TODAY -

E-Pao! Essay - Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai : The divine ruler of Moirang overlooked

Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai : The divine ruler of Moirang overlooked

By: R Yangsorang *


After having read some of the latest books written by different scholars of repute, I became poignant just as I had visualized Moirang lai (god) appearing at page 102 of the book entitled "Manipur: A Tourist Paradise" by one E. Ishwarjit Singh though it is projected to be the book on tourism for Manipur. At a glance, the book looks to be his maiden attempt which can be updated in due course.

Even before that, the misconception of certain part of the book calls for an urgent clarification. His achievement for writing such a rare book on tourism at the prime of his life can only be appreciated, and the budding author is advocating a rediscovery of the ancient glory of Moirang.

But with all his talent and might, he hides the name of Ibudhou Thangjing Koren or Koir-eng Lai, the divine ruler of Moirang in his book by saying that "the Almighty produced Moirang lai (god) after making the universe. Korouna Nganba, the first human being made by Moirang lai descended from south-western hill called Thangjing."

If it has been done to distort the truthfulness of the history of the kingdom deliberately, it's a historical fallacy, and the writing nega-tes the basic truth. There is no denying the fact that the divine ruler of the kingdom was known as Ibudhou Thangjing Koren or Koireng Lai: not Moir-ang lai. It is an unshakable tradition to refer to the Supreme Being when one writes about the kingdom.

Can we think of Moirang and its lakes and people as complete without a mention of Ibudhou Thangjing Koren Lai? Of course, the book must have been written without any bias, but the name of god who created the kingdom has surreptitiously or unknowingly been omitted. Besides, at page 134 of the same book, it is written that Imphal town was founded in the 1st century A.D. and Maharaja Budhachandra was said to be the king of Manipur in 1891.

It is a half-truth. Kangla existed in 33 A.D. and Imphal town came into existence gradually at a much later date. In the month of September, 1941, Sir Churachand Singh abdicated the throne in favour of his eldest son Bodhachandra Singh and left for Nabadwip. However, the last two mistakes can be taken as errors which have crept in typography.

Yet, when a writer broods over Moirang what is obligatory or of utmost importance is to refer to Koren lai which is unfortunately missing from the luxurious book published and distributed by B.R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi. And again, the monograph on Lois of Manipur by L.B. Devi, a Mit-tal publication in its page 3, only the "TangkhuI, the Mao and Maram Nagas, the Kolya, the Khoirao or Mayangkhong group, the Kabuis, the Chirus and the Marings are called the major tribes of the hill districts of Manipur, and the Kukis and the Paites are mentioned as "some sche-duled tribes" only.

According to her indication, it is obvious that major tribes attribute to indigenous people of the state while the remaining ones which don't find a place in her book will be considered minor tribes as in the case of the Kukis and the Paites. Now, there will be two classes of tribal people in Manipur- minor and major. The word Kuki is largely of a political entity and a major community as well.

The Paites are evangelically progressive and highly educated alongwith an advantage of settling in large number in compact areas and dominating 'the most developed hill district head-quarters of Manipur. In this respect, the Hmars are not less.

Saying all this, I am not siding with any group or tribe. The fact is that major tribes are those who are numerically stronger and more advanced in many respects. So, use of the term "major tribes" in that particular book is ambiguous, and it remains a literary phenomenon worthy of serious scrutiny.

That part of the book is disputable and insatiable as she is so much of an outsider when she makes classification of the hill people and appears to be so much of an insider while dealing with the life and character of the Lois of Manipur.

The book produced by a reputable publisher ought to be reasonably handy and descriptive, but a major flaw in the term of major tribes as pointed out by her has defaced the authenticity of the book to express one's sensibility. Still calling someone untouchable, and using old term like lower caste in a booklet or the Lois can be purified if they embrace Hinduism after they had adopted Hindu way of life long back.

It is all an imitation of the British writers of the 19th Century. It is outdated to write that way upholding the British legacy and retaining their styles of writing. Instead, more developed or scholastic term like underdevelopment, weaker section, backwardness, etc. etc. can well be used to increase the vibrancy of the very monograph, being a Mittal series.

The objective of this write-up is to solicit support for eradication of casteism: not for antagonizing the writers. Hence, every constructive writer will opt for a feeling of beauty and keen comic sense since nobody can write in anger and malice.

