4 :: Gallery
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Hathei Phanit @Sirarakhong :: Gallery
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kang Tournament #2 :: Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper