TODAY -

E-Pao! Essay - AEKoIgi jati kyagi naY

AEKoIgi jati kyagi naY/ Culture siqgi mrQ_ta KeYnaba lEt_raba lipuL Amana puLliba AEKoIgi Integrity,Unity & Peace!
Gunachandra Kakchingtabam *



wahOdoQ - (AEKoIgi naY/Culture) -

AEKoy AyaM_bna naY haIrga jgoy-IsE,sajY-licY,waZaq-saZaq bu KqnE Aduga laIriQ-laIsuu mtiQ cana hErba,noLluQpa mibu Culture lEba miAoIni hayna lOnE Aduga AoNn tEnbda waZaq ludba,miZoNda midugi ApaMbbu b_yeBar UYtba miAoIbuna Culture lEtba miAOIni hayna lOnE |

Adu AoIba targdi naY/Culture krino Amsuq kdaIbu kObge?

Tytor gi mot mtuqINna :- g_ya,Tajba,kla,Afba puQ_niqdgi TorQpa sajY,AIN,cYnbi Amsuq miAoIbna smajgi mnuqda lEbdgi fqlQpa mtiQ-mguN puM_namQpu naY kOI|

Mecilver gi mot mtuqINna :- miAoIbgi yuMlE-kEre,waKL,wari-wataI,sahit_ya,DiRma,poYTaba Amsuq nuqZaIToQpa Asinciqba foqdoQ_liba kudiqmQpu naY/Culture kOI|

Graham Wallas gi mot mtuqINna :- naY/Culture haybsi waKL,mmL lErba fidMsiq Amdi poYsQ kyana seM_bni Aduga naY/Culture haybsi poQpda yaAorQpa guNsiq nYte AmaroMda miAoIbna smajda lErQpa horQpda hOKiba miroL kyadgi mTq mTq fqlQpa,waKL,fidM,cYnbi siqsi naY/Culture hayna KqnE|

AhaNbda Ipa-Ipuna TM_lMba fjba cYnbi,sM_na haIrbda puwarigi taqkQ kyagi mriQ cuM_lba sQ_tM-waKL,loN-cYnbi,BugoL,jgoI-IsE,AEKoIgi ApuNbgi ZMKE,wayeLl-Toda,cYnaroL,KunaIda lEminrQpgi Af-nuqZaI,ApuNbgi sQ_tM puM_namQ naY/Culture AoIrQpgi mruAoIba mcaQsiqni|

Anisubda mnipurgi naY/Culture da ApuNbagi lipuNnuqda caUraQpa puwaridi naY/Culture da taIreL laIyYloN da AsuM_na pLli manipurgi puwari
1) hEyicQ, 2)hEyacQ, 3)KunuqcQ,4)laHbacQ

hEyicQ :-kaHbna AhaNba niqTO AoIna paNKi Aduga kokOhNbna 18suba niqTO AoIKi|
hEyacQ :- lM_bu tM_bu Amadi 28suba niqTO AoIna korO noqga pam_bna niqTOAoIKi|
KunuqcQ :- cQsida KaM_laqba Amadi laHbna paLlbgi pLli|
laHbacQ :-cQsida laIniqTO Kana caUb Amadi 38suba Amadi AroIba niqTo AoIduna cQ mrisida puN_na niqTO 113 paN_duna manipurgi loL,cYnbi,Amadi wareLlonciqba kya myeQ seqna TMlM_Mi|

Aduga Krista 33 dgi 154 faUbda noqda laIreL paKqbn niqTO AoIduna lEbaQki paQ caUba, ZMKE loN cYnabi kya porM yaYtuna KuYkN paqgNba KunaI Amgi sQ_tm UYtuna puNba lEbaQ 91 maITiba piduna lEbaQki paQ caUba Asi niqTi gi ciNwiN faUrga loN_nba lMdgi Koqna numiY huM_ni cYlga lEba tureL Anigi AcOba sruQsiq AoIrM_mi|K_rista 1891 gi AP_riL taq 29 gi mtMdugi b_ritis ki waroLda manipurgi toZaN toZaNba jati,slaI kya piri mdudi:-

Aimo, 2)Anal, 3) Angami(Ngamei),4)Gante, 5) Chote, 6)Hmar, 7)Chiru, 8)Kabui, 9)Paomei,10)Koireng,11)Koireno,12)Lamkang,13)Lushai,14)Maram,15)Maring,16)Mao,17)Monshan, 18)Mayon, 19)Paite, 20)Purum, 21)Ralte, 22)Sema, 23)Simte, 24)Sahte, 25)Jau, 26)Jarao, 27)Zemei, 28)Zoumei, 29)Jangkhul, 30)Jhadou, 31)Waiphei, 32)Liyangmei, 33)Rongmei,34)Kharum, 35)Harangkhol, 36)Lumhao, 37)Khongsai,38)Lotha,39)Meitei(Mangang),40)Meitei Pangal, 41)Meitei Bamol, 42)Meitei Roi,43)Meitei Kshetri,44)Meitei Ningthouja , 45)Loi, 46)Muchi, 47)Yaithibi, 48)Thangal, 49)khuman, 50)Luwang, 51)Angom, 52)Moirang, 53)Khaba, 54)Nganba,55)Chenglei,56)Kalish(KakRaja),57)Sekmai, 58)Leimaram, 59)Pheiyeng.

siqsi hOrQfM tiNnaba lisaqsiYna toyna TiNnana KuNda lEtaminduna Kuliqminduna hiqminrQ_lba Amadi ciq Amsuq tMgi toZaN toZaNba cYnbi naY kyana yoMjrgsu Ima Amatgi mcaguM nuqsi caNna KuNdaminrQKi|ZsimQsu AEKoIgi naY/Culture gi fibaLnuqda yQ_li|

manipurgi naY/Culture gi mruAoIba sQ_tM Kra mKada piri :-

" Ahoqba lEtba :-p_riTibigi mfm kyada mmiq cYlba mHto kya lErM_mi Aduga kya Amana muYK_re Adubu Zsi gi manipurda yeLhOZEdgi KN_nba lEtna KuN_da lEtaminduna lEminrQ_lba ciqAmsuq tMda KuN_damiNrQ_lba furuPca K_waIgi ApuNbgi sQ_tM Ama lEjrM_ba msa masigi cYnbisiq ZaQ_nduna ToIdoQ_na miYyeq laN_ndna hoqba lEtna hiqminrQpa Asini,mpagi AkNba kya laQ_lbsu lMdMsigi lEjrM_ba naY/Culture tuda cuPsiNkiba Asisu AZQpa mcaQsiqgi mnuqda Amani|

K_rsta 1467-1508 k_yaM_ba niqTOgi sna haQ_tQtgi hiN_du gi AcOba laIniq laQKiba, K_rsta 1817-1826 ki chi trey KuN_taQ_na,1891 gi Aqg_lo manipur warna ToIdoQ_na AEKoIgi lEjrM_ba naY/Culture gi Ahoqba fiBM Amata AoIKidba AsiniAmadi K_rista 518 da iniqTO smEraqna AhaNba puya mE Taba,1732 da saN_tidas gosaIna Amadi 1891 gi b_ritis srkarna numiY 7ni cuP_na AhuMsuba puya mE TaK_rabasu laMdMsigi naYtadi ToIdoQ_na Ahoqba lEKidba Asini|

Manipurgi puwarida AEKoIgi sasN :- K_rista 33 dgi 1955 faAoba niqTO 76 paN_duna lEbaQki sQ_tM Amadi ZMKE yuMTqnba lEbaQ kyaga laN_Teqnduna Amdi IroMdoM ZaQToQ_tuna laQKi,K:1470 da k_yiyaM_ba-keKoM_ba na poq/saN cuQ_ti InKi,Aqg_lo Manipur mucuyeL difeNs t_riti sePteM_br 14,1762,AqG_lo manipur difeNs p_rotogoL1763,t_riti Aof yaN_dMbu f_rebuAri 1826, Aqg_lo Manipur t_riti 1833,kbo Beli Ag_rimeN_t 1834 Amadi Manipur S_teY kNstut_yesneL AQ_t 1947 seMduna niqtM_ba lEbaQ AoIKi Amadi 1947 da BarY srkarna naMja nMTeQ_ta BarYki fibaLnuqda tiLjNKi|

KeYN_nbsiqgi mrQ_ta ApuNbgi lipuL :- manipurgi naY/Culture gi ToIdoQpa mguNdi KeN_naba kya lEna lEna ApuNbgi naY/Culture Ama sagYpa,toZaNba cYna-loNcY-sajY,naY/Culture,lEbaQ Asida chi lisiq ca kyagi KuNdaminrQpa ,Drma kyagi laIniq lM_bi,Adubu AZQpdi toZaN toZaNba kyasiqgi mrQ_ta KeN_nba kya Asibu puN_na leqsiNba ZM_ba naY/Culture Amna puL_li|

KeYnabada KuY Tiqjindba Amsuq puN_na hiqmiN_nba :- AtoPpgi Drmada KuY TiqjiN_ndba Amsuq Drmada KuY TiqjiNdba haybsi naY/Culture gi mruAoIba fjba sQ_tMsiqgi mnuqda Amani|

Uriba jgY Asida miAOIbgi puNsina AToIbni miAOIbga jibga KeYnribsi Drma KaQ_tni,tuM_ba-caba,Akiba Amsuq mca-mnaAo poQpa mri Asiddi miAoIbga saga cPmanE,KYnribdi DrmaKQ_tni,Drmabu IN_draba saga cP mane|
Drma hayba wahEsigi ArTadi yoKYpa,seMgYpa-sagYpa haIbni|
msina miAoI puM_bbu punduna TM_mi,mduna mrM AoIduna puM_namQpu puNduna TM_liba Adu TRmani,Adubu Zsidi Drmagi fjba kya laNna ArTa purQpdgi minuqsigi waqmada laQ_le,Amaga Amaggi mrQ_ta miAOIbgi licY waqmda laQ_le fjrba AEKoIgi g_yaN puM_ba maZsiLlQ_Le maqnbgi mcaQ kya laQ_le miAoIbgi TmoInuqgi fjba g_yaN puM_ba maHsiLlQ_le|

mrM Asina Drmagi KeYnba TMdna civilization gi KNduna puNna lemiNnrQpgi naY/Culture du ZaQ_tuna Drmagi KeYnba miYyeq TMndna puN_na yeLhOZEdgi KuN_dminrQ_lba KunaIcasiqna puwarigi naY/Culture du ZaQ_tuna Tm_bgi AceYpa fireP Aduta nYtna maNnba Toq Amagi mKada caUKY lM_bi TimiN_nba taI |

krM_ba rajnino tuqlMcYki puwarigidmQ :-lMdmsigi puwarida lisaH siYna lMdMsigi sasNda KYnba lEtna maN_nba miYyeq-kyaYnuqda liduna TM_lQKiba ApuNba KunaIlon,sQ_tM,nuqsi-caN_nbgi mAoq,Amadi wayeL Todagi mAoqmtOsiqdu liduna TM_bata nYtna mara KuqguL liduna puM_namQsidubu kaIhN_dna TM_bna lEriba hujiQ_ki miroLgi fMnaIbsiqgi Amata ZaIrba TOdaqni Adubu lMdMsigi AsoIba Aceqbna TL_lba rajniti mAOqsina KunaIgi puNsi mahiq Amdi tqdu lEtahNdba Ama poQhNbta nYtna Akibgi msQ AoIhL_li|

Adudi krM_ba mKLgi rajnitigi kaqloN drkar lE ?
rajnitidi KHl-HErba,mriL lEba,mrEbaQ-mjatibu TmoI ceYna Tjjba,Drma ceNba Amsuq lmcY fjba miAoItna yaUgdbni|AduguM_lba mE IQ_lba siqdutuda lEbaQki wayeL Toda paIgdbni|
msi TOraqcHI|
AduguM_lba mTO/mtiQ lEba misQ_tu tuqgi KunaigidmQ_ta tuqlMcYki ApuNbgi sasN,manaba KunaI,Amadi puwariga sagonrQ_lba rajnigi kaqloN KqhN_duna Afba tqdu lEtaba ApuNbgi naY/Culture Adu kaIhNdba taI|

waroIsiN-

mrM Aduna lMdMsigi Amta AoIbgi waKL sagYpda jatigi mrQ_ta KeYnba kya lejrbsu nuqsi-caN_nbgi liciq Ama seMduna KuNdaminbgi mhaUdu lOminba taI|
KunaIna mayoQ_nriba TOdoQ waToQ Awa-Ana myaM Asi koQhNnbgi paM_e Tina Tina ApuNba KunaIgi sQ_tM kayhN-dna TM-lga furuP Kudiqgi tM-moIda lEnriba TruM/UqKYnba puM-namQ puMkoQ koQhNnba puNna hoYnminbgi mTO taI Amdi AKuba miyyeq TadoQM_minduna hiqminba cum_mi|

mrmdi tuqlMcYki caAoKYpa KunaI Amagi puNsi mhiqdugidmQki paNdMda hoYnminba taI,Aduna knaguM_ba furuP casiqna msagi(ethnic nationalism) da yeqduna suPnm toba yaroI mdu smajgi kaInba siNba TOAOqni|
Aduna miYyeq Amtda AcuM_ba lM_bi Amda lMjiqduna KunaIsigi puNsi fidMbu msQ ToQ_na,nuZaI-yaIfna,tqdu lEtaba AoIhNnbgi TOdaq Adu lOfM ToQ_le TOdaq Asi kaUToQ_liba mKE KunaIsi soInaIrba KunaI AoIduna AduM lEKini|

mrm Aduna AreoIbda Amata AoIbgi waKL maqKiba miYkuP_ta AeKoIgi fjrM_ba/kLlM_ba maqKiduna mimandba KunaI Ama AoIba haybsi soId_raba wafmni,AroIbda AEKoIgi ApuNbgi waKl lEribmKEdi p_riTibigi sQ_ti Amatna maqhNba AoIToQ_tbni|


Gunachandra Kakchinmgtabam contributes regularly to e-pao.net
You can email the writer at netzone_guna@yahoo.co.in
This article was webcasted on 19th April 2005.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Binota Thokchom at BRICS Young Scientist
  • The Merger of Manipur
  • Improving school management in Manipur
  • Pros & cons of screening tests
  • NPF Rejoinder on 18th June
  • Nagaland CM statement on Aboi ambush
  • June 18 significance: Still living on prayer
  • Need to identify one's strength
  • 18 Immortal Souls Remembered : Flash
  • The Great June Uprising : Read all about it
  • The Pitfalls of Identity Politics
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • All his sons :: Poem
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Eid bring cheer in flood hit areas
  • Willong Khullen, Maram #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Defending the environmental defenders
  • Delusion in self - cause of worry
  • Road to Russia: FIFA World Cup
  • It must be love :: Poem
  • 'Future of Naga people is bleak'
  • Give a miss call to Amnesty
  • 'Naga area' bandh on June 18
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Id-Ul-Fitr Festival
  • Letter to PM Modi on Naga Talks
  • Greetings on Eid-Ul-Fitr
  • Rejoinder to NPF statement
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland Chief Minister
  • Flood relief continue on 3rd day
  • India-Vietnam Youth Dialogue 2018
  • MU debacle: Why would it be left unnoticed
  • Spirit of World Cup : Brazil to Russia
  • NEC to come under Home Ministry
  • Manipur NGO hosts summit on LGBTQ
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Women Struggle in Self-Determination
  • 14 June- World Blood Donor Day
  • Naga Integration not possible- NPF react
  • Naga Integration is not possible- CM Rio
  • Relief work in flood affected areas
  • A day which keeps our spirit alive
  • Ranked 320 in the country : MU
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Irenna, Zeinorn, Ithoibi :: eMing
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #5
  • Be alert: It's admission time
  • Yin and Yang
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • Temp accommodation for Aligarh students
  • Wrath of Mother Nature: Why challenge..
  • 60 pc is no longer first class : 95 pc
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Sanamahi Laihui & Sanamahi Laining
  • Kuhi- Essential plant for Nungbi pottery
  • Climate justice is integral to development
  • The bridge :: Poem
  • Lt S Vijaya Devi felicitated
  • Then : Indifferent :: Now : Hyper sensitive
  • Phumdigi Tantha : Dance Drama : Gallery
  • Grief at Xavier Rutsa's demise
  • Modi's India: A descend into Ochlocracy
  • The Philippine Experience
  • Cry of a Dying River #33 :: Poem
  • Community Iftar at Moijing, Cachar
  • Candle Light at DU over Assam lynching
  • Demand replacement of Manipur Univ VC
  • The Tragedy of Higher education
  • Unacceptable points spelt out
  • Teinem Luira Phanit @Ukhrul #3: Gallery
  • RPL-PMKVY trainees @Hojai : Gallery
  • Manipur Sports University in UP ?
  • Coloniality of the Postcolonial
  • Yellow leaves in the autumn :: Poem
  • Prof N Irabanta-distinguished academician
  • Leadership matters
  • Artificial turf for budding talents
  • 2 municipal bodies in NE awarded
  • Who is Arambam Somorendra ?
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #3 : Gallery
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #2
  • Grass root challenge- Education in hills
  • Earth does not belong to us...
  • Sita Mata as test-tube baby
  • What happen to VIP Culture Mr. CM
  • Merchants of education
  • Laitonjam Rajnikanta : Profile
  • A blessing to see :: Poem
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #4
  • Difference between Hinduism & Hindutva
  • How to choose the perfect fragrance
  • Iftaar party at Lilong
  • Bitter truth of Manipuri society
  • MU, NSU, IGNTU : Students at the centre
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #1 : eRang
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #2 : Gallery
  • Pony : A Cavalry Horse Par Excellence #2
  • Issues that keep Manipur burning
  • Cry of a Dying River - 32 :: Poem
  • CM & AR interaction with villagers
  • Certification of PMKVY trainees of Hojai
  • Christian appeals for Peace in Shillong
  • How safe are our women?
  • Riders put up by JAC for talk
  • Khangkhui Cave in Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Pluralism, Democracy & Ethnic Relation #2
  • Irom Sharmila meets with Mehbooba Mufti
  • JRF @ Mizoram University (Biotechnology)
  • Tobacco and heart disease
  • Understanding SOWA - RIGPA #2
  • Campaign "to End Child Sexual Abuse"
  • Implementation of 7th Pay
  • Indigenous street vendor sing gi wafam
  • The crumbling Manipur University
  • Kang Tournament @ Yaiskul : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #1
  • A rainy night :: Poem
  • HSLC Exam is the start! What next?
  • World Environment Day: Thoubal, Chandel
  • 1528 cases of fake encounter
  • Shifting tide
  • Sharmila calls on JK CM Mehbooba
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #1
  • Handloom Weaver @Bishnupur : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #2 : Gallery
  • Hinduism in Manipur : Political Perspective
  • World Environment Day at Sendra
  • All the World and his Wife :: Poem
  • Two Shaft Handloom Weaver at Bishnupur
  • Career Guidance Workshop at Ukhrul
  • Rejoinder: on Vigilance Commissioner
  • Appointment of Vigilance Commissioner
  • Towards the brighter side of Technology.
  • MU in the news for wrong reasons
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Women in CCpur turn to self-help groups
  • Fear and Worry
  • Rongmei Scholars Association formed
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Deteriorating politics in Manipur University
  • Purul Paoki Wrestling : Gallery
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #1 : Gallery
  • Devolution of power to PRIs
  • Khangminashi IV (Lecture) : Report
  • Seminar at MU - Hinduism in Manipur'
  • Northeast: Issues at Stake #2
  • Thietham - A story of grit of a girl
  • Daylight robbery: Will the govt wait..
  • Date with Dy CM : Was it prudent?
  • On FIR against NPF President
  • Yepthomi - winner in Nagaland Lok Sabha
  • Evolution of The Meetei State
  • Heartbreak at Ukhrul: Unfolding Shirock
  • Bacteria, pathogenic bacteria..
  • Drafting Bill for Protection of Manipuri
  • Cry of a Dying River - 31 :: Poem
  • Char saal Modiji sarkar :: WJ
  • Imran Khan signed by FC Goa
  • The mental equation
  • State Level Khurpui-Lam Festival: Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • School Girls Basketball #2 : Gallery
  • Course in Political Science at NEHU
  • Where is Manipur....???
  • 'Manipur' in Google maps : Gallery
  • The Killing Fields - 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Mama Poktabi :: Funga Wari
  • Veterans Football Tournament #2 : Gallery
  • Kishon & Taka Tamut scaled Mt. Everest
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Sougrakpam Vijaya makes history sailing...
  • Arunachali unfurled Salai Taret at Mt Everest
  • Panthoiba: 2nd Rank- class XII, Uttarkhand
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA Day : Gallery
  • HSLC 208 Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • HSLC 2018 :: Toppers Listing
  • HSLC 2018 :: Check Result
  • HSLC :: Statistical/Subject Topper
  • HSLC 2018 :: External
  • Poumai Purul Hiimai Paoki #2 : Gallery
  • Kakching Garden :: 360 Panorama View
  • Folk Dance Festival #5 : Gallery
  • Aerial view from Chingmeirong : Gallery
  • Governor's Taekwondo Cup: Gallery
  • Khangkhui Cave, Ukhrul #2: Gallery
  • Curtain Raising- Sangai Fest 2017: Gallery
  • Lainingthou Lai Lam thopka #2 : Gallery
  • Re-visiting Khangkhui caves in Ukhrul
  • Sandrembi Cheishra :: Book Review
  • Ngasepam Nalini : State Akademi Award
  • Gardening @Ema Keithel #2: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #2: Gallery
  • Pakhangba Cheng Hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Steelheart @ Shirock , Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • A. Halim Chowdhury: A Profile
  • Class XII Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Class XII Result : Science Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Arts Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Commerce Toppers
  • HSE Result 2018 : District Wise
  • HSE Result 2018 : Highest Marks
  • HSE Result 2018 : Science Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Arts Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Commerce Stream
  • Kh Sanjita & Saikhom Mirabai :: Gallery
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS