TODAY -

A Historical Perspective of Zeliangrong Settlement at Heibok Hills, Imphal West
- Part 2 -

Budha Kamei *

State level Gaan-Ngai 2014 at Keikhu, Kabui Village :: January 13, 2014
State level Gaan-Ngai 2014 at Keikhu, Kabui Village in January 2014 :: Pix - Ashok Ningthoujam



According to Meitei Ningthourol, Bhagyachandra by disguising as Hao (Zeliangrong) who alone came back from Ahom and organized all the Khullakpas of Zeliangrong villages inhabiting near the Tongjei Maril road to help him when he returned with the forces of Ahom to liberate his motherland from the Burmese forces. Later, Khellemba was murdered brutally by the emissaries of Bhagyachandra at the Lousee Lake.

Even today, there are relics left by Bhagyachandra in the Rongmei villages: at Awangkhul (Longchum), there is a stone slab with Hanuman image along with ineligible inscription, Nungnang (Lungrang)- there are stone bounders where he spent his days, and at Khebuching (Puching) he performed the Khousaba, spear fighting and vowed to liberate his motherland. He left his weapons at Akhui which were presented by the Akhui people to the Maharaja Churachand Singh in the twentieth century. He and many royal princes spent times at Wairangba and Tamenglong village. Construction of Tekhao road which is connected with Ahom (Assam) is an evidence of friendship and co-operation between the Meiteis and Zeliangrong because the said road runs through the Zeliangrong land without any hindrance from the side of the later.

In 1770 C.E, Manipur was invaded by the Burmese under King Hsinbyushin. Chingthangkhomba was again driven out and he fled to Cachar. J. Roy says, no sooner had the Burmese withdrawn than Chingthangkhomba along with the forces of Ahom re-entered Manipur. Under his efficient rule prosperity gradually returned to the country. In absence of Chingthangkhomba, Manipur was ruled by Erengba/Kukilananda Erengba, a scion of the royal family who was set up by the Burmese submitted after feeble resistance at Langathen. R. Brown writes, on hearing the news of coming of Chingthangkhomba along with Ahom forces, Eringba immediately handed over the throne to him without objection.

With the instigation of Manshenba, the son of slain chief of Moirang, Khellemba, the Burmese invaded Manipur again in the year 1772 C.E. Bhagyachandra again fled to Ahom through Cachar on the 2nd day of Phairen (February). The Burmese forces left Manipur soon after installing a puppet King called Pukhrambam Binodram whose capital was at Wangkhei. In the year 1775 C.E, Bhagyachandra along with his hill supporters mostly Zeliangrongs marched into Manipur but without a single battle he became king again because Binodram already left Manipur on hearing the news of coming of Bhagyachandra.

In the same year (1775 C.E), Bhagyachandra established his capital at Lamangdong on the day of Saturday, 19th day of Phairen (February). In spite of his religious orthodoxy, the Kabui settlers in the valley were living peacefully without having interference from his administration.

Cheitharol Kumbaba records, a severe flood devastated the valley on the day of Saturday, 12th day of Kalen (May), 1775 C.E. The shrine of Akoijam was collapsed and many houses were flown away up to the Loktak Lake. People took shelter on roof of their houses. A large number of people died and famine followed. According to Meitei Ningthourol, it was during the reign of Binodram, the valley was submerged with water after three days continuous rain (9 -11) that happened on the day of Saturday, 12th day of Kalen(May), 1775 C.E. The whole valley area was looked like a lake. All roads were underwater and People took shelter on the nearby hills.

Since there is no written record, oral tradition of the village is the only source of the past history of the Rongmei villages of Heibokching. "History to the Zeliangrong people is the oral tradition which handed down from one generation to another (father to son)." This flood is still talked about among the elders of Langthabal Khoupum, Langthabal Chingkha (Namkaolong) and Langthabal Chingthak (Lubanglong) villages as oral tradition. The oral tradition tells that due to severe flood of Wangkhei Duidai (Ichao), the villagers of Langthabal Meitei came on the Heibok Hills and took shelter in the Rongmei villages until the flood water drained away from the valley. This flood is locally known as Wangkhei Hagtakki Ichao, because Manipur was under the rule of Binodram of Wangkhei.

According to Cheitharol Kumbaba, the royal chronicle of Manipur, on the day of Wednesday, 17th day of Kalen(May), 1778 C.E, the country went dark. It rained with dust particle. In connection with the gloomy incident, the oral tradition of the village tells that as usual the womenfolk went to collect firewood at the Heibok Hills. While collecting the firewood, suddenly, it went dark, nothing could be seen; seeing this occurrence, they hurriedly ran towards their respective villages.

After the dark event, the Chronicle further states that on the day of Monday, 7th day of Enga (June), 1778 C.E, an image of Sanamahi God was erected and on the same day, Kangjei game (hockey) for the Kabui settlers in the valley was organized. This historical sport event is also mentioned in the oral tradition that the three villages jointly as a team participated in the said Kangjei game organized by the king of Manipur.

The said Kangjei game refers to the traditional Meitei Mukna-Kangjei, meaning wrestling-cum-hockey, is an outdoor game. It is popularly known as Khong-Kangjei or Kangjei and played on a field by two teams of seven players each, with curve cane sticks and a small hard ball in the style of Mukna (wrestling). The valley Kabui tribals also enjoyed Mukna-Kangjei in early times. And in the year 1779, C.E he shifted his capital to Langthabal from Lamangdong.

It is now proved that the migrant Rongmei people mostly from Western hills had settled down at the Heibok Hills before the above historical events. According to Gangmumei Kamei, it was during the reign of Bhagyachandra many Zeliangrong people engaged in his war against the Burmese to drive out from the soil of Manipur in 18th century. Many Zeliangrongs who came to know the Maharaja came down to the valley and started such migrant villages of Langthabal and Khoupum in the Heibok Hills. The settlers of Khoupum were mostly migrated from Chingkhoupum in south Tamenglong.

To conclude, the present Rongmei villages, namely Langthabal Khoupum and Langthabal Chingthak (Lubanglong) did come into existence at the Heibok Hills during the reign of Bhagyachandra (1759-1762, 1763-1798) in 18th century on the basis of available historical records, and evidences supplemented by oral traditions of the village. However, the villages were not founded in the same year. Honbung Longmei, and Meikachun Kamson were the first Khullakpas of Langthabal Khoupum and Lubanglong respectively.

The total population of Langthabal Khoupum (seven hundred fifty) and Lubanglong (five hundred) is one thousand two hundred and fifty only. One may ask why the population is not large after many centuries of their settlement at the Heibokching. In the past many villagers were killed by epidemic like cholera, small pox etc. as they did not know the use of prophylactic medicine.

In addition some left the village in search of livelihood. The Rongmeis were allowed to settle at Heibok Hills; so it is their responsibility to protect the Heibokching. "There is a tribal village, beyond it lies forests." For the tribals, forest is their life. They love and protect the forests.

Concluded



* Budha Kamei wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on September 11, 2014.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lam Thokpa #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 July : Govt of Manipur
  • The untold story, lest it be/is forgotten #2
  • Discussion : Uses of medicinal plants of NER
  • Army Recruitment Rally for Manipur
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Spiritual aphelion
  • Celtel & the Mobile Revolution in Africa
  • Spot assessment must to reap fruit of project
  • The other tale of Marangching disaster
  • Environmental Activist Anish Ahmed
  • COVID-19 Status 04 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Maranging: Deceased/Injured/Missing [4 Jul]
  • Integrated farming system
  • GST on horse trading and racing
  • Significance of International Day of Yoga
  • Maranging: Deceased/Injured/Missing [3 Jul]
  • BJP's promise for issue-less NE by 2024
  • Spike in daily new cases
  • Kang Chingba at Konung #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Appeal to Treat Myanmar Citizens Humanely
  • Search operations continue at Tupul [Jul 3]
  • Why not a New Imphal City ?
  • Lord Jagannath - the legend about His form
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Positive cases rise amid public complacency
  • Search, body count continue
  • Landslide at Tupul [Jun 30] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Maranging : Deceased/Injured/Missing [2 Jul]
  • Search operations continue at Tupul [Jul 2]
  • International Plastic Bag Free Day 2022
  • Women rights, West takes a backward step
  • Adverse impact of climate change is real
  • Kang Chingba at Konung #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Search operations continue at Tupul [Jul 1]
  • Teaching at Mt Everest College, Senapati
  • Blood Donation Camp at Manipur University
  • North East CSR Award 2022
  • Skin problems that arise during monsoons
  • Right recipe for more natural disasters
  • It is a disaster not seen earlier here
  • Landslide at Tupul [Jun 30] #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Kang Chingba (Rath-yatra) :: Book
  • Search operations continue at Tupul Station
  • Call for prototype funding under Nidhi Prayas
  • A brief recap of the Jagannath Temple
  • Fund flow, official diligence for Vision 2047
  • After a lull of more than 60 days
  • 21st Great June Uprising #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 June : Govt of Manipur
  • July Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Chance Meeting with Chakhesang air hostess
  • Intensive vegetable rice rotation
  • Prolonged sitting or standing spoils your leg
  • Infiltration on amid haggling on ILP base year
  • Rounding up Myanmarese : Reality Bites
  • Top 3 Museums in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 28 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Opening a new door : A Closure
  • 100 Trees Planted in memory of Dr Kishan
  • Serendipity :: Poem
  • The Agnipath Yojana : Deify or demonise ?
  • On Govt's move to carry out delimitation
  • Fertiliser : Govt assures, farmers unsatisfied
  • More than putting vehicle into motion
  • ILP Check point at Jiri : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The untold story, lest it be forgotten
  • Assistance to victims of Assam Flood
  • A glimpse of 'Yangna Paikhredako Punshi'
  • Market innovations in developing country
  • Anti-drug day expose state pathetic situation
  • The wedge amongst the Nagas
  • Coming of Manipur University in 1980
  • COVID-19 Status 26 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Laitonjam Lanchenba: Best Swimmer
  • Our capital Imphal - the city of sanity
  • Workshop : ND & PS Act, 1985
  • Mara Prabhu - Lord of the trees
  • Essence of international anti-drug day
  • July 1 : Taking the fight to plastic
  • Miss Shirui Lily 2022 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Flesh Trade : Connection between Goa & NE
  • Importance of Soil Testing & Management
  • ST status Vs Classical language for Meetei
  • Life, faith and belief
  • MANISFA General Secretary appointed
  • Flood Watch : 23rd June #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Community led in ensuring HIV treatment
  • Approach to ideology & development
  • Solar Energy solution for healthcare facility
  • Yoga for health, beauty and immunity
  • Innovation Prize Launched for Designers
  • Knotty higher education sector
  • Classical language status and ST demand
  • Flood Watch : 23rd June #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Birds and Bees Talk launched 3rd phase
  • Luck matters, Rio's first entry into cabinet...
  • Need to deal with dumping of waste materials
  • Training on mushroom at Nagamapal
  • 1961 as base year: Take it or leave it
  • 10 years too late : JCILPS
  • Phamnaiba Jagoi @ Thangjing : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Women's cleanliness enjoys equal rights...
  • Life in some hill villages
  • The MCI Restoration II
  • 'BRO Cafes' on 75 border roads
  • Protest over boundary row headache for Govt
  • Issues on the indigenous question
  • Drug Menace In Manipur : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 June : Govt of Manipur
  • ST tag for Meiteis - A perspective!
  • Manipur State Welfare : Politics 1-0 Citizens
  • International Yoga Day at Assam Rifles
  • International Yoga Day at IBSD Imphal
  • International Yoga Day at NSU Imphal
  • Manipur Lokyukta: Fighting against corruption
  • Vision to distribute local rice under NFSA...
  • Taking the fight to the drug menace
  • Landslides - Imphal-Jiri [Jun 17] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Thangjing in folklore of Koireng tribe
  • Health Workshop on Diabetes at Pune
  • Everyone is a thief :: Poem
  • E- barton for CM & Governor
  • Intensive cultivation of vegetables
  • High time to encourage e-vehicle operators
  • Scripting success story with Rs 500
  • Leima Jagoi by Transgender #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 June : Govt of Manipur
  • June 19 2022 : Father's Day message
  • Nine Hills One Valley : Ottawa Film Fest
  • Shirui Lily Festival or mud festival ?
  • Yoga for Women organised
  • Flight link to Mandalay dream come true
  • Action of Govt needs to be backed
  • 21st Great June Uprising #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The Great June 18 Uprising :: News Timeline
  • Revive environmentalism in Meetei ethos
  • COVID-19 Status 17 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Elephant army of Lord Guruvayurappan
  • Who will be next at Rashtrapati Bhawan
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • Freedom movement against British #2
  • Inequity and health security
  • Donating blood is an act of solidarity
  • Unregulated deposit schemes & BUDS Act
  • Extension of entry age : Agnipath
  • Citizens feeding on adulterated food items
  • Of food safety and street vendors
  • Pooja Elangbam, IAS, 81st ranker in AICS
  • COVID-19 Status 16 June : Govt of Manipur
  • NE Model @Delhi Kids Fest : Gallery
  • Manipur Rajkunja
  • Effective Legal Aid to Women Prisoner
  • How to avoid cracked heel during hot summer
  • Aid to artisan must to promote local product
  • Education for whom ?
  • Kabui Dance @Nongshaba Haraoba : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 June : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Let's Talk About It' : music album
  • Significance of World Environment Day
  • The MCI Restoration
  • North East CSR Award 2022
  • Prolonged sitting or standing spoils your leg
  • State fast-tracking towards drug making hub
  • 'Progression' from smuggling to manufacturing
  • Bonny Elangbam : Longest distance covered
  • COVID-19 Status 14 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Interaction with Makakmayum Hosni Mubarak
  • India to become $5 trillion economy
  • Exploring traditional medicines of NE
  • Freefall of the kids after COVID-19
  • Honour the tax payers, expose defaulters
  • NE needs more than 'unprecedented'
  • Miss Shirui Lily 2022 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 13 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Water management in paddy cultivation
  • PM Modi hails Nagaland Gaon Burahs
  • Blight of Nature :: Poem
  • Moreh as Las Vegas
  • NHIDCL's reputation at stake
  • Drugs, poppy & 'alternatives'
  • Thaopai Shithaine of Poumai #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Jadonang Park, Tamenglong :: Gallery
  • Freedom movement against British #1
  • Multi-Tasking Staff at Leima Traders
  • Toning down rhetoric that hurts religion
  • Shirui Lily fest brings to fore plastic menace
  • Conservation of pony & grazing fields
  • Kakwa Lairembi Haraoba #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The unheeded cry of children in labour
  • Why present distribution of urea fails?
  • World Day Against Child Labour 2022
  • Sunrise on the Civil Aviation Horizon
  • Arambam Samarendra Ningshingba :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 June : Govt of Manipur
  • NE Ex-Super Model at Delhi Kids Fest
  • What Diphu has, Dimapur & Kohima don't
  • Towards Manipur Budget 2022-23 ...
  • NE Social & Behaviour Change inaugurated
  • Fighting corruption remains an uphill task
  • Environment needs more than tree plantation
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #3
  • COVID-19 Status 09 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Degree Certificate for Survival #2
  • Value chain management of Umorok
  • Pulses for Nutrition Security in Manipur
  • Keeping your skin oil free during summer
  • Demand for impartial probe into IMC scam
  • Politics of isolating the NSCN (IM)
  • Raas @Manipur Rajbari, W Bengal :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 June : Govt of Manipur
  • A rare book on Birds of Manipur
  • Condemns bomb blast in Manipur
  • Market Innovations made America great #2
  • Jal Jeevan Mission : PHED Manipur
  • Disturbing data on lifestyle diseases in state
  • Tough talk against drug menace
  • Trekking to Shirui Peak, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Take a leaf from sunderban if you're serious
  • Testimony of brother Ninghor Mahongnao
  • Local leaders unitedly push for One Health
  • Letters from the Republic of Dust #2
  • Soil testing for better crop production
  • Despicable threat to school
  • Outrage at Little Flower School
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lam Thokpa #3 :: Gallery
  • Coming together of COCOMI, UNC
  • HSE Result 2022 : Statistiscal Abstract
  • HSE Result 2022 : Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE Result 2022 : District-Wise Pass %
  • HSE Result 2022 :Science Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Arts Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Commerce Topper
  • HSE Result 2022 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE Result 2022 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE Result 2022 : Commerce Stream Result
  • Padmashree Award Moirangthem Muktamani
  • UK band Monuments @ShiRock #2 :: Gallery
  • Lunghar (Imp-Kohima / Jessami) #3 : Gallery
  • Wakhom Leikai Lairembi Haraoba #2 : Gallery
  • Naga Indigenous Wrestling :: Gallery
  • SN Chand: The father of Manipuri cinema #2
  • Licypriya speech at East Timor :: Gallery
  • On 200th Anniversary of MK Binodini Devi
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #2: Gallery
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download