TODAY -

E-Pao! Essay - Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai : The divine ruler of Moirang overlooked

Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai : The divine ruler of Moirang overlooked

By: R Yangsorang *


After having read some of the latest books written by different scholars of repute, I became poignant just as I had visualized Moirang lai (god) appearing at page 102 of the book entitled "Manipur: A Tourist Paradise" by one E. Ishwarjit Singh though it is projected to be the book on tourism for Manipur. At a glance, the book looks to be his maiden attempt which can be updated in due course.

Even before that, the misconception of certain part of the book calls for an urgent clarification. His achievement for writing such a rare book on tourism at the prime of his life can only be appreciated, and the budding author is advocating a rediscovery of the ancient glory of Moirang.

But with all his talent and might, he hides the name of Ibudhou Thangjing Koren or Koir-eng Lai, the divine ruler of Moirang in his book by saying that "the Almighty produced Moirang lai (god) after making the universe. Korouna Nganba, the first human being made by Moirang lai descended from south-western hill called Thangjing."

If it has been done to distort the truthfulness of the history of the kingdom deliberately, it's a historical fallacy, and the writing nega-tes the basic truth. There is no denying the fact that the divine ruler of the kingdom was known as Ibudhou Thangjing Koren or Koireng Lai: not Moir-ang lai. It is an unshakable tradition to refer to the Supreme Being when one writes about the kingdom.

Can we think of Moirang and its lakes and people as complete without a mention of Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai? Of course, the book must have been written without any bias, but the name of god who created the kingdom has surreptitiously or unknowingly been omitted. Besides, at page 134 of the same book, it is written that Imphal town was founded in the 1st century A.D. and Maharaja Budhachandra was said to be the king of Manipur in 1891.

It is a half-truth. Kangla existed in 33 A.D. and Imphal town came into existence gradually at a much later date. In the month of September, 1941, Sir Churachand Singh abdicated the throne in favour of his eldest son Bodhachandra Singh and left for Nabadwip. However, the last two mistakes can be taken as errors which have crept in typography.

Yet, when a writer broods over Moirang what is obligatory or of utmost importance is to refer to Koren lai which is unfortunately missing from the luxurious book published and distributed by B.R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi. And again, the monograph on Lois of Manipur by L.B. Devi, a Mit-tal publication in its page 3, only the "TangkhuI, the Mao and Maram Nagas, the Kolya, the Khoirao or Mayangkhong group, the Kabuis, the Chirus and the Marings are called the major tribes of the hill districts of Manipur, and the Kukis and the Paites are mentioned as "some sche-duled tribes" only.

According to her indication, it is obvious that major tribes attribute to indigenous people of the state while the remaining ones which don't find a place in her book will be considered minor tribes as in the case of the Kukis and the Paites. Now, there will be two classes of tribal people in Manipur- minor and major. The word Kuki is largely of a political entity and a major community as well.

The Paites are evangelically progressive and highly educated alongwith an advantage of settling in large number in compact areas and dominating 'the most developed hill district head-quarters of Manipur. In this respect, the Hmars are not less.

Saying all this, I am not siding with any group or tribe. The fact is that major tribes are those who are numerically stronger and more advanced in many respects. So, use of the term "major tribes" in that particular book is ambiguous, and it remains a literary phenomenon worthy of serious scrutiny.

That part of the book is disputable and insatiable as she is so much of an outsider when she makes classification of the hill people and appears to be so much of an insider while dealing with the life and character of the Lois of Manipur.

The book produced by a reputable publisher ought to be reasonably handy and descriptive, but a major flaw in the term of major tribes as pointed out by her has defaced the authenticity of the book to express one's sensibility. Still calling someone untouchable, and using old term like lower caste in a booklet or the Lois can be purified if they embrace Hinduism after they had adopted Hindu way of life long back.

It is all an imitation of the British writers of the 19th Century. It is outdated to write that way upholding the British legacy and retaining their styles of writing. Instead, more developed or scholastic term like underdevelopment, weaker section, backwardness, etc. etc. can well be used to increase the vibrancy of the very monograph, being a Mittal series.

