TODAY -

Let's fight Human Trafficking

Ranjan K Baruah *

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons held at Delhi 31 July 2016
World Day Against Trafficking in Persons held at Delhi on 31 July 2016 :: Pix - Every8Minutes



One of the worst forms of violence against human being is human trafficking. It is a crime around the world though some countries have more problem and some have less problem. It affects every country of the world, as countries of origin, transit or destination – or even a combination of all.

Trafficking often occurs from less developed countries to more developed countries, where people are rendered vulnerable to trafficking by virtue of poverty, conflict or other conditions.

Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

It is a crime that exploits women, children and men for numerous purposes including forced labour and sex. The International Labour Organization estimates that 21 million people are victims of forced labour globally. This estimate also includes victims of human trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation. While it is not known how many of these victims were trafficked, the estimate implies that currently, there are millions of trafficking in persons victims in the world.

In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons, urging Governments worldwide to take coordinated and consistent measures to defeat this scourge. One of the crucial provisions in the Plan is the establishment of a UN Voluntary Trust Fund for victims of trafficking, especially women and children.

In 2013, the General Assembly held a high-level meeting to appraise the Global Plan of Action. Member States also adopted resolution A/RES/68/192 and designated July 30 as the World Day against Trafficking in Persons. This resolution declared that such a day was necessary to “raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and for the promotion and protection of their rights.”

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC), as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking in Persons Protocol).

While not all migrants are vulnerable to being trafficked, the forthcoming UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016 identifies a clear pattern linking undocumented migration to trafficking in persons. The UNODC report, which will be released later this year, further highlights the links between human trafficking and refugee flows from countries including Syria and Eritrea, and involving Rohingya refugees from Myanmar and Bangladesh.

On this day, Yury Fedotov, UNODC’s Executive Director has called on governments to ratify and effectively implement the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols on trafficking and migrant smuggling, to assist and protect victims and the rights of smuggled migrants, and promote the international cooperation needed to bring criminals to justice.

He mentioned that by strengthening action under the Protocols, we can reinforce protection for vulnerable children, women and men, and help promote the safety and dignity of refugees and migrants at all stages of their journey.

Countries must unite together to defeat this global threat by supporting and safeguarding victims. On this day we need to pledge to give justice to the victims and make sure that the culprits get punishment. We have seen the crime of human trafficking in our region too.

All of us need to stand united and make strong networking to make sure that there is no human trafficking. This day gives another opportunity to re think about our action towards ending the crime.


* Ranjan K Baruah wrote this article for The Sangai Express
With inputs from UN Publication and feedback may be sent to bkranjan(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on August 02, 2016.



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