TODAY -

Makam Gwang Tupuni
(Makam will triumph, Makam will rule, Makam will be the King)

Benjamin Gondaimei *

79th Death Anniversary of Haipou Jadonang :: 29 August 2010
79th Death Anniversary of Haipou Jadonang on 29 August 2010 :: Pix - Rhingamlung Lamlee Kamei



Makam gwang tupuni was the slogan made by Haipou Jadonang, the vision, dream and ideology behind the slogan can be seen to some extent. Reference could be made to Zeliangrong movement which was inspired by the idea of safeguarding their land, people and unity as anti-bristish.

The movement of Zeliangrong which at first known as kacha Naga and kabui, was a counter product of British colonial rule. In 1891 the British conquered Manipur in the first Burmese war and then they compel the tribes to pay house tax direct to the govt( a tax which was never paid to the ruler of Manipur), supply free labour and provide travelling allowances in the form of cash and food for the touring officials.

Haipou Jadonang came forward to speak against the apathy of the British govt and he raised the voice freeing his tribals from the oppressive hold of the British and kuki who were both labelled by him as outsiders. He created the movement for social unity among the Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmei and Inpui and advised the people to abandon irrational social religious customs by taking them as empire.

It is also known as the Heraka cult with the object of creating Naga Raj, he organised his people and committed raid on the offices and treasuries. It is a scheme of countering the empire evading the people to conform to imperialist ways of living.

Identity: The Makam (ZLR) are the people who have distinct and unique history. Their ways of life are seen through their culture and traditions. Makam Gwang tupuni was a fight against the foreign force who tried to topple over the identity of the Makam by trying to enforce their way of life terming themselves to be of higher breed with their chauvinistic life style. The Makam also has a role to play on their soil and contribute to the world system with their distinct history that makes the world beautiful.

When the Britishers came to the land of Makam, Haipou could have already foreseen the impending danger of exploitations and endangering the identity of the people by the presence of the colonialist who wipe out the culture and traditions of the people and subjugate the people in their own interest and enforce them the foreign culture and ways of life.

Makam Gwang tupuni is a struggle for the identity and dignity of the people and humanization was the aim to let the people live a egalitarian community, peaceful existence and common wellbeing.

Socio-Economic: The Makam has a rich culture and customs in their everyday life. There is no social stratifications like the social class system that exist in the European countries. The Makam are also self satisfying and self sufficient people. The Land of the Makams has rich natural resources. Haipou having the vision for the Makams have resisted the colonialist to prevent them from exploitations of our rich resources. The resistance was to prevent the colonialist to control over the economy of the Makams.

The resistance was to throw the intruders out of the land and teach them that there is an owner over the land and owner over the resources of the land. Inspite of being rich in terms of natural resources and manpower, the Makam economic system was exploited by the British and controlled. Political and economic exploitation by the British colonial power have deprived their rightful claims.

Political: The polity of the Makams is very democratic who valued the existence of self-governance. The art and culture are part and partial the ways of life to the polity of the Makams. The colonialist came upon the Makam imposing their dominant and destructive pattern of govt who tried to subjugate the Makams. The imposition of outside rules to the Makams would have made them a second citizenship in their own land.

Haipou resisted the foreign rule with bravery fighting to safeguard his people and land against the mighty British. His resistance is a search for decentralization of power basing on socialism and communitarian existence and governance of the villages. The Naga raj movement have paved the way to Naga Nationalism with a view to creating a new nation foe the Makams independent and free. The politics of the people is about the politics of group identity and politics of resource preservation.

Religio-Cultural: The religion of the Makam still exists today, though in a modified form. In the daily life of the people there is no between what is sacred and secular for the people. The religion is well relatively knitted with the worldview they live. Religion and culture are the two sides of the same coin. The people have rich cultural heritage. Preservation of makam Culture and religion is the vision of haipou.

The imposition of the colonialist religion and worldview would destroy and wipe out the religion of the Makam leaving the people without identity. The Makams are scattered to different parts of their regions. It is a movement towards socio-cultural preservation and political unity to resist the empire.

Makam Gwang Tupuni as an Ideology of Resistance: Haipou setting up to resist the foreign domination, the Makam itself is a source of resistance who don't bow to the tyrant rule of the colonialist. The Makam are naturally free people who govern themselves for themselves in their own land. The Makams are the owner of the land they live, the protector against any intruders.

Makam Gwang Tupuni literally means; Makam will triumph, and it signifies that Makams don't tolerate on people who come to rule over them and resistance is the sole right to let their people live in freedom. The watch-word Makam Gwang Tupuni is a resistance tools used to fight the mighty British. If the British continue to rule the people, the land would have face acquit poverty. It is also a movement in solidarity with the poor which would have face marginalisation and impoverishment of the Makams.

It is a movement to liberate from personal and social sin, a fight for a new society an alternative society to capitalism. The Makam Gwang tupuni is not an Utopian dream but should be realized here and now. It is now our sole responsibility to carry through the dream of Haipou to greater meaning. Makam Gwang tupuni cannot be reduced to mere meanings, but Haipou could have seen and dream the slogan into a wholistic approach where every Makam land and people should be free from exploitation and subjugation.

The dream of self-rule and transformation of the people to greater height, peace and justice prevails among us. The victory slogan of Haipou should carry us to widen our approaches meeting the needs of our people. A land free from corruption, killing among us, a society built on truth, justice, love, brotherhood, equality and unity and that's where we will sing the victory song.


* Benjamin Gondaimei wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at bgondaimei(at)gmail(dot)com
This article was posted on February 20, 2013



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Final Match :Women's Polo #1 : Gallery
  • Kachai Lemon Festival : Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Sangaiprou: Gallery
  • Press Statement of former UNC President
  • Manipur: A time for Positive Bargaining
  • AFSPA: In comparative perspective
  • Victims of anti-ILPS bills to be buried
  • Election Code : Ballot paper - photo
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Kachai Lemon Festival 2017 held
  • Playing blockade politics ahead of polls
  • Keibul Lamjao- Drama Fest #1: Gallery
  • Anti-economic blockade protest: Gallery
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Becoming a rights defender
  • Grave situation for people of Manipur
  • Kaladan: A sea gate for India's NE!
  • What meaning is there to life from Buddha
  • 45th Manipur Statehood Day
  • Kakching Lamkhai :: 360 View Panorama
  • Leiteng Changdamnaba: Gallery
  • Letter to PM Modi on UNC Blockade
  • Chakaan Gaan-Ngai, Zeliangrong fest #1
  • Election Code: Short Film Competition
  • The casuality of tie with suit
  • The Naked Reality :: Poem
  • Jobs at Ascend Institute, Lambulane
  • Students Admission in private school
  • Civil Engineer to be stationed in Manipur
  • Training & Rehearsal Programme on EVM
  • NE has potential to push medical systems
  • Film to be screened at Berlin film fest
  • The hopeless future
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #3 : Gallery
  • Neroca FC kit distribution : Gallery
  • Gita-Govinda : Synopsis of Play
  • BJP vs Congress: Setting the right agenda
  • The Northeast migrants in Delhi #1
  • Economic blockade : Why it matters?
  • Intensifying Global Crisis & Conflict #3
  • EVM / VVPAT familiarization Campaign
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Inadvertently strengthening Cong : Election
  • Timely action
  • USPA Vs Manipur : Women's Polo #1: Gallery
  • Combing operation @Thangal Bazar: Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @ Namguilong #2: Gallery
  • Atonna, Chanaphul, Morungkham :: eMing
  • Kabuliwallah : Synopsis of Play
  • On MCSCCE-2016 : Open letter to MPSC
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • The Fruit :: Poem
  • Zeliang asked to step in
  • Ensuring Nagaland State Diversity Policy
  • Director of Education(S) : admission norms
  • Election Code : Facilities for Observers
  • Issuing invite to UNC for talks
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1: Gallery
  • Keibul Lamjao - Play synopsis
  • This Way, That way or Highway
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #3
  • Bandhs and blockades of Manipur
  • A Boat on the River :: Poem
  • RIST talk 25: Dynamics of Deep Eutectics
  • Election Model Code : Requisition of Staff
  • General Body Meeting of CADA
  • Germany hosts 35 soccer players
  • LDFM likely to play key role
  • Time to make AFSPA a poll issue
  • Politics in Manipur
  • Meiteilon Folk & Tangkhul duet : Ooba
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3: Gallery
  • How to be unique among private schools
  • The measuring Tape :: Poem
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #4
  • HSE examination Schedule 2017
  • HSLC examination Schedule 2017
  • Election Code : Use of school Grounds
  • Public hearing on Child Rights- Postphoned
  • TSA DJ Celebration Committee Formed
  • Lecture : Democratic Transition in Burma
  • Mary Kom- needs to tackle insurgency
  • Group seeks global support
  • Not the time to pass the buck
  • Lamkhunu Na Chakkouba :: Funga Wari
  • Gaan Ngai @Moirangkhom #1: Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Ragailong #2: Gallery
  • Ever smiling Prof Gangmumei
  • Buddhism and politics #2
  • Election Model Code : Use of Loudspeakers
  • Election Model Code : Govt. Scheme
  • Interaction of President Of India
  • Mohammedan signs Reisangmei Vashum
  • Rs. 6.95 lakh cash in new notes seized
  • Dos and don'ts for the media
  • Sanamanbi Sanarei :: eRang Classic
  • Angkor Wat @Cambodia #3: Gallery
  • Kappu Ema Kapsi Penna Ngasidi : Poem
  • ESC for PG Course, MU- abnormal case
  • The old mental baggage
  • Buddhist connection of Hajo in Assam
  • Sadar Hills District Demand :: Articles
  • Women Support Centre launched in Delhi
  • Power of the commoners
  • Gaan Ngai @ Namguilong #1: Gallery
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #2: Gallery
  • Jangled all the way with Jiangam
  • 2nd Statehood Women Polo Tournament
  • Polo tour to protect rare breed of pony
  • What do Nagas think about Nagas?
  • RIST talk 24: Cosmological Observations
  • Appointment of Director of IGNTU-RCM
  • Alleged Torture of Gaidon Kamei
  • Non-indigenous Nagas filing nominations
  • Key issues missing in run up to polls
  • Assumption but it is possible
  • Lamlong Keithel #5 : Gallery
  • Sonia Nepram bags Young Achiever Award
  • Human Rights in India: UN periodic review III
  • Indian NGOs slam India's human rights
  • God Loves You All The More :: Poem
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #2
  • Summary Of Electoral Rolls Released
  • Jobs Opening @ Virgo Enterprise
  • Jobs Opening @ Taibang Sintha
  • Questioning the silence of Delhi
  • Political pandemonium: opportunity ...
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Puthiba Haraoba @Tripura : Gallery
  • Prof Irabanta in the galaxy of Aerobiologist
  • The Naga question
  • Judicious Selection Of Candidates
  • Your financial health
  • Youth Street News 2017 Calendar released
  • Thang-ta fights for recognition
  • Incomplete idea of India as a Nation
  • Unfulfilled promises Who should be blamed
  • Gaan Ngai @ Ragailong #1: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #1
  • Milk hygiene practice in India
  • Goa International Youth Football Fest
  • 4th WIM Cup 2016 at Goa
  • Pulling up sleeves before election
  • The public: more than mere numbers
  • Reinterpreting Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1920
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Fest :: Flash
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Festival :: Articles
  • Blockade and bandh bonanzas
  • Tangkhul Welfare Society Mumbai - Stmt
  • Model Code of Conduct: Discretionary Fund
  • Binalakshmi Nepram meets Thant Myint-U
  • From goods trucks to passenger buses
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1: Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • All about Gaan-Ngai : Gangmumei Kamei
  • Follow The Code And Go To Vote :: Poem
  • State level Manipuri Pony Show
  • Model Code of Conduct : Republic Day
  • Verdict of the Court says guilty
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #1 : Gallery
  • Manipur Press Club day : Gallery
  • Prof. Gangmumei Kamei: Personal Tribute
  • Thought on current situation in Manipur
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #1
  • My New Year :: Poem
  • Transformation of govt into governance #3
  • Painting Competition - Voters Day
  • Requisites for a fresh start
  • Prof Gangmumei Kamei Funeral: Gallery
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #1
  • Clean Rolls For Fair Poll : Poem
  • Every day is a New Year's day
  • Foundation Day of Manipur Press Club
  • PG Course in Plastic Surgery at Shija
  • Election Expenditure monitoring measure
  • Board for issue of Disability Certificate
  • ILP System Demand- Photos from 2012
  • Workshop on Digital Payment Systems
  • Priyanka Rajkumari #2 (Photos) :: eRang
  • Khunung Eeshei/ Ema Emoinu #3 : Radio
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • Daylight Robbery In Manipur
  • Ibobi lost control over his own creation
  • NABH certifies Shija Hospitals
  • CEO Notice on Poll Model Code of Conduct
  • Promotion of payment through Digital mean
  • Condolence for Prof Gangumei Kamei
  • Recalling the Oja in Prof Kamei
  • When election subsides major issues
  • Pana Polo Exhibition #2: Gallery
  • Assembly Election : Poll Schedule
  • Who says there is no hope for Manipur
  • New Year message for 2017
  • Shillong Lajong FC : Complete Team List
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • New Year picnic @Singda : Gallery
  • Diana Khumanthem- IAS candidate: Gallery
  • UNC prez judicial custody [Jan 2]: Gallery
  • 'Goals for Girls' USA visited Andro Team
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #1: Gallery
  • Online 2017 Manipuri Calendar :: Tools
  • A brand new year! :: Poem
  • Featured Front Page Photo for 2016 #6
  • New Year 2017 eve -Shopping: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2017 : Download
  • Maphou Dam @ Mapithel Hills : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2016 #4 : Gallery
  • Ethoi Oinam - Actress Profile :: eRang
  • Moirangthem Rajen : Akademi Award
  • Landscape of Manipur #3: Wallpaper
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #2 : Gallery
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #1 : Gallery
  • Police personnel ambushed : Gallery
  • Honour to police killed : Gallery
  • Imas from Nupi Lan: Gallery
  • Manipur Phone Directory :: e-pao Tools
  • SPONSORED ADS