The objective of this write-up is to solicit support for eradication of casteism: not for antagonizing the writers. Hence, every constructive writer will opt for a feeling of beauty and keen comic sense since nobody can write in anger and malice.

Once in the early 90s, I had a friendly chat with a Marwari rice dealer at Imphal Bazar where I enquired of him whether any Jain lady was glittering in filmdom. He felt sarcastic puffing his cheeks to blow hot and cold. After a sigh of relief, he said in a faint voice—only Neelam may be. Even to mention the name of a female member of his community was considered unusual or offended.

Well then, a beautiful high caste Jain lady may marry an ugly tribal boy hailing from Kangpat or Kailam hills if he is an I.A.S. officer. Only one of such incidences can be retold. A thin and not so handsome tribal I.P.S. officer married a beautiful Delhi educated Manipuri girl belonging to the conservative family of greater Imphal area. As it is the case, caste distinction has little to do in this age.

What is actually needed is fitness and soundness of mind and body as an individual. What is the relevancy of holy or pure family now with the dawn of the new century? As if to usher in a new era, the pride of being a member of the high caste family should go away and it shouldn't come back. Today, this discrimination has become the root of hatred and disunity among the people of Manipur.

I shall certainly have ascribed to the pens of superiorly educated and instructed persons, but for unthinkable flaws... As told by a teacher in my college days, academic encounter often took place in Kolkata.

Some writers were versatile in their academic pursuits, and writing became a way of life for them while even arm-chair critics were rash or recalcitrant in framing charges against the book writers. At the bookstalls, a great variety of books flopped, and several of them, at its worst, suffered from sentimentality, vagueness and exaggeration. Weaker books seemed precariously poised on the brink of sloppiness.

In Manipur, by the standards of modern literary taste, those books published by the reputed publishing corporations are bound to appear hopelessly outdated one by one if the contents are fictitious and malicious. The high-priced books will not find generous buyers. So far, no book has won outside recognition to bring prestige to the state for want of academic fibre, and books written in English seldom rise above conventional expression, and on the whole offer flashy rhetoric rather than reliable books.

A number of books in English are worthy of dismissal as carbon copies of the books left by the English writers. Series of such books are printed afresh. Curiously enough, Madhavi like novel in English or even a flawed masterpiece is yet to appear in Kangleipak. In 1977, I, on an occasion, defended a prominent writer (name with-held) when his book was accused of misleading the people of Manipur.

Cyclostyled pamphlets were distributed to streng-then the veracity of his book, and a note of support to the writer was forwarded to the B.R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi. Now, sounding lou-dly, one may be prompted to ascertain my credibility or even revile me of being sensational as long as someone's level of intellect remains unknown.

In my humble submission, it may be of even below an average academic. Then, why this rebuttal? In short, it is undoubtedly clear that due to negligence, most of the intellectuals are still unaware of the components and size of the tribal society of Manipur. Forget about the general public.

Nevertheless, clear thinking, soundness of judgement, comprehensiveness of views, forceful and logical argumentation, moderation, and dignity are the outstanding features of an anthropologist or a history writer. Let's imagine what could be the picture of Manipur and its people of varied culture, customs and tradition at the turn of the century if the above corporations continue to publish haphazardly written books, of which many are solely for fame.

It's believed those books are sent abroad too. If so, the Americans, the Koreans, the Europeans, the Japanese, etc. will have wrong concept of the people of Manipur. Modern book writers bend their endeavours thitherwards by writing books of the best type to bear with the taste of time for worldwide circulation.