Once in the early 90s, I had a friendly chat with a Marwari rice dealer at Imphal Bazar where I enquired of him whether any Jain lady was glittering in filmdom. He felt sarcastic puffing his cheeks to blow hot and cold. After a sigh of relief, he said in a faint voice—only Neelam may be. Even to mention the name of a female member of his community was considered unusual or offended.

Well then, a beautiful high caste Jain lady may marry an ugly tribal boy hailing from Kangpat or Kailam hills if he is an I.A.S. officer. Only one of such incidences can be retold. A thin and not so handsome tribal I.P.S. officer married a beautiful Delhi educated Manipuri girl belonging to the conservative family of greater Imphal area. As it is the case, caste distinction has little to do in this age.

What is actually needed is fitness and soundness of mind and body as an individual. What is the relevancy of holy or pure family now with the dawn of the new century? As if to usher in a new era, the pride of being a member of the high caste family should go away and it shouldn't come back. Today, this discrimination has become the root of hatred and disunity among the people of Manipur.

I shall certainly have ascribed to the pens of superiorly educated and instructed persons, but for unthinkable flaws... As told by a teacher in my college days, academic encounter often took place in Kolkata.

Some writers were versatile in their academic pursuits, and writing became a way of life for them while even arm-chair critics were rash or recalcitrant in framing charges against the book writers. At the bookstalls, a great variety of books flopped, and several of them, at its worst, suffered from sentimentality, vagueness and exaggeration. Weaker books seemed precariously poised on the brink of sloppiness.

In Manipur, by the standards of modern literary taste, those books published by the reputed publishing corporations are bound to appear hopelessly outdated one by one if the contents are fictitious and malicious. The high-priced books will not find generous buyers. So far, no book has won outside recognition to bring prestige to the state for want of academic fibre, and books written in English seldom rise above conventional expression, and on the whole offer flashy rhetoric rather than reliable books.

A number of books in English are worthy of dismissal as carbon copies of the books left by the English writers. Series of such books are printed afresh. Curiously enough, Madhavi like novel in English or even a flawed masterpiece is yet to appear in Kangleipak. In 1977, I, on an occasion, defended a prominent writer (name with-held) when his book was accused of misleading the people of Manipur.

Cyclostyled pamphlets were distributed to streng-then the veracity of his book, and a note of support to the writer was forwarded to the B.R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi. Now, sounding lou-dly, one may be prompted to ascertain my credibility or even revile me of being sensational as long as someone's level of intellect remains unknown.

In my humble submission, it may be of even below an average academic. Then, why this rebuttal? In short, it is undoubtedly clear that due to negligence, most of the intellectuals are still unaware of the components and size of the tribal society of Manipur. Forget about the general public.

Nevertheless, clear thinking, soundness of judgement, comprehensiveness of views, forceful and logical argumentation, moderation, and dignity are the outstanding features of an anthropologist or a history writer. Let's imagine what could be the picture of Manipur and its people of varied culture, customs and tradition at the turn of the century if the above corporations continue to publish haphazardly written books, of which many are solely for fame.

It's believed those books are sent abroad too. If so, the Americans, the Koreans, the Europeans, the Japanese, etc. will have wrong concept of the people of Manipur. Modern book writers bend their endeavours thitherwards by writing books of the best type to bear with the taste of time for worldwide circulation.


R Yangsorang wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on June 14th, 2006

