TODAY -

Makam Gwang Tupuni
(Makam will triumph, Makam will rule, Makam will be the King)

Benjamin Gondaimei *

79th Death Anniversary of Haipou Jadonang :: 29 August 2010
79th Death Anniversary of Haipou Jadonang on 29 August 2010 :: Pix - Rhingamlung Lamlee Kamei



Makam gwang tupuni was the slogan made by Haipou Jadonang, the vision, dream and ideology behind the slogan can be seen to some extent. Reference could be made to Zeliangrong movement which was inspired by the idea of safeguarding their land, people and unity as anti-bristish.

The movement of Zeliangrong which at first known as kacha Naga and kabui, was a counter product of British colonial rule. In 1891 the British conquered Manipur in the first Burmese war and then they compel the tribes to pay house tax direct to the govt( a tax which was never paid to the ruler of Manipur), supply free labour and provide travelling allowances in the form of cash and food for the touring officials.

Haipou Jadonang came forward to speak against the apathy of the British govt and he raised the voice freeing his tribals from the oppressive hold of the British and kuki who were both labelled by him as outsiders. He created the movement for social unity among the Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmei and Inpui and advised the people to abandon irrational social religious customs by taking them as empire.

It is also known as the Heraka cult with the object of creating Naga Raj, he organised his people and committed raid on the offices and treasuries. It is a scheme of countering the empire evading the people to conform to imperialist ways of living.

Identity: The Makam (ZLR) are the people who have distinct and unique history. Their ways of life are seen through their culture and traditions. Makam Gwang tupuni was a fight against the foreign force who tried to topple over the identity of the Makam by trying to enforce their way of life terming themselves to be of higher breed with their chauvinistic life style. The Makam also has a role to play on their soil and contribute to the world system with their distinct history that makes the world beautiful.

When the Britishers came to the land of Makam, Haipou could have already foreseen the impending danger of exploitations and endangering the identity of the people by the presence of the colonialist who wipe out the culture and traditions of the people and subjugate the people in their own interest and enforce them the foreign culture and ways of life.

Makam Gwang tupuni is a struggle for the identity and dignity of the people and humanization was the aim to let the people live a egalitarian community, peaceful existence and common wellbeing.

Socio-Economic: The Makam has a rich culture and customs in their everyday life. There is no social stratifications like the social class system that exist in the European countries. The Makam are also self satisfying and self sufficient people. The Land of the Makams has rich natural resources. Haipou having the vision for the Makams have resisted the colonialist to prevent them from exploitations of our rich resources. The resistance was to prevent the colonialist to control over the economy of the Makams.

The resistance was to throw the intruders out of the land and teach them that there is an owner over the land and owner over the resources of the land. Inspite of being rich in terms of natural resources and manpower, the Makam economic system was exploited by the British and controlled. Political and economic exploitation by the British colonial power have deprived their rightful claims.

Political: The polity of the Makams is very democratic who valued the existence of self-governance. The art and culture are part and partial the ways of life to the polity of the Makams. The colonialist came upon the Makam imposing their dominant and destructive pattern of govt who tried to subjugate the Makams. The imposition of outside rules to the Makams would have made them a second citizenship in their own land.

Haipou resisted the foreign rule with bravery fighting to safeguard his people and land against the mighty British. His resistance is a search for decentralization of power basing on socialism and communitarian existence and governance of the villages. The Naga raj movement have paved the way to Naga Nationalism with a view to creating a new nation foe the Makams independent and free. The politics of the people is about the politics of group identity and politics of resource preservation.

Religio-Cultural: The religion of the Makam still exists today, though in a modified form. In the daily life of the people there is no between what is sacred and secular for the people. The religion is well relatively knitted with the worldview they live. Religion and culture are the two sides of the same coin. The people have rich cultural heritage. Preservation of makam Culture and religion is the vision of haipou.

The imposition of the colonialist religion and worldview would destroy and wipe out the religion of the Makam leaving the people without identity. The Makams are scattered to different parts of their regions. It is a movement towards socio-cultural preservation and political unity to resist the empire.

Makam Gwang Tupuni as an Ideology of Resistance: Haipou setting up to resist the foreign domination, the Makam itself is a source of resistance who don't bow to the tyrant rule of the colonialist. The Makam are naturally free people who govern themselves for themselves in their own land. The Makams are the owner of the land they live, the protector against any intruders.

Makam Gwang Tupuni literally means; Makam will triumph, and it signifies that Makams don't tolerate on people who come to rule over them and resistance is the sole right to let their people live in freedom. The watch-word Makam Gwang Tupuni is a resistance tools used to fight the mighty British. If the British continue to rule the people, the land would have face acquit poverty. It is also a movement in solidarity with the poor which would have face marginalisation and impoverishment of the Makams.

It is a movement to liberate from personal and social sin, a fight for a new society an alternative society to capitalism. The Makam Gwang tupuni is not an Utopian dream but should be realized here and now. It is now our sole responsibility to carry through the dream of Haipou to greater meaning. Makam Gwang tupuni cannot be reduced to mere meanings, but Haipou could have seen and dream the slogan into a wholistic approach where every Makam land and people should be free from exploitation and subjugation.

The dream of self-rule and transformation of the people to greater height, peace and justice prevails among us. The victory slogan of Haipou should carry us to widen our approaches meeting the needs of our people. A land free from corruption, killing among us, a society built on truth, justice, love, brotherhood, equality and unity and that's where we will sing the victory song.


* Benjamin Gondaimei wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at bgondaimei(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on February 20, 2013



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Landscape of Dzukou Valley #4 : Gallery
  • Sharmila Debate : The Missing Link
  • Ahingi Liklana Mangbagum :: Review
  • The science of human emotions
  • For Indian women's hockey team, Rio
  • Meitei meets Madrasi ! #1
  • Sharmila agitation (From 2006) :: Timeline
  • Words for Yours Eyes Only :: Poem
  • Rongmei recognition issue revived
  • Assurance on Moreh rail link
  • Problem of 1949 Annexation of Manipur #1
  • JE vaccination @CCpur : Gallery
  • ILP: Students/Police [Jul 26] #1 : Gallery
  • Nature and Modern Life science
  • Telescope provided to Ronaldo Laishram
  • US interest in linking NE to SE Asia
  • Obstacles in conservation of biodiversity #2
  • Buddhism differs from other religions #6
  • World Day Against Trafficking in Persons
  • Anti-interests of the local people
  • Kangujam Chinglensana : Olympics Dream
  • ILP: Students/Police [Jul 27] #1 : Gallery
  • Romi Meitei: 1st prize at Brahmaputra Film
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) :: Timeline
  • Integrated TB-HIV responses are a must
  • Manipur Education Policy #3
  • Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival : Gallery
  • 4th Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival starts
  • Brahmaputra Foundation launched
  • India asks Myanmar to act against NSCN (K)
  • Groups start to gather data on fake killings
  • From fibbing to omitting names
  • Discounting lives
  • Tangkhul War Dance :: Ooba Video
  • Visit to Ayutthaya, Thailand #1: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai to represent India at Rio
  • Lilong: Food Basket (with a hole) of Manipur
  • By the way, I am not for Sale !
  • The Killing Fields 2016 :: News Timeline
  • Will Irom Sharmila join BJP?
  • BJP Doesn't Care About Racism
  • Irom Sharmila's epic fast to be remembered
  • Assam Rifles celebrates Vijay Diwas
  • Draft of Manipur bill almost finished: CM
  • Zeliangrong bodies ask IM to stop logging
  • NESO lambasts Delhi on plight
  • Sharmila toyed with party ties
  • Time to stop creating the vacuum
  • The second coming
  • Irom Sharmila @CJM Court, Imphal: Gallery
  • ILP: Hunger strike @Singjamei: Gallery
  • Children In Agitations: gift of ailing system
  • Environment Calls For Water Conservation
  • Medical Negligence and Rise of Mob Rule
  • Don't ignore chest pain
  • 8 Rio-bound athletes from NE India
  • Sustainable Eco-Tourism in Mizoram
  • Welcome Move By Irom Sharmila
  • Sharmila's fight takes a new course
  • Army firm on AFSPA in disturbed areas
  • Giving up fast but not stand against AFSPA
  • Future perfect
  • Phiyowon blooms @Ukhrul #2: Gallery
  • Irom Sharmila to end Fast on Aug 9
  • TG Students [Jul 22] #2: Gallery
  • Joydev Chongba @Kang : Gallery
  • Conceptualising Chak-Hao (black rice)
  • You are 14, what next?
  • Ethnic Groups in politicization of Ethnicity #2
  • RTI climax & empowered citizens
  • Job openings at SKY Hospital
  • Looking back at last 15 or more years
  • Tabletop tourism
  • Non-local labourers @Sekmai #1: Gallery
  • ILP : TG students protest #2 : Gallery
  • Games and sports of the Zeliangrongs #2
  • Dialogue: Protection of Indigenous People
  • Self-stigma: Let us do more than just talk
  • NSCN-IM statement on integration
  • Manipur soldier in missing IAF plane
  • Lauding DESAM stand: PIL against bandhs
  • Kabow Valley : Gallery
  • Ajoliu, Thanreiphy :: eMing
  • Uchek Langmeidong -children theatre
  • Bihar's prodigal science & Manipur's MPSC
  • Seed Bank for conserving crop diversity
  • Jiribam Wallpaper #9 : Download
  • July 23
  • Makeover of storytelling
  • Women rescued from sex ring
  • TG Students [Jul 22] #1: Gallery
  • Dedicated to all Heavy Metal lovers
  • JCILPS Women Volunteers [Jul 20]: Gallery
  • How many racial attacks against NE people
  • Cannot eliminate TB if we leave children
  • IBSD wins Intl Award for Development
  • Population Day: Investing in teenage girls
  • Time for more people to people contact
  • Bewildered Manipur police cyber cell
  • Homage to Khundrakpam Opendra: Gallery
  • Yangnu Golmei : Kala Akademi Award
  • BWF: Boon for the North East Region
  • Kanglen Kang Chingba #2: Gallery
  • EEVFAM Appeals to all victim families
  • The Beginning of the End : Poem
  • PII-ICRC Annual Press Awards 2016
  • Mary- won't be a poor performer in RS
  • Team effort earned us silverware: Chaoba
  • Arbitration Award on South China Sea
  • 1st batch NE youths join Delhi Police as SIs
  • Outcry on power hub at school
  • Don Bosco Maram : Par excellence
  • Does news amounts to contempt of court?
  • Laishram Bombayla : Rio Olympics
  • Archived News Photo #3 :: May - July 2016
  • Boat rally at Loktak lake #2: Gallery
  • Introspection: A Blog on Manipur
  • Government plans to set up 22 ITIs in NE
  • Woman alleges 'racial discrimination'
  • Govt to Publish Constitution in Manipuri
  • Can we eradicate Congress grass from NE
  • Career option in Sociology
  • Cycles of violence and revenge must end
  • Reg. Press Release issued by HSA, CCpur
  • Feeding false information to SC
  • The neglected sector
  • ILP : TG students protest #1 : Gallery
  • Thadou Freshers Meet @ Blore : Gallery
  • From Manipur, with love
  • 26 banks, 178 branches & 293 ATMs
  • Climate Change Adds To Poverty #1
  • Count the people at HIV risk right
  • Repeated atrocities on 'Enghish'
  • On Rio Olympic Games
  • Neck deep in too many issues
  • Blowing the gaff on greed
  • JCILPS: non-local labourers: Gallery
  • 25th Annual NAMA Convention Report 2016
  • NEROCA FC practising : Gallery
  • Finding A Moniker For Monica!
  • Nigerian, 2 Women Held For Fraud In Delhi
  • Delhi Dynamos sign Manipur's Milan, Soram
  • Multiple Reqts @ Cobigent Technologies
  • Freshers Meet: Thadou Students at BLR
  • Landing in yet another controversy : MPSC
  • Delivery issues
  • Phiyowon blooms @Ukhrul #1: Gallery
  • Joydeva Chongba @Kang Fest: Gallery
  • Tamu, window to Myanmar
  • 2nd Imphal National Print Salon 2016
  • Rina Arambam - Singer #2 :: eRang
  • 9 April :: Movie Review
  • Imphal-Jiribam Highway condition : Gallery
  • ILP : Meira Katpa for Robinhood #2: Gallery
  • Consumption Of Dog Meat
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #2 : Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks : News Timeline
  • Kang Khichri chaba : Gallery
  • 9th Pineapple Festival : Gallery
  • Khubak Eshei @Kang Fest: Gallery
  • ILP Demand - Photos from 2012 :: Gallery
  • It is Kakching Town's Duck Egg
  • Th. Manorama Death Anniv : Gallery
  • Blood Donation Camp @Pune : Gallery
  • Career at Marine World
  • UPSTART: NE Startup Fest: Nominations
  • ILP : Meira Katpa for Robinhood #1: Gallery
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Kang Chingba in Imphal: Gallery
  • Soyam Sweety (Actress Photos) :: eRang
  • NE Thadou Trophy : Gallery
  • Kang Chingba by ISKCON: Gallery
  • ILP : Robinhood Death Anniv: Gallery
  • SC judgement on fake encounters
  • RIST Popular Talk -20 : Cosmic rays
  • Dzuko valley #1 :: 360° Panorama
  • Kang Chingba @ Moreh/Tamu : Gallery
  • Isak Swu Funeral at Hebron #2: Gallery
  • Haorongbam Maipaksana - Profile : eRang
  • Fish sourced from Loktak Lake: Gallery
  • Traditional House of Poumai : Gallery
  • Eikhoi Pabunggi (Scenes) #2 :: eRang
  • Great June Uprising #4: Gallery
  • Khoupum Khouduang (Water fall) : Gallery
  • Singda Dam :: 360° Panorama
  • Ha Long Bay Vietnam #2 : Gallery
  • Aspects of Meetei Yumjao : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • ILP: Water Cannon to Students #1: Gallery
  • Manipur Phone Directory :: e-pao Tools
  • Download :: PMP Bill 2015
  • Download :: MLR&LR Bill 2015
  • Download :: MSE Bill 2015
  • SPONSORED ADS