TODAY -

E-Pao! Essay - Well intricated people

Well intricated people
By: Thokchom Joykumar Singh*



1. Introduction
It is a well-known fact that the hill and plain people (Ching-Mee and Tam-Mee or Meitei) have been cohabiting side by side like brothers for the time immemorial. Both the people share the food products and professionals. Plain people have been depending on the food grains, vegetables and meats produced by the hill people. And the hill people have been depending on plain people for the "Ngari" (Fermented Fish) and "Thum" (Common Salt) etc. Plain people cannot live without consuming the delicious dishes like "Soibum Iromba" (Delicious dish) for which the main ingredient, soibum (Fermented Bamboo Shoot), is produced by the hill people of Chandel District. Plain people also need to be spiced up with the "Umorok" (Hot Chilly) grown by the hill people. Hill people have been depending on the professionals like teachers and doctors mostly from plain though many of them are non-deserving candidates appointed under dubious means. Most pathetic is that there are cases where those people never go to the intended places but keep on drawing the salaries in the name of the hill people.

2. Common history
According to the history, all the different ethnic groups of Manipur are of the same Mongoloid group ( Chin-Tibeto-Burman family of tribes), and have very close similarities in their culture and traditional habits. The legend of all tribes including Meiteis claim that they originated somewhere in the north from a "kom" (cave). The hill people are closer to the plain people geographically and economically, and most of them are more closely related to plain people ethnically. In terms of history and languages, the hill people of Manipur are more closely related to the plain people than the people of Nagaland. As such for the people of Nagaland, there is no clear cut and well-written history. Anthropology and history of Naga people are not very clear and still various studies are being made on them. Most studies and books on Naga are written in English but sometimes their contents vary from one to another, confusing readers. For example, one of Naga tribe mentioned in one book never appear on another, or sub-groups are divided differently depending on different books. Historical studies shows that different group of these tribes must have arrived to the present day settlements in different waves of time and routes from China/Inner Mongolia. Moreover, in recent times some of the human genome researchers have found out the various tribes of Nagaland do not even belong to the same "genetic make up" or "genetic pool".

Some of the festivals of Manipur like "Mera Haochongba" and "Lai Haraoiba" shows the kind of inseparability of the hill and plain people. The origin of the festival is that the gods held the first Lai Haraoba on the Koubru hill, so that their descendants should imitate them and perform the same as it had been done by the deities so that they will never forget the secret and sacred story of the creation of this universe and the birth of the different lives on this earth. Not only this, at the early times, at the time of the coronation of Meitei king, he had to wear the custumes similar to the hill people.

Some common traditional semantic rituals are worth pointing out. The Meiteis believed in scape-goats to cure illness by freeing a chicken away in the woods just as the Maos and other tribes in the north did.

In the Meitei martial arts "Thang-Ta', the Ta (spear) is primarily hill people's weapon although Meiteis developed and perfected their own war technics and skills in using them. All the tribes of Manipur including Meiteis were indulging in the notorious head hunting practices at one time of their history.

Some of the common history for the hill and plain people is worth mentioning here. Before the British came, the people of the valley and the hill interacted among themselves and depended on each other for their needs though at times turbulent and other times peaceful. During the 7 years of the Burmese occupation of Manipur (1819-1925 AD), the Meiteis ran to the Tangkhuls and Kabuis in the hills and many were absorbed within them. When the Meitei king (King Gambhir Singh) with the help of British soldiers was expediting to drive out the Burmese occupiers out of Manipur, swarms of hill people joined his armies en-route to the valley.

When British was leaving India, there was a plan to keep those "Excluded Areas" (Naga Hill District) comprising of the present day Nagaland as "British Colony". That time those Nagas had refused to be so. Without settling this issue British left India. They neither wanted to join Indian Union and have been opposing Indian rule with the message "Leave us alone" since then. They also hold a local plebiscite to say "no the Indian Constitution" in 1951. Then they were attacked by the hordes of Indian Army and forcefully captured those opposing areas. None of the hill people of Manipur took part in that plebiscite, as they were happily part of Manipur. By that time Manipur had already become a part of Indian Union by signing the merger agreement (Oct. 15, 1949) under duress pressure. Nagas proudly claim that M. K. Gandhi (June 19,1947), the father of nation, had promised them the free Nagaland but it is wrong to infer that the hill people of Manipur was in his mind. All these historical records show that the hill people of Manipur were never a part of the Naga movement and they were quite settle to be part of Manipur.

3. Wrong side of the religions
The difference among the hill and plain people came only in later parts of the history after Meiteis were converted to Vaishnavism (During the reign of King Charairongba, 1704 AD) and the hill inhabitants became Christians (Rev. W. Pettigrew, 1901). After the conversion of Meiteis to Hinduism, the valley people treated the hill tribes as untouchables and called them "Hao" a derogatory meaning "uncivilized". This led to a creation of a gigantic barrier between the hill and valley people - one accepted Hinduism and the other Christianity. This kind of inhuman treatment humiliates the "proud hill people" and led to the alienation. It was a blunder from the part of Meiteis to commit such kind of divisive attitudes towards them. Continuation of this kind of alien custom will only shake and widen the time tested social fabric and fraternity among the various communities of Manipur.

Let us not divide people in the name of religions. All these religions came much latter and all are foreign to the various communities of Manipur. All the communities have been co-existing for centuries in harmony and peace. Religions can be changed but not the neighbors. We need each other's help and cooperation in fulfilling our common destiny of a making our state a developed and prosperous one. Let the people of Manipur adopt the religion of their choice but to divide people in the name of religion should be stopped on time. At the same time the people Manipur should not shed their old traditions and cultures completely by adopting the new religions. It is always better to assimilate the new religions by keeping the best of the old customs and traditions. Let us stop thinking that we are different people and antagonist to each other after adopting the alien religions. Let the true meaning of religions i.e. humanity, love and peace be prevailed in the culturally, traditionally and religiously fertile land of Manipur.

To be continued ...


* The writer can be reached at
tjk@physics.iisc.ernet.in

Senior Research Fellow
Department of Physics
Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore -560 012, INDIA
HOMEPAGE: http://physics.iisc.ernet.in/~tjk


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Stream
  • Barak Spring Festival @Senapati :: Gallery
  • Phalneilhing, Sinchui :: eMing
  • Incarnations of Goddess Nongthang Leima
  • Ebudhou Thanjing Laishang #1 :: 360 °
  • Media & Contemporary Manipuri Society #2
  • Cleaning up the air we breathe
  • 'Maj Rati Keteki', an author's insight
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • SC notices in Biren son case
  • Army act extended by six months
  • Timely acted, but need to rethink...
  • Lamkang Cultural Day @Chandel :: Gallery
  • Ambassador Of Japan with CM :: Gallery
  • JNIMS Ortho scripts history
  • Indigenous people are ST, so are Meeteis
  • Grooming security experts in admin service
  • Parents are supposed to be cheer leaders ..
  • Applauds CM for Building Peace & Harmony
  • 2 trucks carrying logs seized
  • Japan to invite 25 people from Manipur
  • Bomb blasts rock border town in Manipur
  • Shirui Lily Festival, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • 73rd anniv of Battle of Imphal :: Gallery
  • Nachom Arts : Encouraging Artists
  • Manipur: In the waiting room of justice
  • Cheiraoba Ching Kaba :: 360 ° View
  • Of storms, flying saucers & lazy thoughts
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Anti-Terrorism day observed
  • Ex-Servicemen Meet organised
  • Managing natural resources
  • Ksh Bhaktakumar- Mr India 2017:: Gallery
  • Tanglei Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Effort To Bridge The Hills And Valley
  • Colloquium: Japanese Culture & Nationalism
  • Urban flood effective mgmt strategies #1
  • Meet rejects oil exploration at Khaidem
  • Training on Service Marketing in Healthcare
  • Illegal migrant detection with 1951 cut-off
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Ghost of 2010 continues to haunt
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji - Actress :: eRang
  • Handloom @Temporary Market #1:: Gallery
  • New Government, New Hope #1
  • Nightmares of event management
  • Big data for big impact
  • Free Counselling & Awareness Program
  • One belt one road
  • Jobs: Counseller for Family Court, Ukhrul
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Total shutdown against blast in Moreh
  • Tribals reject MoU signed- govt, JACAATB
  • Naga Hoho appeals NIA over arrests
  • First visible step to check corruption
  • International Dance Day :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Children Club:: 360 ° View
  • Take smart choice before admissions
  • Love one another ... for living together
  • Shirui Lily Fest off to a grand start
  • On Shirui festival
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #2
  • Shirui Lily Fest @Shirui, Ukhrul #1 :: Gallery
  • Civil Service Tennis Tournament :: Gallery
  • Barak(Spring) Festival at Senapati
  • When will India cashless island go cashless
  • The winsomeness of human mind
  • Jobs at NIELIT centers
  • Aadhar Registration & Distribution Program
  • Work starts on Trilateral Highway in Myanmar
  • AI plans NE expansion, to inject more flights
  • People's Day Bridging the gap
  • Reality bite - something seems fishy
  • Meeyamgi Numit hosted by CM :: Gallery
  • Andro AMMA FC : Winner of Doon Cup 2017
  • How great is my mother's love for me
  • Boat House, Kangla :: 360 ° View
  • Pinch of love :: Poem
  • Fingerprint & Iris code for Aadhaar
  • Sharmila solidarity with Africans
  • Trust deficit in Framework Agreement
  • Equality in place of majoritarianism
  • A hope for better Manipur
  • Kangleipak Kang Trophy #3:: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #2 :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai : Festival of Zeliangrong
  • Fishery as an agenda for Barak Festival
  • Supermom :: Poem
  • 2nd Startup Weekend Imphal
  • May Day #2 :: Essay
  • For inclusion of Meitei in ST category
  • NE turning into a hub of Cannabis
  • Muslims cannot dissolve marriage- Guv
  • Police probing 'threat' to SC advocate
  • Hands that rock the cradle rule the world
  • Film Personalities #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #2
  • High Court of Manipur :: 360 ° View
  • From head-hunters into money-hunters
  • Importance of dialectic in Philosophy
  • Binalakshmi Nepram threatened by Police
  • Cleanliness drive conducted at CCpur
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #1 :: Gallery
  • Bringing TB out of the shadows
  • Women are the salt of the earth
  • Superstition and its side-effects
  • Temples of learning
  • Guidelines of play schools
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the barrier
  • Lai Lamthokpa @Yaiskul #2 :: Gallery
  • MIMS (MU) - ManFete #4 :: Gallery
  • Impact of October Revolution Manipur #2
  • Bir Tikendrajit Park :: 360 °
  • Nurses are heart beat of healthcare
  • The Sun Behind the Cloud :: Poem
  • Nagas of Nagaland can decide their future
  • 85 unelectrified villages to be lit up by Dec
  • Go to the hill districts too
  • Beginning of a new era; but ...
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #1
  • OORJA football Closing ceremony :: Gallery
  • May 10, 1942: first bomb hit Imphal in WW2
  • Manipur killings: Amicus Curiae on Army...
  • A white paper on good governance
  • Butterfly a living parable of resurrection
  • Global Manipuri Mega Photo Contest
  • Inquiry on "School Van accident"
  • Inking an MoU with CCpur JAC
  • Calls for human security
  • Laishram Lalitabi - Actress :: eRang
  • Manipur & Nagaland CMs :: Gallery
  • Cheirao Ching Kaba #1 :: 360 ° Photo
  • MLA - defection politics in Manipur
  • Japan interest to develop Education in NE
  • CM floral tribute to Martyred Jawans
  • More than a 'courtesy call'
  • Development & security matters
  • Thongjao potters adapt to modern reqt
  • Prize Distribution- MU Sports :: Gallery
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #1
  • Imphal Intl Airport : How International?
  • The mystery of nine :: Poem
  • RIST popular talk 29 - Molecular Electronics
  • Gudui Ngai celebrated
  • 122nd rank in the list of cleanliness
  • Consumers' rights
  • Sagol Kangjei Exhibition :: Gallery
  • Musuem, Kangla :: 360 ° photo
  • Keeping workforce healthy-smart business
  • Brief story of Karl Marx (199th Birth Anniv)
  • Manipuri resurgence & Jewish lessons
  • Visit of Japanese Ambassador to MU
  • Poems released at Barapani, Meghalaya
  • CMD, NHPC Visit to Loktak Power Station
  • Right venue for seminar on bridging the gap
  • Landscape of Manipur #6: Wallpaper
  • Impact of October Revolution Manipur #1
  • Climate change: Case study on wildlife
  • Longing for peace in this region
  • Why happiness can be so elusive
  • ShiRock 2017 at Ukhrul
  • Airline Ticketing Consultant training
  • Civil Society Delegation met CM
  • Meddling with the media
  • Still a lot to do for the BJP led Govt
  • Shirui Lily: Flavour of the month
  • Lai Lamthokpa @Yaiskul #1 :: Gallery
  • Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon #1 :: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram selected by Colombia
  • Separate time zone for NE : Petition
  • 'Protection of Land, Environment' at Nungba
  • The looting of India
  • Adding noise pollution by communities
  • Arbind Soibam - Emerging Singer :: eRang
  • Phaknung rape protest @Kakching :: Gallery
  • MIMS (MU) - ManFete #3 :: Gallery
  • Development of Infrastructure: Assessment
  • The good samaritan at Ukhrul
  • Raising good children
  • The Moon Sails Across the Sky :: Poem
  • 1951 cut-off for Bangladeshis deportation
  • A matter of understanding responsibilities
  • Traditional Thabal @Pourabi :: Gallery
  • River Bank Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Multiple openings @JCRE, Imphal
  • Course in Biodiversity Conservation
  • Henjunaha - A folk play :: Gallery
  • World Dance Day Celebration :: Gallery
  • The Mighty Mystic Manipuri Women
  • Opening- OORJA U-19 football :: Gallery
  • May Day Rally @Imphal :: Gallery
  • Arambai show #2:: Gallery
  • New Facebook page (Link) for e-pao
  • Aizawl FC: Winner I-League Football 2017
  • Shakuhachi meets Pena, Manipur & Japan
  • Rally against Phaknung rape :: Gallery
  • Tributes paid on Khongjom Day #2:: Gallery
  • Laishram Birendrakumar recieve Padmashri
  • Kei Onba Kom Gi Eshing :: Funga Wari
  • 'Nura Pakhang'(Video) @Portugal:: Gallery
  • Mr India 2017- Ksh Bhaktakumar :: Gallery
  • Purul, Senapati :: 360 View Panorama
  • Ethoi Oinam #1 (Actress) :: eRang
  • Angkor Wat , Cambodia #5 :: Gallery
  • Nura Pakhang : Music video
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba @Pune :: Gallery
  • Thabal Chongba @Kolkata :: Gallery
  • CM N Biren visit to Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #4 : Ooba
  • Nungshiba Khongel @Sylhet :: Gallery
  • Maphou Dam :: 360 View Panorama
  • SPONSORED ADS