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Kanchan Soibam :: eRang Photos
  • Handloom @Temporary Market #2:: Gallery
  • Ahing Ama : Book (short story) review
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #3
  • Oil happy in Manipur
  • Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2017 at Imphal
  • NE students hail Higher Education initiative
  • Forced Displacement of Chin Civilians
  • National Robotic- 'Escalade 6.0' @IIT Ghy
  • Winners take it all : BJP on a roll
  • Opportunity towards progress
  • NEROCA, 2nd Div League winner:: Gallery
  • Thounaojam Loiyangamba :: Gallery
  • Nachom Arts Residency #1 :: Gallery
  • Bombing of a bridge in 1944 during WWII
  • Road side hawker culture in Khwairamband
  • Maharaja Bodhachandra Samadhi :: 360 °
  • Jadhav case: Return to India will need more
  • Admission Counselling in NE, Delhi
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Letting professionals run DIPR
  • Articulating freedom of speech
  • HSE 2017 : Toppers in Science :: Gallery
  • CCpur victims laid to rest :: Gallery
  • Class XII result announced :: Gallery
  • 2nd Startup Weekend Imphal
  • Interdependence is key to #endTB
  • Urban flood effective mgmt strategies #2
  • Public Meet resolves No Oil Exploration
  • UG admission info for Delhi University 2017
  • College Principals' Conference at NEHU
  • Mortal remains of CCpur victims laid to rest
  • Redefining Manipuri Hindu
  • Last rites of CCpur bodies performed
  • Private tuition : Financial burden on parents
  • Nungbi Chaphu - Ukhrul Pottery :: Gallery
  • International Yoga Day #1 :: Gallery
  • New Government, New Hope #2
  • Auditorium of High Court of Manipur :: 360 °
  • Book publishing as a career option
  • Simplifying the pursuit of happiness
  • Shirui festival: Let us not go with words..
  • Count pigeons around you
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Hill dists : Lagging in Science stream
  • The lesser truth of National media
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Toppers
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Science Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Arts Stream
  • HSE 2017 Result :: Commerce Stream
  • Barak Spring Festival @Senapati :: Gallery
  • Phalneilhing, Sinchui :: eMing
  • Incarnations of Goddess Nongthang Leima
  • Ebudhou Thanjing Laishang #1 :: 360 °
  • Media & Contemporary Manipuri Society #2
  • Cleaning up the air we breathe
  • 'Maj Rati Keteki', an author's insight
  • SC notices in Biren son case
  • Army act extended by six months
  • Timely acted, but need to rethink...
  • Lamkang Cultural Day @Chandel :: Gallery
  • Ambassador Of Japan with CM :: Gallery
  • JNIMS Ortho scripts history
  • Indigenous people are ST, so are Meeteis
  • Grooming security experts in admin service
  • Parents are supposed to be cheer leaders ..
  • Applauds CM for Building Peace & Harmony
  • 2 trucks carrying logs seized
  • Japan to invite 25 people from Manipur
  • Bomb blasts rock border town in Manipur
  • Shirui Lily Festival, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • 73rd anniv of Battle of Imphal :: Gallery
  • Nachom Arts : Encouraging Artists
  • Manipur: In the waiting room of justice
  • Cheiraoba Ching Kaba :: 360 ° View
  • Of storms, flying saucers & lazy thoughts
  • Anti-Terrorism day observed
  • Ex-Servicemen Meet organised
  • Managing natural resources
  • Ksh Bhaktakumar- Mr India 2017:: Gallery
  • Tanglei Music Festival :: Gallery
  • Effort To Bridge The Hills And Valley
  • Colloquium: Japanese Culture & Nationalism
  • Meet rejects oil exploration at Khaidem
  • Training on Service Marketing in Healthcare
  • Illegal migrant detection with 1951 cut-off
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Ghost of 2010 continues to haunt
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji - Actress :: eRang
  • Handloom @Temporary Market #1:: Gallery
  • New Government, New Hope #1
  • Nightmares of event management
  • Big data for big impact
  • Free Counselling & Awareness Program
  • One belt one road
  • Jobs: Counseller for Family Court, Ukhrul
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Total shutdown against blast in Moreh
  • Tribals reject MoU signed- govt, JACAATB
  • Naga Hoho appeals NIA over arrests
  • First visible step to check corruption
  • International Dance Day :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Children Club:: 360 ° View
  • Take smart choice before admissions
  • Love one another ... for living together
  • Shirui Lily Fest off to a grand start
  • On Shirui festival
  • Shirui Lily Fest @Shirui, Ukhrul #1 :: Gallery
  • Civil Service Tennis Tournament :: Gallery
  • Barak(Spring) Festival at Senapati
  • When will India cashless island go cashless
  • The winsomeness of human mind
  • Jobs at NIELIT centers
  • Aadhar Registration & Distribution Program
  • Work starts on Trilateral Highway in Myanmar
  • AI plans NE expansion, to inject more flights
  • People's Day Bridging the gap
  • Reality bite - something seems fishy
  • Meeyamgi Numit hosted by CM :: Gallery
  • Andro AMMA FC : Winner of Doon Cup 2017
  • How great is my mother's love for me
  • Boat House, Kangla :: 360 ° View
  • Pinch of love :: Poem
  • Fingerprint & Iris code for Aadhaar
  • Sharmila solidarity with Africans
  • Trust deficit in Framework Agreement
  • Equality in place of majoritarianism
  • A hope for better Manipur
  • Kangleipak Kang Trophy #3:: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #2 :: Gallery
  • Gudui Ngai : Festival of Zeliangrong
  • Fishery as an agenda for Barak Festival
  • Supermom :: Poem
  • 2nd Startup Weekend Imphal
  • May Day #2 :: Essay
  • For inclusion of Meitei in ST category
  • Hands that rock the cradle rule the world
  • Film Personalities #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #2
  • High Court of Manipur :: 360 ° View
  • From head-hunters into money-hunters
  • Importance of dialectic in Philosophy
  • Binalakshmi Nepram threatened by Police
  • Cleanliness drive conducted at CCpur
  • Gudui Ngai @Majorkhul #1 :: Gallery
  • Bringing TB out of the shadows
  • Women are the salt of the earth
  • Superstition and its side-effects
  • Temples of learning
  • Guidelines of play schools
  • Bucket of cold water after a hot shower
  • Breaking the barrier
  • Lai Lamthokpa @Yaiskul #2 :: Gallery
  • MIMS (MU) - ManFete #4 :: Gallery
  • Impact of October Revolution Manipur #2
  • Bir Tikendrajit Park :: 360 °
  • Nurses are heart beat of healthcare
  • Go to the hill districts too
  • Beginning of a new era; but ...
  • Seminar on 'Life of Gangmumei Kamei' #1
  • OORJA football Closing ceremony :: Gallery
  • May 10, 1942: first bomb hit Imphal in WW2
  • Manipur killings: Amicus Curiae on Army...
  • A white paper on good governance
  • Butterfly a living parable of resurrection
  • Global Manipuri Mega Photo Contest
  • Inquiry on "School Van accident"
  • Inking an MoU with CCpur JAC
  • Calls for human security
  • Laishram Lalitabi - Actress :: eRang
  • Manipur & Nagaland CMs :: Gallery
  • Cheirao Ching Kaba #1 :: 360 ° Photo
  • MLA - defection politics in Manipur
  • Japan interest to develop Education in NE
  • CM floral tribute to Martyred Jawans
  • More than a 'courtesy call'
  • Development & security matters
  • Thongjao potters adapt to modern reqt
  • Prize Distribution- MU Sports :: Gallery
  • Handicrafts of the Zeliangrong #1
  • Imphal Intl Airport : How International?
  • The mystery of nine :: Poem
  • RIST popular talk 29 - Molecular Electronics
  • 122nd rank in the list of cleanliness
  • Consumers' rights
  • Sagol Kangjei Exhibition :: Gallery
  • Musuem, Kangla :: 360 ° photo
  • Keeping workforce healthy-smart business
  • Brief story of Karl Marx (199th Birth Anniv)
  • Manipuri resurgence & Jewish lessons
  • Visit of Japanese Ambassador to MU
  • Poems released at Barapani, Meghalaya
  • CMD, NHPC Visit to Loktak Power Station
  • Right venue for seminar on bridging the gap
  • Landscape of Manipur #6: Wallpaper
  • Lai Lamthokpa @Yaiskul #1 :: Gallery
  • Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon #1 :: Gallery
  • Arbind Soibam - Emerging Singer :: eRang
  • MIMS (MU) - ManFete #3 :: Gallery
  • Traditional Thabal @Pourabi :: Gallery
  • Henjunaha - A folk play :: Gallery
  • The Mighty Mystic Manipuri Women
  • Arambai show #2:: Gallery
  • Shakuhachi meets Pena, Manipur & Japan
  • Laishram Birendrakumar recieve Padmashri
  • Kei Onba Kom Gi Eshing :: Funga Wari
  • 'Nura Pakhang'(Video) @Portugal:: Gallery
  • Mr India 2017- Ksh Bhaktakumar :: Gallery
  • Purul, Senapati :: 360 View Panorama
  • Ethoi Oinam #1 (Actress) :: eRang
  • CM N Biren visit to Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #4 : Ooba
  • Nungshiba Khongel @Sylhet :: Gallery
  • Maphou Dam :: 360 View Panorama
  • SPONSORED ADS