R Yangsorang wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on June 14th, 2006

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #2 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-19 : Gallery
  • Tribes, Castes & Development :: Book
  • Durga Puja celebration in Manipur
  • Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
  • Life did put me into darkness :: Poem
  • Matrimonial sites: Dangerous proposals
  • Absentee in history
  • Of KTC and demand of UMLA
  • Pari Imom (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Chunglenyanba, Awa Leima :: eMing
  • Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947 #1
  • 7th anniversary of PCRM
  • Funding TB response is smart investment
  • The Broken Stone:: Poem
  • 15 Ceremonial Horses handed to Myanmar
  • Needs for realizing the truth
  • Time to put education on track
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #1 : Gallery
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #2
  • Finance knowledge to make better decision
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Bunglawn Remembers Dr Kalam's Visit
  • No baab tree :: Poem
  • Official website of Sangai Photo Festival
  • Beauty care with natural ingredients
  • Deportation of Rohingya against intl law
  • Noting efforts to put MU on track
  • MU: Teachers/students released : Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #3 : Gallery
  • Ithai Barrage Impact on Environment
  • Rural development as career option
  • Put the kibosh on ochlocracy
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in women
  • India International Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Marketing Assistant @ PiCiDi, Canchipur
  • 'Ram Madhav is wrongly briefed' : NPF
  • Uniforms for school teacher: What purpose?
  • Marangwon at @Mt Khorung #3 : Gallery
  • Police Day Marathon #1: Gallery
  • I call it life :: Poem
  • International day for Disaster reduction
  • Contested territorial demands in Manipur
  • WhatsApp & mobile usage study results
  • Physics Programme in Nowgong College
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [15 October]
  • Stop bluffing Nagas
  • The state of the states
  • Gearing up for Oct 31 rally
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #4
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #2: Gallery
  • X-Jam -Extreme Sports & Music festival
  • Urban Local Govt in Mizoram :: Book
  • 3 perspectives in context of present Manipur
  • Figures in the Shadows :: Poem
  • To UNC, Zomi Council, Hmar Inpui on ST
  • HC acted in good faith for MU
  • Jarnail Singh @ MU : Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba #3 : Gallery
  • The undeniable subtlety of Atingkok
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #1
  • Let me shower moonlight :: Poem
  • On allegations issued by NPF : NDPP
  • Challenges to the digital dreams
  • Eyes now on K Yugindro
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #3: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #2 : Gallery
  • Meetei Tribe wont grab land of Hill Tribes
  • Making a tangible difference
  • Contradicted journey of IPC Section 377
  • Free open defecation & open pee
  • Act East & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Vacancies at Multimind Software
  • Waiting for "Sorry"
  • Out Yugindro in Jarnail Singh
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #1 : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural evening : Gallery
  • Management Convergence at Mizoram Univ
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Cry of a Dying River - 49 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is free from compulsion...
  • 7th AGM / Cultural evening of AMAND, Pune
  • Forsaken farmers - food for thought
  • Second police raid at MU
  • NESO opposes Indo-Nepal Treaty in NE
  • British Council, NEC sign MoU
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #1: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #1 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-1919
  • University :: Poem
  • Remembering class boycott 2009-2010
  • Hair stylist as career option #2
  • Training of Trainers on Gender Justice
  • Manipur University fresh violence by police
  • MU Crisis- admissions and omissions
  • Issues besetting State before LS polls
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba #2 : Gallery
  • Sizo Festival @Saikot : Gallery
  • Opening of Moreh-Tamu Border Gate
  • Forest Cover of Nagaland :: Book Review
  • Ingocha Chingtham: Cycling from Mumbai ..
  • Blood Transfusion service- future in Manipur
  • IT Enabled Employment Generating Course
  • NDPP condemns statement of NPF
  • Beyond the reality
  • Need for MUTA to approach Court
  • Kang Tournament @Kongba #2: Gallery
  • Elangbam Sonamani : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Celebrating the rights of wildlife- Are we
  • The sky's gone wonderful :: Poem
  • Communal Harmony and Integration
  • Opportunity for India in Indo-Pacific Region
  • To be a good man
  • Education : Why no private players here ?
  • Tarpon Sonba : Gallery
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • MN Singh promoted as IG of CBI felicitated
  • Loktak from different perspectives #2
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • The Journey of Happiness :: Poem
  • A personal discourse of Manipuri people
  • Improper use of loud speakers in Manipur
  • Art Exhibition @Art College #3: Gallery
  • Sudip Kongbrailatpam -recording engineer
  • Dismantled 9th times & safer in 10th times
  • Remembering Irawat: Are we following ..
  • State Level Archery Championship 2018
  • Stop religious encroachment at Kangla
  • Navratri (festival) make up
  • khongjang changsinnaba sem sarey : ST
  • MU crisis: Emerging questions
  • Lining up five days blockade
  • Dhol Chollom @Sangai Fest: Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #2
  • Maroi napakpi in Manipuri dishes
  • National Integration Tour Team
  • Cry of a Dying River - 48 :: Poem
  • Ending antimicobial resistance to #endTB
  • Condoles death of Pu Kaikhokam Kipgen
  • Rejoinder to NDPP (5th Oct) : NPF
  • Responsibility required - not restriction
  • After Thuingaleng Muivah who ?
  • Paddy dry up due to deficit rainfall
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #2: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram : RAW in WAR Award
  • Agribusiness & Carbon Management : Book
  • Is Gandhi (ian) relevant today ?
  • Guidelines for Hostels for Children
  • ATM based frauds : Router compromise
  • 'Rio's announcement as just mockery'
  • Training Program on Mushroom Cultivation
  • 'Chadong' - the victim of development
  • Poles apart : Pandey and Singh
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #2
  • Why has Egg become Danger for Manipur?
  • Speech by Atif Anik on Irabot Day 2018
  • Wounded tree :: Poem
  • Hair stylist as career option
  • Synopsis of Sizo Festival 2018
  • Traffic regulation still a Flop show
  • In the evening of his life : Th Muivah
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba : Gallery
  • World Bamboo Day #2: Gallery
  • Where have all the lights gone ?
  • Mahatma and non-violence
  • Detention of students/professors of MU
  • Gandhi Jayenti at Itanagar
  • IBSD cleans Imphal City
  • MU: Abide by wisdom of Sr citizens
  • Power of humility
  • Ghost of Pandey : Four teachers suspended
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #1: Gallery
  • October Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Looking at Loktak from perspectives #1
  • Morning - a Haiku :: Poem
  • R&V Art House curates 'Land of Polo'
  • Show for football fans at NEUFC Fan Park
  • Indigenous People: Stand against Fascist
  • Clarification on Tamei Residential School
  • Organic Farming Tour to Sikkim
  • System error- or is this real democracy
  • Autonomy for Naga- Stakeholders on board
  • Th. Muivah hospitalized
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Floral Tribute #1: Gallery
  • Choidev Chongba @Kang Fest : Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #1
  • The day after Sahnit-Ni
  • Cry of a Dying River - 47 :: Poem
  • Observation of World Alzheimer's Day
  • Benefits of almond oil for the hair
  • NEUFC Fan to host musical performances
  • ..but Irabot may still shed tears in heaven
  • Heikru Hidongba #2 : Gallery
  • Lamyanba Hijam Irabot :: Read all about
  • Tingmila Doungel : Manipuri Boxer
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to dead by living
  • Manipur: Past & Present (Vol.2) :: Book
  • Genesis of Naga-Kuki clash in early nineties
  • 9th Children's Cultural Meet 2018
  • Parakram Diwas : 2nd Anniversary
  • International Visitors Leadership Program
  • He calls state Govt as unrecognized..
  • Tough stand of Govt noted
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #3
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #2 :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Oja Nandiram with 'In Memoriam'
  • The resurgence of Hijam Irabot
  • Love for post of MU vice-chancellor
  • Condemns arrests of MU student/teachers
  • Spot Enquiry by MCPCR Team
  • Seriousness with sincerity matters
  • 48 hours bandh on, then what ?
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #1 :: Gallery
  • Hijam Irabot - Our 'Icon of Revolution'
  • Food preparation among Zeliangrong
  • Is it the final countdown to #endTB?
  • Let's give time a chance :: Poem
  • If Buddhism Is Not A Religion Or Philosophy
  • Using false identity to mislead
  • In response to CM's appeal
  • CM's call against bandh
  • MU: Hunger Strike[25 Sep] :: Gallery
  • Irabot's letter to Assembly :: 18 Oct 1948
  • Ringui Village, Ukhrul :: Gallery: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Tuilha Kol waterfall #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS