TODAY -

Disable for the disable person

Hatchinghoi Haokip *

1st State Level Sports Meet for Person with Disability at Khuman Lampak :: 02 October 2013
State Level Sports Meet for Person with Disability in October 2013 :: Pix - Ashok Ningthoujam



With India being a signatory to United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), the government at the centre on December 2016 passed the "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill 2016″ to ensure true inclusion in the society as well as fulfil the obligation on the part of India in terms of UNCRPD.

The new law rolled out many provisions from expanding the types of disability from existing 7 to 21 along with the inclusion of speech and language disability and specific learning Disability, increasing reservation from 3% to 4% among others. This is a move toward giving them the right share in the society as well as in economic development.

As the centre move forward to an inclusive India with the latest move through Mental health care bill providing several rights to access mental health-care and treatment, the status at the state level in Manipur is in dismay. As per the 2011 census, the total number of disabled persons in Manipur is 54110 out of 28.56 lakh people (approximately 2% of the total population) which include seeing, speech, hearing, movement, mental, multiple disability and others types of disability.

Even though this appears meagre but this doesn't justify us to sideline them and starved them of their rights and entitlements as enshrined in the constitution. No government or society is developed unless it is with the inclusion of all groups and sections of the society. Their fight for life starts from the day they were born with the kind of rejection approach and sympathy for being born the way they are.

As they grow up, this struggle enlarged with the biggest form in term of "Social Stigma" and a tendency of "unwelcomed" in every corner of society. In a society where children are considered as an asset: a gift from God, the disable children are met with opposite approach. Rather seen as asset they are considered as a liability to the family unable to engage in the productive activities.

They are rejected in every stage of life right from young age of rejection in their peer group to rejection in marriage proposal as they are seen as a burden. In this integrated web of struggle even those who braved to come out of the societal compression they are confronted with our ineffectively and unpreparedness in our approach both in term of infrastructure and opportunities.

Nelson Mandela said, "Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world". But the darker side of the story is the state educational institution right from High school to university level including the government and the private institution has no room for the disable. Even the state-of-art institution's infrastructure with hundreds of steps, doubled-tripled storey, well-structured classroom with world class facilities when it comes to an index of disable friendly infrastructure neither do they have lift nor ramps for disable.

With the new bill providing for the right to free education between the age group of 6 and 18 years and inclusive education to the children with disabilities the educational institution of the state has a mammoth role in it. Their policy and approach should be pro-active, inclusive, accessible and disable friendly so that not a single disable child with the capacity to learn is denied of its fundamental right of "Right to education" under Right to education act 2009.

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act 1995 which have been long enforced has a provision that the States are required to provide for Ramps in public buildings, Provision of toilets for wheelchair users, Braille symbols and auditory signals in elevators or lifts, Ramps in hospitals, primary health centres and other rehabilitation centres. However such facilities which ease the movement and life of disable person is far to be seen from the educational institution, the government offices, the public transport and the hospitals in the state.

Even with the Prime Minister's Accessible India Campaign, which stresses to ensure accessibility in public buildings (both Government and private) in a prescribed time-frame the condition in Manipur is still at the nascent stage.

While to those handful number who could acquired the required minimum level of education, with exception to few government jobs all the road to employment are blocked with no ample space to pursue the empowered independent life. The concerned authority at the state level, district levels and the civil societies should take the initiative to let this group of "Differently-able person" their right share in economic production through innovative, comprehensive and pro-active approach.

As per the ministry of Social welfare department, Government of Manipur website, the government has implemented many schemes and programs which also included 2 (two) Specials Schools: one for Visual Impaired and one for Hearing Impaired with hostel facilities running. Besides these two Govt. schools, 4 NGOs have established another 5 (five) Special Schools (4 for Mentally Retarded and one for Hearing Impaired).

Several other initiatives of government include employment opportunities, Rehabilitation centres, music courses, vocational courses and scholarship program of amount ranging from Rs 40 to rs 120 per months (rs 60 to rs 170 for hostellers) with the upper limit of the combined income of parent at rs 2000. In a situation where a simple classmate notebook cost rs 40 this amount provided seems to fails in its intended purpose.

The government of the day should look into this and considered for increasing the scholarship amount to the desired level. The mere presence of schemes and facilities does not assure them of education, skill and employment more need to be done in sensitizing the people to avail the facilities, bringing in awareness and reaching to the targeted section of the population.

Encompassing all these, government should also take initiative in imbibing them the skill of knitting, weaving, tailoring, bamboo work, Embroidery etc according to their capacity and capabilities so that they can be self-employed and expansion of existing vocational courses or training centre to engage them in the economic activities. This should be provided along with token relief grants to the pass out trainee of vocational training to enable them to start income activities in the skill and trade they are trained as done by the government of Meghalaya.

Reservation in various government schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Midday Meal Scheme, Skill India Mission , Startup India, Standup India, MGNREGS etc can be provided or a provision of Unemployment allowance in line with the provision of the government of Mizoram can be followed. Along with it the civil societies and media are to be robbed in to promote the products of skilled disable person's work through trademark policy or setting up a separate store for them or sensitizing the public the value of such product etc. This is to ensure that they are empowered and to enable the disabled people to stand on their own feet.

The larger issue that needs to be considered is the way the society as well as individual approach to this group of people. More awareness programs, bringing in the trio: mindset, perception and behavioural changes, rolling out of punitive measures to punish those involve in discriminating or depriving disable person's legitimate right. Observing "World Disabled Day" on 3rd December in every district headquarters is one way to create awareness among the people the difficulties and challenges faced by the disabled.

A simple change in the word from "disable to differently able" as promoted by our prime minister can do wonders in the long run. The family members and friend should also join hand to give moral support to explore the world of opportunities and make them realised that they are no less inferior than anyone.

For all these to implement and bear fruitful result maintaining an authentic and reliable database of all disable person with regular updating at all level i.e. state, district and village levels along with the types of disability is the need of hour for proper allocation of the resources, targeting the right person without inclusion and exclusion error.

At present this might seems like speaking about the heaven while we are in earth but the reality is not far from truth and to include them is vital to the health and vibrancy of the society. As we take the path of progressive society let's work together to strengthen Manipur as a modern, open and inclusive state and be the role model state of Accessible India Campaign.


* Hatchinghoi Haokip wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on April 23, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2 : Gallery
  • CAB Protest #1 [21 Jan] : Gallery
  • Rongmei and Kabui are one
  • Rani Khidir : Kalaritu (Laiyekpa) : Profile
  • MPs in Lok Sabha must be increased
  • Sri Hanumanji is universal :: WJ
  • Facing the consequences
  • Words of caution for the expendable citizens
  • 11 in line for Congress ticket
  • Gaan-Ngai @Majorkhul #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • CAB, 2016: Ethnocide of Indigenous People
  • When 7th Pay & UGC regulations for college
  • Truthfully Yours :: Poem
  • Detox your hair
  • Job Openings at PR Enterprises, Imphal
  • Police action to protestors in Tripura
  • India in grave danger
  • Issues, issues everywhere, anytime
  • Match: 4th Women's Polo #1: Gallery
  • CAB Protest [17 Jan] : Gallery
  • Ranjit Ningthouja : Profile of a playwright
  • Poetry Of Manipuri Women Authors #3
  • Bird's Eye view at 'Go To School' Mission
  • 10 % reservation & ST demand ?
  • Poetic Justice - III :: Poem
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Legislative Assistant to MP- Fellowship
  • The changing face of Manipuri youths
  • Rolling up sleeves for ST tag
  • Symbolism in the Tribal Art #1
  • Chongdeinem, Abothem :: eMing
  • ST Demand - Poster Campaign : Gallery
  • Retrospective View On Driver's Day
  • Integrated farming & its importance
  • Nightingales in winter :: Poem
  • Tour to Delhi for border area students
  • Nagaland Cabinet Meeting on CAB
  • Gaan-Ngai @Chingmeirong : Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai - festival of Kabui #1
  • Protest against CAB [Jan 15] #2: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai, Festival of Zeliangrong
  • Understanding Mao Tse-Tung
  • Of Vernacular & my Enlightenment..
  • Teacher wanted at Tekcham High School
  • Demanding release of Kishorechandra
  • BJP's Agenda : Curtain raised
  • Topping in enrolment in pvt schools
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1 : Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai :: Flash Presentation
  • CAB Protest [16 Jan] : Gallery
  • Dr Thokchom Asha: Teacher Award
  • Cry of a Dying River - 62 :: Poem
  • Occasion & festivity as career choice
  • Rejoinder to NDPP on CAB by NPF
  • Saving tomorrow for our children
  • Open invitation to Mission schools
  • Women's Intl Polo [Jan 17] : Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • Manipur tops enrolment in private schools
  • Variance of laboratory results
  • A Christian perspective on solidarity #2
  • Naga International Trade Fair at Dimapur
  • Has Loktak mortgaged to Company
  • CAB: Lining up public convention on Jan 20
  • Purnima Ngangom (Printmaker) :: Profile
  • CAB Protest [11 Jan] #3 : Gallery
  • Poetry Of Manipuri Women Authors #2
  • CAB & scoring 21 out of 25 ?
  • Complications :: Poem
  • North East Business Summit at Delhi
  • Almond oil is the ultimate skin care
  • The Bill that haunt the government
  • Over 50 police personnel chargesheeted
  • Insurgency related incidents in NE states
  • Myanmar border fence going nowhere
  • Protest against CAB [Jan 15] #1: Gallery
  • Crop diseases & organic way of managing
  • War and Poetry :: Poem
  • Landeng-Pena yakaiduna Poster Campaign
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Condemns communal nature of CAB 2016
  • PCC, Arunachal Pradesh on CAB, 2016
  • CAB and other issues before LS polls
  • Sit-In against CAB [Jan 14] : Gallery
  • CAB : Our Identity & Culture is at stake
  • Re-Imagining the Naga Peace Process
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Northeast Startup Summit 2019
  • Ponder them to live like human beings
  • No Shield for Manipur against CAB
  • Missing link: NE, CAB & obscure assurance
  • JCILPS Protest against CAB : Gallery
  • AMUCO Rally against CAB : Gallery
  • Poetic Justice - II :: Poem
  • Makar Sankranti Musing
  • Biren should release Kishorchandra
  • New archaeological site in Senapati
  • A Christian perspective on solidarity #1
  • New craft gallery to promote NE products
  • Rights body warns Nagas on Article 371 (A)
  • NE Black Day against CAB : Gallery
  • CAB Protest [11 Jan] #2 : Gallery
  • Narendra Modi @ Imphal #2: Gallery
  • Myanmar-India Business Summit, Sagaing
  • Cry of a Dying River - 61 :: Poem
  • Preventing the Dengue threat
  • NPF on Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016
  • Nagaland Chief Minister On CAB 2016
  • Hijacking by pseudoscience
  • Mr. CM, you can't fool people on CAB
  • CAB 2016: Adoption of foreign citizens
  • CAB Protest [11 Jan] #1 : Gallery
  • CAB & question of India's North East
  • Poetry Of Manipuri Women Authors #1
  • Local actions for #GlobalGoals
  • Know your HIV status
  • Pope Francis - the last Pope!
  • CAB is unsecular discriminatory bill
  • When Govt. disregard Constitutions...
  • Citizenship Bill: An exceptional exception
  • The Walking Lady : A Short Story
  • 4th Convocation Ceremony of CAU
  • The Voice of Silence :: Poem
  • Against CAB 2016 : 6 Student Bodies
  • Need for a separate time zone
  • BOOM MMA : 'Manipur Top Team' members
  • Against Citizenship Bill Act 2016
  • Lt Gen Rajeev Sirohi at Spear Corps
  • Is the middle man responsible
  • Economically weak at Rs 8 lakh per annum ?
  • Umanglai Haraoba: Traditional Institution
  • Strike against CAB : Gallery
  • People - animal conflict
  • Fine on relieving in public
  • Flawed/divisive Citizenship Bill dangerous
  • Broken :: Poem
  • Meetei gi mayokta leiba Political party..
  • NE uniting under shutdown call : CAB
  • Trains in NE to get 'glass-top' coaches
  • Yubi Lakpi #2 : Gallery
  • Freedom's fault lines
  • Traditional Manipuri Curries
  • Governance in Multi-Ethnic States
  • Understanding animal welfare
  • Unite against corruption for development
  • Manipurgi Maraibk Kari Oihougani
  • On restoring of director of CBI
  • Citizenship Bill : scourge for NE
  • Feel good factor from UNC
  • New Year picnic at Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • A tale of two falcons
  • Artificial Insemination in livestock
  • The Naked Truth :: Poem
  • My itinerary visit to Veeranapalya
  • Test for Free Coaching for IIT/AIIMS
  • Critique of Transgender Persons Bill
  • Press Rejoinder from NPF [7 Jan]
  • Nagaland Cabinet on Citizenship Bill
  • Can we expect something from govt
  • Mova Cave, Ukhrul #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Sumo Wrestling #2 :: Gallery
  • Maipaksana RK: Entrepreneurship Award
  • Poetic Justice - I
  • IIT-G Technology Incubation Centre
  • Sana Chahi Ahum & 1857 revolt #2
  • Economics of climate change & growth
  • Singhat Students tour to Delhi & Agra
  • Congress against Modi on Rafale Deal
  • Press Club celebrates foundation day
  • NSF to impose 11-hr bandh on Jan 8
  • 518 drug traffickers arrested in 2018
  • Gangmumei Kamei Memorial lecture
  • Taking the Street Vendor seriously #1
  • WWII museums in Japan: Gallery
  • Schedule : HSLC Examination 2019
  • Schedule : Class XI Examination 2019
  • Schedule : HSE Examination 2019
  • Caste System in Contemporary India: Book
  • Save energy and save your skin
  • Benefits of henna for beauty
  • Coronary In-stent obstruction treated
  • A take on PM visit to Imphal
  • No over the top promises, assurances
  • Narendra Modi @ Imphal #1: Gallery
  • Management of commercial broiler farming
  • 61st CC Meet Football Tournament 2019
  • Noise Ruins & Blights Lives
  • Social media & freedom of speech
  • Cry of a Dying River - 60 :: Poem
  • Declare war against air pollution
  • Winter relief at Thanga
  • Of monologues and conveniences
  • Raising posers before PM's arrival: Cong
  • Irengbam Bedamani :: eRang Photos
  • Poireiton Chakhao at Loktak Lake
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • New Year picnic at Sekmai #1: Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Evening Prog #2: Gallery
  • Nupi Lal Ningsing Lamjel #4: Gallery
  • Bye Bye 2018 !!! : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2018 #6: Gallery
  • A view of Ukhrul Town #1: Gallery
  • January Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • National Mathematics Day & Ramanujan
  • Snowfall @Tamei, Tamenglong : Gallery
  • China spreads across Indochina Peninsula
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #2: Gallery
  • Xmas: Churches @Lamphel : Gallery
  • The Crying Call of Motherland :: Poem
  • Kwatha Festival #3 : Gallery
  • Harvard Leadership Program at Don Bosco
  • Christmas @Churachandpur : Gallery
  • UN Rapporteur briefed on Kishorechand
  • Nupi Lal Ningsing Lamjel #3: Gallery
  • Irengbam Bedamani - Actress :: eRang
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • Ningol - mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS